North Sumatra

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North Sumatra
Sumatera Utara
Province
Lake Toba
Flag of North Sumatra
Flag
Official seal of North Sumatra
Seal
Motto: Tekun Berkarya, Hidup Sejahtera, Mulia Berbudaya ("Work diligently, live prosperously, noble in culture")
Location of North Sumatra in Indonesia
Location of North Sumatra in Indonesia
Coordinates: 2°00′N 99°00′E / 2.000°N 99.000°E / 2.000; 99.000Coordinates: 2°00′N 99°00′E / 2.000°N 99.000°E / 2.000; 99.000
Country Indonesia
Capital Medan
Government
 • Governor Gatot Pudjo Nugroho (PKS)
 • Vice Governor Tengku Erry Nuradi
Area
 • Total 72,981.23 km2 (28,178.21 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • Total 13,527,937
 • Density 190/km2 (480/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Ethnic groups Batak (40.95%) (Karo, Pakpak, Simalungun, Batak Toba, Angkola, Mandailing)
Javanese (24.62%)
Chinese (8.76%)
Malay (5.80%)
Nias (4.42%)
Minangkabau (1.66%)
Acehnese (0.97%)
other (9,72%)[1]
 • Religion Islam (64.5%), Christianity (30.4%), Buddhism (6.8%), Hindu (0,2%)
 • Languages Indonesian, Malay, Karo, Pakpak, Simalungun, Batak Toba, Angkola, Mandailing, Chinese (including Medan Hokkien)
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Website sumutprov.go.id

North Sumatra (Indonesian: Sumatera Utara) is a province of Indonesia. It is located on the island of Sumatra, and its capital is Medan. It is the most populous Indonesian province outside of Java, with over 13½ million inhabitants in 2014.[2]

Geography and population[edit]

Lake Toba, World's largest volcanic lake

The province of North Sumatra stretches across the island of Sumatra between the Indian Ocean and the Strait Malacca. It borders Aceh province on the northwest and Riau and West Sumatra provinces in the southeast. It has an area of 72,981  km². The province contains a broad, low plain along the Strait of Malacca on which the provincial capital, Medan, is located. In the south and west, the land rises to the mountain range that runs the length of Sumatra; the mountains here are dominated by Lake Toba, formed from the caldera of an ancient volcano. Several large islands in the Indian Ocean off the west coast of Sumatra are currently part of North Sumatra, most notably Nias Island and the Batu Islands.

North Sumatra recorded a population of 12,985,075 in the 2010 national census, making the 4th most populous province in Indonesia, with a sex ratio of 99.59 men per 100 women.[3] The latest estimate (for January 2014) is 13,527,937.[2]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1971 6,621,831 —    
1980 8,360,894 +26.3%
1990 10,256,027 +22.7%
1995 11,114,667 +8.4%
2000 11,649,655 +4.8%
2010 12,982,204 +11.4%
2014 13,527,937 +4.2%
Source: Badan Pusat Statistik 2010

Administrative divisions[edit]

Great Mosque of Medan, North Sumatra
Tangkahan, North Sumatra
Nias Island traditional house, North Sumatra

North Sumatra is currently subdivided into 25 regencies and 8 autonomous cities, listed below with their (provisional) populations at the 2010 Census and according to the latest (2014) estimates. With proposals under consideration to create three additional provinces from parts of the present North Sumatra, these are grouped below according to the putative new province in which they are situated:

Nias Island Region[edit]

Name Area
(km2)
Population
Census 2010[4]
Population
Estimate
January 2014[2]
Capital
Gunungsitoli City 230.80 125,566 131,507 Gunungsitoli
Nias Regency 3,495.39 132,329 136,900 Gunungsitoli
North Nias Regency
(Nias Utara)
1,202.78 127,530 132,593 Lotu
South Nias Regency
(Nias Selatan)
1,625.91 289,876 301,886 Teluk Dalam
West Nias Regency
(Nias Barat)
# 81,461 85,246 Lahomi
# the area of West Nias Regency is included in the figure for Nias Regency.

