Northallerton (UK Parliament constituency)

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Northallerton
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
1640–1885
Replaced byRichmond

Northallerton was a parliamentary borough in the North Riding of Yorkshire, represented by two Members of Parliament in the House of Commons briefly in the 13th century and again from 1640 to 1832, and by one member from 1832 until 1885.

The constituency consisted of the market town of Northallerton, the county town of the North Riding. In 1831 it encompassed only 622 houses and a population of 3,004. The right to vote was vested in the holders of the burgage tenements, of which there were roughly 200 – most of which were ruined or consisted only of stables or cowhouses, and had no value except for the vote which was attached to them. As in most other burgage boroughs, the ownership of the burgages had early become concentrated in the hands of a single family, who in effect had a free hand to nominate both MPs. At the time of the Great Reform Act in 1832, the patrons were the Earl of Harewood and Henry Peirse, who was the Earl's brother-in-law.

Under the Reform Act, the boundaries were extended to include neighbouring Romanby and Brompton, increasing the population to 4,839, and its representation was reduced to a single member. The Act also, of course, extended the franchise.

At the 1885 election, the constituency was abolished, being absorbed into the new Richmond division of the North Riding.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Northallerton re-enfranchised by Parliament, Nov 1640

MPs 1640–1832[edit]

Election First member First party Second member Second party
November 1640 Henry Darley Parliamentarian John Wastell Parliamentarian
1653 Northallerton was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament
1654,1656 Northallerton was unrepresented in the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 James Danby Major George Smithson
May 1659 Henry Darley One seat vacant
April 1660 Thomas Lascelles Francis Lascelles
July 1660 George Marwood[1]
1661 Gilbert Gerard[2] Roger Talbot
1679 Sir Henry Calverley
1685 Sir David Foulis Sir Henry Marwood
1689 Thomas Lascelles Sir William Robinson
1695 Sir William Hustler
1697 Ralph Milbancke
1701 Robert Dormer
February 1702 Daniel Lascelles
July 1702 John Aislabie Tory
November 1702 Robert Dormer
May 1705 Sir William Hustler
December 1705 Roger Gale
1710 Robert Raikes
1713 Leonard Smelt Henry Peirse
1715 Cholmley Turner
1722 Henry Peirse
1740 William Smelt
1745 Henry Lascelles
1752 Daniel Lascelles
1754 Edwin Lascelles Tory
1761 Edward Lascelles Tory
1774 Henry Peirse (younger) Whig
1780 Edwin Lascelles Tory
1790 Edward Lascelles Tory
1796 Viscount Lascelles Tory
1814 John Bacon Sawrey Morritt Tory
1818 Viscount Lascelles Tory
1820 William Lascelles Whig
1824 Marcus Beresford Whig
1826 Admiral Sir John Beresford Tory Henry Lascelles Tory
1831 William Lascelles Tory

MPs 1832–1885[edit]

Election Member Party
1832 Representation reduced to one member
1832 John Boss Radical[3][4]
1835 William Battie-Wrightson Whig[5][6][7][8][9][10]
1859 Liberal
1865 Charles Mills[11] Conservative
1866 Hon. Egremont Lascelles Conservative
1868 John Hutton Conservative
1874 George Elliot Conservative
1885 Constituency abolished: see Richmond (Yorks)

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1840s[edit]

General Election 1841: Northallerton[12][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig William Battie-Wrightson 129 53.1 N/A
Conservative Edwin Lascelles 114 46.9 N/A
Majority 15 6.2 N/A
Turnout 243 86.5 N/A
Registered electors 281
Whig hold Swing N/A
General Election 1847: Northallerton[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig William Battie-Wrightson Unopposed
Registered electors 269
Whig hold

Elections in the 1850s[edit]

