North Texas

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This article is about the region of Texas. For the university in Denton, see University of North Texas.

North Texas (also commonly called North Central Texas, Northeastern Texas, and Nortex) is a term used primarily by residents of Dallas, Fort Worth, and surrounding areas to describe much of the northern portion of the U.S. state of Texas. Residents of the Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex generally consider North Texas to include the area south of Oklahoma, east of Abilene, and north of Waco. A more precise term for this region would be the northern part of the central portion of Texas. It does not include the Panhandle of Texas, which expands further north than the region previously described, nor does it include most of the region near the northern border of Texas.

North Texas is centered upon the Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex, the largest metropolitan area in Texas. People in the Dallas and Fort Worth areas sometimes use the terms "Metroplex", "DFW", and "North Texas" interchangeably. However, North Texas refers to a much larger area that includes many rural counties.[1]

North Texas climatology[edit]

The North Texas climate is subtropical with hot summers. It is also continental, characterized by a wide annual temperature range. Average annual precipitation also varies considerably, ranging from less than 28 to more than 48 inches (700–1200 mm). Severe storms are frequent in the spring, as the area lies in the southern section of "tornado alley".

Average annual rainfall for North Central Texas, south is the prevailing wind direction, and southerly winds are frequently high and persist for several days. Strong northerly winds often occur during the passage of cold fronts. Dusty conditions are infrequent, occurring mostly with westerly winds. Dust storm frequency and intensity depend on soil conditions in eastern New Mexico, west Texas, and the Texas Panhandle.

Winters are mild, but northers occur about three times each month, and often are accompanied by sudden drops in temperature. In Dallas, a record-setting 12.8 inches of snow once fell in 2011. Periods of extreme cold that occasionally occur are short-lived, so that even in January mild weather occurs frequently.

The highest temperatures of summer are associated with fair skies, westerly winds and low humidities. Characteristically, hot spells in summer are broken into three- to five-day periods by thunderstorm activity. There are only a few nights each summer when the low temperature exceeds 80 °F (27 °C). Summer daytime temperatures frequently exceed 100 °F (38 °C). Air conditioners are recommended for maximum comfort indoors and while traveling via automobile.

Throughout the year, rainfall occurs more frequently during the night. Usually, periods of rainy weather last for only a day or two, and are followed by several days with fair skies. A large part of the annual precipitation results from thunderstorm activity, with occasional heavy rainfall over brief periods of time. Thunderstorms occur throughout the year, but are most frequent in the spring. Hail falls on about two or three days a year, ordinarily with only slight and scattered damage. Windstorms occurring during thunderstorm activity are sometimes destructive. Snowfall is uncommon.

The average length of the warm season (freeze-free period) is about 249 days. The average last occurrence of 32 °F (0 °C) or below is mid March and the average first occurrence of 32 °F or below is in late November.

Counties[edit]

Although the terms "Northeastern Texas" or "North Texas" are not official state designations, the Texas State Data Center and Office of the State Demographer lists the following counties as belonging to the North Central Texas Council of Governments (NCTCOG):[2][3]

Map of North Texas

The Texas State Demographer also lists the following regional county groupings, some or all of which are often included in the informal meaning of the terms "North Texas" or "North Central Texas."

Additionally, some other Texas counties contiguous with those named above are sometimes included in the general meaning of "North Texas."

Major cities[edit]

City Population (2015) State Rank U.S. Rank
Xvisionx Dallas Stemmons.jpg
Dallas
1,300,092 3 9
Fort Worth Skyline at Sunset.jpg
Fort Worth
833,319 5 16
Cowboys-Stadium-Night.jpg
Arlington
388,125 7 50
Skyline of Plano Texas.jpg
Plano
283,558 9 69
Downtown Garland .jpg
Garland
236,897 12 91
Lascolinasbld.jpg
Irving
236,607 13 93
GP Main Street at Dusk.JPG
Grand Prairie
187,809 15 127
Old Collin County Courthouse.jpg
McKinney
162,898 17 155
Dr Pepper Ball Park Frisco Tx.JPG
Frisco
154,407 18 162
Mesquite tower.jpg
Mesquite
144,788 20 181
Carrollton, Texas - Municipal Complex.jpg
Carrollton
133,168 23 197
Denton, Texas town square.jpg
Denton
131,044 26 202
TexasRichardson mainStreet.jpg
Richardson
110,815 32 255
Revised photo of "The Falls" at Wichita Falls, TX IMG 6918.JPG
Wichita Falls
104,710 35 285
Lewisville City Hall 2.jpg
Lewisville
104,039 36 288
Eagle Stadium.jpg
Allen
98,143 40
Flower Mound Sign.jpg
Flower Mound
71,253 50

Other cities and towns[edit]

Statistical areas[edit]

In the North Texas region there is one combined statistical area, three metropolitan areas, and six micropolitan areas.

