Northern Pashto

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Northern Pashto
Yusufzai
یوسفزئی پښتو
Native toPakistan, Afghanistan
EthnicityPashtun
Native speakers
21 million (2013)[1]
Pashto alphabet
Official status
Regulated byPashto Academy (Peshawar, Pakistan)[2]
Language codes
ISO 639-3pbu
Glottolognort2646[3]

Northern Pashto or Northeastern Pashto,[4] sometimes known as Yusufzai Pashto after its principal subdialect,[5] is a Northern dialect of Pashto spoken in northern Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan and northeastern Afghanistan.

Phonology[edit]

Yusufzai Pashto has a difference in affricates: in other dialects t͡s, d͡z/z, ʒ, in Peshawari instead s, z, j. Such as in most Northern dialects, in Yusufzai is pronounced x and g instead southern ʂ, ʐ.

Dialects[6] ښ ږ څ ځ ژ ā ū
Kandahari Pashto [ʂ] [ʐ] [t͡s] [d͡z] [ʒ] [ɑ] [u]
Quetta Pashto [ʃ] [ʒ] [t͡s] [d͡z] [ʒ, z] [ɑ] [u]
Ghilji, central Pashto [ç] [ʝ] [t͡s] [z] [ʒ, z] [ɑ] [u]
Northern (Peshawari) Pashto [x] [ɡ] [s] [z] [d͡ʒ] [ɑ] [u]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Northern Pashto at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Sebeok, Thomas Albert (1976). Current Trends in Linguistics: Index. Walter de Gruyter. p. 705.
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Northern Pashto". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. ^ Prods Oktor Skjærvø, P.O. 1989. Pashto. In "Compendium Linguarum Iranicarum", R. Schmitt (ed.), 384-410.
  5. ^ https://www.ethnologue.com/19/language/pbu/
  6. ^ Hallberg, Daniel G. 1992. Pashto, Waneci, Ormuri. Sociolinguistic Survey of Northern Pakistan, 4.