U.S. Route 1 in Massachusetts

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U.S. Route 1 marker

U.S. Route 1
Route information
Maintained by MassDOT
Length: 86.253 mi[1] (138.811 km)
Existed: 1926 – present
Major junctions
South end: US 1 in Pawtucket, RI
 
North end: US 1 in Seabrook, NH
Location
Counties: Bristol, Norfolk, Suffolk, Middlesex, Essex
Highway system
I‑895 Route 1A
Route 1A MA Route C1.svg Route 2
Southbound in Topsfield

In the U.S. state of Massachusetts, U.S. Route 1 is a major north–south highway through Boston. The portion of US 1 south of Boston is also known as the Boston-Providence Turnpike, Washington Street, or the Norfolk and Bristol Turnpike, and portions north of the city are known as the Northeast Expressway and the Newburyport Turnpike.

Route description[edit]

US 1 enters the state from Rhode Island at Attleboro. It closely parallels Interstate 95 as it goes through the towns of North Attleborough, Plainville, Wrentham, Foxborough (where Gillette Stadium is), Walpole, Sharon, Norwood (where a segment is known as the Norwood Automile due to the many car dealerships that line the road), and Westwood. US 1 then has a wrong-way concurrency with I-95 up to the junction with Interstate 93 then travels along with Interstate 93 from Canton through downtown Boston. The two highways separate just after passing through the Thomas P. O'Neill Jr. Tunnel and crossing the Leonard P. Zakim Bunker Hill Memorial Bridge. The route crosses the Tobin Bridge traveling over Chelsea and Revere as the Northeast Expressway, then as a four to six lane RIRO expressway (surface road without at-grade intersections or traffic lights) through Malden, Saugus and Lynnfield. From Lynnfield, US 1 again closely parallels I-95 going through the towns of Peabody, Danvers, Topsfield, Ipswich, Rowley, Newbury, Newburyport, and Salisbury, before it enters the state of New Hampshire.

Route 1A runs alongside Route 1 in four parts of the state.

History[edit]

Route 1 in Massachusetts was constructed in sections throughout the 1930s, partly by widening existing roads and also by constructing new right of ways to bypass more congested areas. Originally most of the highway was two or three lanes in each direction, with numerous widening and improvements made over the years.

Turnpike era[edit]

Most of US 1 consists of two former turnpike roads — the Norfolk and Bristol Turnpike and the Newburyport Turnpike. The older roads that these turnpikes were meant to bypass are now mostly Route 1A.

Massachusetts Route C1[edit]

MA Route C1.svg

In the early 1930s, Route C1 was designated as an alternate route of US 1 through downtown Boston. The "C" indicated a city route. The C designation was apparently distinct to the Boston area. Route C1 ran along Brookline Avenue, Beacon Street, Embankment Road (modern Route 28), Charles Street, Lowell Street, Merrimac Street, and Cross Street to the west end of the Sumner Tunnel. In East Boston, it went via Porter Street to Chelsea Street then shifted to the William McClellan Highway (modern Route 1A). As Storrow Drive and the Central Artery opened in the 1950s, Route C1 was rerouted to follow portions of these highways. The Route C1 designation was removed in 1971, with US 1 taking over most of the alignment south of the Charles River, and Route 1A taking over most of the alignment north of the river. US 1 was later moved onto the Southeast Expressway leaving most of the former alignment of C1 south of the river as having no number.

