North Londonderry (UK Parliament constituency)

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North Londonderry
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
18851922
Number of members One
Replaced by Londonderry
Created from Coleraine and Londonderry

North Londonderry was a United Kingdom Parliament constituency in Ireland.

Boundaries and boundary changes[edit]

This county constituency comprised the northern part of County Londonderry.

It returned one Member of Parliament 1885–1922.

Prior to the United Kingdom general election, 1885 and after the dissolution of Parliament in 1922 the area was part of the Londonderry constituency.

Politics[edit]

The constituency was a predominantly unionist area. Sinn Féin was easily beaten in 1918 and 1919.

The First Dáil[edit]

Sinn Féin contested the general election of 1918 on the platform that instead of taking up any seats they won in the United Kingdom Parliament, they would establish a revolutionary assembly in Dublin. In republican theory every MP elected in Ireland was a potential Deputy to this assembly. In practice only the Sinn Féin members accepted the offer.

The revolutionary First Dáil assembled on 21 January 1919 and last met on 10 May 1921. The First Dáil, according to a resolution passed on 10 May 1921, was formally dissolved on the assembling of the Second Dáil. This took place on 16 August 1921.

In 1921 Sinn Féin decided to use the UK authorised elections for the Northern Ireland House of Commons and the House of Commons of Southern Ireland as a poll for the Irish Republic's Second Dáil. This area, in republican theory, was incorporated in a five-member Dáil constituency of Londonderry.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Henry Mulholland Irish Unionist
1895 John Atkinson Irish Unionist
1906 Hugh Barrie Irish Unionist
1918 Hugh Anderson Irish Unionist
1919 Hugh Barrie Irish Unionist
1922 Malcolm Macnaghten Ulster Unionist

Elections[edit]

The elections in this constituency took place using the first past the post electoral system.

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: North Londonderry[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Conservative Henry Mulholland 5,180 62.5 N/A
Liberal Samuel Walker 3,107 37.5 N/A
Majority 2,073 25.0 N/A
Turnout 8,287 74.1 N/A
Registered electors 11,189
Irish Conservative win (new seat)
General Election 1886: North Londonderry[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist Henry Mulholland Unopposed
Irish Unionist hold

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: North Londonderry[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist Henry Mulholland 5,490 70.5 N/A
Liberal Thomas Greer 2,300 29.5 N/A
Majority 3,190 41.0 N/A
Turnout 7,790 68.1 N/A
Registered electors 11,443
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
General Election 1895: North Londonderry[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist John Atkinson 4,763 65.2 −5.3
Liberal Arthur Houston 2,538 34.8 +5.3
Majority 2,225 30.5 −10.5
Turnout 7,301 72.0 +3.9
Registered electors 10,139
Irish Unionist hold Swing −5.3

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: North Londonderry[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist John Atkinson Unopposed
Irish Unionist hold
General Election 1906: North Londonderry[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist Hugh T. Barrie 4,806 64.0 N/A
Russellite Unionist Arnold White 2,699 36.0 N/A
Majority 2,107 28.1 N/A
Turnout 7,505 79.3 N/A
Registered electors 9,462
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: North Londonderry[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist Hugh T. Barrie Unopposed
Irish Unionist hold
General Election December 1910: North Londonderry[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist Hugh T. Barrie 4,960 69.1 N/A
Liberal William Herbert Brown 2,217 30.9 N/A
Majority 2,743 38.2 N/A
Turnout 7,177 76.8 N/A
Registered electors 9,349
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A
General Election 1918: North Londonderry[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist Hugh Anderson 10,530 72.7 +3.6
Sinn Féin Patrick McGilligan 3,951 27.3 N/A
Majority 6,579 45.4 +7.2
Turnout 14,481 68.0 −8.8
Registered electors 21,306
Irish Unionist hold Swing +3.6

Anderson resigns, prompting a by-election.

By-election, 1919: North Londonderry[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Unionist Hugh T. Barrie 9,933 69.6 −3.1
Sinn Féin Patrick McGilligan 4,333 30.4 +3.1
Majority 5,600 39.3 −6.1
Turnout 14,266
Irish Unionist hold Swing −3.1

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

Barrie dies, prompting a by-election.

By-election, 1922: North Londonderry[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Malcolm Macnaghten Unopposed
UUP hold

References[edit]

  • Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801–1922, edited by B.M. Walker (Royal Irish Academy 1978)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume II 1886–1918, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (The Harvester Press 1978)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume III 1919–1945, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (The Harvester Press 1979)
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 4)

External links[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Walker, B.M., ed. (1978). Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801-1922. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0901714127.