North South MRT Line
|North South MRT Line
Laluan MRT Utara Selatan
வடக்கு தெற்கு எம்ஆர்டி வழி
The North South Line is coloured red on system maps.
|System||Mass Rapid Transit (Singapore)|
Marina South Pier
|Stations||27 , (excluding 1 reserved station in Sungei Kadut)|
|Opening||7 November 1987|
|Owner||Land Transport Authority|
|Operator(s)||SMRT Trains (SMRT Corporation)|
|Rolling stock||C151, C651, C751B, C151A, C151B(Future)|
|Line length||45 km (28 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Electrification||750V DC Third rail|
|Operating speed||limit of 80 km/h|
The North South Line (NSL) is the first Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) line in Singapore. The line is 45 km long with 27 stations, including the recently opened North South Line Extension and a planned station, Canberra. Travelling from one end of this line to the other end takes about one hour, and this line is coloured red on the rail map.
- 1 Overview
- 2 History
- 2.1 First phase of development
- 2.2 Second phase of development (Woodlands Extension)
- 2.3 Jurong East Modification Project (JEMP)
- 2.4 North South Line Extension (NSLe)
- 2.5 Half-height platform screen door installations
- 2.6 Line disruptions
- 2.7 Timber to concrete sleeper replacement works
- 2.8 Canberra Station
- 2.9 Timeline
- 3 Stations
- 4 Rolling stock
- 5 Train Control
- 6 References
- 7 External links
As the name implies, the line connects central Singapore to both northern and southern parts of the island. Not everybody takes the long journey of the line from Jurong East to either Marina Bay and Marina South Pier.
The North South Line starts at the Jurong East, where it interchanges with the East West Line from the Platform D & E, that is only operational all the time, whereas for the Platform A & B, it is operational during peak periods. It merges into the assigned direction, just between Jurong East Street 21 and Jurong East Avenue 1. Then, the train goes all the way to Bukit Batok, and after that it emerges into the short tunnel at the hilltop, and subsequently it goes into the Bukit Gombak. After that it goes all the way to Choa Chu Kang, and crosses through Brickland Road and the short underpass at Choa Chu Kang Avenue 1. The name is originally coined from the Branch Line.
The Woodlands Extension extends from Choa Chu Kang and goes all the way to Kranji. After that, it had a short underpass that had to cross through the Woodlands Avenue 3 with the exception of the short open air section while still retaining tunnel walls. After that it goes all the way to Marsiling, and it elevates through towards Yishun. From here it had their middle tracks at Woodlands and Yishun.
The original North South Line starts from Yishun, and goes all the way to Khatib, and then after that it descends through the Lentor Avenue, and emerges again into the Yio Chu Kang. After that it descends into the surface, and eventually it will go into Ang Mo Kio, where the level 1 remains as a storeroom access that is only accessible from the paid areas of Ang Mo Kio. After that it descends into Bishan, where it interchanges with the Circle Line, and the platforms are at the basement 1, the only station in the NSEWL that had the concourse level on the ground floor. After that, it goes all the way to Braddell, where the curvature is different including Toa Payoh, and after that it will pass through the Orchard Road area. Cross-platform interchange with the East West Line is only possible again at City Hall and Raffles Place. After that, few trains and on several days, it will terminate at Marina Bay, the other trains will terminate at Marina South Pier.
In addition, it also takes commuters to various places (such as Orchard Road), schools (such as Republic Polytechnic and Nanyang Polytechnic) and attractions (such as Singapore Zoo and Sungei Buloh Nature Reserve). It is the only line between the northern side of Singapore and the city, before the Thomson-East Coast Line and Downtown Line opens in 2016 and by 2020 respectively.
First phase of development
The North South line was the first MRT line in Singapore, with the first section from Yio Chu Kang to Toa Payoh opening on 7 November 1987. Nine more stations from Novena to Outram Park followed on 12 December 1987, with through service onto what is today the East West Line. Separate operation of the North South and East West Lines only started in 4 November 1989, when the extension to Marina Bay was opened.
