Northernmost settlements

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Some of the northernmost settlements in the world are:

Location Latitude Population Public settlement? Active? Description
Barneo, Arctic Ocean Ice Sheet 88°11' N 100 no yes Latitude as of April 2009 (varies), Russian Ice Camp, populated in summer only
Alert, Ellesmere Island, Nunavut, Canada 82°28' N 74 no yes Northernmost place with a permanent (year-round) population; military and research station [1]
Wandel Dal Settlements, Pearyland, Greenland, Denmark 82°15' N 0 yes no A group of more than 20 archeological sites, among them several former permanent settlements
Brønlundhus, Greenland, Denmark 82°11' N 0 no no Former exploration base, 1947 to 1950
Kap Harald Moltke, Greenland, Denmark 82°10' N 0 no no Former exploration base
Fort Conger, Ellesmere Island, Nunavut, Canada 81°44' N 0 no no Former exploration camp, 1881 to 1883 and 1957 to 1958
Nord, Greenland, Denmark 81°43' N 4 no yes Military and scientific base
Nagurskoye, Franz Josef Land, Russia 80°48' N 52[1] no yes Border guard facility and meteorological station
Krenkel, Franz Josef Land, Russia 80°37' N 7 no yes Meteorological station
Tikhaya Bay, Franz Josef Land, Russia 80°20' N 0 no no Former weather station
Eureka, Ellesmere Island, Nunavut, Canada 79°59' N 0 no yes Scientific station
Alexandra Fiord, Ellesmere Island, Nunavut, Canada 79°58' N 0 no no Former Royal Canadian Mounted Police station
Ytre Norskøya, Svalbard, Norway 79°51'20" N 0 no no Former Dutch whaling station, 1620s to 1670
Smeerenburg, Amsterdam Island, Svalbard, Norway 79°43'54" N 0 no no Former Danish–Dutch whaling station, 1619 to 1657
Harlingen kokerij, Danes Island, Svalbard, Norway 79°43'24" N 0 no no Former Dutch whaling station, 1636 to 1662
Kobbefjorden, Danes Island, Svalbard, Norway 79°41'42" N 0 no no Former Danish whaling station, 1631 to 1658
Golomyanniy, Sredniy Island, Severnaya Zemlya, Russia 79°33' N 3 no yes Meteorological station
Qaqaitsut, Eastern Inglefield Land, NW Greenland ca. 79°07'17.14 N 0 yes no Hunting station and former permanent settlement
Inuarfissuaq, Central Inglefield Land, NW Greenland 78°55' N 0 yes no Former hunting station or permanent settlement
Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard, Norway 78°55' N 35 yes yes Northernmost functional settlement; home to the northernmost post office
Isachsen, Nunavut, Ellef Ringnes Island Canada 78°47' N 0 no no Former research station, 1948 to 1978
Pyramiden (Russian), Svalbard, Norway 78°50' N winter 3-4
summer 15
yes yes Former settlement, 1910 to 1998/2000. Peak population over 1200. Now a ghost city for tourists with hotel established in 2013.
Annoatok, Greenland, Denmark 78°33' N 0 yes no Former hunting station
Etah, Greenland, Denmark 78°19' N 0 yes no Hunting station and former permanent settlement
Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway 78°12' N 2,040 yes yes Northernmost settlement with a permanent population of over 1,000
Barentsburg (Russian), Svalbard, Norway 78°04' N 435 yes yes Settlement
North Ice, Greenland, Denmark 78°04' N 0 no no Former research station, 1952 to 1954
Sveagruva, Svalbard, Norway 77°55' N 200 yes yes Settlement
Siorapaluk, Greenland 77°47' N 87 yes yes Northernmost settlement in North America and in Greenland
Qaanaaq (Thule), Greenland, Denmark 77°30' N 640 yes yes Settlement
Grise Fiord, Ellesmere Island, Nunavut, Canada 76°25' N 163 yes yes Northernmost settlement in Canada
Mould Bay, Prince Patrick Island, Northwest Territories, Canada 76°18' N 0 no no Former meteorological station, 1948 to 1997
Craig Harbour, Ellesmere Island, Nunavut, Canada 76°13' N 0 yes no Former settlement
Resolute, Cornwallis Island, Nunavut, Canada 74°41' N 215 yes yes Settlement
Dundas Harbour, Devon Island, Nunavut, Canada 74°39' N 0 yes no Former settlement, 1924 to 1951
