Northgate Mall (Seattle)

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Northgate Mall
Northgatemallnorthentrance.jpg
The north entrance of Northgate Mall in 2007
Coordinates47°42′22″N 122°19′33″W / 47.70611°N 122.32583°W / 47.70611; -122.32583Coordinates: 47°42′22″N 122°19′33″W / 47.70611°N 122.32583°W / 47.70611; -122.32583
Address401 NE Northgate Way
Seattle, Washington, US
Opening dateApril 21, 1950; 68 years ago (April 21, 1950)
DeveloperAllied Stores
OwnerSimon Property Group
ArchitectJohn Graham Jr.
No. of stores and services125
No. of anchor tenants6 (5 when JCPenney closes)
Total retail floor area984,000 sq ft (91,400 m2)
No. of floors2
Public transit accessLink light rail Northgate Transit Center
Websitesimon.com/mall/northgate-mall

Northgate Mall is an enclosed shopping mall in northern Seattle, Washington, United States. It has over 125 stores and is anchored by Bed Bath & Beyond, JCPenney, Macy's, and Nordstrom. The mall is located in the Northgate neighborhood on Interstate 5, adjacent to Northgate Way and the Northgate Transit Center (a future light rail station).

Northgate opened in 1950 as one of the first modern shopping centers to be built in the post-war United States. The mall was developed by Allied Stores and was initially an open-air facility until renovations in the 1970s.

History[edit]

An open-air retail hub in the northern environs of Seattle, Northgate Mall was one of the first post-war, suburban mall-type shopping centers in the United States. Originally known as Northgate Center, it began business with 18 stores in April 1950. By 1952, the fully leased structure housed over seventy tenants,[1] with an adjoined 4-story Northgate Building medical/dental center and Northgate Theatre, which seated over 1300 patrons.[2]

Northgate was the first of three Puget Sound-area malls developed by Allied Stores (parent company of The Bon Marché) and designed by Seattle architect John Graham, Jr. The development was built over part of Thornton Creek, on land that had been a cranberry bog in Maple Leaf neighborhood.[3][4] Northgate was the first regional shopping center in the United States to be described as a mall,[citation needed] in this instance a double row of stores facing each other across a covered pedestrian walkway, and was the first mall to have public restrooms.

In 1952, Redmond sculptor Dudley C. Carter designed and carved the 59-foot (18 m) cedar totem pole that decorated the grand entrance to the central retail corridor, known as the "Miracle Mall". The shopping center was originally anchored by The Bon Marché (which was acquired by Macy's in 2003; it went by the name Bon-Macy's before the name Bon name was retired in 2005). There were also a J.J. Newberry 5 and 10, Butler Brothers variety store and an A & P Supermarket.

Other tenants signing on early that still exist were National Bank of Commerce (bought by Norwest Corporation, renamed Wells Fargo) and locally owned Nordstrom's Shoes. This was expanded into a full line clothing store in 1965. Opened as a Best's Apparel, a division of the Nordstrom Company since 1963, it was rebranded as Nordstrom Best in 1967 and Nordstrom in 1973. The 1965 expansion that added the Best's Apparel store also included an extension of the south end of the complex. This was anchored by a new JCPenney and QFC (Quality Food Center) grocery.

The "Miracle Mall" concourse had been partially enclosed with a "SkyShield" structure in 1962. This was replaced in 1973-1974, with the mall corridor being fully enclosed. The official name of the shopping complex was changed to Northgate Mall at this time. Seattle-based Lamonts added a store to the northern end of the concourse in 1977.

With another renovation to the mall 20 years later in 1997, Toys "R" Us opened its doors in October 30th. The food court was also renovated. Two new stores, Sam Goody and Foot Locker also opened. The new interior was also completed in 1998.

After the acquisition of the Lamonts department store chain by Gottschalks in 2000, Gottschalks was located at Northgate Mall until September 2006. It closed after six years due to underperforming sales, and the former location is currently the home to DSW and Bed, Bath and Beyond. In January 2012, Toys "R" Us closed which coincided with the end of its lease.[5] A year later in 2013, Nordstrom Rack opened up in the space formerly occupied by Toys "R" Us.

