North Strand

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

North Strand
An Trá Thuaidh
Inner city neighbourhood
A view along the Royal Canal from Newcomen Bridge with Croke Park in the distance
A view along the Royal Canal from Newcomen Bridge with Croke Park in the distance
North Strand is located in Ireland
North Strand
North Strand
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 53°21′30″N 6°14′27″W / 53.3582°N 6.2409°W / 53.3582; -6.2409Coordinates: 53°21′30″N 6°14′27″W / 53.3582°N 6.2409°W / 53.3582; -6.2409
CountryIreland
ProvinceLeinster
CountyDublin
Local authorityDublin City Council
Elevation
3 m (10 ft)
Time zoneUTC+0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-1 (IST (WEST))

North Strand (Irish: An Trá Thuaidh ) is a residential inner city neighbourhood on the Northside of Dublin, Ireland.

Location and access[edit]

The area is physically bounded by the River Tolka to the north and the railway tracks to the east.[1] North Strand is considered to extend to the Five Lamps junction to the south, and to neighbouring Ballybough to the northwest. It lies within two postal districts, Dublin 1 and Dublin 3.

A five-headed streetlight known locally as "The Five Lamps" is a neighbourhood landmark

The area is bisected from the south-west to northeast by the North Strand Road, which serves as a main arterial route for traffic to and from the city centre and Malahide, Howth and the M50. This road was at one time coastal, before the expansion of Dublin's docklands to the east. The East Wall was constructed to provide access to deeper water for ships, but it also enabled reclamation of the land east of North Strand road and the expansion of Dublin City to the northeast.

It is also bisected by the Royal Canal. The Royal Canal and the North Strand Road cross each other at Newcomen Bridge, which is the first lock on the canal. As shown in John Roque's map of Dublin in 1756, the development of the Royal Canal was complete in Dublin before any significant development occurred in North Strand. This 1836 map of Dublin, shows the North Strand / Ballybough area to be one of the first areas of Dublin City to extend beyond the canal boundaries.

Amenities and Facilities[edit]

Marino College of Further Education is on North Strand itself, near the Five Lamps. A memorial garden for the bombing of North Strand is located on the college grounds. On the same side of the road, a recycling centre is available on Shamrock Terrace.[2]

North Strand bombing memorial park

On the opposite side of North Strand is a HSE Health centre.[3] Closer to the Royal Canal, Charleville Mall public library is just off the main road,[4] and is located beside St Agatha's Catholic Church.[5] A linear park also follows the Royal Canal to connect North Strand to the Docklands.[6]

The health care center present in North Strand

On the north side of the canal, the historical Mud Island site is used as a community garden.[7][8] Further North along the strand is North Strand Church and St. Columba's National School. Closer again to Fairview Park is a Dublin Fire Brigade fire station.

History[edit]

North Strand Bombing[edit]

Perhaps the most infamous occurrence associated with the North Strand was "the North Strand Bombing". On the night of 31 May 1941, during the Second World War, German aircraft of the Luftwaffe bombed neutral Dublin. Four bombs were dropped in the vicinity of North Strand between 12:30 a.m. and 2:00 a.m. The fourth bomb was the largest and most destructive, landing 30 m (33 yd) south of Newcomen Bridge, directly in the centre of North Strand village, severely damaging the main street. A memorial park to the victims of the attack is now located near the Five Lamps.

1954 floods[edit]

Following a country-wide storm in early December 1954, the River Tolka burst its banks and flooded parts of the North Strand. This followed heavy rainfall on 8 December 1954, coinciding with the spring tide on the morning of 9 December,[9][10] which led to the collapse the Great National Railroads Bridge at East Wall Road. This acted as a dam, and forced the flood waters out into the neighbouring streets. In places, the flood water reached 4 feet, and resulted in the evacuation of 400 people, 50 by boat, and the death of two residents. Some basements and gardens recorded 8 to 10 feet of water. Three Army field kitchens were set up, with the Red Cross supplying hot meals and rations. 100 people unable to return to their homes were temporarily housed at Marlborough Street School, with a further 300 housed at St John Ambulance Brigade headquarters.[11]

In the period after the floods, several events and other fundraising activities were organised donate to the Lord Mayor’s Distress Fund in aid of the flood victims. Engineers from the Army cleared the bridge debris, and the fire service pumped out flooded houses. The houses were then fumigated by disinfectant teams. Building inspections were undertaken by the Dublin Corporation, who also dispensed free coal to those affected.[11]

Points of note[edit]

The first milestone along the route from the GPO to Howth and Malahide is in North Strand at the corner of Bayview Avenue.[12]

The Strand Cinema, which originally opened at 149 North Strand Road in 1938, was demolished but its facade was preserved and now serves as the entrance to an apartment building.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Draw Your Neighbourhood: Submissions that match 'North Strand'". neighbourhoods.dublininquirer.com. Dublin Inquirer. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  2. ^ "North Strand Recycling Centre" (PDF). www.dublincity.ie. Dublin City Council. 30 November 2009. Retrieved 12 February 2022.
  3. ^ "Health Centres in Dublin North Central". www.hse.ie. Retrieved 12 February 2022.
  4. ^ "Charleville Mall Library". www.dublincity.ie. Dublin City Council. Retrieved 12 February 2022.
  5. ^ "St Agatha's Church". www.mcnmedia.tv. Retrieved 12 February 2022.
  6. ^ "Linear Park". www.henchion-reuter.com. Henchion Reuter Architects. Retrieved 12 February 2022.
  7. ^ "Mud Island Community Garden". www.dublincommunitygrowers.ie. Dublin Community Growers. 1 May 2020. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  8. ^ "Mud Island". www.irishtimes.com. Irish Times. 4 December 2000 [1930-12-04]. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  9. ^ O'Flaherty, Louis (2007). "Drumcondra and the Tolka River". Dublin Historical Record. 60 (1): 9–10. ISSN 0012-6861.
  10. ^ Brophy, Daragh (13 December 2014). "Check out this remarkable Pathé footage of the Great North Strand Floods of 1954". TheJournal.ie. Retrieved 8 December 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  11. ^ a b Landers, Brendan (30 November 2009). "An Irishman's Diary". The Irish Times. Retrieved 8 December 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  12. ^ Turner, John (17 April 2018). "'Dublin 1 Howth 8' milestone in North Strand Road, Dublin". Geograph.ie. Retrieved 16 February 2022.
  13. ^ Grundy, Ian. "Strand Cinema". cinematreasures.org. Retrieved 20 February 2022.

External links[edit]