Northern Wars

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Northern Wars is a term used for a series of wars fought in northern and northeastern Europe in the 16th and 17th century. An internationally agreed nomenclature for these wars has not yet been devised.[1] While the Great Northern War is generally considered to be the last of the Northern Wars, there are different scholarly opinions on which war constitutes the First Northern War.[2]

Depending upon what date is chosen for the starting point, the Northern Wars comprise:

See also[edit]



  1. ^ Frost (2000), pp.12-13
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Frost (2000), p.13
  3. ^ "Second Northern War". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 23 October 2008. Retrieved 31 March 2014.