Northgate Mall (Seattle)
The north entrance to Northgate Mall in 2007
|Address||401 NE Northgate Way|
Seattle, Washington, U.S.
|Opening date||April 21, 1950|
|Owner||Simon Property Group|
|Architect||John Graham Jr.|
|No. of stores and services||108|
|No. of anchor tenants||6 (3 open, 3 vacant)|
|Total retail floor area||1,045,838 sq ft (97,161.5 m2)|
|No. of floors||2|
|Public transit access||Northgate Transit Center|
Northgate Mall is an enclosed shopping mall in Seattle, Washington, United States. It is located in the Northgate neighborhood on Interstate 5, adjacent to Northgate Way and the Northgate Transit Center, a future light rail station. The mall is anchored by Bed Bath & Beyond, DSW, and Nordstrom Rack.
Northgate opened in 1950 as one of the first modern shopping centers to be built in the post-war United States. The mall was developed by Allied Stores and was initially an open-air facility until being renovated in the 1970s.
Northgate Mall started as an open-air retail hub in the northern environs of Seattle. It was one of the first post-war, suburban mall-type shopping centers in the United States and originally went by the name of "Northgate Center", in light of its location at the north edge of Seattle (and being beyond the city limits at the time). It began business with 18 stores in April 1950, anchored by The Bon Marché. By 1952, the fully leased structure housed over seventy tenants, and also included an adjoined four-story Northgate Building medical/dental center and Northgate Theatre, which had seating for over 1,300 guests.
Northgate was the first of three malls in the Puget Sound region to be developed by Allied Stores (the parent company of The Bon Marché) and designed by Seattle architect John Graham, Jr. The development was built over part of Thornton Creek, on land that had been a cranberry bog in the Maple Leaf neighborhood. Northgate was the first regional shopping center in the United States to be described as a mall, in this instance a double row of stores facing each other across a covered pedestrian walkway. It was also the first mall to have public restrooms.
In 1952, Redmond sculptor Dudley C. Carter designed and carved the 59-foot (18 m) cedar totem pole that decorated the grand entrance to the central retail corridor, known as the "Miracle Mall". The shopping center was originally anchored by The Bon Marché (which was acquired by Macy's in 2003; it went by the name Bon-Macy's before the Bon name was retired in 2005). There was also a J.J. Newberry 5 and 10, a Butler Brothers variety store and an A & P Supermarket.
Other tenants who signed on early included the National Bank of Commerce (eventually bought by Norwest Corporation and renamed Wells Fargo) and locally-owned Nordstrom's Shoes, which was expanded into a full line clothing store in 1965. Opened as a Best's Apparel, a division of the Nordstrom Company since 1963, it was rebranded as Nordstrom Best in 1967 and Nordstrom in 1973. The 1965 expansion that added the Best's Apparel store also included an extension of the south end of the complex. This was anchored by a new JCPenney and QFC (Quality Food Center) grocery.
The "Miracle Mall" concourse had been partially enclosed within a "SkyShield" structure added in 1962. This was replaced in 1973 and 1974, with the mall corridor becoming fully enclosed. The official name of the shopping complex was changed to Northgate Mall at this time. Seattle-based department chain Lamonts added a store to the northern end of the concourse in 1977.
The mall was renovated again in 1997, with Toys "R" Us opening a store there in October that year. The food court also underwent renovations, and Sam Goody and Foot Locker also opened stores around this time. The new interior was completed in 1998.
Gottschalks acquired the Lamonts chain in 2000 and had a location at the mall until September 2006, before having to close due to underperforming sales. Their former location is currently home to DSW and Bed, Bath and Beyond. The Toys "R" Us store closed in January 2012 when its lease expired. Their place was taken by Nordstrom Rack the following year.
Capitalizing on Northgate's success, Allied Stores commissioned Graham to design the fully enclosed Tacoma Mall (opened 1964) and Tukwila's Southcenter Mall (opened 1968). By 1980, there were 123 stores at Northgate Mall. Construction began in the summer of 2006 on a 100,000-square-foot (9,300 m2) lifestyle-type addition to the mall. It was completed in early 2008. The mall is anchored today by Nordstrom Rack, DSW, and Bed Bath and Beyond.
