Northern Dancer sire line

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The following list shows the line of descent for major winners from the Northern Dancer sire line, tracking patrilineal descent from the stallion dubbed by the New York Times in 1990 as "the dominant progenitor of his breed".[1] It focuses on winners of the principal three-year-old Classic races, as these have long been used to evaluate a stallion's success,[2][3] and the highest quality races for older horses based on International Federation of Horseracing Authorities rankings. A few other highly prestigious races from around the world have been included as well.

Northern Dancer's first major winner was Nijinsky, who swept the English Triple Crown in 1970. Nijinsky in turn established himself as a leading sire, as did several other of Northern Dancer's sons, especially Danzig, Storm Bird (through his son Storm Cat) and Sadler's Wells.[4] Modern descendants of Northern Dancer's sire line include American Triple Crown winner Justify (2018) and the majority of recent English Classic winners including the undefeated Frankel.

Although not covered by the following list, Northern Dancer's influence is magnified in modern pedigrees by the success of several of his male descendants as broodmare sires. Triple Crown winner American Pharoah and leading sire Tapit are just two examples of horses who descend from Northern Dancer in an indirect line.[5][6]

Races included and number of winners[edit]

The following races were selected based on notability (for example, the English Classic and American triple crown races), quality (as measured by the IFHA ranking of the top 100 G1 races),[7][8] and geography (to sample racing from around the world). This list also shows how many winners of the given race descend from the Northern Dancer sire line as of 15 February 2020.

Three-year-old classics:

Top rated races:

Other races of interest:

Major winners in the Northern Dancer Sire Line[edit]

Nijinsky branch[edit]

  • Nijinsky (1970 English Triple Crown (2000 Guineas, Epsom Derby & St Leger), Irish Derby, King George):
    • Green Dancer (1975 Poulains):
      • Cadoudal:
        • Indian River:
          • Native River (2018 Cheltenham Gold Cup)
        • Long Run (2011 Cheltenham Gold Cup)
        • Buck's Boum:
      • Suave Dancer (1991 Prix du Jockey Club, Irish Champion, Arc de Triomphe):
        • Compton Admiral (1999 Eclipse)
        • Volvoreta (2000 Prix Vermeille)
      • Green Tune (1994 Poulains)
    • Copper Kingdom:
      • My Brilliant Star (1992 Australian Oaks)
    • Whiskey Road:
      • Just A Dash (1981 Melbourne Cup)
      • Strawberry Road (1983 Australian Derby, Cox Plate):
        • Fraise (1992 Breeders' Cup Turf)
        • Ajina (1997 CCAO, Breeders' Cup Distaff)
        • Escena (1998 Breeders' Cup Distaff)
    • Maruzensky:
      • Suzuka Koban (1985 Takarazuka Kinen)
      • Sakura Chiyono O (1988 Tokyo Yushun)
    • Yamaninsky:
      • Yaeno Muteki (1988 Satsuki Sho)
    • Ile de Bourbon (1978 King George):
      • Lagunas (1984 Deutsches Derby)
      • Kahyasi (1988 Epsom and Irish Derby):
        • Enzeli (1999 Ascot Gold Cup)
        • Vereva (1997 Prix de Diane)
        • Zainta (1998 Prix de Diane)
      • Ile de Chypre (1989 International Stakes)
    • Yamaninsky:
      • Light Color (1989 Yushun Himba)
    • Yeats (b. 1976):
      • Our Poetic Prince (1988 Cox Plate, 1989 Queen Elizabeth)
    • Niniski:
    • Czaravich (1980 Met Mile)
    • Kings Lake (1981 Sussex, Irish Champion)
    • Sportin' Life:
    • Golden Fleece (1982 Epsom Derby)
    • Solford (1983 Eclipse)
    • Russian Roubles:
      • Isono Roubles (1991 Yushun Himba)
    • Serheed:
    • Caerleon (1983 Prix du Jockey Club, International):
    • Shadeed (1985 2000 Guineas, Queen Elizabeth II):
      • Shadayid (1991 1000 Guineas)
      • Sayyedati (1993 1000 Guineas, Sussex, Prix Jacques le Marois)
    • Manzotti:
      • Two Altazano (1994 CCAO)
    • Shahrastani (1986 Epsom and Irish Derby)
    • Ferdinand (1986 Kentucky Derby, 1987 Breeders' Cup Classic)
    • Royal Academy (1990 Breeders' Cup Mile):
    • Lammtarra (1995 Epsom Derby, King George, Arc de Triomphe)

Lyphard branch[edit]

