Northern Catalan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Northern Catalan
rossellonès, català
A street sign with the words CAMI DE FRANÇA.
Street sign in Formiguera.
Native toFrance
RegionNorthern Catalonia
EthnicityCatalans
Early form
Catalan alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3
IETFca-FR
A map of the French department of Oriental Pyrenees with most of the areas highlighted but for the middle north.
The areas of French Oriental Pyrenees where Catalan is spoken in orange.

Northern Catalan (Catalan: català septentrional, pronounced [kətəˈla səptəntɾiuˈnal], also known as rossellonès) is a Catalan dialect mostly spoken in Northern Catalonia, but also extending in the northeast part of Southern Catalonia in a transition zone with Central Catalan.

Like other Eastern Catalan dialects, unstressed /a/ and /e/ are realized as schwa [ə], and [u] substitutes unstressed /o/. It has only five stressed vowels, the smallest number of any Catalan dialect: /i e a o u/.

There are some instances of historic stressed /o/ that has changed to /u/: canigó > canigú.

As in Balearic dialect, final a is not pronounced in words ending with ia if the stress is before the penultimate syllable.

Some subdialects keep the singular masculine definite article lo, as in North-Western Catalan and many varieties of Occitan.

Northern Catalan has a large body of words imported from French and Occitan. It also features some grammatical forms and structures that are typical of Occitan, such as the use of a lone post-verbal pas, rather than a lone preverbal no to express basic negation (Northern Catalan canti pas vs. Central Catalan no canto, 'I don't sing' or 'I'm not singing'); pas is also used in some other Catalan dialects for emphasis but always with no before the verb (Central Catalan no canto pas, 'I do not sing' or 'I am not singing').

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Some Iberian scholars may alternatively classify Catalan as Iberian Romance/East Iberian.