Northern Eastern Sudanic languages

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Northern Eastern Sudanic
Sudan, Eritrea, Egypt Chad, Nubia
Linguistic classification Nilo-Saharan?
Glottolog None

The Northern Eastern Sudanic, Eastern k Sudanic, Ek Sudanic, NNT or Astaboran languages form a primary division of the yet-to-be-demonstrated Eastern Sudanic family. They are characterised by having a /k/ in the pronoun "I/me", as opposed to the Southern Eastern Sudanic languages, which have an /n/. Nyima has yet to be conclusively linked to the other languages, and would appear to be the closest relative of Ek Sudanic rather than Ek Sudanic proper.

The most famous Astaboran language is Nubian. According to Claude Rilley, the ancient Meroitic language appears on limited evidence to be closest to languages of this group.


  • M. L. Bender, 2000. "Nilo-Saharan". In African Languages: An Introduction, edited by Bernd Heine and Derek Nurse. Cambridge University Press.
  • George Starostin (2015) The Eastern Sudanic hypothesis tested through lexicostatistics: current state of affairs (Draft 1.0)
  • Starostin, George (2015). Языки Африки. Опыт построения лексикостатистической классификации. Том II. Восточносуданские языки [The Languages of Africa. The experience of building a lexiostatistical classification.] (in Russian). II: The Eastern Sudanic Languages. Moscow: Languages of Slavic culture. ISBN 9785457890718.