On October 8, 2018, it was announced that JCPenney would be closing in 2019. Macy's subsequently announced in January 2019 that it would also close its store in 2020; the closure was ultimately moved up to July 2019, allegedly at the request of Simon Property Group. Nordstrom closed its Northgate store on August 9, 2019, though the Nordstrom Rack remained open. Approximately 40 stores and restaurants at Northgate will remain open through the redevelopment project.
- DSW: since 2008, opened as Lamonts in 1977, renamed Gottschalks in 2000
- Bed Bath & Beyond: since 2008, opened as Lamonts in 1977, renamed Gottschalks in 2000
- Barnes & Noble: since fall 2007
- Nordstrom: since 1950, closed in 2019
- JCPenney: since 1950, closed in 2019
- Toys R Us: since 1997, closed in 2012
- Macy's: since 2005: opened as The Bon-Marche, renamed Bon-Macy's in 2003, then converted into Macy's in 2005, closed in 2019
In 1973, the serial-killer Ted Bundy reportedly apprehended a purse-snatcher late at night in the Northgate Mall parking lot, a few weeks before his first documented murder. Many of his subsequent victims were approached in parking lots.
This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2007) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
In 2006, Simon Properties embarked on an expansion of Northgate Mall, in part because of the city's plan for revitalizing the Northgate neighborhood. The expansion plans included a new outdoor "urban-village" on the western end of the mall facing Interstate 5. This village opened in November 2007.
A new five level parking garage at the south end of the mall provides parking for mall users and additional transit parking. The totem pole at the north entrance of the mall was removed in September 2007. Around the same time, the original Northgate Theatre and 4-story Northgate Building were demolished to make space for new tenants.
In 2018, Simon Property Group announced their intention to redevelop the 55-acre (22 ha) mall into a mixed-use center with hotels, housing, offices and the headquarters and practice facility for the upcoming Seattle Kraken in addition to retail space. The redevelopment will replace several parking lots and be completed after the opening of a nearby light rail station in 2021. Construction on the hockey facility, named the Northgate Ice Centre, began in February 2020 and is planned to be completed in 2021.
The mall is bounded on the north by NE Northgate Way (formerly NE 110th Street), on the west by 1st Avenue NE, on the south by NE 103rd Street, and on the east by 5th Avenue NE. The Northgate informal district and Northgate Way were both named after the mall. The original mall has itself become the anchor for development of surrounding apartment buildings, retail and light commercial blocks and community spaces, all now part of a more comprehensive plan for growth such as the opportunities and impacts of transit facilities and the light rail station for the district.
- Banel, Feliks (February 15, 2020). "All Over The Map: Who named Seattle's Northgate Mall?". KIRO Radio. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
- Pocock, Emil. "Shopping Center History". American Studies at Eastern Connecticut State University. Archived from the original on April 4, 2012. Retrieved July 29, 2016.
- "Northgate Shopping Mall in Seattle opens on April 21, 1950". HistoryLink.
- "Maple Leaf". Seattle City Clerk's Neighborhood Map Atlas. Office of the Seattle City Clerk. June 17, 2002. Retrieved April 21, 2006. "NN-1030S", "NN-1040S".jpg dated June 17, 2002.
"Northgate". Seattle City Clerk's Neighborhood Map Atlas. Office of the Seattle City Clerk. June 17, 2002. Retrieved April 21, 2006.
(2) "About the Seattle City Clerk's On-line Information Services". Information Services. Office of the Seattle City Clerk. April 30, 2006. Retrieved May 21, 2006.
See heading, "Note about limitations of these data".
- "Toys R Us closing Northgate store". The Seattle Times. December 28, 2011.
- Wilma (2005)
- "Northgate Information". Home > Mall Information. Simon Properties. 2006. Retrieved April 21, 2006.
