Northcote (New Zealand electorate)

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Northcote electorate boundaries used since the 1999 election

Northcote is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. Pending the final declared result, the next MP for Northcote will be Dan Bidois of the National Party, who won the seat at the Northcote by-election.

Population centres[edit]

Northcote is based around the suburbs of Auckland's North Shore that are closest to the northern end of the Auckland Harbour Bridge. In addition to the eponymous Northcote, there are Birkenhead, Birkdale, Beach Haven and the southern end of Glenfield. It was created ahead of the change to mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting in 1996 by merging the seat of Birkenhead with most of the old Glenfield electorate. A small boundary adjustment was done prior to the 1999 election, but no further boundary adjustments were undertaken in the subsequent redistributions in 2002,[1] 2007,[2] and 2013/14.[3]

Northcote continues the electoral habits of its predecessor seats; Birkenhead was a reasonably safe seat for the National Party, supplying it with Jim McLay, who led the party in the mid-1980s, and remains the only National Party leader to never take his party to an election. In 1987, the seat that would provide National with a leader provided Labour with a gain, before swinging back into the blue column when Labour's fortunes thinned out at the 1990 election. Glenfield also followed this boom and bust model, being held by Labour Party MP Judy Keall through the duration of the fourth Labour government before the National Party landslide in 1990 claimed Keall as one of its victims.

History[edit]

The first MP for Northcote was Ian Revell from the National Party, who would rise to become the Deputy Speaker. Revell was caught up in a scandal for misuse of official letterhead and was defeated by Labour's Ann Hartley in New Zealand general election, 1999. Hartley herself was ousted by the seat's present representative, Jonathan Coleman, when National consolidated the centre-right vote in 2005. In the 2008 election Coleman was re-elected in Northcote with a majority of 9,360 votes.[4] He was again successful in the 2011 election, winning by a majority of 9,379 votes.[5] He had a slightly increased majority in the 2014 election[6] and was re-elected in the 2017 election. On 22 March 2018, Coleman announced he would resign within weeks, triggering the 2018 Northcote by-election.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key

 National    Labour    Alliance  

Election Winner
1996 election Ian Revell
1999 election Ann Hartley
2002 election
2005 election Jonathan Coleman
2008 election
2011 election
2014 election
2017 election
2018 by-election Dan Bidois

List MPs[edit]

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Northcote electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Election Winner
1996 election Grant Gillon
1999 election
2005 election Ann Hartley

Election results[edit]

2018 by-election[edit]

The following table shows final by-election results:[7][8]

Northcote by-election, 2018

Notes: Blue background denotes the winner of the by-election.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list prior to the by-election.
Yellow background denotes the winner of the by-election, who was a list MP prior to the by-election.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Dan Bidois 10,566 50.67
Labour Shanan Halbert 9,256 44.39 +9.14
Green Rebekah Jaung 615 2.94 -3.79
ACT Stephen Berry 166 0.79
Independent Kym Koloni 97 0.46 -3.27
Legalise Cannabis Jeff Lye 89 0.42
Democrats Tricia Cheel 31 0.14 -0.11
Not A Party Liam Walsh 5 0.02
Informal votes 25 0.11
Majority 1,310 6.28
Turnout 20,850 43.59 -33.98

2017 election[edit]

General election, 2017: Northcote[9]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Green tickY Jonathan Coleman 19,072 52.27 −4.75 18,005 48.67 −2.04
Labour Shanan Halbert 12,862 35.25 +6.21 12,639 34.16 +12.05
Green Rebekah Jaung 2,457 6.73 −2.04 2,496 6.75 −4.86
NZ First Kym Koloni 1,362 3.73 2,221 6.00 −1.32
ACT Tim Kronfeld 296 0.81 −0.30 261 0.71 −0.91
Democrats Tricia Cheel 92 0.25 50 0.14 +0.08
Opportunities   845 2.28
Māori   136 0.37 −0.09
Legalise Cannabis   93 0.25 −0.10
Conservative   82 0.22 −4.09
United Future   24 0.06 −0.28
People's Party   23 0.06
Outdoors   17 0.05
Mana   11 0.03 −0.92
Internet   9 0.02 −0.93
Ban 1080   8 0.02 −0.03
Informal votes 343 75
Total Valid votes 36,484 36,995
Turnout 37,311 77.57[10] +0.98
National hold Majority 6,210 17.02 −10.96

2014 election[edit]

