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The major provinces, Gilan and Mazandaran, are covered with dense forests, snow-covered mountains and impressive sea shores. The major cities are Amol, Bâbol, Anzali, Rasht, Câlus, and Sâri. Northern Iran has numerous villages, particularly Massulé, appreciated by travellers.
Northern Iran was a trendy spot during the Pahlevi era, especially amongst foreign tourists. It was a luxurious place that provided all types of modern recreational facilities as well as tourism infrastructure. Today, it’s mostly visited by domestic tourists.
- Plain moderate climate: covering central and western plains of Mazandaran. The average annual rainfall amounts to 1200 or 1300 millimetres, and as we proceed to the east the amount decreases.
- Mountainous climate: the high mountains and northern parts of the Alborz range. In the heights, the weather is cold mountainous and most of the precipitation is in the form of snow.
- Semi-arid climate: This climate prevails some parts of Gorgan valley[disambiguation needed] (north of Gorgan Rud as far as the Turkmenistan border). In this area, the average annual rainfall stands at 500 millimetres.
A map of the Caspian region by al-Istakhri
Ghal'eh Rudkhan, Gilan
Masouleh village, Gilan
Do Ab, Mazandaran
Alangdarreh forest, Gorgan, Golestan
Tureng Teppe village, Golestan
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