Northern Student Movement

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Northern Student Movement
Motto" build community organizations so that the deprived can use their power for change." --William L. Strickland [1]
FounderPeter J. Countryman
TypeCivil rights organization
FocusTutoring 3,500 inner city youth in northeastern cities (1963); later sent students to sit-ins in the South and organized direct-action protests in the North.
OriginsConference of the New England Student Christian Movement (1961)
MethodVolunteerism, education, community organizing
Key people
Peter J. Countryman
William L. Strickland
50 (1963)
2,200 (1963)
External image NSM veterans Bill Strickland, Frank Joyce and Joan Cannaday Countryman in a 2010 panel discussion in Raleigh, N.C., sponsored by the Association for the Study of African American Life and History.
Northern Student Movement Hootenanny
Northern Student Movement Hootenanny

The Northern Student Movement (NSM) was an American civil rights organization that drew inspiration from sit-ins and lunch counter protests led by students in the south.[2] NSM was founded at Yale University in 1961 by Peter J. Countryman, grew out of the work of a committee formed by the New England Student Christian Movement,[1] and was affiliated with the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC).[2] Countryman began NSM's work by collecting books for a predominantly African-American college and raising funds for SNCC. He then turned to organizing tutoring programs for inner city youth in northeastern cities. By 1963, NSM was reported to be helping as many as 3,500 children using 2,200 student volunteers from 50 colleges and universities.[3] NSM also encouraged direct-action protests, sending volunteers to sit-ins in the South and organizing rent strikes in the North.[1][4][5] In the early 60's, NSM's work was divided into three areas which were each headed by an executive committee: "the campus, the community, and the south."[6]

Organizational History and Leadership[edit]

Originally headquartered in New Haven, Connecticut, NSM moved to New York City.[7] Countryman stepped down as NSM's executive director in 1963 and was replaced by William L. Strickland.[6]

Its initial convention, the Inter-Collegiate Conference on Northern Civil Rights, was held at Sarah Lawrence College in April 1962.[8]

Additional Resources[edit]

The records of the Northern Student Movement, including a complete run of its periodical, Freedom North, are on file with the Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division of the New York Public Library.[6]

Oral History interviews with several NSM organizers are available through the Columbia Oral History Project.

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Nina Mjagkij (ed.), Organizing Black America: An Encyclopedia of African American Associations, New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 2001, pp. 462-463. ISBN 0-8153-2309-3 In 1967, the New England Student Christian Movement changed its name to the University Christian Movement in New England. [1]
  2. ^ a b "Northern Student Movement - SNCC Digital Gateway". SNCC Digital Gateway. Retrieved 2018-12-02.
  3. ^ "Education: Down-to-Earth Idealism," Time, May 17, 1963.
  4. ^ Mandi Issacs Jackson, "Harlem's Rent Strike and Rat War: Representation, Housing Access and Tenant Resistance in New York, 1958-1964," American Studies, University of Kansas, v. 47, no. 1, (2006) pp. 53-79.
  5. ^ Newfield, Jack (2007-04-17). "The Student Left". ISSN 0027-8378. Retrieved 2019-06-13.
  6. ^ a b c Northern Student Movement Records, 1961-1966, New York Public Library. Strickland later joined the W.E.B. Du Bois Department of Afro-American Studies at the University of Massachusetts Amherst [2].
  7. ^ "Northern Student Movement". Retrieved 2019-06-13.
  8. ^ Countryman, Matthew (2006). Up South: Civil Rights and Black Power in Philadelphia. University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 0812220021., p. 181.

External links[edit]