General election, 2014: Northcote[6]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Green tickY Jonathan Coleman 19,696 57.02 −1.44 17,900 50.71 −1.55
Labour Richard Hills 10,032 29.04 −0.42 7,803 22.11 −2.91
Green Anne-Elise Smithson 3,030 8.77 +2.93 4,099 11.61 +0.07
Conservative Matthew James Webster 974 2.82 +1.93 1,522 4.31 +1.82
ACT Tim Kronfeld 383 1.11 +0.54 573 1.62 +0.15
United Future Damian Light 159 0.46 +0.46 121 0.34 −0.24
Internet Gil Ho 270 0.78 +0.78
NZ First   2,584 7.32 +1.67
Internet Mana   336 0.95 +0.64[a]
Māori   162 0.46 −0.09
Legalise Cannabis   122 0.35 −0.20
Civilian   26 0.07 +0.07
Democrats   20 0.06 +0.03
Ban 1080   17 0.05 +0.05
Independent Coalition   10 0.03 +0.03
Focus   4 0.01 +0.01
Informal votes 306 117
Total Valid votes 34,850 35,416
Turnout 35,416 75.76 +3.45
National hold Majority 9,664 27.98 −1.02

2011 election[edit]

General election, 2011: Northcote[5]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Green tickY Jonathan Coleman 18,908 58.46 +0.59 17,263 52.26 +1.85
Labour Paula Gillon 9,529 29.46 -1.51 8,264 25.02 -4.72
Green Vernon Tava 1,890 5.84 -0.04 3,614 10.94 +4.25
NZ First Dion Clifford Jelley 732 2.26 +2.26 1,865 5.65 +2.48
Conservative Matthew James Webster 593 1.83 +1.83 824 2.49 +2.49
Legalise Cannabis Leo Biggs 289 0.89 +0.89 181 0.55 +0.16
ACT Tim Kronfeld 185 0.57 -1.34 484 1.47 -3.84
United Future Steven Dromgool 113 0.35 -0.06 193 0.58 -0.40
Libertarianz Peter Linton 105 0.32 +0.10 37 0.11 +0.01
Māori   182 0.55 -0.09
Mana   103 0.31 +0.31
Alliance   10 0.03 +0.01
Democrats   10 0.03 -0.01
Informal votes 480 173
Total Valid votes 32,344 33,030
National hold Majority 9,379 29.00 +2.09

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 45,675[11]

2008 election[edit]

General election, 2008: Northcote[12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Green tickY Jonathan Coleman 20,132 57.87 17,827 50.41
Labour Hamish McCracken 10,772 30.97 10,517 29.74
Green Jeanette Elley 2,046 5.88 2,368 6.70
ACT Nick Kearney 664 1.91 1,877 5.31
Family Party Angela Xu 549 1.58 148 0.42
Progressive Brenda Hill 199 0.57 299 0.85
Kiwi Barry McDonald 144 0.41 182 0.51
United Future Steven Dromgool 143 0.41 348 0.98
Libertarianz Peter Linton 77 0.22 37 0.10
RAM Benjamin Doherty 60 0.17 9 0.03
NZ First   1,118 3.16
Māori   227 0.64
Bill and Ben   159 0.45
Legalise Cannabis   138 0.39
Pacific   72 0.20
Democrats   13 0.04
Workers Party   9 0.03
Alliance   8 0.02
RONZ   6 0.02
Informal votes 246 107
Total Valid votes 34,786 35,362
National hold Majority 9,360 26.91


2005 election[edit]

General election, 2005: Northcote[13]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Jonathan Coleman 16,854 49.36 14,927 43.01
Labour Red XN Ann Hartley 14,471 42.38 13,573 39.11
NZ First Paul Manning 833 2.44 1,736 5.00
Progressive Grant Gillon 611 1.79 426 1.23
ACT Diane Dawson 435 1.27 921 2.65
United Future Beth Stone 389 1.14 826 2.38
Destiny Nigel Heslop 268 0.78 195 0.56
Māori Francis Wāka 227 0.66 145 0.42
Libertarianz Peter Linton 55 0.16 25 0.07
Green   1,763 5.08
Legalise Cannabis   73 0.21
Christian Heritage   39 0.11
Alliance   11 0.03
99 MP   10 0.03
Democrats   8 0.02
Family Rights   8 0.02
Direct Democracy   5 0.01
One NZ   4 0.01
RONZ   3 0.01
Informal votes 389 826
Total Valid votes 34,143 34,707
National gain from Labour Majority 2,383 6.98

2002 election[edit]

