The term "Northern Greece" is widely used to refer mainly to the two northern regions of Macedonia and Thrace; thus the Thessaloniki-based Ministry of Macedonia and Thrace was known as "Ministry for Northern Greece" until 1988.
The term may also, according to context, incorporate the region Epirus. When Epirus is included, it is broadly coterminous with the "New Lands" (Νέες Χώρες), i.e. the territories added to the Kingdom of Greece after the Balkan Wars of 1912–13, as opposed to pre-1912 "Old Greece" (Παλαιά Ελλάδα).
Voreia Ellada is also one of the four Greek NUTS regions, created for statistical purposes by the European Union. Until 2014, it encompassed the four administrative regions Eastern Macedonia and Thrace, Central Macedonia, West Macedonia and Thessaly. Coming into effect in January 2015, the Greek NUTS regions were redefined, with Voreia Ellada now encompassing Epirus instead of Thessaly. This NUTS division is not used by Greece for any administrative purposes.
In linguistics, Northern Greece refers to the areas where the Northern Greek dialect is traditionally spoken, encompassing in addition to the previous regions Central Greece except for Attica, and the North Aegean, except Chios.
The religious jurisdictions of the Orthodox Church in Greece (in blue). The "New Lands" annexed by Greece after 1913 (in pink, red and purple) remain under the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople.
Map showing the distribution of major Modern Greek dialect areas. The dialect of Northern Epirus (not listed here) belongs to the southern varieties.
Northern Greece statistics
|Geographic division||Administrative divisions||Population
|Macedonia||Western, Central and Eastern Macedonia||2,487,384||Thessaloniki (Salonika)||It is the second largest geographical division in Greece by population, after Continental Greece. It is always included in Northern Greece.|
|Thrace||Thrace||367,393||Komotini||It is always included in Northern Greece, as the eastern portion of the region of Eastern Macedonia and Thrace. Modern Greek Orthodox Thracians speak a northern Greek dialect, while the Muslim minority inhabiting the region is divided between the Turkish-speaking Western Thrace Turks and the Bulgarian-speaking Pomaks.|
|Epirus||Epirus||357,203||Ioannina||It is located in north-western Greece. It is sometimes included in Northern Greece. Epirotes speak a northern dialect.|
|Thessaly||Thessaly||735,410||Larissa||It is sometimes included in Central Greece. Thessalians speak a northern dialect.|
|North Aegean||North Aegean||199,603||Mytilene||This region is rarely included in Northern Greece, as it is mainly included in the Aegean Islands region. Most people from these islands speak a northern as well as an eastern dialect. That is why they have been historically connected to other Eastern Greeks ("Anatolites" or "Mikrasiates") from Anatolia, along with the Dodecanesian islanders, who speak an eastern dialect.|
|Wider sense of Northern Greece||4,146,993||Thessaloniki (largest city)||3,947,390 inhabitants without North Aegean islands. Northern Greece in the strict sense (Macedonia, Thrace) includes 2,854,777 inhabitants.|
- Newsweek Staff (25 March 2008). "Macedonia Fights for Its Name". Newsweek. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
'The Greek side is claiming they have the name Macedonia as a province name in northern Greece. They renamed this province in 1988, and the Republic of Macedonia existed in [what was then] Yugoslavia, and no one disputed our name whatsoever.'
- European Commission (18 December 2013). "Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1319/2013 of 9 December 2013". Official Journal of the European Union. Retrieved 2015-03-09.
- "Βόρειες διάλεκτοι" [Northern Dialects] (in Greek). Portal for the Greek Language. 2008-06-20. Retrieved 2011-04-11.
- Based on: Brian Newton: The Generative Interpretation of Dialect. A Study of Modern Greek Phonology, Cambridge 1972, ISBN 0-521-08497-0
- "Population on 1 January by broad age groups and sex - NUTS 3 & 4 regions". eurostat. 2012-11-26. Retrieved 2012-12-05.