Nordvik, Sakha Republic, Russia 74°01' N 0 yes no Former settlement and penal colony, 1933 to 1956
Dikson, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia 73°30' N 690 yes yes Northernmost settlement in Russia, closed town
Syndassko, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia 73°15' N 496 yes yes Settlement
Arctic Bay, Baffin Island, Canada 73°02' N 646 yes yes Settlement
Ust-Olenyok, Sakha Republic, Russia 72°59' N 80 yes yes Settlement
Novorybnaya, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia 72°50' N 556 yes yes Settlement
Yuryung-Khaya, Sakha Republic, Russia 72°48' N 1,148 yes yes Settlement
Upernavik, Greenland, Denmark 72°47' N 1,144 yes yes Settlement
Pond Inlet, Baffin Island, Canada 72°42' N 1,220 yes yes Settlement
Taymylyr, Sakha Republic, Russia 72°37' N 757 yes yes Settlement
Zhdaniha, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia 72°10' N 205 yes yes Settlement
Bykovskiy, Sakha Republic, Russia 72°00' N 517 yes yes Settlement
Khatanga, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia 71°59' N 2,645 yes yes Settlement
Sachs Harbour, Northwest Territories, Canada, 71°59' N 122 yes yes Settlement
Ushakovskoye, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia 71°59' N 0 yes yes Former settlement on Wrangel Island. Now used as nature reserve HQ
Saskylakh, Sakha Republic, Russia 71°57' N 2,317 yes yes Settlement
Kresty, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia 71°54' N 274 yes yes Settlement
Tyumyati, Sakha Republic, Russia 71°54' N 10 yes yes Settlement
Popigay, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia 71°53' N 334 yes yes Settlement
Yukagir, Sakha Republic, Russia 71°46' N 128 yes yes Settlement
Novaya, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia 71°45' N 313 yes yes Settlement
Vorontsovo, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia 71°41' N 253 yes yes Settlement
Tiksi, Sakha Republic, Russia 71°39' N 4,873 yes yes Settlement
Rogachevo, Novaya Zemlya, Russia 71°36' N 457 yes yes Settlement
Kheta, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia 71°34' N 368 yes yes Settlement
Belushya Guba, Novaya Zemlya, Russia 71°32' N 1,972 yes yes Main settlement on Novaya Zemlaya
Kayak, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia 71°30' N 128 yes yes Settlement
Nizhneyansk, Sakha Republic, Russia 71°26' N 391 yes yes Settlement
Barrow, Alaska, United States 71°18' N 4,581 yes yes Northernmost settlement in the United States
Katyryk, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia 71°16' N 334 yes yes Settlement
Skarsvåg, Finnmark, Norway 71°08' N 141 yes yes Northernmost settlement in Norway proper
Russkoye Ustye, Sakha Republic, Russia 71°07' N 157 yes yes Settlement
Mehamn, Gamvik, Finnmark, Norway 71°02' N 900 yes yes Settlement
Honningsvåg, Finnmark, Norway 70°58' N 2,575 yes yes City
Volochanka, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia 70°58' N 540 yes yes Settlement
Ust-Yansk, Sakha Republic, Russia 70°54' N 317 yes yes Settlement
Guyda, Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Russia 70°53' N 3,331 yes yes Settlement
Naiba, Sakha Republic, Russia 70°50' N 522 yes yes Settlement
Khayyr, Sakha Republic, Russia 70°48' N 397 yes yes Settlement
Kazache, Sakha Republic, Russia 70°45' N 1,453 yes yes Settlement
Ulukhaktok, Northwest Territories, Canada 70°44'N 402 yes yes Settlement
Kyusyur, Sakha Republic, Russia 70°41' N 1,345 yes yes Settlement
Hammerfest, Finnmark, Norway 70°39' N 7,119 yes yes City
Chokurdakh, Sakha Republic, Russia 70°37' N 2,105 yes yes Settlement
Deadhorse, Alaska, United States 70°12' N 3,000 yes yes Northernmost point on Western Hemisphere road network
Nuorgam, Lapland, Finland 70°05' N 200 yes yes Northernmost settlement in Finland and European Union

Cities and towns[edit]

This is a list of the northernmost cities and towns in the world.