  • Lyphard (1972 Prix Jacques le Marois):
    • Pharly:
      • Le Nain Jaune:
        • Magic Night (1991 Prix Vermeille)
    • Reine de Saba (1978 Prix de Diane)
    • Dancing Maid (1978 Prix Vermeille)
    • Three Troikas (1979 Prix Vermeille, l'Arc de Triomphe)
    • Lypheor:
    • Mogami:
      • Sirius Symboli (1985 Tokyo Yushun)
      • Mejiro Ramonu (1986 Yushun Himba)
      • Legacy World (1993 Japan Cup)
    • Manila (1986 Breeders' Cup Turf)
    • Alzao:
    • Bellypha:
      • Mendez:
        • Linamix (1990 Poulains):
          • Miss Satamixa (1995 Prix Jacques le Marois)
          • Sagamix (1998 Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe)
          • Vahorimix (2001 Poulains, Prix Jacques le Marois)
          • Rajsaman:
            • Brametot (2017 Poulains, Prix du Jockey Club)
    • Dancing Brave (1986 2000 Guineas, Eclipse, King George, Arc de Triomphe):
      • Wemyss Bight (1993 Irish Oaks)
      • White Muzzle:
        • Smile Tomorrow (2002 Yushun Himba)
      • King Halo:
        • Kawakami Princess (2006 Yushun Himba)
      • Commander in Chief (1993 Epsom and Irish Derby)
    • Jolypha (1992 Prix de Diane, Prix Vermeille)

Nureyev branch[edit]

  • Nureyev:
    • Sonic Lady (1986 Sussex)
    • Theatrical (1987 International, Breeders' Cup Turf)
      • Zagreb (1996 Irish Derby)
      • Media Puzzle (2002 Melbourne Cup)
      • Mrs Lindsay (2007 Prix Vermeille)
    • Miesque (1987 1000 Guineas, 1987-8 Prix Jacques le Marois and Breeders' Cup Mile)
    • Soviet Star (1987 Poulains, Sussex):
      • Ashkalani (1996 Poulains))
      • Starcraft (2004 Australian Derby, 2005 Queen Elizabeth II)
    • Zilzal (1989 Sussex, Queen Elizabeth II):
      • Among Men (1998 Sussex)
      • Faithful Son (1998 Prince of Wales)
    • Robin des Bois:
    • Polar Falcon:
      • Pivotal:
        • Captain Rio:
          • Terravista (2017 Lightning)
        • Falco (2008 Poulains)
        • Sariska (2009 Irish Oaks)
        • Buzzword (2010 Deutsches Derby)
        • Immortal Verse (2011 Prix Jacques le Marois)
        • Farhh (2013 Champion Stakes)
          • King of Change (2019 Queen Elizabeth II)
        • African Story (2014 Dubai World Cup)
        • Sariska (2009 Epsom Oaks)
        • Siyouni:
          • Laurens (2018 Prix de Diane)
          • Sottsass (2019 Prix du Jockey Club)
        • Lightning Spear (2018 Sussex)
    • Unusual Heat:
    • Spinning World (1996-7 Prix Jacques le Marois, 1997 Breeders' Cup Mile):
      • Thorn Park:
      • Heavenly Glow (2008 Australian Oaks)
    • Wolfhound:
      • Bright Sky (2002 Prix de Diane)
    • Peintre Celebre (1997 Prix du Jockey Club, Arc de Triomphe):
      • Dai Jin (2003 Deutsches Derby)
      • Pride (2006 Champion Stakes)
      • Byword (2010 Prince of Wales)
    • Reams of Verse (1997 Epsom Oaks)
    • Stravinsky:
      • Serenade Rose (2006 Australian Oaks)
    • Skimming (2000-2001 Pacific Classic)

Danzig branch[edit]

Storm Bird branch[edit]

Sadler's Wells branch[edit]