Northeast Expressway[edit]

Causeway (center) for the unbuilt section of the Northeast Expressway across Saugus Marsh

The Northeast Expressway was planned to extend north from Saugus, through Lynn, Lynnfield and Peabody. The highway would bisect the Saugus Marsh and the Lynn Woods Reservation. The highway would then connect with the present junction of I-95 and Route 128 in Peabody. The Northeast Expressway was planned to carry the I-95 designation from Charlestown to Peabody. The first section of the expressway built was the Tobin Bridge over the Mystic River, which opened in 1948. In various stages, the Chelsea and Revere portions opened from 1956 to 1958. The highway carried the I-95 designation from 1955 (in its planning stages) to 1973. It was among the canceled highways affected by Gov. Francis Sargent's February 1970 moratorium on expressway construction within Route 128. US 1 replaced I-95 on the Northeast Expressway, in the 1970s after I-95 joined Route 128 from Westwood to Peabody around Boston.[2]

Relocation in Boston[edit]

In the late 1980s, at the request of the Metropolitan District Commission (now the DCR) in an attempt to reduce the incidence of overheight vehicles finding their way onto Storrow Drive [3] US 1 was moved onto I-93 south of and through Boston, leaving the old route - VFW Parkway, Jamaicaway, Riverway, and Storrow Drive through Dedham, Brookline, West Roxbury and several other Boston neighborhoods - without a number. There are still some street signs incorrectly indicating the former alignment as US 1, and many local residents still refer to parts of VFW Parkway and Jamaicaway as "Route 1", as if it still runs along its old trajectory.[citation needed]

Saugus–Revere widening[edit]

1955 Yellow Book plan for the Boston area showing the Northeast Expressway path and paths of other proposed interstate highways within Route 128.

The Massachusetts Department of Transportation was proposing a $137 million project to widen the existing 2.4-mile four-lane highway section to six lanes, from north of Route 99 in Saugus to south of Route 60 in Revere. The project consisted of adding a twelve-foot travel lane and ten-foot shoulder in each direction. Work also include reconstruction of the Copeland Circle interchange by eliminating the existing rotary, and demolition of the existing 1957 bridges from the never-built highway extension. The Lynn Street/Salem Street interchange in Malden, and the Route 99 interchange in Saugus, were slated to be reconstructed. Major rock blasting will be required for the project due to a massive ledge next to the highway. Seven bridges will be replaced and three others upgraded to handle the new lanes. In 2012, $10 million was added to the state budget with the intent to be used for design costs and pulling permits for Route 1. [4] The project was expected to begin in 2012, but no further movement by the state has been implemented. Since then, town officials have made the push to ask the Massachusetts Department of Transportation to revisit the project and begin development. [5]

Major intersections[edit]

