Northeast Ohio

Coordinates: 41°N 81°W / 41°N 81°W / 41; -81
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Northeast Ohio
Images top to bottom, left to right: the skylines of Cleveland, Akron, Canton, Youngstown, and a view of downtown Cleveland from Parma
Map of Cleveland–Akron–Canton, OH CSA
Coordinates: 41°N 81°W / 41°N 81°W / 41; -81
Country United States
State Ohio
Largest cityCleveland
Other cities
 • Land22,067.4 km2 (8,520.29 sq mi)
 • Water8,040 km2 (3,104.2 sq mi)
 • Total4,502,460
 • Density196.48/km2 (508.89/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)

The region Northeast Ohio, in the US state of Ohio, in its most expansive usage contains six metropolitan statistical areas: Cleveland–Elyria, Akron, Canton–Massillon, Youngstown–Warren, Mansfield, and Weirton–Steubenville along with eight micropolitan statistical areas. Most of the region is considered either part of the Cleveland–Akron–Canton, OH Combined Statistical Area and media market or the Youngstown–Warren, OH–PA Combined Statistical Area and media market. In all, the region is home to: 4,502,460 residents. It is also a part of the Great Lakes megalopolis, containing over 54 million people. Northeast Ohio also includes most of the area known historically as the Connecticut Western Reserve.


Different sources define the region as having various boundaries. At its largest, there are 23 counties in the region, home to over 4.5 million people, with a labor force of almost 2.2 million and an economic GDP (nominal) of $195 billion, which makes it comparable to that of New Zealand or the Republic of Ireland.[1][2]


Map of counties in Northeast Ohio
  Usually considered part of Northeast Ohio
  Sometimes considered part of Northeast Ohio
An 1826 map depicting the Connecticut Western Reserve

Combined Statistical Area[edit]

Most of Northeast Ohio is part of the Cleveland–Akron–Canton Combined Statistical Area, which ranked as the 17th-largest Combined Statistical Area (CSA) in the United States as of the 2020 Census with a population of 3,769,834. It includes the six counties that make up Greater Cleveland (Cuyahoga, Lake, Geauga, Lorain, Medina, and Ashtabula), the Akron metropolitan area (Portage and Summit counties), the Canton–Massillon metropolitan area (Stark and Carroll counties), and the Sandusky metropolitan areas, in addition to the Norwalk, New Philadelphia–Dover, Wooster, Fremont, and Coshocton micropolitan areas.[3]

The Cleveland–Akron–Canton media market covers much of this area, including all of Northeast Ohio except for the Youngstown/Warren region. It is the 19th largest in the United States as of 2023, according to Nielsen Media Research.[4] Northeast Ohio and the Cleveland CSA are also part of the larger Great Lakes Megalopolis.

Higher education[edit]

Northeast Ohio is home to a number of higher education institutions, including:

Sports and recreation[edit]

Progressive Field, home of the Cleveland Guardians

Northeast Ohio is home to a number of professional sports teams, including three from the major North American sports leagues. The Cleveland Guardians of Major League Baseball play at Progressive Field, Cleveland Browns of the National Football League (NFL) are based at Cleveland Browns Stadium, and the Cleveland Cavaliers of the National Basketball Association (NBA) play at Rocket Mortgage FieldHouse. Rocket Mortgage FieldHouse is also home to one additional professional franchise, the Cleveland Monsters of the American Hockey League. The Monsters are the top minor league affiliate of the Columbus Blue Jackets of the National Hockey League (NHL).

There are a number of other professional sports teams in the region that play in various minor leagues. The Guardians have three minor league affiliates in the area: the AA Akron RubberDucks of the Eastern League who play at Canal Park in Akron, the Single-A Lake County Captains of the Midwest League who play at Classic Park in Eastlake, and the Single-A Mahoning Valley Scrappers of the New York–Penn League, who play at Eastwood Field in Niles. Additionally, there is an independent baseball team, the Lake Erie Crushers of the Frontier League, who play at Sprenger Stadium in Avon. The region also boasts of a lower league professional soccer team in Cleveland SC that plays at Don Shula Stadium. The Youngstown Phantoms are a junior ice hockey team in the United States Hockey League that has home games at Covelli Centre.

Motorsports venues in the region include Mid-Ohio Sports Car Course in Lexington and Summit Motorsports Park in Norwalk, a major NHRA venue.

The region is home to a number of NCAA athletic programs, including four in Division I: the Akron Zips, Cleveland State Vikings, Kent State Golden Flashes, and Youngstown State Penguins. Both Akron and Kent State are members of the Cleveland-based Mid-American Conference, while Cleveland State and Youngstown State are members of the Horizon League. Six schools compete at the NCAA Division II level: the Lake Erie Storm, Ursuline Arrows, Malone Pioneers, Ashland Eagles, Notre Dame Falcons, and Walsh Cavaliers. There are nine schools at the Division III level: Mount Union Purple Raiders, Hiram Terriers, John Carroll Blue Streaks, Baldwin Wallace Yellow Jackets, Case Western Reserve Spartans, Kenyon Lords, Oberlin Yeomen, Wooster Scots, and Franciscan Barons. One school, the Mount Vernon Nazarene Cougars, competes in the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA).

The Cleveland Metroparks are a system of nature preserves that encircle the city, and the Cuyahoga Valley National Park encompasses the Cuyahoga River valley between Cleveland and Akron. The region is home to Mentor Headlands Beach, the longest natural beach on the Great Lakes.