City/town Population Latitude/longitude
Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard, Norway 35 78°55′30″N 011°55′20″E / 78.92500°N 11.92222°E / 78.92500; 11.92222
Pyramiden (Russian), Svalbard, Norway 4–15 78°39′22″N 016°19′30″E / 78.65611°N 16.32500°E / 78.65611; 16.32500
Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway 2,075 78°13′00″N 015°33′00″E / 78.21667°N 15.55000°E / 78.21667; 15.55000
Barentsburg (Russian), Svalbard, Norway 470 78°04′00″N 014°13′00″E / 78.06667°N 14.21667°E / 78.06667; 14.21667
Qaanaaq, Greenland, Denmark 656 77°29′N 69°20′W / 77.483°N 69.333°W / 77.483; -69.333
Grise Fiord, Ellesmere Island, Canada 130 76°25′N 82°53′W / 76.417°N 82.883°W / 76.417; -82.883
Resolute, Cornwallis Island, Canada 229 74°41′N 094°49′W / 74.683°N 94.817°W / 74.683; -94.817
Dikson, Russia 676 73°30′N 80°31′E / 73.500°N 80.517°E / 73.500; 80.517
Arctic Bay, Baffin Island, Canada 823 73°02′11″N 085°09′09″W / 73.03639°N 85.15250°W / 73.03639; -85.15250
Upernavik, Greenland, Denmark 1,182 72°47′N 56°09′W / 72.783°N 56.150°W / 72.783; -56.150
Khatanga, Russia 2,450 71°58′N 102°28′E / 71.967°N 102.467°E / 71.967; 102.467
Tiksi, Russia 5,063 71°39′N 128°48′E / 71.650°N 128.800°E / 71.650; 128.800
Belushya Guba, Russia 1,972 71°33′N 52°19′E / 71.550°N 52.317°E / 71.550; 52.317
Barrow, Alaska, United States 4,212 71°18′N 156°44′W / 71.300°N 156.733°W / 71.300; -156.733
Honningsvåg, Norway 2,436 70°58′N 25°58′E / 70.967°N 25.967°E / 70.967; 25.967
Berlevåg, Norway 948 70°51′N 29°05′E / 70.850°N 29.083°E / 70.850; 29.083
Uummannaq, Greenland, Denmark 1,282 70°40′N 52°07′W / 70.667°N 52.117°W / 70.667; -52.117
Hammerfest, Norway 10,217 70°39′N 23°41′E / 70.650°N 23.683°E / 70.650; 23.683
Chokurdakh, Russia 2,367 70°38′N 147°55′E / 70.633°N 147.917°E / 70.633; 147.917
Båtsfjord, Norway 2,069 70°38′N 29°43′E / 70.633°N 29.717°E / 70.633; 29.717
Wainwright, Alaska, USA 556 70°38′N 160°00′W / 70.633°N 160.000°W / 70.633; -160.000
Ittoqqortoormiit, Greenland, Denmark 452 70°29′N 21°58′W / 70.483°N 21.967°W / 70.483; -21.967
Atqasuk, Alaska, USA 233 70°28′N 157°25′W / 70.467°N 157.417°W / 70.467; -157.417
Vardø, Norway 1,930 70°22′N 31°06′E / 70.367°N 31.100°E / 70.367; 31.100
Nuiqsut, Alaska, USA 367 70°12′N 151°00′W / 70.200°N 151.000°W / 70.200; -151.000
Deadhorse, Alaska, USA 3,000 70°12′N 148°30′W / 70.200°N 148.500°W / 70.200; -148.500
Kaktovik, Alaska, USA 258 70°07′N 143°36′W / 70.117°N 143.600°W / 70.117; -143.600
Vadsø, Norway 5,010 70°04′N 20°44′E / 70.067°N 20.733°E / 70.067; 20.733
