North Lancashire (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
North Lancashire
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
18321885
Number of memberstwo
Replaced byBarrow-in-Furness, Blackpool, Chorley, Lancaster, and North Lonsdale
Created fromLancashire

North Lancashire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It was represented by two Members of Parliament. The constituency was created by the Great Reform Act of 1832 by the splitting of Lancashire constituency into Northern and Southern divisions.

Great Reform Act of 1832

The Representation of the People Act 1832 reformed the distribution of seats in England and Wales. It introduced the principle of splitting the shire counties into divisions and returning two Members for each division rather than for the whole county and it also reformed the Parliamentary boroughs that were entitled to send Members to Parliament.8 Schedule A listed boroughs that were to be abolished and it included Newton. Schedule B listed boroughs to return a single Member to subsequent Parliaments and Clitheroe was listed.

Schedules C and D of the Act listed the newly created Parliamentary boroughs. Those in Schedule C were to return two Members and these included Manchester, Bolton, Blackburn and Oldham in Lancashire. Those in Schedule D were to become single seat boroughs and included Ashton-under-Lyne, Bury, Rochdale, Salford, and Warrington.

Schedule F of the Act listed the counties to be divided into two divisions, both of which would return two Members. Lancashire was one of those listed. The Boundary Commission proposals that followed the Act, published in 1832, made recommendations on the boundaries of the Parliamentary boroughs and divisions of counties that had been listed in Schedule F.9 These were then implemented by the Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832.

The divisions of the county were based on the hundreds of Lancashire. The hundreds of Amounderness, Blackburn, Leyland and Lonsdale were allocated to the Northern division, and the Salford and West Derby hundreds were allocated to the Southern division. The boundary of the two divisions extended approximately from Southport to Wigan, north to Chorley, and then east, passing south of Haslingden, to the Bacup area.

The result of these changes meant the total Parliamentary representation for Lancashire in the reformed House of Commons was 26, an increase of 12. Lancashire benefited more than any other county as a result of these reforms.

The constituency was abolished by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, being divided into five single member divisions of Barrow-in-Furness, Blackpool, Chorley, Lancaster, and North Lonsdale.

Boundaries[edit]

1832-1868: The Hundreds of Lonsdale, Amounderness, Leyland and Blackburn.[1]

1868-1885: The Hundreds of Lonsdale, Amounderness and Leyland.[2]

Members of Parliament[edit]

  • Constituency created (1832)
Election 1st Member 1st Party 2nd Member 2nd Party
1832 John Wilson-Patten Tory Hon. Edward Stanley[3] Whig
1834 Conservative
1837 Conservative
1844 by-election John Talbot Clifton Conservative
1846 Peelite[4][5][6][7]
1847 James Heywood Whig[8][9]
1852 Conservative
1857 Lord Cavendish of Keighley[10] Whig[11][12]
1859 Liberal
1868 Hon. Frederick Stanley Conservative
1874 by-election Thomas Henry Clifton Conservative
1880 Joseph Feilden Conservative
1885 Constituency abolished (1885)

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1840s[edit]

General election 1841: North Lancashire[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Wilson-Patten Unopposed
Conservative Edward Smith-Stanley Unopposed
Registered electors 10,031
Conservative hold
Conservative hold

Smith-Stanley was appointed Secretary of State for War and the Colonies, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 21 September 1841: North Lancashire[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Smith-Stanley Unopposed
Conservative hold

Smith-Stanley was called to the House of Lords, becoming Lord Stanley of Bickerstaffe and causing a by-election.