Second phase of development (Woodlands Extension)
During the initial planning of the Woodlands Extension MRT line, Sembawang station was only intended as a provisional station to be built at a later date due to the underdevelopment of the town and Kranji station was not planned. But on the second round of planning, the government decided to build these station and omit Sungei Kadut station from the plan. Sungei Kadut station will be built later if the town's population justifies the necessity for the station.
Jurong East Modification Project (JEMP)
The Jurong East Modification Project consisted of the construction of a new platform and the addition of a fourth track to Jurong East Station. It has been in use since 27 May 2011. Originally it opened from 7am to 9am, this was expanded from 27 December 2011 and it also opens during the evening peak hour.
North South Line Extension (NSLe)
A 1-kilometre (0.6 mi), one station extension from Marina Bay to Marina South Pier station was opened on 23 November 2014, one year earlier than originally planned. The extension serves the Marina Bay Cruise Centre Singapore in Marina Bay.
Half-height platform screen door installations
There were calls for platform screen doors to be installed at above-ground stations after several incidents in which passengers were killed by oncoming trains when they fell onto the railway tracks at above-ground stations. Underground stations already featured the doors since 1987. The authorities initially rejected the proposal by casting doubts over functionality and concerns about the high installation costs, but made an about-turn when the government announced plans to install half-height platform screen doors on the above-ground stations in January 2008, citing lower costs due to it becoming a more common feature worldwide. They were first installed at Jurong East and Yishun stations in 2009 as trial runs.
Installation began on May 2011 at Ang Mo Kio MRT Station, and by 14 March 2012, Kranji MRT Station, the last station for installation began operational (and please refer to the elevated MRT stations for more details on "installation of half-height platform screen doors").
On 15 December 2011, services between Bishan and Marina Bay stations were suspended due to 40 metres of the power rail being damaged between City Hall and Dhoby Ghaut stations. Trains along the stretch were stalled, causing a disruption to the train service for almost 5 hours. Train service fully resume at 11.40pm.
On 17 December 2011, a similar fault caused a 7-hour disruption between Ang Mo Kio and Marina Bay stations. According to SMRT, the disruption was caused by damage to the third rail and the trains' collector shoes. Seven trains were damaged in this incident.
These two service disruptions on the North-South Line were the second worst ever since SMRT started operation for 24 years.
On July 7 2015, NSEWL was shut down due to massive power trips detected along the two lines. This was the worst breakdown in history after the December 2011 issue. Investigations have complete and the cause has been narrowed down to damaged insulators which failed to supply power properly.
Timber to concrete sleeper replacement works
Timber sleepers are designed to last 15 to 25 years. They have to be replaced when they are near the end of their lifespan, or when they show signs of significant wear and tear. The new sleepers will allow trains to move along the tracks smoothly and without the current speed restrictions. Passengers can look forward to safe, smoother and faster train rides. In view of this, SMRT had to adjust last train timings earlier on the North South Line. It is expected to be completed by end-April 2015, and was divided into three phases: Phase 1 (Marina Bay-Bishan), Phase 2 (Bishan-Admiralty) and Phase 3 (Admiralty-Jurong East). Marina South Pier was exempted from the sleeper replacement work as it is a new station. After the completion of sleeper replacement works, the last train timings remains unchanged.
On 27 April 2015, construction started on Canberra Station which will be build along an operational section of the line. Similar to Dover Station, the station platform will be of an elevated side platform layout. Construction is expected to be completed by 2019 to serve the upcoming Simpang New Town.