Dallas–Fort Worth TX-OK Combined Statistical Area[edit]

Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs)

Micropolitan Statistical Areas (μSAs)

Wichita Falls area[edit]

Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs)

Micropolitan Statistical Areas (μSAs)

Other[edit]

Micropolitan Statistical Areas (μSAs)

Economy[edit]

Top employers[edit]

Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex

Source: Dallas Business Journal Book of Lists 2006
Company No. of employees
locally
Type of business
American Airlines 22,077 Commercial airline
Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. 21,133 Retail
Texas Health Resources 16,289 Health care
Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company 15,900 Military aircraft design and production
Baylor Health Care System 15,200 Health care
Citigroup 15,000 Financial Services
AT&T Inc. 13,729 Data, voice, networking and internet services
Verizon Communications 12,500 Telecommunications
Texas Instruments 10,600 Semiconductor manufacturing
Albertsons 10,100 Retail grocery
Brinker International 10,000 Restaurants
HCA Healthcare 9,896 Health care
JPMorgan Chase 8,800 Financial services
State Farm 8,000 Insurance
J.C. Penney Company, Inc. 7,900 Retail
Kroger Food Stores 7,600 Retail grocery
Target Corporation 7,554 Retail
Electronic Data Systems (EDS) 7,300 Information technology services
Bank of America 7,000 Financial services
L-3 Communications 6,400 Military Communications
Tom Thumb Food & Pharmacy (Safeway Inc.) 6,314 Retail grocery
Fidelity Investments 5,900 Financial services
Southwest Airlines 5,543 Commercial airline
Bell Helicopter Textron 5,301 Aircraft manufacturing
Minyard Food Stores, Inc. 5,091 Retail grocery
Blockbuster, Inc. 4,500 Retail video and games
General Motors 4,030 Automotive manufacturer
Southwest Airlines 4,000 Commercial Airline
RadioShack Corp. 3,896 Electronics retailer
Sprint 3,501 Communications products

Wichita Falls Metropolitan Area

# Employer # of Employees
1 Sheppard Air Force Base 12,272
2 Wichita Falls Independent School District 2,059
3 North Texas State Hospital 1,974
4 United Regional Health Care System 1,778
5 City of Wichita Falls 1,477
6 Midwestern State University 1,284
7 James V. Allred Unit 971
8 Cryovac 732
9 Work Services Corporation 730
10 Howmet Castings 704

[6] Sherman–Denison Metropolitan Area

# Employer # of Employees Location
1 Tyson Foods 1400 Sherman
2 Texoma Health Systems 1375 Denison
3 Texas Instruments 1200 Sherman
4 Cigna 1000 Denison
5 Wilson N Jones Health Systems 1000 Sherman

[7]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Public universities
School Enrollment Location Mascot Athletic Affiliation
(Conference)
University System
University of North Texas September 2015 11 (Hurley Administration Building).jpg
University of North Texas
37,231 Denton Mean Green NCAA Division I FBS
(C–USA)
University of North Texas System
UTAPlanetarium.PNG
University of Texas at Arlington
37,008 Arlington Mavericks NCAA Division I
(Sun Belt)
Non–Football
University of Texas System
UTD Visitor Center.jpg
University of Texas at Dallas
24,554 Richardson Comets NCAA Division III
(American Southwest)
Non–Football
University of Texas System
Twu-old-main-night.jpg
Texas Woman's University
15,168 Denton Pioneers NCAA Division II
(Lone Star)
Women's sports only
Independent
Entrance to Tarleton State University Picture 2230.jpg
Tarleton State University
12,333 Stephenville Texans and TexAnns NCAA Division II
(Lone Star)
Texas A&M University System
TAMUC Campus.PNG
Texas A&M University–Commerce
12,302 Commerce Lions NCAA Division II
(Lone Star)
Texas A&M University System
Midwestern State University October 2015 11 (Hardin Administration Building).jpg
Midwestern State University
6,043 Wichita Falls Mustangs NCAA Division II
(Lone Star)
Independent
University of north texas at dallas initial building 2009-11-18.jpg
University of North Texas at Dallas
2,575 Dallas Jaguars No Athletics
(N/A)
University of North Texas System
Private universities
School Enrollment Location Mascot Athletic Affiliation
(Conference)
SMU Library.JPG
Southern Methodist University
11,643 University Park Mustangs NCAA Division I FBS
(American)
Campustcu.JPG
Texas Christian University
10,323 Fort Worth Horned Frogs NCAA Division I FBS
(Big 12)
Mahler Student Center, Dallas Baptist University.jpg
Dallas Baptist University
5,445 Dallas Patriots NCAA Division II
(Heartland)
Non–Football, compete in the Missouri Valley Conference at the Division I level for baseball
Texas-Wesleyan-Law-School-2307.jpg
Texas Wesleyan University
3,378 Fort Worth Rams NAIA
(Sooner)
Carpenter Hall front.JPG
University of Dallas
2,576 Irving Crusaders NCAA Division III
(SCAC)
Non–Football, compete in Texas Rugby Union at the Division II level for Rugby
Sagu.jpg
Southwestern Assemblies of God University
2,012 Waxahachie Lions NAIA NCCAA
(Sooner and Central States Football League)
AdminAC.JPG
Austin College
1,224 Sherman Roos NCAA Division III
(SCAC)
Will compete in the Southern Athletic Association for football beginning in 2017