General Election 1852: Northallerton[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig William Battie-Wrightson Unopposed
Registered electors 281
Whig hold
General Election 1857: Northallerton[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig William Battie-Wrightson 129 50.6 N/A
Conservative Egremont Lascelles 126 49.4 N/A
Majority 3 1.2 N/A
Turnout 255 93.8 N/A
Registered electors 272
Whig hold Swing N/A
General Election 1859: Northallerton[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Battie-Wrightson 138 50.4 −0.2
Conservative Charles Mills 136 49.6 +0.2
Majority 2 0.7 −0.5
Turnout 274 96.8 +3.0
Registered electors 283
Liberal hold Swing −0.2

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

General Election 1865: Northallerton[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Mills 239 55.7 +6.1
Liberal Jasper Johns 190 44.3 −6.1
Majority 49 11.4 N/A
Turnout 429 97.1 +0.3
Registered electors 442
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +6.1

The election was declared void on petition, due to bribery by agents, causing a by-election.[13]

By-election, 10 May 1866: Northallerton[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Egremont Lascelles 224 52.7 −3.0
Liberal William Battie-Wrightson 201 47.3 +3.0
Majority 23 5.4 −6.0
Turnout 425 96.2 −0.9
Registered electors 442
Conservative hold Swing −3.0
General Election 1868: Northallerton[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Hutton 386 50.9 −4.8
Liberal Jasper Johns 372 49.1 +4.8
Majority 14 1.8 −9.6
Turnout 758 93.8 −3.3
Registered electors 808
Conservative hold Swing −4.8

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

General Election 1874: Northallerton[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Elliot 387 50.6 −0.3
Liberal William Battie-Wrightson 378 49.4 +0.3
Majority 9 1.2 −0.6
Turnout 765 92.3 −1.5
Registered electors 829
Conservative hold Swing −0.3

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1880: Northallerton[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Elliot 483 55.8 +5.2
Liberal Albert Osliff Rutson[14] 383 44.2 −5.2
Majority 100 11.5 +10.3
Turnout 866 95.0 +2.7
Registered electors 912
Conservative hold Swing +5.2

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Created a baronet as Sir George Marwood, December 1660
  2. ^ Created a baronet as Sir Gilbert Gerard, 1665
  3. ^ "NORTHALLERTON: Geographical and Historical information from the year 1834". GENUKI. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  4. ^ "Northallerton". Newcastle Chronicle. 15 December 1832. p. 3. Retrieved 10 June 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). Cite uses deprecated parameter |subscription= (help)
  5. ^ Dod, Charles Roger; Dod, Robert Phipps (1847). Dod's Parliamentary Companion, Volume 15. Dod's Parliamentary Companion. p. 256. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  6. ^ Churton, Edward (1836). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1836. p. 242. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  7. ^ Casey, Martin (2009). "WRIGHTSON, William Battie (1789–1879), of Cusworth Hall, Doncaster, Yorks. and 22 Upper Brook Street, Mdx". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  8. ^ Casey, Martin (2009). "Northallerton". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  9. ^ The Gentleman's Magazine, Volume 9; Volume 163. E. Cave. 1838. p. 100. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  10. ^ a b Stooks Smith, Henry (1845). The Parliaments of England, from 1st George I., to the Present Time. Vol II: Oxfordshire to Wales Inclusive. London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. pp. 158–160. Retrieved 26 November 2018 – via Google Books.
  11. ^ Mills' election was declared void on petition, and a by-election held in which he did not stand as a candidate
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)|format= requires |url= (help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. p. 223. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  13. ^ "Northallerton Election Petition". Armagh Guardian. 4 May 1866. p. 3. Retrieved 11 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). Cite uses deprecated parameter |subscription= (help)
  14. ^ "Northallerton". Dudley Herald. 3 April 1880. p. 5. Retrieved 21 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). Cite uses deprecated parameter |subscription= (help)
  • D Brunton & D H Pennington, “Members of the Long Parliament” (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • "Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803" (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) [1]
  • J Holladay Philbin, "Parliamentary Representation 1832 – England and Wales" (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965)
  • Henry Stooks Smith, "The Parliaments of England from 1715 to 1847" (2nd edition, edited by FWS Craig – Chichester: Parliamentary Reference Publications, 1973)
  • Frederic A Youngs, jr, "Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol II" (London: Royal Historical Society, 1991)
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 2)