North Norfolk (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of North Norfolk in Norfolk
Location of Norfolk within England
|Electorate||68,277 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Cromer, Wells-next-the-Sea, Sheringham|
|Member of Parliament||Duncan Baker (Conservative)|
|Number of members||one (two 1868–1885)|
|Created from||West Norfolk|
The North Division of Norfolk was first created by the Reform Act 1867 as one of three two-member divisions of the Parliamentary County of Norfolk. Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the three two-member county divisions were replaced with six single-member divisions. The second version of this constituency was one of the single-member seats. It has remained as a single-member seat since then, being designated as a County Constituency from the 1950 general election.
Formerly held by Labour from 1945–70, then the Conservatives from 1970–2001, the seat was represented by the Liberal Democrat Norman Lamb from 2001 until 2019; when the Conservatives regained the seat from the Lib Dems. The 2001 general election marked the first time that a Liberal aligned candidate had won a seat in Norfolk since 1929. This was to be followed by the election of Simon Wright in Norwich South in 2010. While Wright's success was short-lived (he was defeated in 2015), Lamb retained his seat, which at the 2015 election was one of only two Liberal Democrat seats in southern England, and one of only eight in the whole UK. At the 2017 general election, in which the Liberal Democrats lost five of their nine seats, North Norfolk was one of the four held. Although the seat had been held by Labour for the 25 years following World War II, Labour have slumped to a distant third in recent years, and came fourth in 2015, and last in a narrower field of three candidates in 2017.
North Norfolk was described by the Earl of Leicester as "the one constituency in England where, in 1964, it was so feudal that it had to be explained to the electors that the ballot was secret." Feudal is used as a metaphor, or shorthand, meaning constitutionally backward.
Boundaries and boundary changes
The seat was formed largely from northern parts of the abolished Eastern Division, with a small part transferred from the Western Division. It also absorbed the Parliamentary Borough of Great Yarmouth, which had been disenfranchised for corruption under the Act.
1885–1918: The Sessional Divisions of Eynsford, Holt, North Erpingham, and North Greenhoe, and part of the Sessional Division of South Erpingham.
Great Yarmouth re-established as a single-member Parliamentary Borough. Eastern parts were transferred to the newly constituted Eastern Division.
1918–1950: The Urban Districts of Cromer, Sheringham, and Wells-next-the-Sea, and the Rural Districts of Aylsham, Erpingham, and Walsingham.
1950–1974: The Urban Districts of Cromer, North Walsham, Sheringham, and Wells-next-the-Sea, and the Rural Districts of Erpingham, Smallburgh, and Walsingham.
Gained North Walsham and the Rural District of Smallburgh from the abolished Eastern Division of Norfolk. Area comprising the former Rural District of Aylsham (now part of the St Faith's and Aylsham Rural District) transferred to the new County Constituency of Central Norfolk.
1974–1983: The Urban Districts of Cromer, North Walsham, and Sheringham, and the Rural Districts of Erpingham, St Faith's and Aylsham, and Smallburgh.
Gained the Rural District of St Faiths and Aylsham, including Hellesdon and Sprowston, from the abolished County Constituency of Central Norfolk. Wells-next-the-Sea and the Rural District of Walsingham, including Fakenham, transferred to the new County Constituency of North West Norfolk.
Extended westwards, regaining Wells-next-the-Sea and areas comprising the former Rural District of Walsingham, including Fakenham, from North West Norfolk. Suburbs of Norwich, including Hellesdon and Sprowston, were transferred to Norwich North, and remaining southern areas, including Aylsham, to the new County Constituency of Mid Norfolk.
2010–present: The District of North Norfolk wards of Briston, Chaucer, Corpusty, Cromer Town, Erpingham, Gaunt, Glaven Valley, Happisburgh, High Heath, Holt, Hoveton, Mundesley, North Walsham East, North Walsham North, North Walsham West, Poppyland, Priory, Roughton, St Benet, Scottow, Sheringham North, Sheringham South, Stalham and Sutton, Suffield Park, The Runtons, Waterside, Waxham, and Worstead.
Fakenham and surrounding areas, transferred out once again, to the new County Constituency of Broadland.
Members of Parliament
|Election||1st member||1st party||2nd member||2nd party|
|1868||Frederick Walpole||Conservative||Sir Edmund Lacon||Conservative|
|1876 by-election||James Duff||Conservative|
|1879 by-election||Edward Birkbeck||Conservative|
|1885||reduced to one member|
MPs since 1885
|1899 by-election||William Brampton Gurdon||Liberal|
|Jan 1910||Noel Buxton||Liberal|
|1918||Douglas King||Coalition Independent|
|1930 by-election||Lady Noel-Buxton||Labour|
|2001||Sir Norman Lamb||Liberal Democrats|
Elections in the 2010s
Sir Norman Lamb did not stand for re-election. The seat saw the largest decrease in the Liberal Democrat vote share at the 2019 general election, and the third highest increase in vote share for the Conservatives.