Transportation[edit]

Commercial Airports[edit]

Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport

Public Transit[edit]

Dallas Area Rapid Transit

Major Highways[edit]

Interstates[edit]

Interstate 20
Interstate 35E
  • I-20 (TX).svg
    • I-820 (TX).svg
  • I-30 (TX).svg
  • I-35 (TX).svg
    • I-35E (TX).svg
    • I-35W (TX).svg
    • I-635 (TX).svg
  • I-44 (TX).svg
  • I-45 (TX).svg
    • I-345 (TX).svg

U.S. Routes[edit]

U.S. Route 75
U.S. Route 82
U.S. Route 287
  • US 62.svg
  • US 67.svg
  • US 69.svg
  • US 70.svg
  • US 75.svg
  • US 77.svg
  • US 80.svg
  • US 81.svg
  • US 82.svg
  • US 83.svg
  • US 175.svg
  • US 180.svg
  • US 183.svg
  • US 277.svg
  • US 281.svg
  • US 283.svg
  • US 287.svg
  • US 377.svg
  • US 380.svg

Tollways[edit]

Dallas North Tollway
  • Toll Texas CTP new.svg
  • Toll Texas DNT new.svg
  • Texas Spur 97.svg
  • Toll Texas PGBT new.svg
  • Toll Texas SRT new.svg

Sports[edit]

The North Texas region has teams from the four major professional sports leagues. Major professional sports first came to the area in 1960, when the Dallas Cowboys began competing in the National Football League and the Dallas Texans began competing in the American Football League. (The Texans later relocated to Kansas City and become the Chiefs). In 1972, Major League Baseball's Washington Senators moved to Arlington to become the Texas Rangers, named after the statewide law enforcement agency. The National Basketball Association expanded into North Texas in 1980 when the Dallas Mavericks were added to the league. The fourth sport was added in 1993 when the Minnesota North Stars of the National Hockey League moved to Dallas, becoming the Dallas Stars.

The Major League Soccer team FC Dallas is based in Frisco, and the Dallas Wings of the WNBA plays in Arlington. The area is also home to many minor-league professional teams, and four colleges that compete in NCAA Division I athletics.

Major professional sports teams[edit]

Club Sport Founded League Venue
Cowboys huddle.jpeg
Dallas Cowboys
Football 1960 NFL AT&T Stadium
HankBlalock.jpg
Texas Rangers
Baseball 1972^ MLB Globe Life Park in Arlington
Jason Kidd mavs allison.jpg
Dallas Mavericks
Basketball 1980 NBA American Airlines Center
Brenden Dillon - Dallas Stars.jpg
Dallas Stars
Hockey 1993^ NHL American Airlines Center
SuperligaLAFCD.jpg
FC Dallas
Soccer 1996 MLS Toyota Stadium
Philips Arena Dream game 2008.jpg
Dallas Wings
Basketball 2015^ WNBA College Park Center

^- Indicates year team relocated to the area

Other professional teams[edit]

Club Sport Founded League Venue
Allen Americans Hockey 2009 ECHL Allen Event Center
Dallas Sidekicks Indoor soccer 2012 Major Arena Soccer League Allen Event Center
Frisco RoughRiders Baseball 2003^ Texas League Dr Pepper Ballpark
Fort Worth Cats Baseball 2001 ULB LaGrave Field
Fort Worth Vaqueros Soccer 2014 NPSL LaGrave Field
Grand Prairie AirHogs Baseball 2007 AAIPBL QuikTrip Park
Texas Legends Basketball 2010^ NBA D-League Dr Pepper Arena
Texas Revolution Indoor football 2011^ Champions Indoor Football Allen Event Center
Texas Wild Tennis 2013^ World Team Tennis Four Seasons Resort and Club Dallas at Las Colinas

^- Indicates year team relocated to the area

Division I college athletics[edit]

School City Mascot Conference
Texas Hall game.jpg
University of Texas at Arlington
Arlington Mavericks Sun Belt Conference
US Navy 071110-N-8053S-140 During the Navy vs. University of North Texas (UNT) football game, Navy Midshipmen running back, Shun White, attempts a to run against UNT's defense.jpg
University of North Texas
Denton Mean Green Conference USA
Shawnbrey McNeal stiffarm.jpg
Southern Methodist University
University Park Mustangs American Athletic Conference
Andy Dalton.jpg
Texas Christian University
Fort Worth Horned Frogs Big 12 Conference
Joan and Andy Horner Ballpark, Dallas Baptist University.jpg
Dallas Baptist University
Dallas Patriots Missouri Valley Conference (baseball only)

The headquarters for both the Big 12 and Conference USA are located in Irving, and the Southland Conference headquarters are in Frisco.

See also[edit]

References[edit]