Capitalizing on Northgate's success, Allied Stores commissioned Graham to design the fully enclosed Tacoma Mall, which opened in 1964, and Tukwila's Southcenter Mall in 1968. By 1980, there were 123 stores at Northgate Mall. Construction began in the summer of 2006 on a 100,000-square-foot (9,300 m2) lifestyle-type addition to the mall. This was completed in early 2008.[6] Anchor stores are Nordstrom, Macy's, JCPenney, and Bed Bath and Beyond.[7]

On October 8, 2018, it was announced that JCPenney would be closing in 2019.[8]

Current[edit]

  • Nordstrom Rack: since 2013, opened as Toys "R" Us in fall 1997, reopened as Nordstrom Rack in 2013
  • DSW: since 2008, opened as Lamonts in 1977, renamed Gottschalks in 2000
  • Bed Bath & Beyond: since 2008, opened as Lamonts in 1977, renamed Gottschalks in 2000
  • Nordstrom: since 1950
  • Macy's: since 2005: opened as The Bon-Marche, renamed Bon-Macy's in 2003, then converted into Macy's in 2005
  • Barnes & Noble: since fall 2007
  • JCPenney: since 1950, closing in 2019

Terrorists and serial killers[edit]

In 1973, the serial-killer Ted Bundy reportedly apprehended a purse-snatcher late at night in the Northgate Mall parking lot, a few weeks before his first documented murder. Many of his subsequent victims were approached in parking lots.[9]

On September 12, 1983, Tracy Ann Winston was abducted from Northgate Mall and murdered by Gary Ridgway, the Green River Killer.[10][11]

The following year, on April 23, 1984, a seven-man force of The Order attacked an armored car at the mall, after first staging a diversionary bombing.[12]

Proposed redevelopment[edit]

In 2006, Simon Properties embarked on an expansion of Northgate Mall, in part because of the city's plan for revitalizing the Northgate neighborhood. The expansion plans included a new outdoor "urban-village" on the western end of the mall facing Interstate 5. This village opened in November 2007.

A new five level parking garage at the south end of the mall provides parking for mall users and additional transit parking. The totem pole at the north entrance of the mall was removed in September 2007.[13] Around the same time, the original Northgate Theatre and 4-story Northgate Building were demolished to make space for new tenants.

In 2018, Simon Property Group announced their intention to redevelop the 55-acre (22 ha) mall into a mixed-use center with hotels, housing, and offices in addition to retail space. The redevelopment would replace several parking lots and be completed after the opening of a nearby light rail station in 2021.[14]

Location[edit]