- "JCPenney closing Northgate Mall store in 2019". The Seattle Times. October 8, 2018.
- Roberts, Paul (April 3, 2019). "Macy's now plans to close Northgate store this summer, not 2020". The Seattle Times. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
- Roberts, Paul; Vedantam, Keerthi (August 10, 2019). "Looking for deals – and memories – as Northgate Nordstrom closes: One of its oldest locations and an icon for longtime shoppers". The Seattle Times. p. A1. Retrieved August 10, 2019.
- "Nordstrom to close its storied Northgate store in August". The Seattle Times. June 7, 2019.
- Roberts, Paul (December 13, 2019). "As Macy's and other Northgate 'anchors' come down, some merchants ride out the turmoil". The Seattle Times. Retrieved December 13, 2019.
- Raftery, Isolde. "Creepy: This story about Ted Bundy before anyone knew he was killing women". archive.kuow.org.
- McClary, Daryl. "Robert Jay Mathews, founder of the white-supremacist group The Order, is killed during an FBI siege on Whidbey Island on December 8, 1984". HistoryLink. HistoryInk. Retrieved December 31, 2016.
- "Northgate Totem Pole - Wikimapia". wikimapia.org.
- Rosenberg, Mike (March 9, 2018). "Northgate Mall plans huge overhaul with housing, offices as North Seattle transforms". The Seattle Times. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
- Baker, Geoff (February 27, 2020). "NHL Seattle breaks ground on Northgate Mall training center, touting community aspects of both design and usage". The Seattle Times. Retrieved August 17, 2020.
- McIntosh, Andrew (August 17, 2020). "Seattle Kraken practice rink marks milestone as final roof beam hoisted into place". Puget Sound Business Journal. Retrieved August 17, 2020.
- Phelps, p.34; Chapter 16, "Street Names and House Numbering", pp. 225-235
- (1) Langston, for one example of numerous.
(2) "Northgate Revitalization: Overview". Seattle Department of Planning and Development. January 3, 2005. Retrieved May 21, 2006.
(3) "Northgate Revitalization: Northgate Public Process History". Seattle Department of Planning and Development. August 12, 2004. Retrieved May 21, 2006.
(4) "Northgate Revitalization: Building Northgate". Seattle Department of Planning and Development. May 10, 2006. Retrieved May 21, 2006.
(5) See also GI Joes–Target complex c. early 2000s, and Group Health Northgate (1958) [HistoryLink Staff].
- "About the Seattle City Clerk's On-line Information Services". Information Services. Seattle City Clerk's Office. April 30, 2006. Retrieved May 21, 2006.
See heading, "Note about limitations of these data".
- Crowley, Walt (March 19, 2001). "Blue Streak, first express park-and-ride bus service, begins between Northgate and downtown Seattle on September 8, 1970". HistoryLink.org Essay 3115. Retrieved April 21, 2006.
Crowley referenced Walt Crowley, Routes, An Interpretive History of Public Transportation in Metropolitan Seattle (Seattle: Metro Transit, 1993).
- "Group Health Cooperative dedicates Northgate Clinic on March 22, 1958". HistoryLink.org Essay 7421. August 13, 2005. Retrieved April 21, 2006.
- Langston, Jennifer (June 8, 2006). "Northgate project, creek to spring up". Business. Seattle Post-Intelligencer. pp. E1, E2.
- "Maple Leaf". Seattle City Clerk's Neighborhood Map Atlas. Office of the Seattle City Clerk. June 17, 2002. Retrieved April 21, 2006.
Maps "NN-1030S", "NN-1040S".jpg dated June 17, 2002.
- "Northgate". Seattle City Clerk's Neighborhood Map Atlas. Office of the Seattle City Clerk. June 17, 2002. Retrieved April 21, 2006.
- "Northgate Directory". Home > Mall Directory > Browse Alphabetically. Simon Properties. 2006. Retrieved April 21, 2006.
- "Northgate Information". Simon Properties. 2006. Retrieved April 21, 2006.