By-election, 20 September 1844: North Lancashire[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Talbot Clifton Unopposed
Conservative hold
General election 1847: North Lancashire[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Peelite John Wilson-Patten Unopposed
Whig James Heywood Unopposed
Registered electors 11,846
Peelite gain from Conservative
Whig gain from Conservative

Elections in the 1850s[edit]

General election 1852: North Lancashire[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Wilson-Patten Unopposed
Whig James Heywood Unopposed
Registered electors 12,297
Conservative gain from Peelite
Whig hold
General election 1857: North Lancashire[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Wilson-Patten Unopposed
Whig Spencer Cavendish Unopposed
Registered electors 12,352
Conservative hold
Whig hold
General election 1859: North Lancashire[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Wilson-Patten Unopposed
Liberal Spencer Cavendish Unopposed
Registered electors 12,183
Conservative hold
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

Cavendish was appointed a Civil Lord of the Admiralty, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 24 March 1863: North Lancashire[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Spencer Cavendish Unopposed
Liberal hold
General election 1865: North Lancashire[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Wilson-Patten Unopposed
Liberal Spencer Cavendish Unopposed
Registered electors 13,006
Conservative hold
Liberal hold

Cavendish was appointed Secretary of State for War, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 28 February 1866: North Lancashire[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Spencer Cavendish Unopposed
Liberal hold

Wilson-Patten was appointed Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 1 July 1867: North Lancashire[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Wilson-Patten Unopposed
Conservative hold
General election 1868: North Lancashire[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Frederick Stanley 6,832 36.3 N/A
Conservative John Wilson-Patten 6,681 35.5 N/A
Liberal Spencer Cavendish 5,296 28.2 N/A
Majority 1,385 7.4 N/A
Turnout 12,053 (est) 83.7 (est) N/A
Registered electors 14,399
Conservative hold
Conservative gain from Liberal

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

General election 1874: North Lancashire[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Wilson-Patten Unopposed
Conservative Frederick Stanley Unopposed
Registered electors 14,690
Conservative hold
Conservative hold

Patten was elevated to the peerage, becoming Lord Winmarleigh, causing a by-election.

By-election, 26 Mar 1874: North Lancashire[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Thomas Henry Clifton Unopposed
Conservative hold

Stanley was appointed Secretary of State for War, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 8 Apr 1878: North Lancashire[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Frederick Stanley Unopposed
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General election 1880: North Lancashire[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Frederick Stanley 8,172 36.8 N/A
Conservative Joseph Feilden 7,505 33.8 N/A
Liberal Thomas Storey[14] 6,500 29.3 N/A
Majority 1,005 4.5 N/A
Turnout 14,672 (est) 86.0 (est) N/A
Registered electors 17,057
Conservative hold Swing N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A

Stanley was appointed Secretary of State for the Colonies, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 2 Jul 1885: North Lancashire[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Frederick Stanley Unopposed
Conservative hold

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "The statutes of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. 2 & 3 William IV. Cap. XLV: An Act to amend the Representation of the People in England and Wales". London: His Majesty's statute and law printers. 1832. pp. 154–206. Retrieved 2017-07-27.
  2. ^ "Representation of the People Act 1867" (PDF). Retrieved 2017-07-27.
  3. ^ Styled Lord Stanley from 1834.
  4. ^ "Liverpool Mail". 7 August 1847. p. 2. Retrieved 8 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  5. ^ Hawkins, Angus (2008). The Forgotten Prime Minister: The 14th Earl of Derby. Volume II: Achievement, 1851-1869. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 37. ISBN 978-0-19-920441-0. LCCN 2007023084. Retrieved 8 August 2018 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ The Spectator, Volume 20. F. C. Westley. 1847. p. 745. Retrieved 8 August 2018 – via Google Books.
  7. ^ "Lancashire (North)". John Bull. 7 August 1847. p. 10. Retrieved 8 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  8. ^ "The Lancashire Elections". Morning Post. 9 August 1847. p. 1. Retrieved 8 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  9. ^ "The Courier". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 4 August 1847. p. 4. Retrieved 8 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  10. ^ Styled Marquess of Hartington from 1858.
  11. ^ "Derby Mercury". 18 March 1857. p. 8. Retrieved 8 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  12. ^ Parry, Jonathan (3 January 2008) [2004]. "Cavendish, Spencer Compton, marquess of Hartington and eighth duke of Devonshire (1833–1908)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/32331. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)|format= requires |url= (help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 408–409. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  14. ^ "North Lancashire Liberal Association". Lancaster Gazette. 25 December 1880. p. 5. Retrieved 20 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.

Sources[edit]