Hauts-de-France

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Hauts-de-France
Region of France
Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie region locator map.svg
Country  France
Prefecture Lille
Departments
Government
 • President Xavier Bertrand (The Republicans)
Area
 • Total 31,813 km2 (12,283 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 5,973,098
 • Density 190/km2 (490/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Website www.nordpasdecalaispicardie.fr

Hauts-de-France[1] (French pronunciation: ​[o d(ə) fʁɑ̃s], translates to "Upper France" or "the heights of France" in English), officially still Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie, is a new Region of France created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014 by the merger of Nord-Pas-de-Calais, and Picardy. The new region came into existence on 1 January 2016, after the regional elections in December 2015.[2] France's Conseil d'État approved Hauts-de-France as the new name of the region on 28 September 2016, effective 30 September 2016.[3]

The region covers an area of more than 31,813 km2 (12,283 sq mi), and with a population of 5,973,098.[4]

Toponymy[edit]

The region's interim name Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie was a hyphenated placename, created by hyphenating the merged regions' names—Nord-Pas-de-Calais and Picardie—in alphabetical order.[5]

On 14 March 2016, well ahead of the 1 July deadline, the Regional council decided on Hauts-de-France as the region's permanent name,[1].[5] The provisional name of the region will be retired on 30 September 2016, when the new name of the region, Hauts-de-France, takes effect.[3]

Like the name Région Grand Est (and, until 2015, the name Région Centre), the name Région Hauts-de-France contains no reference whatsoever to the area's history or identity, but merely describes its geographical location within metropolitan France.

Geography[edit]

Map of the new region with its five départements, colored according to the historical provinces as they existed until 1790.

The region borders Belgium (Flanders and Wallonia) to the northeast, the English Channel and the United Kingdom (England) to the northwest, as well as the French regions of Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine to the southeast, Île-de-France to the south, and Normandy to the southwest.

Major communities[edit]

  1. Lille (227,560; region prefecture)
  2. Amiens (133,448)
  3. Roubaix (94,713)
  4. Tourcoing (91,923)
  5. Dunkirk (90,995)
  6. Calais (72,589)
  7. Villeneuve-d'Ascq (62,308)
  8. Saint-Quentin (55,978)
  9. Beauvais (54,289)
  10. Valenciennes (42,989)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°55′14″N 2°42′11″E / 49.9206°N 2.7030°E / 49.9206; 2.7030