Local transit[edit]

Amtrak stations[edit]


Interstate highways[edit]

US highways[edit]


City served FAA IATA ICAO Airport name Role Enpl.
Commercial service – primary airports
Akron / Canton CAK CAK KCAK Akron-Canton Regional Airport Small hub 265,889
Cleveland CLE CLE KCLE Cleveland-Hopkins International Airport Medium hub 4,237,795
Youngstown / Warren YNG YNG KYNG Youngstown-Warren Regional Airport / Youngstown ARS Non-hub 1,624
Reliever airports
Cleveland BKL BKL KBKL Burke Lakefront Airport 1,764
Highland Heights / Richmond Heights / Willoughby Hills CGF CGF KCGF Cuyahoga County Airport 45
Lorain / Elyria LPR LPR KLPR Lorain County Regional Airport 7
Medina 1G5 Medina Municipal Airport
Willoughby LNN LNN KLNN Lake County Executive Airport
General aviation airports
Akron AKR AKC KAKR Akron Fulton International Airport 10
Alliance 2D1 Barber Airport
Ashland 3G4 Ashland County Airport
Ashtabula HZY JFN KHZY Ashtabula County Airport 2
Carrollton TSO KTSO Carroll County-Tolson Airport
East Liverpool 02G Columbiana County Airport
Kent 1G3 Kent State University Airport
Middlefield 7G8 Geauga County Airport
Mansfield MFD KMFD MFD Mansfield Lahm Regional Airport 2
Millersburg 10G Holmes County Airport
Ravenna POV KPOV Portage County Airport
Warren 62D Warren Airport
Wooster BJJ BJJ KBJJ Wayne County Airport 4
Akron 1D4 Mayfield Airport
Alliance 4G3 Miller Airport
Carrollton 5D6 Parsons Airport
Clyde 5D9 Bandit Field Airdrome
Columbia Station 4G8 Columbia Airport
Elyria 1G1 Elyria Airport
Garrettsville 7D8 Gates Airport
Geneva 7D9 Germack Airport
Hiram 86D Far View Airport
Huron 88D Hinde Airport
Newton Falls 41N Braceville Airport
Norwalk 5A1 Norwalk-Huron County Airport
Concord Township 2G1 Concord Airpark
Youngstown 4G4 Youngstown Elser Metro Airport
Youngstown 04G Lansdowne Airport
Definition of abbreviations:

Area codes[edit]

Area code map of Ohio and surrounding states

In the 1950s, AT&T assigned most of Northeast Ohio area code 216. The western half of the region, including Ashland and Richland counties, and parts of Huron, Wayne and Erie counties, was assigned area code 419. In 1996, area code 216 was reduced in size to cover the northern half of its prior area, centering on Cleveland. Area code 330 was introduced for the southern half of Northeast Ohio, including Summit, Portage, Medina, Stark, Columbiana and Mahoning counties, and much of Wayne, Trumbull and Tuscarawas counties.

In 1997, area code 216 was further split as the need for additional phone numbers grew. Area code 216 was again reduced in geographical area to cover the city of Cleveland and its inner ring suburbs. Area code 440 was introduced to cover the remainder of was what previously area code 216, including all of Lake, Lorain, Ashtabula and Geauga counties, and parts of Trumbull, Huron, Erie and Cuyahoga counties. Some communities, such as Parma and Parma Heights, were divided into multiple area codes. In 1999, Congressman Dennis Kucinich introduced federal legislation to protect small and medium-sized cities from being split into two or more area codes.[6][7]

In 2023, it was announced that by the third quarter of 2024, area code 440 would be exhausted. Area code 436 was assigned to overlap the existing area code 440. Any new phone number in the geographical area formerly covered by area code 440 could be assigned a phone number in either the 436 or 440 are codes.[8]

In 2000, it was anticipated that the available phone numbers in area code 330 would be exhausted, and an overlay area code was introduced. Area code 234 was assigned to overlap existing area code 330. With the creation of area code 234, any new phone number in the geographical area formerly covered by area code 330 could be assigned a phone number in either the 234 or 330 area codes, with no change in local or long distance toll status. This made necessary the use of ten-digit dialing within the 330/234 area code region. After the introduction of area code 234, assignments of new telephone numbers in the area did not continue at an accelerated pace, and new phone numbers for area code 234 were not assigned until 2003.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "NEO Economic Development Info & Ohio Business Expansion Services". Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  2. ^ List of countries by GDP (nominal)
  3. ^ "OMB Bulletin No. 23-01, Office of Management and Budget" (PDF). Retrieved 2023-11-02.
  4. ^ "2022-2023 Nielsen DMA Ranking". USTVDB. Retrieved February 20, 2024.
  5. ^ "Enplanements by Air Carrier for Calendar Year -- PFC REPORT". Retrieved 2024-02-20.
  6. ^ "Congressman Dennis Kucinich". Archived from the original on 2010-07-07. Retrieved 2010-08-01.
  7. ^ Dennis, Kucinich (21 July 1999). "H.R.2439 - 106th Congress (1999-2000): To ensure the efficient allocation of telephone numbers". Archived from the original on 7 February 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  8. ^ "New 436 area code selected for 440 overlay". Ohio Public Utilities Commission. January 6, 2023. Retrieved February 20, 2024.
  9. ^ Lin-Fisher, Betty (October 31, 2003). "CALL FOR MORE TELEPHONE NUMBERS ANSWERED - 234 AREA CODE CONNECTED MOST PEOPLE ARE STILL BEING ASSIGNED 330 NUMBERS". Akron Beacon Journal. Knight Ridder. p. D1.

External links[edit]