North Vancouver (district municipality)
|The Corporation of the District of North Vancouver|
View of North Vancouver
"Montes Rivique Nobis Inspirant" (English: "The Mountains and Rivers Inspire Us")
Location of District of North Vancouver in British Columbia
|Regional District||Metro Vancouver|
|• Mayor||Mike Little|
|• Governing body||Municipal council|
|• MP||Jonathan Wilkinson-(Liberal)|
|• MLA||Bowinn Ma (Lonsdale- BC NDP)|
Jane Thornthwaite (Seymour-BC Liberal)
Ralph Sultan (Capilano-BC Liberal)
|• Total||160.76 km2 (62.07 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||1,449 m (4,754 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||0 m (0 ft)|
|• Density||534.6/km2 (1,385/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC−8 (PST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−7 (PDT)|
|Forward sortation area|
|Area code(s)||604, 778, 236|
The District of North Vancouver is a district municipality in British Columbia, Canada, and is part of Metro Vancouver. It surrounds the City of North Vancouver on three sides. As of 2016, the District stands as the second wealthiest city in Canada, with neighbouring West Vancouver the richest. The municipality is largely characterized as being a relatively quiet, affluent suburban hub home to many middle and upper-middle-class families. Homes in the District generally range from mid-sized family bungalows to very large luxury houses (particularly in the District's Capilano/Edgemont neighbourhood as well as areas of Upper Lonsdale and Deep Cove). Some developments have popped up across the district in recent years, however the District remains a primarily suburban municipality. The District is served by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, British Columbia Ambulance Service, and the District of North Vancouver Fire Department.
For thousands of years, the Indigenous Squamish and their kin Tsleil-Waututh, of the Coast Salish, resided in the land known as North Vancouver. Slightly over 200 years ago, the people of the Squamish and Tsleil-Waututh living on the North Shore had their first glimpse of Europeans. First the Spanish arrived, giving their name to Vancouver's Spanish Banks and, in 1792, Captain George Vancouver explored the local shores. But it was not until 1862 that the first attempt was made to harvest the North Shore's rich stands of timber, leading to fuller settlement of the area that would later become North Vancouver.
The first industry on the North Shore was Pioneer Mills, founded in 1862 to log the huge trees of the coastal rainforest. After twice changing hands, the operation was bought by Sewell ("Sue") Prescott Moody in 1865. Near where the Saskatchewan Wheat Pool grain elevators now stand, the town of Moodyville grew up and stood as the main centre of activity on the North Shore until the mill closed in 1901. The first school was established in Moodyville. The second, Central School, opened in 1902 in a building that still stands as part of what is now Presentation House at 3rd Street and Chesterfield Avenue, the current home of the North Vancouver Museum and Archives.
In 1891, the first municipality on the North Shore was formed as the District of North Vancouver. It stretched across the North Shore from Horseshoe Bay to Deep Cove but omitted Moodyville. In the early years of the 20th century, a real estate boom took place, with speculators – including the British poet Rudyard Kipling – eager to turn a quick dollar. A new community began to take shape. In 1902, the Hotel North Vancouver was built; in 1905, the first bank, a branch of the Bank of North America, opened. A newspaper, the Express, commenced publication in 1905 and in 1906 the British Columbia Electric Railway began streetcar service.
Industry, particularly shipbuilding, became central, with the magnificent stands of trees a rich resource for a society in which ships, houses and most other manmade things were constructed mainly of wood. The Wallace Shipyards moved in 1906 to the area just east of Lonsdale Avenue, drawn by the arrival of electricity. Over the years, this company, later known as Burrard Dry Dock and then Versatile Pacific Shipyards, became a major force in the local economy. Many of the shipyard's buildings still stand although the company has now ceased operations.
Economic prosperity and rapid growth in the Lower Lonsdale area of North Vancouver led to the establishment in 1907 of the separate City of North Vancouver, with a population of approximately 1,500. West Vancouver separated from the District in 1912. Apart from the addition of Moodyville in 1915, the boundaries of the City have not changed, even though far more people now call the District home.
Communications with Vancouver have always been an important factor in the development of the North Shore. The first ferry service was supplied by "Navvy Jack’s" rowboat in 1866. In 1867, the Sea Foam established regular ferry service that continued until 1958. The SeaBus re-established water transportation in 1977. Rail service was slower in developing. While the Pacific Great Eastern Railway inaugurated a 12.7-mile run from North Vancouver to Whytecliff Park in 1914, it was not until the completion of the first Second Narrows Bridge in 1925 that rail and road links with the Lower Mainland supplemented the local ferry service.
Early plans for North Vancouver were ambitious. The City as a communications hub and industrial centre was surrounded by the more rural District, both municipalities in a magnificent geographical setting that appeared to open endless possibilities. But early grandiose plans met with a number of setbacks. The real estate boom was overtaken by a worldwide depression in 1913 and then World War I delayed many projects. The depression that began in 1929, coupled with disruptions to communications over the Second Narrows caused by ships colliding with the bridge, led to economic difficulties and severe tax shortfalls. Both the City and the District were placed in receivership in 1933. But the opening of the second road crossing, the Lions' Gate Bridge in 1938 was a significant factor in making the North Shore more accessible. And the war years led to an economic revival of North Vancouver, especially because of the many ships built in the Burrard Dry Dock at the foot of Lonsdale for the Canadian war effort.
In the postwar years, the City and the District of North Vancouver boomed, with most of the growth taking place in the District because of its greater land resources.
The District of North Vancouver is separated from Vancouver by the Burrard Inlet. It can be accessed by the Lions' Gate Bridge, the Ironworkers Memorial Second Narrows Crossing, and the SeaBus passenger ferry.
