Northfield, New Jersey

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Northfield, New Jersey
City of Northfield
Risley House
Nickname(s): 
"Gateway to the Shore"[1]
Map of Northfield in Atlantic County. Inset: Location of Atlantic County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Northfield in Atlantic County. Inset: Location of Atlantic County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Northfield, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Northfield, New Jersey
Northfield is located in Atlantic County, New Jersey
Northfield
Northfield
Location in Atlantic County
Northfield is located in New Jersey
Northfield
Northfield
Location in New Jersey
Northfield is located in the United States
Northfield
Northfield
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 39°22′23″N 74°33′15″W / 39.373073°N 74.554128°W / 39.373073; -74.554128Coordinates: 39°22′23″N 74°33′15″W / 39.373073°N 74.554128°W / 39.373073; -74.554128[2][3]
Country United States
State New Jersey
CountyAtlantic
IncorporatedMarch 21, 1905
Government
 • TypeCity
 • BodyCity Council
 • MayorErland Chau (R, term ends December 31, 2023)[4][5]
 • Municipal clerkMary Canesi[6]
Area
 • Total3.62 sq mi (9.37 km2)
 • Land3.58 sq mi (9.28 km2)
 • Water0.04 sq mi (0.09 km2)  0.97%
Area rank310th of 565 in state
20th of 23 in county[2]
Elevation23 ft (7 m)
Population
 • Total8,624
 • Estimate 
(2019)[12]
8,031
 • Rank266th of 566 in state
10th of 23 in county[13]
 • Density2,533.7/sq mi (978.3/km2)
 • Density rank247th of 566 in state
6th of 23 in county[13]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
Area code609[16]
FIPS code3400152950[2][17][18]
GNIS feature ID0885324[2][19]
Websitewww.cityofnorthfield.org

Northfield is a city in Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 8,624,[9][10][11] reflecting an increase of 899 (+11.6%) from the 7,725 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 420 (+5.7%) from the 7,305 counted in the 1990 Census.[20]

Northfield was incorporated as a city by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 21, 1905, from portions of Egg Harbor Township.[21] A portion of Egg Harbor Township was transferred to Northfield in 1931, and then reverted to Egg Harbor Township in 1933.[22]

The city calls itself the "Gateway to the Shore", just over the bridge from the beaches, and is located about 7 miles (11 km) west of Atlantic City, bordering the municipalities of Pleasantville, Egg Harbor Township and Linwood.[23][24]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 3.62 square miles (9.37 km2), including 3.58 square miles (9.28 km2) of land and 0.04 square miles (0.09 km2) of water (0.97%).[2][3]

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the city include Bakersville and Dolphin.[25]

The borough borders the Atlantic County municipalities of Egg Harbor Township, Linwood and Pleasantville.[26][27][28]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910866
19201,12730.1%
19302,804148.8%
19402,8481.6%
19503,49822.8%
19605,84967.2%
19708,64647.8%
19807,795−9.8%
19907,305−6.3%
20007,7255.7%
20108,62411.6%
2019 (est.)8,031[12][29][30]−6.9%
Population sources: 1900-2000[31]
1900-1920[32] 1910[33] 1910-1930[34]
1930-1990[35] 2000[36][37] 2010[9][10][11]

2010 Census[edit]

The 2010 United States Census counted 8,624 people, 3,152 households, and 2,301 families in the city. The population density was 2,533.7 per square mile (978.3/km2). There were 3,260 housing units at an average density of 957.8 per square mile (369.8/km2). The racial makeup was 87.14% (7,515) White, 3.24% (279) Black or African American, 0.19% (16) Native American, 4.50% (388) Asian, 0.01% (1) Pacific Islander, 2.89% (249) from other races, and 2.04% (176) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.00% (690) of the population.[9]

Of the 3,152 households, 34.7% had children under the age of 18; 55.2% were married couples living together; 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present and 27.0% were non-families. Of all households, 22.1% were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.15.[9]

24.2% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 21.3% from 25 to 44, 31.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.1 years. For every 100 females, the population had 91.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 87.0 males.[9]