The mall is bounded on the north by NE Northgate Way (formerly NE 110th Street), on the west by 1st Avenue NE, on the south by NE 103rd Street, and on the east by 5th Avenue NE.[3] The Northgate informal district and Northgate Way were both named after the mall.[15] The original mall has itself become the anchor for development of surrounding apartment buildings, retail and light commercial blocks and community spaces, all now part of a more comprehensive plan for growth such as the opportunities and impacts of transit facilities and the light rail station for the district.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pocock, Emil. "Shopping Center History". American Studies at Eastern Connecticut State University. Archived from the original on 2012-04-04. Retrieved 2016-07-29.
  2. ^ http://www.historylink.org/index.cfm?DisplayPage=output.cfm&File_Id=3186
  3. ^ a b "Maple Leaf". Seattle City Clerk's Neighborhood Map Atlas. Office of the Seattle City Clerk. n.d., map .jpg c. 2002-06-17. Retrieved 2006-04-21. Check date values in: |date= (help) "NN-1030S", "NN-1040S".jpg dated 17 June 2002.
  4. ^ (1) "Northgate". Seattle City Clerk's Neighborhood Map Atlas. Office of the Seattle City Clerk. n.d., map .jpg 2002-06-17. Retrieved 2006-04-21. Check date values in: |date= (help)
    (2) "About the Seattle City Clerk's On-line Information Services". Information Services. Office of the Seattle City Clerk. 2006-04-30, revised. Retrieved 2006-05-21. Check date values in: |date= (help)
    See heading, "Note about limitations of these data".
  5. ^ "Toys R Us closing Northgate store". The Seattle Times. 2011-12-28.
  6. ^ Wilma (2005)
  7. ^ "Northgate Information". Home > Mall Information. Simon Properties. n.d., 2006 per soon stores in "Northgate Directory". Retrieved 2006-04-21. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  8. ^ https://www.seattletimes.com/business/jcpenney-closing-northgate-mall-store-in-2019/
  9. ^ http://kuow.org/post/creepy-story-about-ted-bundy-anyone-knew-he-was-killing-women
  10. ^ http://swopeast.org/?q=node/117
  11. ^ Gary Ridgway
  12. ^ McClary, Daryl. "Robert Jay Mathews, founder of the white-supremacist group The Order, is killed during an FBI siege on Whidbey Island on December 8, 1984". HistoryLink. HistoryInk. Retrieved December 31, 2016.
  13. ^ http://wikimapia.org/9446524/Northgate-Totem-Pole
  14. ^ Rosenberg, Mike (March 9, 2018). "Northgate Mall plans huge overhaul with housing, offices as North Seattle transforms". The Seattle Times. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
  15. ^ Phelps, p.34; Chapter 16, "Street Names and House Numbering", pp. 225-235
  16. ^ (1) Langston, for one example of numerous.
    (2) "Northgate Revitalization: Overview". Seattle Department of Planning and Development. 2005-01-03. Retrieved 2006-05-21.
    (3) "Northgate Revitalization: Northgate Public Process History". Seattle Department of Planning and Development. 2004-08-12. Retrieved 2006-05-21.
    (4) "Northgate Revitalization: Building Northgate". Seattle Department of Planning and Development. 2006-05-10. Retrieved 2006-05-21.
    (5) See also GI Joes–Target complex c. early 2000s, and Group Health Northgate (1958) [HistoryLink Staff].

Bibliography[edit]

