North Tipperary

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North Tipperary
Tiobraid Árann Thuaidh
County
Location of North Tipperary
Country Ireland
Province Munster
County town Nenagh
Government
 • Type County council (1898–2014)
Area
 • Total 2,046 km2 (790 sq mi)
Population (2011) 70,322
Car plates TN (1987–2013)

North Tipperary (Irish: Tiobraid Árann Thuaidh) was a county in Ireland. It was part of the Mid-West Region and was also located in the province of Munster. It was named after the town of Tipperary and consisted of 48% of the land area of the traditional county of Tipperary. North Tipperary County Council was the local authority for the county. In 2011, the population of the county was 70,322.[1] It was abolished on 3 June 2014, merged with South Tipperary under a new Tipperary County Council.[2][3]

Geography and political subdivisions[edit]

Keeper Hill

The county was part of the central plain of Ireland, but the diversified terrain contained several mountain ranges: the Arra Hills, Silvermine Mountains and the Devil's Bit. The county was landlocked. The southern part of county was drained by the River Suir; the northern part was drained by tributaries of the River Shannon which widens into Lough Derg. The centre was known as 'the Golden Vale', a rich pastoral stretch of land in the Suir basin which extends into counties Limerick and Cork.

Population centres included Nenagh (the county town), Borrisoleigh, Templemore, Thurles and Roscrea.

Baronies[edit]

There were six historic baronies in North Tipperary: Eliogarty, Ikerrin, Ormond Upper, Ormond Lower, Owney and Arra and Kilnamanagh Upper.

Civil parishes and townlands[edit]

Civil parishes in Ireland were delineated after the Down Survey as an intermediate subdivision, with multiple townlands per parish and multiple parishes per barony. The civil parishes had some use in local taxation and were included on the nineteenth century maps of the Ordnance Survey of Ireland.[4] For poor law purposes District Electoral Divisions replaced the civil parishes in the mid-nineteenth century. There were 86 civil parishes in the county.[5]

Politics and local government[edit]

Lough Derg.

The historic county of Tipperary was divided in 1898 when the administrative county of Tipperary (North Riding) was established. The North Riding had existed as a judicial county following the establishment of assize courts in 1838. The county's name changed to North Tipperary, and the council's name to North Tipperary County Council, under the Local Government Act 2001. The Council oversaw the county as an independent local government area. The Council was made up of 21 representatives, directly elected through the system of proportional representation by means of a single transferable vote.

Under the provisions of the Local Government Act 1991, (Regional Authorities) (Establishment) Order, 1993,[6] the territory of North Tipperary was defined as being in the Mid-West Region. This region was a NUTS III region of the European Union. The county of South Tipperary, by contrast, was part of the South-East Region. At a NUTS II level, both counties were in the Southern and Eastern region.

The Council also claims the title of The Premier County,[7] a title which was usually taken to refer to the undivided territory of both north and south Tipperary. Following the division of the original county, North Tipperary was not granted its own coat of arms.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Census of Ireland, 2011. Central Statistics Office, "Actual and Percentage Change in Population by Aggregate Town or Rural Area, Sex, Province County or City, Statistical Indicator and Census Year".
  2. ^ Tipperary County Council Tipperary County Council, 29 May 2014. Quote: "Tipperary County Council will become an official unified authority on Tuesday, 3rd June 2014. The new authority combines the existing administration of North Tipperary County Council and South Tipperary County Council."
  3. ^ http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/pdf/2014/en.act.2014.0001.pdf
  4. ^ "Interactive map (civil parish boundaries viewable in Historic layer)". Mapviewer. Ordnance Survey of Ireland. Retrieved 9 March 2010. 
  5. ^ Placenames Database of Ireland - Tipperary civil parishes.
  6. ^ Official Irish Statues website. Local Government Act 1991, (Regional Authorities) (Establishment) Order.
  7. ^ Introduction to North Tipperary