Lakselv, Norway 2,145 70°03′N 24°57′E / 70.050°N 24.950°E / 70.050; 24.950
Skjervøy, Norway 2,316 70°02′N 20°58′E / 70.033°N 20.967°E / 70.033; 20.967
Alta, Norway 19,282 69°58′N 23°17′E / 69.967°N 23.283°E / 69.967; 23.283
Utsjoki, Finland 1,265 69°54′N 027°01′E / 69.900°N 27.017°E / 69.900; 27.017
Kirkenes, Norway 3,272 69°43′N 30°03′E / 69.717°N 30.050°E / 69.717; 30.050
Pevek, Russia 4,368 69°42′N 170°17′E / 69.700°N 170.283°E / 69.700; 170.283
Bjørnevatn, Norway 2,378 69°40′N 29°58′E / 69.667°N 29.967°E / 69.667; 29.967
Tromsø, Norway 71,295 69°39′N 18°57′E / 69.650°N 18.950°E / 69.650; 18.950
Pechenga, Russia 2,926 69°33′N 31°13′E / 69.550°N 31.217°E / 69.550; 31.217
Zapolyarny, Russia 18,000 69°25′N 30°48′E / 69.417°N 30.800°E / 69.417; 30.800
Dudinka, Russia 22,175 69°24′N 86°11′E / 69.400°N 86.183°E / 69.400; 86.183
Nikel, Russia 15,259 69°24′N 30°13′E / 69.400°N 30.217°E / 69.400; 30.217
PaulatukCanada 313 69°23′N 123°58′E / 69.383°N 123.967°E / 69.383; 123.967
Zaozyorsk, Russia 13,351 69°23′N 32°26′E / 69.383°N 32.433°E / 69.383; 32.433
Norilsk, Russia 175,365 69°20′N 88°13′E / 69.333°N 88.217°E / 69.333; 88.217
Vidyayevo, Russia 7,062 69°19′N 32°48′E / 69.317°N 32.800°E / 69.317; 32.800
Andenes, Norway 2,611 69°19′N 16°08′E / 69.317°N 16.133°E / 69.317; 16.133
Gadzhiyevo, Russia 12,856 69°15′N 33°21′E / 69.250°N 33.350°E / 69.250; 33.350
Qeqertarsuaq, Greenland, Denmark 979 69°14′N 53°33′W / 69.233°N 53.550°W / 69.233; -53.550
Ilulissat, Greenland, Denmark 4,585 69°13′N 51°06′W / 69.217°N 51.100°W / 69.217; -51.100
Finnsnes, Norway 4,145 69°13′N 17°58′E / 69.217°N 17.967°E / 69.217; 17.967
Polyarny, Russia 16,468 69°12′N 33°27′E / 69.200°N 33.450°E / 69.200; 33.450
Snezhnogorsk, Russia 14,330 69°11′N 33°13′E / 69.183°N 33.217°E / 69.183; 33.217
Severomorsk, Russia 50,060 69°04′N 33°25′E / 69.067°N 33.417°E / 69.067; 33.417
Kilpisjärvi, Enontekiö, Finland 114 69°02′57″N 20°47′40″E / 69.04917°N 20.79444°E / 69.04917; 20.79444
Murmansk, Russia 307,257 68°57′N 33°04′E / 68.950°N 33.067°E / 68.950; 33.067
Inari (village), Inari, Finland 507 68°54′20″N 27°01′40″E / 68.90556°N 27.02778°E / 68.90556; 27.02778
Kola, Russia 10,545 68°52′N 33°01′E / 68.867°N 33.017°E / 68.867; 33.017
Setermoen, Norway 2,488 68°51′N 18°20′E / 68.850°N 18.333°E / 68.850; 18.333
Murmashi, Russia 15,618 68°49′N 32°49′E / 68.817°N 32.817°E / 68.817; 32.817
Qasigiannguit, Greenland, Denmark 1,124 68°49′N 51°11′W / 68.817°N 51.183°W / 68.817; -51.183
Harstad, Norway 19,470 68°47′N 16°32′E / 68.783°N 16.533°E / 68.783; 16.533
Chersky, Russia 3,194 68°45′N 161°18′E / 68.750°N 161.300°E / 68.750; 161.300