County Location mi[1] km Exit Destinations Notes
Bristol Attleboro 0.000 0.000 US 1 south – Pawtucket Southern terminus of US 1 in Massachusetts; Rhode Island state line
0.291 0.468 I‑95 north – Foxboro, Boston I-95 exit 1; ramps from northbound US 1 to northbound I-95 and from southbound I-95 to southbound US 1
1.845 2.969 Route 123 (Highland Avenue) – Brockton, Valley Falls, RI
2.036 3.277 Route 1A south – Providence, RI No direct access from northbound Route 1A to southbound US 1
North Attleborough 3.974 6.396 I‑295 to I‑95 – Attleboro, Boston, Warwick, RI I-295 exit 1
5.238 8.430 Route 120 west (Hoppin Hill Avenue) – Cumberland, RI
7.318 11.777 Route 1A north (Park Street) – Plainville, Wrentham
Norfolk Plainville 8.370 13.470 Route 106 (Bacon Street) – Mansfield, Easton
9.992 16.081 Route 152 south (Taunton Street) – Attleboro, Seekonk, Wrentham
10.600 17.059 I‑495 (Blue Star Memorial Highway) – Cape Cod, Marlborough I-495 exit 14
Foxborough 13.506 21.736 To Route 140 – Wrentham Right-in/right-out intersection with Main Street northbound and with East Street southbound
Sharon 18.597 29.929 I‑95 – Attleboro, Boston, Providence, RI I-95 exit 9
Walpole 19.264 31.002 Route 27 (High Plain Street) – Medfield, Sharon
Norwood 23.058 37.108 Neponset Street / Nahatan Street – Canton Pendergast Circle; roundabout interchange
Dedham 26.319 42.356 15 I‑95 / Route 128 north (Yankee Division Highway) / Route 1A south (Boston–Providence Highway) – Peabody, Portsmouth, NH Split into exits 15A (Route 1A north) and 15B (US 1 south); south end of concurrency with I-95 / Route 128; northbound US 1 joins southbound I-95 / Route 128; southbound US 1 leaves northbound I-95 / Route 128; Boston–Providence Highway continues north as southbound Route 1A
Westwood 26.922 43.327 14 East Street / Canton Street
Dedham 28.131 45.272 13 University Avenue – MBTA / Amtrak Station
Canton 28.693 46.177 12 I‑95 south – Providence, RI I-93 exit 1; north end of concurrency with I-95 / Route 128; south end of concurrency with I-93
30.053 48.366 2 Route 138 (Washington Street) – Stoughton, Milton Split into exits 2A (south) and 2B (north)
Milton 31.262 50.311 3 Ponkapoag Trail – Houghton's Pond
Randolph 32.046 51.573 4 Route 24 south (Fall River Expressway) – Fall River
32.882 52.918 5 Route 28 (Main Street) – Randolph, Milton Split into exits 5A (south) and 5B (north)
Braintree 35.087 56.467 6 Route 37 (Granite Street) – West Quincy, Braintree, Holbrook
35.382 56.942 7 Route 3 south (Pilgrims Highway) – Cape Cod Braintree Split; Route 3 exit 20; south end of concurrency with Route 3
Quincy 36.764 59.166 8 Furnace Brook Parkway – Quincy
37.815 60.857 9 Adams Street / Bryant Street – North Quincy, West Quincy, Milton Ramps with Granite Avenue northbound and Bryant Avenue southbound
Milton 38.639 62.183 10 Squantum Street – Milton Southbound exit only
39.500 63.569 11 To Route 203 / Granite Avenue – Ashmont, East Milton Split into exits 11A (south) and 11B (north) southbound; no access from northbound I-93 to southbound Granite Avenue or from southbound Granite Avenue to northbound I-93
Suffolk Boston 40.367 64.964 12 Route 3A south (Gallivan Boulevard) – Quincy, Neponset No northbound exit
41.316 66.492 13 Freeport Street – Dorchester Northbound exit only
41.501 66.789 14 Morrissey Boulevard north – Savin Hill Northbound exit, southbound entrance
43.021 69.236 15 Columbia Road – Dorchester, South Boston
43.749 70.407 16 Southampton Street – Andrew Square Northbound exit, southbound entrance
44.163 71.073 18 Massachusetts Avenue / Frontage Road – Roxbury
45.109 72.596 20 I‑90 / Mass Pike / Albany Street – Logan Airport, Worcester, South Station South Bay interchange; split into exits 20A (South Station) and 20B (I-90) southbound
45.993 74.019 23 Government Center Northbound exit, southbound entrance
46.121 74.225 23 Purchase Street Southbound exit and entrance
46.365 74.617 24 Route 1A north (Callahan Tunnel) – Logan Airport, Government Center Southbound exit, northbound entrance; split into exits 24A (Government Center) and 24B (Logan Airport)
46.848 75.395 26 Route 3 north (Storrow Drive) / Route 28 – Leverett Circle, Cambridge North end of concurrency with Route 3