General election, 2002: Northcote[14]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Ann Hartley 12,455 40.40 12,040 38.67
National Jeremy Sole 9,831 31.88 6,687 21.48
Progressive Grant Gillon 2,530 8.20 754 2.42
NZ First John Riley 1,528 4.95 3,069 9.85
Green Rachel Mackintosh 1,294 4.19 1,983 6.36
ACT Dianne Dawson 1,255 4.07 3,161 10.15
United Future Sharee Adams 1,139 3.69 2,283 7.33
Christian Heritage Dirk Hoek 313 1.01 332 1.06
Alliance Solly Southwood 185 0.60 332 1.06
ORNZ   221 0.70
Legalise Cannabis   147 0.47
One NZ   24 0.07
Mana Māori   8 0.02
NMP   6 0.01
Informal votes 298 84
Total Valid votes 30,828 31,131
Labour hold Majority 2,624 8.51

1999 election[edit]

General election, 1999: Northcote[15][16]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
Labour Ann Hartley 10,081 31.70 11,334 35.89
National Red XN Ian Revell 9,803 30.83 10,502 33.25
Alliance Grant Gillon 6,417 20.18 2,366 7.49
ACT Alex Wong 2,140 6.73 3,319 10.51
Green Jane Wells 1,224 3.84 1,459 4.62
NZ First John Bryant 613 1.92 1,020 3.23
Christian Heritage Mark Munroe 392 1.23 484 1.53
Future NZ Dave Perkin 320 1.00 400 1.26
United NZ Murray Callister 174 0.54 196 0.62
Christians Against Abortion Maria Matthews 81 0.25
Natural Law Tony Cornelissen 45 0.14 42 0.13
Legalise Cannabis   235 0.74
Libertarianz   60 0.19
McGillicuddy Serious   47 0.14
Animals First   45 0.13
Republican   14 0.04
NMP   11 0.03
One NZ   9 0.02
Mauri Pacific   8 0.02
People's Choice Party 6 0.01
Freedom Movement 3 0.00
Mana Māori   3 0.00
South Island   3 0.00
Informal votes 504 218
Total Valid votes 31,794 31,576
Labour gain from National Majority 278 0.87

1996 election[edit]

General election, 1996: Northcote[17][18][19]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Ian Revell 13,779 41.01 12,997 38.49
Labour Ann Hartley 9,216 27.43 8,267 24.48
Alliance Grant Gillon 3,923 11.68 3,078 9.11
NZ First Janie Phillips 2,875 8.56 3,227 9.56
United NZ Red XN Peter Hilt 1,955 5.82 455 1.35
ACT Kieran Bird 1,235 3.68 3,467 10.27
McGillicuddy Serious Bernard Smith 235 0.70 83 0.25
Progressive Green Peter Lee 213 0.63 110 0.33
Green Society Merete Molving 100 0.30 32 0.09
Natural Law Kevin O'Brien 52 0.15 49 0.15
Republican Pamera Warner 15 0.04
Christian Coalition   1,318 3.90
Legalise Cannabis   451 1.34
Ethnic Minority Party 119 0.35
Animals First   54 0.16
Superannuitants & Youth   26 0.08
Libertarianz   19 0.06
Conservatives   7 0.02
Mana Māori   5 0.01
Asia Pacific United 4 0.01
Advance New Zealand 2 0.01
Te Tawharau 0 0.00
Informal votes 263 91
Total Valid votes 33,598 33,770
National win new seat Majority 4,563 13.58

Table footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Report of the Representation Commission 2002 (PDF). Representation Commission. 21 March 2002. p. 8. ISBN 0-478-20169-9. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  2. ^ Report of the Representation Commission 2007 (PDF). Representation Commission. 14 September 2007. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-477-10414-2. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  3. ^ Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-477-10414-2. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  4. ^ "Official Count Results -- Northcote". Chief Electoral Office. 22 November 2008. Archived from the original on 13 January 2015. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Official Count Results – Northcote". electionresults.govt.nz. New Zealand Electoral Commission. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  6. ^ a b "Official Count Results -- Northcote (2014)". Electoral Commission. 4 October 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  7. ^ "Northcote - Official Result". electionresults.govt.nz. 20 June 2018. Retrieved 22 June 2018. 
  8. ^ "Northcote by-election official results". Electoral Commission. 20 June 2018. Retrieved 22 June 2018. 
  9. ^ "Official Count Results -- Northcote". Wellington: New Zealand Electoral Commission. Retrieved 21 December 2017. 
  10. ^ "Party Votes and Turnout by Electorate". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 6 April 2018. 
  11. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011. 
  12. ^ 2008 election results
  13. ^ electionresults.govt.nz
  14. ^ 2002 election results
  15. ^ "Official Count Results (1999) – Electoral Votes for registered parties by electorate". NZ Electoral Commission. Retrieved 23 September 2017. 
  16. ^ "Official Count Results (1999) – Candidate Vote Details". NZ Electoral Commission. Retrieved 23 September 2017. 
  17. ^ "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place - Northcote, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  18. ^ "Part III - Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 
  19. ^ "Part III - Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 

External links[edit]