Northern caenolestid

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Northern caenolestid
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Paucituberculata
Family: Caenolestidae
Genus: Caenolestes
Species: C. convelatus
Binomial name
Caenolestes convelatus
Anthony, 1924
Subspecies
  • C. c. barbarensis H. E. Anthony, 1924
  • C. c. convelatus Bublitz, 1987
Blackish Shrew Opossum area.png
Range of the northern caenolestid

The northern caenolestid (Caenolestes convelatus), also known as the blackish shrew opossum, is a shrew opossum found in Colombia and Ecuador. It is listed as Vulnerable by the IUCN.

Taxonomy and etymology[edit]

The dusky caenolestid is one of the four members Caenolestes, and is placed in the family Caenolestidae (shrew opossums). It was first described by American zoologist Harold Elmer Anthony in 1924.[2] In the latter part of 20th century, scientists believed that Caenolestes is closely related to Lestoros (the Incan caenolestid).[3][4] Over the years, it became clear that Lestoros is morphologically different from Caenolestes.[5] A 2013 phylogenetic study showed that the Incan caenolestid and the long-nosed caenolestid (Rhyncholestes raphanurus) form a clade sister to Caenolestes. The cladogram below is based on this study.[6]




Gray short-tailed opossum (Monodelphis domestica)



Brown four-eyed opossum (Metachirus nudicaudatus)





Incan caenolestid (Lestoros inca)



Long-nosed caenolestid (Rhyncholestes raphanurus)



Caenolestes

Northern caenolestid (C. convelatus)




Dusky caenolestid (C. fuliginosus)




Andean caenolestid (C. condorensis)




Gray-bellied caenolestid (C. caniventer)



Eastern caenolestid (C. sangay)









Two subspecies are recognized:[5]

  • C. c. barbarensis H. E. Anthony, 1924: Occurs in western Colombia
  • C. c. convelatus Bublitz, 1987: Occurs in northwestern Ecuador

Caenolestid fossils date to as early as the early Eocene (nearly 55 mya). The generic name Caenolestes derives from the Greek words kainos ("new") and lestes ("robber", "pirate").[7]

Description[edit]

The northern caenolestid is similar to the gray-bellied caenolestid in coat coloration but differs in cranial features.[8]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The northern caenolestid occurs in and around alpine and secondary forests. The populations appear to have been divided into two parts – the Andes of western Colombia and northcentral Ecuador. It occurs in an altitudinal range of 1,800 to 3,800 metres (5,900 to 12,500 ft) in Colombia, though in Ecuador it has been recorded at a height of 4,100 metres (13,500 ft). In 2008, the IUCN classified the northern caenolestid as Vulnerable because it is known only from an area of 20,000 square kilometres (7,700 sq mi). Deforestation is a major threat, and more severe in Ecuador.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Patterson, B. & Gomez-Laverde, M. (2008). "Caenolestes convelatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 28 December 2008. 
  2. ^ Gardner, A.L. (2005). "Order Paucituberculata". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 19. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  3. ^ Simpson, G.G. (1970). "The Argyrolagidae, extinct South American marsupials". Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology. 139: 1–86. 
  4. ^ Marshall, L.G. (1980). "Systematics of the South American marsupial family Caenolestidae". Fieldiana: Geology (New Series). 5: 1–145. 
  5. ^ a b Gardner, A.L., ed. (2007). Mammals of South America. 1. Chicago, US: University of Chicago Press. pp. 121; 124–6. ISBN 978-0-226-28242-8. 
  6. ^ Ojala-Barbour, R.; Pinto, C.M.; Brito M., J.; Albuja V., L.; Lee, T.E.; Patterson, B.D. (2013). "A new species of shrew-opossum (Paucituberculata: Caenolestidae) with a phylogeny of extant caenolestids". Journal of Mammalogy. 94 (5): 967–82. doi:10.1644/13-MAMM-A-018.1. 
  7. ^ Patterson, B.D.; Gallardo, M.H. (1987). "Rhyncolestes raphanurus" (PDF). Mammalian Species. 286: 1–5. 
  8. ^ Lunde, D.P.; Pacheco, V. (2003). "Shrew opossums (Paucituberculata: Caenolestes) from the Huancabamba region of east Andean Peru" (PDF). Mammal Study. 28: 145–8. 

External links[edit]