Charles River Leonard P. Zakim Bunker Hill Memorial Bridge
Suffolk Boston 47.284 76.096 I‑93 north – Somerville, Concord, NH North end of concurrency with I-93; no access from southbound US 1 to northbound I-93 or from southbound I-93 to northbound US 1
47.950 77.168 Route 99 (Rutherford Avenue) to I‑93 north – Somerville, Charlestown Southbound exit, northbound entrance
Mystic River Maurice J. Tobin Memorial Bridge (open road toll)
Suffolk Chelsea 49.567 79.770 Beacon Street Northbound exit to Beacon Street, southbound entrance from Everett Avenue
50.038 80.528 Fourth Street Northbound exit to Fourth Street, southbound entrance from Fifth Street
50.323 80.987 Sixth Street Northbound entrance only
50.618 81.462 Carter Street – Chelsea, East Boston Southbound exit and entrance
51.378 82.685 Webster Avenue – Chelsea, Everett Northbound exit, southbound entrance
51.327 82.603 Route 16 (Revere Beach Parkway) to Route 1A – Revere Beach, Lynn, Everett, Medford Ramps from northbound US 1 to eastbound Route 16 and from eastbound Route 16 to northbound US 1; ramps from southbound US 1 to westbound Route 16 and from westbound Route 16 to southbound US 1
Revere 52.517 84.518 Sargent Street – West Revere Northbound exit, southbound entrance
53.348 85.855 Route 60 (Squire Road) – Malden, Revere Copeland Circle; roundabout interchange
53.854 86.670 Lynn Street – Saugus Malden Partial cloverleaf interchange with right-in/right-out ramps to Salem Street
Middlesex
No major junctions
Essex Saugus 55.217 88.863 Route 99 south (Broadway) – Malden, Everett No northbound exit
55.511 89.336 Essex Street – Saugus, Melrose Cloverleaf interchange
56.039 90.186 Main Street – Saugus, Wakefield Cloverleaf interchange
57.162 91.993 Lynn Fells Parkway west – Melrose, Stoneham Trumpet interchange
57.772 92.975 Route 129 west (Walnut Street) / Walnut Street east – Saugus, Reading, Lynn Cloverleaf interchange; south end of concurrency with Route 129
Lynnfield 59.728 96.123 Route 129 east (Salem Street) / Salem Street west – Lynn, Swampscott Diamond interchange; north end of concurrency with Route 129
Peabody 60.492 97.352 I‑95 / Route 128 (Yankee Division Highway) – Waltham, Gloucester I-95 / Route 128 exit 44
61.946 99.692 I‑95 north – New Hampshire, Maine I-95 exit 46; northbound exit, southbound entrance
62.327 100.306 Lowell Street – Peabody Partial cloverleaf interchange
Danvers 63.233 101.764 Route 114 (Andover Street) – Peabody, Middleton Partial cloverleaf interchange
63.848 102.753 Centre Street – Danvers Partial cloverleaf interchange
64.902 104.450 Route 62 (Maple Street) – Danvers, Middleton Cloverleaf interchange
65.598 105.570 I‑95 – Boston, Portsmouth, NH I-95 exit 50
Topsfield 68.782 110.694 Route 97 (High Street) – Topsfield Center, Haverhill, Beverly
Rowley 73.819 118.800 Route 133 (Haverhill Street) – Rowley, Ipswich, Georgetown
Newburyport 81.623 131.359 Route 1A south (Merrimac Street) / Merrimac Street west Diamond interchange
Salisbury 83.633 134.594 Route 110 west (School Street) / Pleasant Street east – Amesbury, Merrimac
83.809 134.878 Route 1A north (Beach Road) – Salisbury Beach
85.953 138.328 Route 286 (Forrest Street) – Amesbury, Seabrook, NH
86.253 138.811 US 1 north – Hampton Northern terminus of US 1 in Massachusetts; New Hampshire state line
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Planning Division (2012). "Massachusetts Highway Route Log". Massachusetts Department of Transportation. Retrieved February 2, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Northeast Expressway (US 1)". Bostonroads.com. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  3. ^ Personal Conservation 3-2016 with Steve Timmins, MassDOT Highway Signing Engineer
  4. ^ "Revere, Malden, Saugus call for relief to Route 1 gridlock". Boston Globe. 2014-01-09. Retrieved 2015-01-05. 
  5. ^ "Joint Letter 12-10-13 Route 1 - Improvement MPO". Gary Christenson, Daniel Rizzo, Scott Crabtree. 2013-12-10. Retrieved 2015-01-05. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Google

KML is from Wikidata


U.S. Route 1
Previous state:
Rhode Island
Massachusetts Next state:
New Hampshire