Southeast Sumatra Region[edit]

Name Area
(km2)
Population
Census 2010
Population
Estimate
January 2014[2]
Capital
Padang Sidempuan City 114.65 191,554 199,582 Padang Sidempuan
Mandailing Natal Regency 6,620.70 403,894 421,968 Panyabungan
North Padang Lawas Regency
(Padang Lawas Utara)
3,918.05 223,049 232,928 Gunung Tua
Padang Lawas Regency 3,892.74 223,480 234,728 Sibuhuan
South Tapanuli Regency
(Tapanuli Selatan)
4,352.86 264,108 274,905 Sipirok

Tapanuli Region[edit]

Name Area
(km2)
Population
Census 2010
Population
Estimate
January 2014[2]
Capital
Sibolga City 10.77 84,444 88,032 Sibolga
Central Tapanuli Regency
(Tapanuli Tengah)
2,158.00 310,962 324,315 Pandan
Humbang Hasundutan Regency 2,297.20 171,687 178,866 Dolok Sanggul
North Tapanuli Regency
(Tapanuli Utara)
3,764.65 278,897 290,996 Tarutung
Samosir Regency 2,433.50 111,650 124,683 Pangururan
Toba Samosir Regency 2,352.35 172,933 180,407 Balige

East Sumatra Region[edit]

Name Area
(km2)
Population
Census 2010
Population
Estimate
January 2014[2]
Capital
Binjai City 90.24 246,010 256,502 Binjai
Medan City 265.10 2,109,339 2,185,789 Medan
Pematang Siantar City 79.87 234,885 244,564 Pematang Siantar
Tanjung Balai City * 154,426 160,941 Tanjung Balai
Tebing Tinggi City 38.44 145,180 151,354 Tebing Tinggi
Asahan Regency 3,675.79 667,563 696,364 Kisaran
Batubara Regency 904.96 374,535 391,686 Limapuluh
Dairi Regency 1,927.80 269,848 281,405 Sidikalang
Deli Serdang Regency 2,486.14 1,789,243 1,865,695 Lubukpakam
Karo Regency 2,127.25 350,479 365,713 Kabanjahe
Labuhan Batu Regency 9,223.18 414,417 432,560 Rantau Prapat
Langkat Regency 6,263.29 966,133 1,008,207 Stabat
North Labuhan Batu Regency
(Labuhan Batu Utara)
# 331,660 344,603 Aek Kanopan
Pakpak Bharat Regency 1,218.30 40,481 42,208 Salak
Serdang Bedagai Regency 1,913.33 592,922 619,367 Sei Rampah
Simalungun Regency 4,386.60 818,104 852,095 Raya
South Labuhan Batu Regency
(Labuhan Batu Selatan)
# 277,549 289,346 Kota Pinang
* the area of Tanjung Balai city is included in the figure for Asahan Regency, from which it was carved out in 2007.
# the areas of North Labuhan Batu Regency and South Labuhan Batu Regency are included in the figure for Labuhan Batu Regency, from which they were carved out in 2007.

Proposed new provinces[edit]

All parties in the North Sumatra legislative council have agreed to the formation of a new Tapanuli Province, a new Southeast Sumatra Province and a new Nias Island Province. This has been approved at a regional plenary session on 2 May 2011, but still needs approval from Central government which has not yet enacted the grand design for additional provinces.[5][6]

Under the proposals, the new Tapanuli province would comprise five disadvantaged regencies in western North Sumatra with majority Christian Bataknese populations: Humbang Hasundutan, Toba Samosir, Tapanuli Utara (North Tapanuli), Tapanuli Tengah (Central Tapanuli) and Samosir - together with the municipality (city) of Sibolga.[7]

The proposed Southeast Sumatra province would comprise four disadvantaged regencies with majority Muslim Bataknese Angkola populations - Tapanuli Selatan (South Tapanuli), Mandailing Natal, Padang Lawas and Padang Lawas Utara (North Padang Lawas) - together with the municipality (city) of Padang Sidempuan.[7]

The proposed Nias Island province would consist of the remote Christian-majority regencies of Nias, Nias Utara (North Nias), Nias Barat (West Nias) and Nias Selatan (South Nias) - together with the municipality (city) of Gunungsitoli - all on the island of Nias.[7] Nias Selatan Regency includes the smaller Batu Islands (Pulau-pulau Batu) to the south, lying between Nias and Siberut.

