Tiobraid Árann Thuaidh
Tipperary (North Riding)
|Created||1 April 1899|
|Abolished||1 June 2014|
|• Type||North Tipperary County Council|
|• Total||2,046 km2 (790 sq mi)|
|Car plates||TN (1987–2013)|
North Tipperary (Irish: Tiobraid Árann Thuaidh) was a county in Ireland in the province of Munster. It was named after the town of Tipperary (which was in South Tipperary) and consisted of 48% of the land area of the traditional county of Tipperary. North Tipperary County Council was the local authority for the county. In 2011, the population of the county was 70,322.
Geography and subdivisions
The county was part of the central plain of Ireland, but the diversified terrain contained several mountain ranges: the Arra Hills, Silvermine Mountains and the Devil's Bit. The county was landlocked. The southern part of the former county is drained by the River Suir; the northern part is drained by tributaries of the River Shannon which widens into Lough Derg. The centre of the county included much of the Golden Vale, a rich pastoral stretch of land in the Suir basin which extends into counties Limerick and Cork.
Civil parishes and townlands
Civil parishes in Ireland were delineated after the Down Survey as an intermediate subdivision, with multiple townlands per parish and multiple parishes per barony. The civil parishes had some use in local taxation and were included on the nineteenth century maps of the Ordnance Survey of Ireland. For poor law purposes district electoral divisions replaced the civil parishes in the mid-nineteenth century. There were 86 civil parishes in the county.
The North Riding had existed as a judicial county following the establishment of assize courts in 1838. The administrative county of Tipperary, North Riding was created under the Local Government (Ireland) Act 1898 as the area of the existing judicial county of the North Riding of the county of Tipperary, except for the district electoral divisions of Cappagh, Curraheen and Glengar (which were transferred to the South Riding). It took effect on 1 April 1899.
In 2002, the county's name was changed under the Local Government Act 2001 to North Tipperary, and the council's name to North Tipperary County Council. The council oversaw the county as a local government area. The council comprised 21 representatives, directly elected through the system of proportional representation by means of a single transferable vote (PR-STV).
Under the Regional Authorities established in 1994, North Tipperary was part of the Mid-West Region, a NUTS III region of the European Union, whereas South Tipperary was part of the South-East Region. At a NUTS II level, both counties were in the Southern and Eastern region. A revision to the NUTS regions, after the amalgamation of the counties, brought both under the Mid-West Region.
The council also claimed the title of The Premier County, a title which was usually taken to refer to the undivided territory of both north and south Tipperary. Following the division of the original county, North Tipperary was not granted its own coat of arms.
- Census of Ireland, 2011. Central Statistics Office, "Actual and Percentage Change in Population by Aggregate Town or Rural Area, Sex, Province County or City, Statistical Indicator and Census Year".
- "Tipperary County Council". 29 May 2014. Archived from the original on 6 June 2014.
Tipperary County Council will become an official unified authority on Tuesday, 3rd June 2014. The new authority combines the existing administration of North Tipperary County Council and South Tipperary County Council.
- Local Government Reform Act 2014, s. 9: Cesser and amalgamation of certain local government areas (No. 1 of 2014, s. 9). Act of the Oireachtas. Retrieved from Irish Statute Book.
- Local Government Reform Act 2014 (Commencement of Certain Provisions) (No. 3) Order 2014 (S.I. No. 214 of 2014). Signed on 22 May 2014 by Phil Hogan, Minister for the Environment, Community and Local Government. Statutory Instrument of the Government of Ireland. Retrieved from Irish Statute Book.
- "Interactive map (civil parish boundaries viewable in Historic layer)". Mapviewer. Ordnance Survey of Ireland. Archived from the original on 29 May 2010. Retrieved 9 March 2010.
- "Placenames Database of Ireland – Tipperary civil parishes". Archived from the original on 20 September 2012. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
- Local Government (Ireland) Act 1898, s. 68: Boundaries of counties, unions, rural districts, and district electoral divisions (61 & 62 Vict., c. 37 of 1898, s. 68). Enacted on 12 August 1898. Act of the UK Parliament. Retrieved from Irish Statute Book.
- "Orders declaring the boundaries of administrative counties and defining county electoral divisions: County of Tipperary, North Riding". 27th Report of the Local Government Board for Ireland (Cmd. 9480). Dublin: Local Government Board for Ireland. 1900. p. 312.
- Local Government Act 2001, s. 10: Local government areas (No. 37 of 2001, s. 10). Enacted on 21 July 2001. Act of the Oireachtas. Retrieved from Irish Statute Book.
- Local Government Act 2001, 7th Sch.: Number of members of local authorities (No. 37 of 2001, 7th Sch.). Enacted on 21 July 2001. Act of the Oireachtas. Retrieved from Irish Statute Book.
- Local Government Act 1991 (Regional Authorities) (Establishment) Order 1993 (S.I. No. 394 of 1993). Signed on 20 December 1993. Statutory Instrument of the Government of Ireland. Retrieved from Irish Statute Book.
- Local Government Act 1991 (Regional Authorities) (Establishment) Order 1999 (S.I. No. 226 of 1999). Signed on 19 July 1999. Statutory Instrument of the Government of Ireland. Retrieved from Irish Statute Book.
- "Information Note for Data Users: revision to the Irish NUTS 2 and NUTS 3 Regions". CSO.
- "Introduction to North Tipperary". Archived from the original on 21 January 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2010.