North Meols

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North Meols
Civil parish
Coordinates: 53°40′55″N 2°55′30″W / 53.682°N 2.925°W / 53.682; -2.925Coordinates: 53°40′55″N 2°55′30″W / 53.682°N 2.925°W / 53.682; -2.925
Country England
Primary council West Lancashire
County Lancashire
Region North West England
Status Parish
Population (2011)
 • Total 4,146

North Meols is a civil parish and electoral ward in the West Lancashire district of Lancashire, England. The parish covers the village of Banks and the hamlet of Hundred End. The population of the parish/ward at the 2011 census was 4,146.[1] Historically the parish covered a wider area including much of what is now Southport.

Ancient parish[edit]

The civil parish is based on an ancient parish located to the north and east of the town of Southport, which straddled what is now the border between the counties of Merseyside and Lancashire. North Meols included Crossens, Marshside and Churchtown in the north of Southport, and then extended east towards Preston to encompass the rural villages of Banks, Far Banks and Hundred End, Mere Brow and Holmes in West Lancashire. It was bounded to the south by the Martin Mere wetland.

History[edit]

Dating from before the Norman conquest, this area of small farming and fishing villages was originally known as Otegrimeles, from the Norse word "melr", meaning sand-dunes. The present pronunciation "mee-als" stems from Old Norse influences on the local dialect. This is also found in other dialects with strong Norse connections, especially the dialect of Shetland. Compare, however with Meols pronounced as "mells", on the nearby Wirral.

Historically, North Meols has been centred on St. Cuthbert's Church in Churchtown, although there were vicarages in Crossens, Banks and Birkdale. Parts of the parish were almost completely surrounded by water until large scale drainage of Martin Mere and other marshland in the 19th century. This left behind a legacy of fine agricultural soil, which is still exploited to this day – the primary industry in the area is farming, especially of flowers and vegetables.

To this day, the northern part of the district retains a lot of its rural character, with the only large-scale development being the construction of a large number of new homes in Banks. The southern districts, although now fully incorporated into Southport have also not been fully urbanised; Churchtown retains its attractive centre and extensive botanic gardens, and the marshes to the west of Crossens and Marshside have been preserved for their wildlife.

Transport[edit]

North Meols was previously home to the West Lancashire Railway, fully opened in 1878, which ran between Southport and Preston. Low passenger numbers later led to its decline and its closure was assured by the Beeching Axe in 1964.

The main transport link through the area is now the A565 road Southport New Road, which runs from Southport north-east to Preston.

Community[edit]

North Meols is administered for public services by both Sefton Borough Council and West Lancashire District Council. For more local matters, there is also the North Southport Area Committee and the North Meols Parish Council.

The main community centre for the district is the Banks Leisure Centre, located just off Southport New Road in Banks.

Listed buildings[edit]

War memorial

There was one listed buildings in the parish, Greaves Hall. This was built in 1900 as a country house, and was used later as a hospital. It was in Tudor Revival style, and was a timber-framed building with rendered infill on a brick plinth. It had tiled roofs and many gables.[2] The building was listed at Grade II, the lowest of the three grades of listing, which is applied to buildings that are "of special interest, warranting every effort to preserve them".[3] However the condition of the building deteriorated and because it was considered to be dangerous, it was demolished in 2009.[4][5]

In October 2016 Banks War Memorial was listed at Grade II. The memorial stands in the churchyard of St Stephen in the Banks, it is granite, and consists of a Latin cross with a square shaft, standing on a three-stepped inscribed plinth.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ward/Parish population 2011". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  2. ^ Historic England, "Greaves Hall, North Meols (1072598)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 12 November 2015 
  3. ^ Definition: Grade II, Historic England, retrieved 12 November 2015 
  4. ^ Greaves Hall, Community Website for Banks and Crossens, retrieved 15 November 2015 
  5. ^ Robson, Natasha (19 August 2009), "Demolition men move in on Greaves Hall", Champion, Champion Media, retrieved 15 November 2015 
  6. ^ Historic England, "Banks War Memorial, North Meols (1439173)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 4 November 2016 

External links[edit]