Aasiaat, Greenland, Denmark 2,853 68°43′N 52°39′W / 68.717°N 52.650°W / 68.717; -52.650
Sortland, Norway 4,623 68°41′N 15°24′E / 68.683°N 15.400°E / 68.683; 15.400
Ivalo, Finland 4,000 68°39′N 27°33′E / 68.650°N 27.550°E / 68.650; 27.550
Stokmarknes, Norway 3,125 68°33′N 14°54′E / 68.550°N 14.900°E / 68.550; 14.900
Melbu, Norway 2,157 68°30′N 14°50′E / 68.500°N 14.833°E / 68.500; 14.833
Narvik, Norway 13,958 68°26′N 17°25′E / 68.433°N 17.417°E / 68.433; 17.417
Kaaresuvanto, Enontekiö, Finland 140 68°26′57″N 022°29′04″E / 68.44917°N 22.48444°E / 68.44917; 22.48444
Karesuando, Sweden 303 68°26′N 22°28′E / 68.433°N 22.467°E / 68.433; 22.467
Hetta, Enontekiö, Finland 800 68°23′N 023°39′E / 68.383°N 23.650°E / 68.383; 23.650
Inuvik, Canada 3,463 68°21′N 133°43′W / 68.350°N 133.717°W / 68.350; -133.717
Point Hope, Alaska, USA 668 68°20′N 166°45′W / 68.333°N 166.750°W / 68.333; -166.750
Kangaatsiaq, Greenland, Denmark 654 68°18′N 53°27′W / 68.300°N 53.450°W / 68.300; -53.450
Svolvær, Norway 4,164 68°14′N 14°34′E / 68.233°N 14.567°E / 68.233; 14.567
Olenegorsk, Russia 22,856 68°09′N 33°17′E / 68.150°N 33.283°E / 68.150; 33.283
Leknes, Norway 2,652 68°08′N 13°36′E / 68.133°N 13.600°E / 68.133; 13.600
Anaktuvuk Pass, Alaska, USA 249 68°08′N 151°44′W / 68.133°N 151.733°W / 68.133; -151.733
Bilibino, Russia 5,640 68°03′N 166°27′E / 68.050°N 166.450°E / 68.050; 166.450
Ostrovnoy, Russia 4,240 68°03′N 39°30′E / 68.050°N 39.500°E / 68.050; 39.500
Lovozero, Russia 3,100 68°00′N 35°03′E / 68.000°N 35.050°E / 68.000; 35.050
Muonio, Finland 2,365 67°57.5′N 023°41′E / 67.9583°N 23.683°E / 67.9583; 23.683
Kiruna, Sweden 18,148 67°51′N 20°13′E / 67.850°N 20.217°E / 67.850; 20.217
Kittilä, Finland 6,399 67°39′N 024°54.5′E / 67.650°N 24.9083°E / 67.650; 24.9083
Naryan-Mar, Russia 21,658 67°38′N 53°03′E / 67.633°N 53.050°E / 67.633; 53.050
Apatity, Russia 59,672 67°34′N 33°24′E / 67.567°N 33.400°E / 67.567; 33.400
Vorkuta, Russia 70,548 67°30′N 64°02′E / 67.500°N 64.033°E / 67.500; 64.033
Sodankylä, Finland 8,809 67°25′N 26°35′E / 67.417°N 26.583°E / 67.417; 26.583
Kolari, Finland 3,795 67°19′50″N 023°46′40″E / 67.33056°N 23.77778°E / 67.33056; 23.77778
Bodø, Norway 49,654 67°16′N 14°24′E / 67.267°N 14.400°E / 67.267; 14.400
Fauske, Norway 9,582 67°15′N 15°23′E / 67.250°N 15.383°E / 67.250; 15.383
Kandalaksha, Russia 35,654 67°09′N 32°24′E / 67.150°N 32.400°E / 67.150; 32.400
Gällivare, Sweden 8,449 67°07′N 20°45′E / 67.117°N 20.750°E / 67.117; 20.750
  • Weather station/military base not a public community.