  • "About the Seattle City Clerk's On-line Information Services". Information Services. Seattle City Clerk's Office. 2006-04-30. Retrieved 2006-05-21.
    See heading, "Note about limitations of these data".
  • Crowley, Walt (2001-03-19). "Blue Streak, first express park-and-ride bus service, begins between Northgate and downtown Seattle on September 8, 1970". HistoryLink.org Essay 3115. Retrieved 2006-04-21.
    Crowley referenced Walt Crowley, Routes, An Interpretive History of Public Transportation in Metropolitan Seattle (Seattle: Metro Transit, 1993).
  • "Group Health Cooperative dedicates Northgate Clinic on March 22, 1958". HistoryLink.org Essay 7421. 2005-08-13. Retrieved 2006-04-21. |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  • Langston, Jennifer (2006-06-08). "Northgate project, creek to spring up". Business. Seattle Post-Intelligencer. pp. E1, E2.
  • "Maple Leaf". Seattle City Clerk's Neighborhood Map Atlas. Office of the Seattle City Clerk. n.d., map .jpg c. 2002-06-17. Retrieved 2006-04-21. Check date values in: |date= (help)
    Maps "NN-1030S", "NN-1040S".jpg dated 17 June 2002.
  • "Northgate". Seattle City Clerk's Neighborhood Map Atlas. Office of the Seattle City Clerk. n.d., map .jpg 2002-06-17. Retrieved 2006-04-21. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  • "Northgate Directory". Home > Mall Directory > Browse Alphabetically. Simon Properties. n.d., 1st quarter 2006 per soon store openings. Retrieved 2006-04-21. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  • "Northgate Information". Simon Properties. n.d., 1st quarter 2006 per soon stores in "Northgate Directory". Retrieved 2006-04-21. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  • "Northgate Mall" (GIF). Home > Mall Directory > View Mall Floorplan. Simon Properties. 2003-10-15. Retrieved 2006-04-21.
  • "Northgate Revitalization: Building Northgate". Seattle Department of Planning and Development. 2006-05-10. Retrieved 2006-05-21.
  • "Northgate Revitalization: Overview". Seattle Department of Planning and Development. 2005-01-03. Retrieved 2006-04-21.
  • "Northgate Revitalization: Northgate Public Process History". Seattle Department of Planning and Development. 2004-08-12. Retrieved 2006-04-21.
  • Phelps, Myra L. (1978). Public works in Seattle. Seattle: Seattle Engineering Department. ISBN 0-9601928-1-6.
  • Shenk, Carol; Pollack, Laurie; Dornfeld, Ernie; Frantilla, Anne; Neman, Chris (2002-06-26, maps .jpg c. 2002-06-15). "About neighborhood maps". Seattle City Clerk's Office Neighborhood Map Atlas. Information Services, Seattle City Clerk's Office. Retrieved 2006-04-21. Check date values in: |date= (help)
    Sources for this atlas and the neighborhood names used in it include a 1980 neighborhood map produced by the Department of Community Development (relocated to the Department of Neighborhoods and other agencies), Seattle Public Library indexes, a 1984-1986 Neighborhood Profiles feature series in the Seattle Post-Intelligencer, numerous parks, land use and transportation planning studies, and records in the Seattle Municipal Archives.
    [Maps "NN-1120S", "NN-1130S", "NN-1140S".Jpg [sic] dated 13 June 2002; "NN-1030S", "NN-1040S".jpg dated 17 June 2002.]"Northgate Shopping Mall opens on April 21, 1950". HistoryLink.org Essay 3186. Retrieved 2006-04-21.
    Wilma referenced Walt Crowley with Paul Dorpat (Photography Editor), National Trust Guide: Seattle (New York: John Wiley & Son, Inc., 1998), 209;
    HistoryLink.org Online Encyclopedia of Washington State History, "Northgate Beginnings" (by Jim Douglas), http://www.historylink.org/ (accessed August 2001);
    L. B. Fussell, "Section To Be Known As 'Northgate'", The Seattle Times, February 22, 1948;
    "Features Of Northgate Shopping Area Outlined", The Seattle Times, February 1, 1950; "Polar Bear Cubs And $35,000 Car Vie At Northgate", The Seattle Times, May 23, 1950;
    "Plenty of Parking Space At Northgate", The Seattle Times, May 7, 1950;
    "Carter To Carve Totem Pole For Northgate", The Seattle Times, February 26, 1952;
    "Northgate Stores Fete Completion Of 5-Acre Area", The Seattle Times, February 15, 1952;
    "Car Show Planned On Northgate Mall", The Seattle Times, April 30, 1953;
    "25 New Stores Opening At Northgate", The Seattle Times, August 17, 1965;
    "Did You Know?" The Seattle Times, March 18, 1965;
    "Northgate's Vast Parking Areas Can Accommodate Up To 50,000 Cars A Day", The Seattle Times, March 21, 1968;
    "Eighteen Stores Pioneered Merchandising History At Northgate", The Seattle Times, April 9, 1975;
    "Northgate An Instant Success", The Seattle Times, April 9, 1975;
    "Northgate Center Will Celebrate 30th Anniversary Next Month", The Seattle Times, March 13, 1980;
    "Simoninfo", Simon Properties Website (www.simon.com);
    Steve Schoenherr (University of San Diego), "Evolution of the Shopping Center", Steve Schoenherr Home Page accessed on November 4, 2004 (http://home.sandiego.edu/~ses/).
  • Wilma, David (2001-07-20). "Seattle Neighborhoods: Maple Leaf -- Thumbnail History". HistoryLink.org Essay 3454. Retrieved 2006-04-21.
    From Mimi Sheridan and Carol Tobin, Licton Springs History,(Seattle: Licton Springs Community Council, 2001), 8;
    Don Sherwood, "Sacajawea P.F.", in "Interpretive Essays of the Histories of Seattle's Parks and Playfields", handwritten bound manuscript dated 1977, Seattle Room, Seattle Public Library.

External links[edit]