Other branches[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thomas, Robert McG., Jr. (November 17, 1990). "Northern Dancer, One of Racing's Great Sires, Is Dead". New York Times. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
  2. ^ Simon, Mark. "Closer look at Triple Crown race winners as sires". www.drf.com. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  3. ^ "Darley Arabian Line: Northern Dancer". www.tbheritage.com. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
  4. ^ Avalyn Hunter. "Northern Dancer (horse)". American Classic Pedigrees. Retrieved 12 August 2018.
  5. ^ "Northern Dancer, The Super Stud For All Times". Paulick Report. 26 January 2016. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  6. ^ Peters, Anne. "The Secret to Tapit's Success". BloodHorse.com. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  7. ^ "Top 100 G1 races of the World" (PDF). ifhaonline.org. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
  8. ^ "International Federation of Horseracing Authorities". www.ifhaonline.org. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
  9. ^ "2000 Guineas Winners". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 4 May 2019.
  10. ^ "1000 Guineas Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  11. ^ "Epsom Derby Winners". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
  12. ^ "Epsom Oaks Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  13. ^ "St Leger Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  14. ^ "Kentucky Derby Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  15. ^ "Preakness Stakes Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  16. ^ "Belmont Stakes Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
  17. ^ "Kentucky Oaks Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 4 May 2019.
  18. ^ "Coaching Club American Oaks Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 7 November 2018.
  19. ^ "Poule d'Essai des Poulains - stakes data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  20. ^ "Prix du Jockey Club winners". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  21. ^ "Prix de Diane data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  22. ^ "Irish Derby Winners". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 29 June 2019.
  23. ^ "Irish Oaks Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  24. ^ "Deutsches Derby". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
  25. ^ "Randwick Guineas Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  26. ^ "Australian Derby Winners". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  27. ^ "Australian Oaks Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 4 May 2019.
  28. ^ "Satsuki Sho Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  29. ^ "Tokyo Yushun Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  30. ^ "Yushun Himba Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  31. ^ "Lightning Stakes (Flemington) Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 15 February 2020.
  32. ^ "Dubai World Cup Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 30 March 2019.
  33. ^ "Dubai Sheema Classic". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 30 March 2019.
  34. ^ "Queen Elizabeth Stakes (Randwick)". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  35. ^ "Champions Mile (Sha Tin, Hong Kong)". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  36. ^ "Metropolitan Handicap Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
  37. ^ "Prince of Wales's Stakes Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
  38. ^ "Takarazuka Kinen Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  39. ^ "Eclipse Stakes Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  40. ^ "King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  41. ^ "Whitney Stakes Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  42. ^ "Sussex Stakes Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  43. ^ "Pacific Classic". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 18 August 2019.
  44. ^ "Prix Jacques le Marois Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  45. ^ "International Stakes (York)". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  46. ^ "Irish Champion Stakes Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  47. ^ "Prix Vermeille Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  48. ^ "Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  49. ^ "Queen Elizabeth II Stakes data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
  50. ^ "Champion Stakes Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
  51. ^ "Cox Plate". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  52. ^ "Breeders' Cup Mile Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 2 November 2019.
  53. ^ "Breeders' Cup Distaff Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 2 November 2019.
  54. ^ "Breeders' Cup Turf Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  55. ^ "Breeders' Cup Classic". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  56. ^ "Japan Cup Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 1 December 2019.
  57. ^ "Hong Kong Sprint". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 8 December 2019.
  58. ^ "Arima Kinen data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 26 December 2019.
  59. ^ "Cheltenham Gold Cup Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  60. ^ "Ascot Gold Cup Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  61. ^ "Melbourne Cup Data". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 5 November 2019.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Prior to 2006, the race was known as the Canterbury Guineas
  2. ^ Black Caviar won the Lightning three times, after which it was renamed in her honour. Mahogany won the race twice
  3. ^ Thunder Snow won the Dubai World Cup twice
  4. ^ Grand Armee won two renewals of the Queen Elizabeth
  5. ^ Beauty Generation won the Champions Mile twice
  6. ^ Enable won the King George twice
  7. ^ Frankel won two renewals of the Sussex
  8. ^ Skimming won the Pacific Classic twice
  9. ^ Miesque and Spinning World both won the Prix Jacques le Marois twice
  10. ^ Ezzoud won two renewals of the International Stakes
  11. ^ Dylan Thomas won two renewals of the Irish Champion
  12. ^ Treve won two renewals of the Prix Vermeille
  13. ^ For the Arc de Triomphe, there have been 22 different winners from the Northern Dancer sire line, who accounted for 24 renewals of the race (both Treve and Enable won twice)
  14. ^ Alborada and Cracksman both won two renewals of the Champion Stakes
  15. ^ Sunline, Northerly and So You Think each won the Cox Plate twice
  16. ^ For the Breeders' Cup Mile, there have been 16 winners of 21 renewals (Miesque, Lure and Wiseman Dan won twice, Goldikova three times
  17. ^ Beholder won two renewals of the Distaff
  18. ^ High Chaparral won two renewals of the Breeders' Cup Turf
  19. ^ Sacred Kingdom and Mr Stunning both won the Hong Kong Sprint twice
  20. ^ Drum Taps, Kayf Tara and Stradivarius all won the Gold Cup twice, while Yeats won it four times
  21. ^ Makybe Diva won three renewals of the Melbourne Cup