Larger cities[edit]

Northernmost cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants.

City Population Latitude/longitude
Norilsk, Russia 175,365 69°20′N 88°13′E / 69.333°N 88.217°E / 69.333; 88.217
Murmansk, Russia 307,257 68°58′N 33°05′E / 68.967°N 33.083°E / 68.967; 33.083
Novy Urengoy, Russia 118,378 66°04′N 76°37′E / 66.067°N 76.617°E / 66.067; 76.617
Oulu, Finland 140,579 65°00′N 25°26′E / 65.000°N 25.433°E / 65.000; 25.433
Severodvinsk, Russia 191,369 64°34′N 39°49′E / 64.567°N 39.817°E / 64.567; 39.817
Arkhangelsk, Russia 348,740 64°32′N 40°32′E / 64.533°N 40.533°E / 64.533; 40.533
Reykjavík, Iceland 202,341 64°08′N 21°56′W / 64.133°N 21.933°W / 64.133; -21.933
Ukhta, Russia 127,100 63°34′N 53°42′E / 63.567°N 53.700°E / 63.567; 53.700
Trondheim, Norway 182,000 63°25′N 10°23′E / 63.417°N 10.383°E / 63.417; 10.383
Noyabrsk, Russia 110,373 63°12′N 75°27′E / 63.200°N 75.450°E / 63.200; 75.450
Jyväskylä, Finland 129,777 62°14′N 25°44′E / 62.233°N 25.733°E / 62.233; 25.733
Yakutsk, Russia 255,784 62°02′N 129°44′E / 62.033°N 129.733°E / 62.033; 129.733
Petrozavodsk, Russia 298,784 61°47′N 34°21′E / 61.783°N 34.350°E / 61.783; 34.350
Syktyvkar, Russia 230,980 61°40′N 50°49′E / 61.667°N 50.817°E / 61.667; 50.817
Tampere, Finland 211,691 61°29′N 23°45′E / 61.483°N 23.750°E / 61.483; 23.750
Surgut, Russia 298,500 61°16′N 73°24′E / 61.267°N 73.400°E / 61.267; 73.400
Anchorage, Alaska, United States 291,826 61°13′N 149°53′W / 61.217°N 149.883°W / 61.217; -149.883
Nefteyugansk, Russia 122,855 61°05′N 72°42′E / 61.083°N 72.700°E / 61.083; 72.700
Bergen, Norway 252,051 60°23′33″N 005°19′24″E / 60.39250°N 5.32333°E / 60.39250; 5.32333

Northernmost cities with more than 250,000 inhabitants.

City Population Latitude/longitude
Murmansk, Russia 307,257 68°58′N 33°05′E / 68.967°N 33.083°E / 68.967; 33.083
Arkhangelsk, Russia 348,740 64°32′N 40°32′E / 64.533°N 40.533°E / 64.533; 40.533
Yakutsk, Russia 255,784 62°02′N 129°44′E / 62.033°N 129.733°E / 62.033; 129.733
Petrozavodsk, Russia 298,784 61°47′N 34°21′E / 61.783°N 34.350°E / 61.783; 34.350
Surgut, Russia 298,500 61°16′N 73°24′E / 61.267°N 73.400°E / 61.267; 73.400
Anchorage, Alaska, United States 291,826 61°13′N 149°53′W / 61.217°N 149.883°W / 61.217; -149.883
Bergen, Norway 271,949 60°23′33″N 005°19′24″E / 60.39250°N 5.32333°E / 60.39250; 5.32333
Helsinki, Finland 621,863 60°10′15″N 024°56′15″E / 60.17083°N 24.93750°E / 60.17083; 24.93750

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ SPIEGEL ONLINE, Hamburg, Germany. "ARKTIS: Reich in der Kälte". 

External links[edit]