|Liberal Democrats||Karen Ward||15,397||30.3||18.1|
|Brexit Party||Harry Gywnne||1,739||3.4||New|
|Conservative gain from Liberal Democrats||Swing||17.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Norman Lamb||25,260||48.4||9.3|
|Liberal Democrats hold||Swing||0.8|
|Liberal Democrats||Norman Lamb||19,299||39.1||-16.4|
|Liberal Democrats hold||Swing||-7.6|
|Liberal Democrats||Norman Lamb||27,554||55.5||+2.3|
|Liberal Democrats hold||Swing||+3.1|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Norman Lamb||31,515||53.4||+10.7|
|Liberal Democrats hold||Swing||+8.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Norman Lamb||23,978||42.7||+8.4|
|Liberal Democrats gain from Conservative||Swing||+1.5|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Norman Lamb||20,163||34.3||+7.0|
|Liberal Democrats||Norman Lamb||16,265||27.3||+2.3|
|Natural Law||S. Jackson||167||0.3||New|
Elections in the 1980s
Elections in the 1970s
|Labour||R. S. Dimmick||22,126||28.6||-3.4|
|Liberal||G. R. Collings||10,643||13.8||-6.1|
|National Front||A. C. R. Sizeland||548||0.7||New|
|Labour||D. M. Mason||22,191||32.0||+3.4|
|Labour||D. M. Mason||21,394||28.6||-16.1|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1960s
|Conservative||Frank Henry Easton||19,307||49.9||+0.7|
Elections in the 1950s
|Conservative and National Liberal||Frank Henry Easton||19,126||49.15|
|National Liberal and Conservative||William Scarlett Jameson||19,657||48.47|
|Conservative and National Liberal||Douglas M. Reid||20,788||49.67|
|Conservative and National Liberal||Douglas M. Reid||17,741||43.03|
Election in the 1940s
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1930s
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1920s
|Unionist||Roger Bowan Crewdson||10,975||47.8||New|
|Labour gain from Independent||Swing||N/A|
Elections in the 1910s
|Independent gain from Liberal||Swing||+3.8|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
* King was named a Unionist candidate in the official list of Coalition Government endorsements, but he wrote to The Times stating he had left the party before the election and should be classed as an independent. He later rejoined the party.
General election 1914–15: Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
Elections in the 1900s
|Liberal||William Brampton Gurdon||5,155||58.7||+2.5|
|Conservative||F. T. S. Rippingall||3,628||41.3||−2.5|
|Liberal||William Brampton Gurdon||4,490||56.2||+3.0|
|Conservative||Henry Spencer Follett||3,493||43.8||−3.0|
Elections in the 1890s
|Liberal||William Brampton Gurdon||4,775||57.0||+3.8|
- Caused by Cozens-Hardy's appointment as a judge in the Chancery Division of the High Court of Justice.
Elections in the 1880s
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||N/A|
Elections in the 1870s
- Caused by Duff's death.
- Caused by Walpole's death.
Elections in the 1860s
|Turnout||4,753 (est)||73.9 (est)|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Obituary of Bert Hazell in The Independent by Tam Dalyell; 22 January 2009. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 February 2009. Retrieved 22 January 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- "Representation of the People Act 1867" (PDF). Retrieved 27 July 2017.
- "A Collection of the Public General Statutes: 1867/68. Cap. XLVI. An Act to settle and describe the Limits of certain Boroughs and the Divisions of certain Counties in England and Wales, in so far as respects the Election of Members to serve in Parliament". London: Eyre and Spottiswoode. 1868. pp. 119–166. Retrieved 23 May 2020.
- Great Britain, Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England and Wales. The public general acts. unknown library. Proprietors of the Law Journal Reports, 1884.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1972). Boundaries of parliamentary constituencies 1885-1972;. Chichester: Political Reference Publications. ISBN 0900178094. OCLC 539011.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 2)
- The Times Guide to the House of Commons 2019. Glasgow: Times Books. 2020. p. 53. ISBN 978-0-00-839258-1.
- "Norfolk North Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
- "Norfolk North parliamentary constituency – Election 2017". BBC News. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election 2010: Norfolk North". BBC News. Retrieved 8 May 2010.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, F. W. S. Craig.
- British parliamentary election results, 1885–1918 (Craig)-
- "Chapter 5. Personal and Political Finances". Parliamentary History. 31 (s2): 77–94. 11 October 2012. doi:10.1111/j.1750-0206.2012.00336.x.
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)
|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "To the Electors of North Norfolk". Norfolk News. 14 November 1868. p. 8. Retrieved 11 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Iain Dale, ed. (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 978-1-84275-033-9.
- The Times House of Commons 1945. The Times. 1945.
- The Times House of Commons 1950. The Times. 1950.
- The Times House of Commons 1955. The Times. 1955.