Tepehuán language

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Not to be confused with Tepehua language.
Tepehuán
O'otham
Native to Mexico
Region Chihuahua, Durango
Ethnicity Tepehuán
Native speakers
36,000  (2010 census)[1]
Uto-Aztecan
Dialects
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
ntp – Northern Tepehuán
stp – Southeastern Tepehuán
tla – Southwestern Tepehuán
tep – Tepecano
Glottolog tepe1281[2]

Tepehuán (Tepehuano, Tepecano) is the name of three closely related languages of the Piman branch of the Uto-Aztecan language family, both spoken in northern Mexico. The language is called O'otham by its speakers.

Northern Tepehuán[edit]

Northern Tepehuán is spoken by about 8,000 Tepehuán people (2005 census)[3] in the south of the state of Chihuahua and north of Durango.

Southern Tepehuán[edit]

Southern Tepehuán is divided into the southeastern and southwestern group.

  • Southeastern Tepehuán is spoken by 9,937 people (2000 WCD) in Mezquital Municipio in the state of Durango. Southern Tepehuán coexists with the Mexicanero Nahuatl language, there is some intermarriage between the two ethnic groups, and a number of speakers are trilingual in Mexicanero, Tepehuán and Spanish.

The extinct Tepecano language appears to have been a variety of Southern Tepehuán.

  • Southwestern Tepehuán is spoken by around 8,187 (2000 WCD) people in Southwestern Durango.

Media[edit]

Tepehuán-language programming is carried by the CDI's radio stations XEJMN-AM, broadcasting from Jesús María, Nayarit, and XETAR, based in Guachochi, Chihuahua.

Morphology[edit]

Tepehuán is an agglutinative language, in which words use suffix complexes for a variety of purposes with several morphemes strung together.

Phonology[edit]

The following is representative of the Northern dialect of Tepehuan

Northern Tepehuan has 6 vowels and 3 common diphthongs.

Vowels Front Central Back
High i [i̠] ɨ [ʉ] u [u]
Mid e [e] o [ɵ]
Low a [ä]
Diphthongs Front Central Back
High ɨi [ʊ̈i]
Mid ei [ɛi]
Low ai [äi]
IPA chart of Northern Tepehuan consonants
Bilabial Labio-
dental
Alveolar Palatal Velar Labialized Uvular Glottal
Stop p [p] b [b] t [t] d [d] ty [tʲ] dy [dʲ] k [k] g [g] ^ [ʔ]
Nasal m [m] n [n] ñ [ɲ] ng [ŋ]
Flap r [ɾ]
Fricative v [v] s [s] š [ʃ] h [χ]
Affricate c [tɕ]
Approximant w [w]
Lateral l [l]

Simple Tepehuan Text[edit]

Northern Tepehuan:

G^rooga aapip^smaac^d^
t^vaagɨ^r^ daja, aat^m^
ip^lidɨ ɨ^oodami
g^šiia duutuadagɨ.
Vai otoma a^na
istuigaco gat^aan^da
agai aapi ^^gɨ tami
oidigɨ daama.
Vaid^ ^p^duuna
p^štumaasɨ aapɨ ip^lidi
tami oidigi daama
poduucai isduucai
^p^vueeyi t^vaagi^r^.
G^rsoiñañi t^tai viaaca
aat^m^ cuaadagai
t^šɨ ^^šɨ t^gito sivɨ
v^^tar^.
G^roig^ldañɨ
g^rsoimaascamiga
t^smaac^d^ ivueeyi
poduucai t^sduucai
oig^ldi aat^m^ ^gai
ismaac^d^ šoimaasi
g^rvuiididi.
Maiti dagito
iš^Diaavora g^raagiadan
taadacagi isiduñia
aat^m^ soimaasi.
C^^ maat^ aat^m^
isaapi ^r^g^^
bait^c ^aacamit^vaagi^r^
dai oidi daama
tomastuigaco,
dai aapi vaamioma viaa
guvucadagaɨ
tomastuigaco istomali
^mo ^mai daɨ
isali^šɨ g^aagai
ɨsv^^šɨ oodami g^siaa
duutuadagɨ
tomastuigaco.
Our father, which art
in heaven, hallowed be
thy name. Thy kingdom
come. Thy will be done
on earth as it is in
heaven. Give us this
day our daily bread.
And forgive us our
debts, as we forgive
our debtors. And lead
us not into temptation, :but deliver us from
evil. For thine is the
kingdom and the power
and the glory for ever
and ever. Amen.


Southeastern Tepehuan:

Utogga atemo tubaggue :dama Santu sicamoe
uggue ututugaraga
duviana uguiere api
odduna gutuguito
daraga tami dubar
dama tubggue.
Udguaddaga ud macane
schibi ud joigadane
ud seca doada raga
addu cate abemo
joigudu jut jaddune
maitague daguito soy
macire ud niuca
dacane api odduna.
Amen, Jesus.
Our father, which art
in heaven, hallowed be :thy name. Thy kingdom
come. Thy will be done :on earth as it is in
heaven. Give us this
day our daily bread.
And forgive us our
debts, as we forgive
our debtors. And lead
us not into temptation, :but deliver us from
evil. For thine is the :kingdom and the power
and the glory for ever :and ever. Amen.

References[edit]

  1. ^ INALI (2012) México: Lenguas indígenas nacionales
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Tepehuan". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ http://www.ethnologue.com/language/ntp