The District is bounded by the Capilano River to the west, Indian Arm to the east, Burrard Inlet to the south, and the Coast Mountains to the north. It sprawls in an east-west direction across the mountain slopes, and is characterized by rugged terrain and steep and winding roadways. While there is no true urban core within the District, there are a number of separate commercial neighbourhood centres. These include (from west to east): Edgemont Village, Upper Lonsdale, Lynn Valley, Main Street, Parkgate, and Deep Cove.
The District has a lot in common with West Vancouver and the City of North Vancouver. Together these three municipalities are commonly referred to as the North Shore. Most of the residents of the District live in single-family dwellings. Except for a few more historical areas, much of the development of the District has occurred since the 1950s. The City of North Vancouver has considerably higher commercial and residential density. However, the differences between the two "North Vans" are most apparent to their respective residents. For the most part, other Lower Mainland residents rarely distinguish between the District and the City, referring to both collectively as "North Vancouver".
|Climate data for North Vancouver (N Vancouver 2ND Narrows) (Elevation: 4m) 1981−2010|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||262.2
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||255.3
|Average snowfall cm (inches)||6.9
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)||20.5||15.5||18.0||15.4||13.8||11.7||7.4||6.7||9.6||16.1||20.9||20.3||175.9|
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)||19.7||15.1||17.9||15.4||13.8||11.7||7.4||6.7||9.6||16.0||20.7||19.6||173.5|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)||1.7||0.92||0.54||0.12||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.08||0.72||2.2||6.2|
|Source: Environment Canada (normals, 1981−2010)|
Government and Politics
|Mayor||Mike Little (2018)|
|Councillors||Jordan Back (2018); Mathew Bond (2014, 2018); Megan Curren (2018); Betty Forbes (2018), Jim Hanson (2014, 2018); Lisa Muri (1996, 1999, 2002, 2005, 2008, 2011, 2014, 2018)|
|Provincial MLAs||Jane Thornthwaite (North Vancouver-Seymour); Bowinn Ma (North Vancouver-Lonsdale); Ralph Sultan (West Vancouver-Capilano)|
|MPs||Jonathan Wilkinson (North Vancouver); Terry Beech (Burnaby North-Seymour)|
While industry was the engine that propelled North Vancouver for much of the twentieth century, this has now largely been replaced by enterprises more in tune with present economic realities. Many North Shore companies are in the business of creating and marketing high technology.
The television and film industry has made the area the centre of Hollywood North. Filming of the popular series The X-Files took place in North Vancouver for five seasons, with many of its "wilderness" sequences shot in the Lower Seymour Conservation Reserve (LSCR).
Sites of interest
- The Capilano Suspension Bridge in a private park carries hikers across the Capilano River to nature trails and a unique rain forest canopy walk (there is an admission fee).
- The Lynn Canyon Suspension Bridge is in a District of North Vancouver public park (free admission). Also at the park is the Lynn Canyon Ecology Centre.
- Grouse Mountain is a ski hill and a tourist destination reached by either a gondola lift or the famous Grouse Grind hike.
- Mount Seymour Provincial Park is a ski and hiking destination in the District.
- The Cleveland Dam in the Capilano River Regional Park offers nature trails as well as a fish hatchery, the Capilano River Hatchery.
- Mount Fromme is a popular mountain bicycling destination.
- Northlands Golf Course is a public golf course owned and operated by the District of North Vancouver.
- Maplewood Flats Conservation Area is a conservation area known for its bird watching and easy to access trails
- Maplewood Farm is an educational children's farm operated by the District of North Vancouver
The main (and only) highway through the District of North Vancouver is the Trans-Canada Highway (Highway 1). This crosses over the Ironworkers Memorial Second Narrows Crossing from Vancouver and goes through the District to the western border with West Vancouver.
Public transit, operated by Coast Mountain Bus Company and funded by TransLink, runs routes throughout the District, mostly from Lonsdale Quay in the City of North Vancouver. West Vancouver Blue Bus also runs several routes between the two North Vancouvers and West Vancouver.
|Canada 2016 Census||Population||% of total population (2016)|
|Visible minority group
|Other visible minority||75||0.1%|
|Mixed visible minority||690||0.8%|
|Total visible minority population||21,750||25.6%|
|Aboriginal group||First Nations||1,455||1.7%|
|Total Aboriginal population||2,140||2.5%|
According to the 2006 Census:
- Population: 82,562
- Growth Rate (2001–2006): 0.3%
- Total Private Dwellings: 30,957
- Land Area: 160.67 km².
- Density: 513.9 people per km².
|Canada 2006 Census||Population||% of Total Population|
|Visible minority group
|Other visible minority||40||0%|
|Mixed visible minority||590||0.7%|
|Total visible minority population||18,205||22.2%|
|Total Aboriginal population||755||0.9%|
Mother Languages as reported by each person: Source:
|Canada 2011 Census||Population||% of Total Population||% of Non-official language Population|
- "British Columbia Regional Districts, Municipalities, Corporate Name, Date of Incorporation and Postal Address" (XLS). British Columbia Ministry of Communities, Sport and Cultural Development. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
- "N VANCOUVER 2ND NARROWS]". Canadian Climate Normals 1981−2010. Retrieved 2018-03-26.
- https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/prof/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=5915046&Geo2=CD&Code2=5915&Data=Count&SearchText=north%20vancouver&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&TABID=1 Census Profile, 2016 Census North Vancouver, District municipality [Census subdivision]. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
- Vancouver&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=, Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
- , Aboriginal Peoples - Data table
- , Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census-Census subdivision of North Vancouver, DM - British Columbia
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