- 7 November 1987: Yio Chu Kang – Toa Payoh (First section opened)
- 12 December 1987: Toa Payoh – Raffles Place
- 20 December 1988: Yio Chu Kang – Yishun
- 4 November 1989: Raffles Place – Marina Bay (start of separate North South Line & East West Line)
- 10 March 1990: Jurong East – Choa Chu Kang (initially operated as the Branch Line of the East West Line)
- 10 February 1996: Yishun – Choa Chu Kang (the Choa Chu Kang branch of the East West Line became part of the present North South Line)
- 23 November 2014: Marina Bay – Marina South Pier
- 2019: Canberra (Currently Under Construction)
|Station Number||Station Name||Interchange/Notes|
|Jurong East||Change to East West Line|
|Choa Chu Kang||Change to Bukit Panjang LRT|
|Sungei Kadut||"(under planning)"|
|Woodlands||Change to Thomson-East Coast Line (under construction)|
|Yishun||Yishun shuttle terminus|
|Yio Chu Kang|
|Ang Mo Kio|
|Bishan||Change to Circle Line|
|Newton||Change to Downtown Line (under construction)|
|Orchard||Change to Thomson-East Coast Line (under construction)|
|Dhoby Ghaut||Change to North East Line
Change to Circle Line
|City Hall||Change to East West Line|
|Raffles Place||Change to East West Line|
|Marina Bay||Change to Circle Line
Change to Thomson-East Coast Line (under construction)
|Marina South Pier|
The North South MRT Line currently reserved a station "NS6" between Yew Tee and Kranji - which is called Sungei Kadut and will open in 2030s.
Trains operating on the line are the C151s, C651s, C751Bs, C151As and in the future C151Bs. These trains operates from the Bishan Depot which serves maintenance and train overhaul facilities for trains along the North South Line. The trains can also crossover to the East West Line as both the North South Line and East West Line are built as one system operating two different lines at both Jurong East and Raffles Place.
The North-South Line is currently equipped with a Fixed Block Signalling System with ATP by Westinghouse, and is currently phasing out the old signalling system and installing a new SelTrac® CBTC moving block signalling system by Thales  The new signalling system is expected to be operational by 2016 and trains will run in GOA 2 mode. Thales Nettrac MT will be installed for the OCC of the network. Automatic platform screen doors by Westinghouse were originally installed when the line opened and Automatic Platform Screen Gates were installed at a later date on elevated stations.
- Woodlands MRT line | Infopedia
- http://app.lta.gov.sg/corp_press_content.asp?start=1964[dead link]
- "New Platform At Jurong East Station To Open On 27 May". Land Transport Authority of Singapore. 16 May 2011. Retrieved 2014-11-22.
- Jurong East station opens new platform – Channel NewsAsia
- "SPEECH BY MR RAYMOND LIM,MINISTER FOR TRANSPORT, AT THE VISIT TO KIM CHUAN DEPOT, 25 JANUARY 2008, 9.00 AM" (PDF). Singapore Government Media Release. 2008-01-25.
- "Safety at MRT and LRT Stations — Respect The Yellow Line" (Press release). Land Transport Authority. 20 November 2005.[dead link]
- "Platform screen doors for all above-ground MRT stations by 2012". The Straits Times. 25 January 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-01-28.
- Yeo Ghim Lay (3 September 2008). "Platform doors for elevated MRT stations". The Straits Times. p. 26.
- "LTA Completes Installation of Half Height Platform Screen Doors". Land Transport Authority. 14 March 2012. Retrieved 2013-11-16.
- "North-South MRT Line breakdown hits thousands". Channel News Asia. 15 December 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-17.
- "2nd Update – SMRT statement : Service disruption on North-South Line (Northbound): Marina Bay Station to Bishan Station" (PDF).
- "MRT breaks down again". Channel NewsAsia. 17 December 2011.
- "North-South Line service resumes after 7-hour disruption". Channel NewsAsia. 17 December 2011.
- "Service disruption on North-South Line on 17 Dec 2011" (PDF).
- "Minister Updates Parliament on MRT Disruptions". Ministry Of Transport. 9 January 2012.
- Thales awarded signalling contracts for Singapore North-South, East-West lines and Tuas West Extension