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $70,980 (with a margin of error of +/- $5,377) and the median family income was $78,727 (+/- $5,763). Males had a median income of $57,027 (+/- $4,611) versus $45,757 (+/- $6,595) for females. The per capita income for the city was $30,675 (+/- $2,461). About 2.5% of families and 3.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over.[38]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[17] there were 7,725 people, 2,824 households, and 2,109 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,254.9 people per square mile (869.6/km2). There were 2,922 housing units at an average density of 852.9 per square mile (328.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.52% White, 2.65% African American, 0.10% Native American, 2.50% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 1.81% from other races, and 1.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.38% of the population.[36][37]

There were 2,824 households, out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.6% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.3% were non-families. 21.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.11.[36][37]

In the city the age distribution of the population shows 25.5% under the age of 18, 4.4% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.6 males.[36][37]

The median income for a household in the city was $56,875, and the median income for a family was $62,896. Males had a median income of $43,227 versus $30,227 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,059. About 4.4% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.5% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.[36][37]

Parks and recreation[edit]

Northfield is home to Birch Grove Park, which covers 271 acres (110 ha) of heavily wooded land dotted with stocked fresh water fishing lakes. Birch Grove Park features over 50 campsites, exercise and nature trails, a bandstand and an extensive children's playground.[39]

Northfield features a large bird sanctuary, dedicated to remaining open space in perpetuity.[40]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Northfield operates under the City form of New Jersey municipal government, which is used in 15 municipalities (of the 565) statewide. Under this form of government, the council functions as a legislative body: it passes ordinances and approves the appointments of the mayor. The mayor, as executive, is responsible for administrative functions and appointment of all officials.[41] The governing body is comprised of a mayor and a city council who are chosen in partisan elections held as part of the November general election. The mayor serves a four-year term of office. The City Council is comprised of seven members, with one member elected at-large to a four-year term in office and six who are elected from wards to three-year terms on a staggered basis with two seats up for election each year.[7]

As of 2020, the Mayor of Northfield is Republican Erland Chau, whose term of office ends December 31, 2023. Members of the City Council are Council President Jeffrey Lischin (R, 2019; 1st Ward), Greg Dewees (R, 2022; 2nd Ward), Susan M. Korngut (D, 2020; 1st Ward), Barbara Madden (D, 2021; 2nd Ward), James T. O'Neill (R, 2020; 2nd Ward), Frank Perri Jr. (D, 2021; At Large), Brian L. Smith (R, 2021; 1st Ward) and Paul Utts (R, 2022; 1st Ward).[4][42][43][44][45][46]

In the November 2014 general election, Republican Erland Chau was chosen to fill the balance of the mayoral seat expiring December 31, 2015. Jerry McGee had been appointed by the council in February 2014 to fill the seat on an interim basis after Democrat Vince Mazzeo had resigned to take a seat in the New Jersey General Assembly.[47] The city council chose Jeff Lischin in December 2014 to fill the vacant council seat of Erland Chau expiring in December 2016. Lischin will serve on an interim basis until the November 2015 general election, at which time the voters will select a candidate to serve the balance of the unexpired term.[48] In November 2015, Lischin was elected to serve the balance of the term.[49]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 5,610 registered voters in Northfield Township, of which 1,331 (23.7% vs. 30.5% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,801 (32.1% vs. 25.2%) were registered as Republicans and 2,473 (44.1% vs. 44.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 5 voters registered to other parties.[50] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 65.1% (vs. 58.8% in Atlantic County) were registered to vote, including 85.9% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 76.6% countywide).[50][51]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 2,077 votes (49.3% vs. 57.9% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 2,059 votes (48.9% vs. 41.1%) and other candidates with 40 votes (0.9% vs. 0.9%), among the 4,214 ballots cast by the township's 5,923 registered voters, for a turnout of 71.1% (vs. 65.8% in Atlantic County).[52][53] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 2,244 votes (49.7% vs. 41.6% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 2,187 votes (48.5% vs. 56.5%) and other candidates with 44 votes (1.0% vs. 1.1%), among the 4,512 ballots cast by the township's 5,879 registered voters, for a turnout of 76.7% (vs. 68.1% in Atlantic County).[54] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 2,239 votes (52.6% vs. 46.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 1,940 votes (45.6% vs. 52.0%) and other candidates with 40 votes (0.9% vs. 0.8%), among the 4,253 ballots cast by the township's 5,296 registered voters, for a turnout of 80.3% (vs. 69.8% in the whole county).[55]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 1,877 votes (63.2% vs. 60.0% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 950 votes (32.0% vs. 34.9%) and other candidates with 39 votes (1.3% vs. 1.3%), among the 2,971 ballots cast by the township's 5,981 registered voters, yielding a 49.7% turnout (vs. 41.5% in the county).[56][57] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 1,662 votes (50.7% vs. 47.7% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 1,352 votes (41.2% vs. 44.5%), Independent Chris Daggett with 183 votes (5.6% vs. 4.8%) and other candidates with 36 votes (1.1% vs. 1.2%), among the 3,281 ballots cast by the township's 5,742 registered voters, yielding a 57.1% turnout (vs. 44.9% in the county).[58]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Northfield is located in the 2nd Congressional District[59] and is part of New Jersey's 2nd state legislative district.[10][60][61]