The remaining regencies and cities currently within North Sumatra province would comprise the residual area, which might be renamed East Sumatra (Sumatera Timur).

Agriculture and economy[edit]

Sumatra Mandheling and Sumatra Lintong coffee beans are grown in North Sumatra and largely exported to the United States. Mandheling is named after the similarly spelt Mandailing people located in North Sumatra, Indonesia. The name is the result of a misunderstanding by the first foreign purchaser of the variety, and no coffee is actually produced in the "Mandailing region". Lintong on the other hand, is named after the Lintong district, also located in North Sumatra.

Tourism[edit]

Sipisopiso, North Sumatra
  • Lake Toba, the largest volcanic lake in the world. located on middle part of North Sumatra, visitor can visit the lake via Parapat (Simalungun regency), Tongging (Karo regency), and Balige (Toba Samosir regency)
  • Samosir Island, an volcanic island in middle of Lake Toba, Samosir is a popular tourist destination due to its exotic Batak history and the vistas it offers. The tourist resorts are concentrated in the Tuktuk, Tomok, Simanindo, Pangururan area.
  • Nias Island, is is an island off the western coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. Nias is an internationally popular for surfing destination. The best known surfing area is Sorake Bay, close to the town of Teluk Dalam, on the southern tip. Enclosed by the beaches of Lagundri and Sorake. Tourists can visit the island by plane from Medan, there are also ferries servie available from Sibolga
  • Berastagi, a small highland town located 63 kilometers from southern of Medan, it's a popular weekend destination for relaxing from a busy city.
  • Lumbini Natural Park. a Buddhist theravada-style temple that has similarity with Shwedagon Pagoda in Myanmar.
  • Dua Warna Waterfall, a two colored waterfall located on Sibolangit, need a guide to get there.
  • Taman Simalem Resort, a hotel and resort located near Tongging, with excellent scenery of Lake Toba.
  • Berhala Island, a 2,5 hectares island located in Malaka Strait near boundary of Indonesia and Malaysia, popular place for snorkeling and watching turtle nesting tour. visitor can getting the island via boat from Sergei, Serdang Bedagai regency.
  • Sipisopiso, one of the highest waterfall in Indonesia, located near Tongging, Karo regency.

Airports[edit]

The modern Kuala Namu International Airport is opened in July 25, 2013 and located almost 40 kilometers from Medan. The airport replaces the old Polonia International Airport.[8]

Polonia International Airport (Indonesian: Bandar Udara Internasional Polonia) (IATA: MESICAO: WIMM) (popularly Polonia Airport, as in Indonesia, Bandara Polonia) is located about 5 km from the Central Business District of Medan. It is the first international airport in Medan, although the airport is under airforce authority. Polonia airport is the site of several crashes, is inappropriately located in the center of the city of Medan, has a difficult takeoff path and has a short runway. It serves flights to several Indonesian and Malaysian cities, along with a flight to Singapore and Thailand. Flights to Indian cities are also planned. In terms of passenger numbers, Polonia is the fourth largest airport in Indonesia.

Seaports[edit]

North Sumatra has an international seaport at Belawan, near Medan and is now preparing to have a new seaport at Kuala Tanjung, in Batubara Regency, for about Rp.1 trillion ($114 million) budget.[9]

Sei Mangkei Industrial Area[edit]

Sei Mangkei Industrial Area is known also as Sei Mangkei - Integrated Sustainable Palm Oil Cluster (SM-ISPOIC); it is located in Simalungun Regency and was formally opened on 12 June 2010. Four companies have joined in this area, with investment costs totalling up to Rp1.5 trillion ($176 million).[10][11] In April 2011, three other companies also joined in the Sei Mangkei area. They are Procter & Gamble Co for making CPO derivatives of cosmetic raw materials, Ferrostaal AG and Fratelli Gianazza SpA.

References[edit]

External links[edit]