North Levantine Arabic
|North Levantine Arabic|
|اللهجة الشامية الشمالية|
|Native to||Lebanon, Syria, Çukurova (Turkey)|
|Speakers||L1: 30 million (2019)|
Total: 31 million
|ISO 639-3||(covered by apc)|
North Levantine Arabic (Arabic: اللهجة الشامية الشمالية, romanized: al-lahja š-šāmiyya š-šamāliyya, North Levantine Arabic: il-lahje š-šāmiyye š-šmāliyye) is a subdivision of Levantine Arabic. It is also known as Syro-Lebanese Arabic, though that term is sometimes used to mean all of Levantine Arabic.
It stems from the north in Turkey, specifically in the coastal regions of the Adana, Hatay, and Mersin provinces, to Lebanon, passing through the Mediterranean coastal regions of Syria (the Latakia and Tartus governorates) as well as the areas surrounding Aleppo and Damascus.
With over 31 million speakers worldwide as of 2022, North Levantine Arabic is used for daily speech mainly in Lebanon and Syria, while most of the written and official documents and media use Modern Standard Arabic.
- Syrian Arabic: The dialect of Damascus and the dialect of Aleppo are well-known.
- Lebanese Arabic: North Lebanese, South Lebanese (Metuali, Shii), North-Central Lebanese (Mount Lebanon Arabic), South-Central Lebanese (Druze Arabic), Standard Lebanese, Beqaa, Sunni Beiruti, Saida Sunni, Iqlim-Al-Kharrub Sunni, Jdaideh
- Çukurova, Turkey: Cilician/Çukurovan
- ^ a b c d e f g h i North Levantine Arabic at Ethnologue (25th ed., 2022)
- ^ Versteegh, Kees (2009). Encyclopedia of Arabic language and linguistics. Leiden: Brill. p. 170. ISBN 9789004177024. OCLC 401165899.
- ^ Turkey in Eberhard, David M.; Simons, Gary F.; Fennig, Charles D., eds. (2022). Ethnologue: Languages of the World (25th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International.
- ^ "Glottolog 3.2 - North Levantine Arabic". glottolog.org. Retrieved 2018-07-16.
- ^ Jordan and Syria in Eberhard, David M.; Simons, Gary F.; Fennig, Charles D., eds. (2022). Ethnologue: Languages of the World (25th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International.
- ^ Decker, Donald M. (1999). Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: A Guide to the Use of the International Phonetic Alphabet. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. p. 51. ISBN 9780521637510.