For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Jeff Van Drew (R, Dennis Township).[62] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021)[63] and Bob Menendez (Paramus, term ends 2025).[64][65]

For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 2nd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Chris A. Brown (R, Ventnor City) and in the General Assembly by Vince Mazzeo (D, Northfield) and John Armato (D, Buena Vista Township).[66][67]

Atlantic County is governed by a directly elected county executive and a nine-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, responsible for legislation. The executive serves a four-year term and the freeholders are elected to staggered three-year terms, of which four are elected from the county on an at-large basis and five of the freeholders represent equally populated districts.[68][69] As of 2018, Atlantic County's Executive is Republican Dennis Levinson, whose term of office ends December 31, 2019.[70] Members of the Board of Chosen Freeholders are Chairman Frank D. Formica, Freeholder At-Large (R, 2018, Margate City)[71] Vice Chairwoman Maureen Kern, Freeholder District 2, including Atlantic City (part), Egg Harbor Township (part), Linwood, Longport, Margate City, Northfield, Somers Point and Ventnor City (R, 2018, Somers Point),[72] Ashley R. Bennett, Freeholder District 3, including Egg Harbor Township (part) and Hamilton Township (part) (D, 2020, Egg Harbor Township),[73] James A. Bertino, Freeholder District 5, including Buena, Buena Vista Township, Corbin City, Egg Harbor City, Estell Manor, Folsom, Hamilton Township (part), Hammonton, Mullica Township and Weymouth Township (R, 2018, Hammonton),[74] Ernest D. Coursey, Freeholder District 1, including Atlantic City (part), Egg Harbor Township (part) and Pleasantville (D, 2019, Atlantic City),[75] Richard R. Dase, Freeholder District 4, including Absecon, Brigantine, Galloway Township and Port Republic (R, 2019, Galloway Township),[76] Caren L. Fitzpatrick, Freeholder At-Large (D, 2020, Linwood),[77] Amy L. Gatto, Freeholder At-Large (R, 2019, Mays Landing in Hamilton Township)[78] and John W. Risley, Freeholder At-Large (R, 2020, Egg Harbor Township)[79][68][80] Atlantic County's constitutional officers are County Clerk Edward P. McGettigan (D, 2021; Linwood),[81] [82] Sheriff Eric Scheffler (D, 2021, Northfield)[83][84] and Surrogate James Curcio (R, 2020, Hammonton).[85][86][87]

Education[edit]

Students in public school for kindergarten through eighth grade are served by the Northfield Community Schools.[88] As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of two schools, had an enrollment of 919 students and 82.9 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.1:1.[89] Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[90]) are Northfield Community Elementary School[91] with 505 students in grades K-4 and Northfield Community Middle School[92] with 409 students in grades 5-8.[93][94]

Students in ninth through twelfth grades attend Mainland Regional High School, which serves students from Linwood, Northfield and Somers Point.[95] The high school is located in Linwood. For the 1997–98 school year, Mainland Regional High School was recognized by the United States Department of Education as a National Blue Ribbon School.[96] As of the 2018–19 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 1,226 students and 112.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.9:1.[97] Seats on the high school district's nine-member board of education are allocated based on population, with three seats assigned to Northfield.[98]

City public school students are also eligible to attend the Atlantic County Institute of Technology in the Mays Landing section of Hamilton Township[99] or the Charter-Tech High School for the Performing Arts, located in Somers Point.[100] Students may also attend Holy Spirit High School, a Christian high school located in Abescon, New Jersey.

