Northern Oblast (1936–1937)

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Coordinates: 64°32′N 40°32′E / 64.533°N 40.533°E / 64.533; 40.533

Northern Oblast
Северная область
Oblast of the Soviet Union
Location of Northern Oblast
Location of the Northern Oblast in the Soviet Union.
Capital Arkhangelsk
 •  Established 5 December 1936
 •  Disestablished 23 September 1937
 •  1937 2,262,255 
Political subdivisions 53 districts and a national okrug subdivided into three districts.

Northern Oblast (Russian: Северная область, Severnaya Oblast) was an oblast (a first-level administrative and municipal unit) of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic from 1936 to 1937.[1] Its seat was in the city of Arkhangelsk. The oblast was located in the north of European Russia and its territory is currently divided between Arkhangelsk, Vologda, Kostroma and Kirov oblasts and the Nenets Autonomous Okrug.

Before 1936, the area occupied by Northern Oblast was part of Northern Krai, a vast administrative unit comprising the north of Russia. The 1936 Soviet Constitution abolished Northern Krai and divided its territory between the Komi Republic and the new Northern Oblast. Northern Oblast included 54 districts, three of which were in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug. In 1937, the Oblast was split into Arkhangelsk and Vologda Oblasts. In 1941, three of its districts – Lalsky, Oparinsky and Podosinovsky – were transferred from Arkhangelsk Oblast to Kirov Oblast. Pavinsky and Vokhomsky District became a part of Kostroma Oblast.

By the 1937 All-Union Census, the population of Northern Oblast was 2,262,255 persons.[2]


The following districts were established in Northern Oblast (their administrative centers are given in parentheses):[1][3]

Three districts belonged to the Nenets National Okrug: