North Shropshire (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of North Shropshire in Shropshire.
Location of Shropshire within England.
|Electorate||77,673 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Wem, Whitchurch, Ellesmere, Oswestry, and Market Drayton|
|Member of parliament||Owen Paterson (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Oswestry and Wrekin|
|Number of members||Two|
|European Parliament constituency||West Midlands|
Established for the 1832–33 general election, North Shropshire has been continuously held by the Conservative Party for its entire existence.[n 4] However, the constituency was abolished in 1885 and re-created in 1983.
- 1 History
- 2 Boundaries
- 3 Members of Parliament
- 4 Elections
- 5 See also
- 6 Notes and references
- 7 Sources
From its first creation in 1832 to the abolition of the first creation in 1885 it covered approximately half of the county and elected two members, formally Knights of the Shire. In 1885 the county was (together with South Shropshire) - divided between four constituencies: Ludlow, Newport, Oswestry and Wellington.
The Electoral Reform Society considers it to be historically the safest seat in the country. Taking into account the intermediary seats roughly covering its boundaries, the Society considers that the seat has been held continuously by the Conservative Party since 1835 - in political terms since the days of the Tamworth Manifesto and before Queen Victoria's accession to the throne. However, the result of the 1997 election was more marginal than most Conservative seats and the 2010 election saw it just outside the top third of seats in percentage terms held by the Conservative Party, with the 103rd largest share of the vote for the party.
Owen Paterson was appointed to be the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland in May 2010 and from the September 2012 Cabinet reshuffle, Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, until another reshuffle in June 2014.
1832-1885: The Hundreds of Oswestry, Pimhill, North Bradford and South Bradford, and the Liberty of Shrewsbury.
1983-1997: The District of North Shropshire, the Borough of Oswestry, and the District of The Wrekin wards of Church Aston, Edgmond, Ercall Magna, Newport East, Newport North, and Newport West.
1997–2009: The District of North Shropshire, and the Borough of Oswestry.
2009–present: The North Area Committee of Shropshire Council.
Members of Parliament
- Constituency created in 1832
|Election||First member||First party||Second member||Second party|
|1832||Sir Rowland Hill, Bt||Tory||John Cotes||Whig|
|1843 by-election||Viscount Clive||Conservative|
|1848 by-election||John Whitehall Dod||Conservative|
|1857||Hon. Rowland Hill||Conservative|
|1865||Hon. Charles Cust||Conservative|
|1866 by-election||Hon. Adelbert Brownlow-Cust||Conservative|
|1867 by-election||Viscount Newport||Conservative|
|1876 by-election||Stanley Leighton||Conservative|
MPs since 1983
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Tom Thornhill||2,948||5.3||0.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Tom Thornhill||3,184||6.0||14.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Ian Croll||10,864||20.9||1.2|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Steve Bourne||9,175||19.7||+6.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Ben Jephcott||5,945||12.8||-7.6|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||John Stevens||10,489||20.36|
|Liberal Democrat||John Stevens||16,232||25.3||−2.2|
Elections in the 1980s
|Independent For Referendum||JL Phillimore||135||0.25|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Elections in the 1880s
Elections in the 1870s
|Conservative||Salusbury Kynaston Mainwaring||2,700||49.7||N/A|
- Caused by Gore's elevation to the peerage, becoming Lord Harlech.
Elections in the 1860s
|Liberal||Richard George Jebb||2,412||25.6||N/A|
|Turnout||5,915 (est)||77.7 (est)||N/A|
- Caused by Brownlow-Cust's elevation to the peerage, becoming 3rd Earl Brownlow.
- Caused by Cust's resignation.
Elections in the 1850s
|Conservative||John Whitehall Dod||Unopposed|
|Conservative||John Whitehall Dod||Unopposed|
Notes and references
- (Historically also Shropshire North and The Northern Division of Shropshire)
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- From 1832 to 1835, during the period in which the constituency had two representatives in the House of Commons, one was a Whig (a precursor to the Liberal Democrats), and the other a Conservative (officially known as a Tory until 1834).
- "'Shropshire North', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
- "Safe seats", Electoral Reform Society
- "Electoral Commission - Previous UK general elections". www.electoralcommission.org.uk.
- "David Cameron's right turn in cabinet reshuffle". The Guardian. 4 September 2012.
- "The statutes of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. 2 & 3 William IV. Cap. LXIV. An Act to settle and describe the Divisions of Counties, and the Limits of Cities and Boroughs, in England and Wales, in so far as respects the Election of Members to serve in Parliament". London: His Majesty's statute and law printers. 1832. pp. 300–383. Retrieved 2017-07-27.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 3)
- "Shrewsbury & Atcham Parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "UK Polling Report". ukpollingreport.co.uk.
- "Candidates announced". shrewsburynorthshropshire.greenparty.org.uk.
- "Al Derby". Who Can I Vote For? by Democracy Club.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- firstname.lastname@example.org. "Democracy – Shropshire Council" (PDF). www.shropshire.gov.uk.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 446–447. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "North Shropshire". York Herald. 7 January 1876. p. 6. Retrieved 19 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. ))
- "North Shropshire Election". Wellington Journal. 14 November 1868. p. 4. Retrieved 17 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. ))