Holy Family Regional School in Ventnor, a K-8 school of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden formed in 2008, was co-sponsored by St. Gianna Beretta Church of Northfield. In 2011 the archdiocese closed the school.[101]

Transportation[edit]

U.S. Route 9 southbound in Northfield

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the city had a total of 46.41 miles (74.69 km) of roadways, of which 36.07 miles (58.05 km) were maintained by the municipality, 8.43 miles (13.57 km) by Atlantic County and 1.91 miles (3.07 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[102]

U.S. Route 9 is the main highway directly serving Northfield, running south into Linwood and north into Pleasantville. Several major highways are accessible just outside the city, including the Garden State Parkway and the Atlantic City Expressway. These major highways provide connections to New York City, Philadelphia and Cape May.

Public transportation[edit]

NJ Transit offers bus transportation in the city between Ocean City and Atlantic City on the 507 and 509 routes.[103][104]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Northfield include:

References[edit]

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  6. ^ Office of the Municipal Clerk, City of Northfield. Accessed May 12, 2020.
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  48. ^ Schenk, Craig D. "Lischin appointed to Northfield City Council", Ocean City Sentinel, December 11, 2014. Accessed February 8, 2015. "City Council has chosen real estate agent Jeff Lischin to replace Erland Chau representing the city's 1st Ward after Chau was elected mayor in November. Lischin, 45, and his wife, Margot, have two children who attend Northfield Community Middle School. He will serve until November, when he would have to seek re-election to the final year of the unexpired term. The winner of that election would serve until Dec. 31, 2016, when the victor in the 2016 election assumes the seat for a full three-year term."
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  75. ^ Ernest D. Coursey, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed June 5, 2018.
  76. ^ Richard R. Dase, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed June 5, 2018.
  77. ^ Caren L. Fitzpatrick, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed June 5, 2018.
  78. ^ Amy L. Gatto, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed June 5, 2018.
  79. ^ John W. Risley, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed June 5, 2018.
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  84. ^ Members List: Sheriffs, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed June 5, 2018.
  85. ^ Surrogate's Office, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Accessed June 5, 2018.
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  93. ^ About Our School, Northfield Community Schools. Accessed May 12, 2020. "We have approximately 1,000 pupils, grades PK-8, housed in one building located on a site of 11.58 acres. Although we are located in one building, we have designated the downstairs of the building as the Northfield Community Elementary School for grades PK-4 and the upstairs of the building as the Northfield Community Middle School for grades 5-8."
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  106. ^ Schaffer, Regina. "Art Blakey will be remembered by Keith Hollis band, Jazz Vespers in Atlantic City Sunday", The Press of Atlantic City, January 14, 2014. Accessed May 21, 2017. "Hollis, an Atlantic City native, was only 6 years old when Blakey and his family, including longtime companion Sandy Warren, moved to Northfield."
  107. ^ Parmley, Suzette. "Amid the produce, Vince Mazzeo basks in Assembly win", The Philadelphia Inquirer, December 9, 2013. Accessed September 11, 2015. "Since 2008, Mazzeo has been mayor of Northfield, population 8,600, where he was born and raised."
  108. ^ Staff. "Evelyn Nesbit Ill of Pneumonia", The New York Times, February 10, 1932. Accessed September 26, 2019. "Atlantic City, N. J., Feb. 9 - Evelyn Nesbit, divorced wife of Harry K. Thaw, and well known here as a cabaret entertainer, was reported ill of pneumonia tonight in her home, 2,000 Shore Road, Northfield."
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