- "Northgate Mall" (GIF). Home > Mall Directory > View Mall Floorplan. Simon Properties. October 15, 2003. Retrieved April 21, 2006.
- "Northgate Revitalization: Building Northgate". Seattle Department of Planning and Development. May 10, 2006. Retrieved May 21, 2006.
- "Northgate Revitalization: Overview". Seattle Department of Planning and Development. January 3, 2005. Retrieved April 21, 2006.
- "Northgate Revitalization: Northgate Public Process History". Seattle Department of Planning and Development. August 12, 2004. Retrieved April 21, 2006.
- Phelps, Myra L. (1978). Public works in Seattle. Seattle: Seattle Engineering Department. ISBN 0-9601928-1-6.
- Shenk, Carol; Pollack, Laurie; Dornfeld, Ernie; Frantilla, Anne; Neman, Chris (June 26, 2002). "About neighborhood maps". Seattle City Clerk's Office Neighborhood Map Atlas. Information Services, Seattle City Clerk's Office. Retrieved April 21, 2006.
Sources for this atlas and the neighborhood names used in it include a 1980 neighborhood map produced by the Department of Community Development (relocated to the Department of Neighborhoods and other agencies), Seattle Public Library indexes, a 1984-1986 Neighborhood Profiles feature series in the Seattle Post-Intelligencer, numerous parks, land use and transportation planning studies, and records in the Seattle Municipal Archives.
[Maps "NN-1120S", "NN-1130S", "NN-1140S".Jpg [sic] dated June 13, 2002; "NN-1030S", "NN-1040S".jpg dated June 17, 2002.]"Northgate Shopping Mall opens on April 21, 1950". HistoryLink.org Essay 3186. Retrieved April 21, 2006.
Wilma referenced Walt Crowley with Paul Dorpat (Photography Editor), National Trust Guide: Seattle (New York: John Wiley & Son, Inc., 1998), 209;
HistoryLink.org Online Encyclopedia of Washington State History, "Northgate Beginnings" (by Jim Douglas), The Free Online Encyclopedia of Washington State History - HistoryLink.org (accessed August 2001);
L. B. Fussell, "Section To Be Known As 'Northgate'", The Seattle Times, February 22, 1948;
"Features Of Northgate Shopping Area Outlined", The Seattle Times, February 1, 1950; "Polar Bear Cubs And $35,000 Car Vie At Northgate", The Seattle Times, May 23, 1950;
"Plenty of Parking Space At Northgate", The Seattle Times, May 7, 1950;
"Carter To Carve Totem Pole For Northgate", The Seattle Times, February 26, 1952;
"Northgate Stores Fete Completion Of 5-Acre Area", The Seattle Times, February 15, 1952;
"Car Show Planned On Northgate Mall", The Seattle Times, April 30, 1953;
"25 New Stores Opening At Northgate", The Seattle Times, August 17, 1965;
"Did You Know?" The Seattle Times, March 18, 1965;
"Northgate's Vast Parking Areas Can Accommodate Up To 50,000 Cars A Day", The Seattle Times, March 21, 1968;
"Eighteen Stores Pioneered Merchandising History At Northgate", The Seattle Times, April 9, 1975;
"Northgate An Instant Success", The Seattle Times, April 9, 1975;
"Northgate Center Will Celebrate 30th Anniversary Next Month", The Seattle Times, March 13, 1980;
"Simoninfo", Simon Properties Website (www.simon.com);
Steve Schoenherr (University of San Diego), "Evolution of the Shopping Center", Steve Schoenherr Home Page accessed on November 4, 2004 (http://home.sandiego.edu/~ses/).
- Wilma, David (July 20, 2001). "Seattle Neighborhoods: Maple Leaf -- Thumbnail History". HistoryLink.org Essay 3454. Retrieved April 21, 2006.
From Mimi Sheridan and Carol Tobin, Licton Springs History,(Seattle: Licton Springs Community Council, 2001), 8;
Don Sherwood, "Sacajawea P.F.", in "Interpretive Essays of the Histories of Seattle's Parks and Playfields", handwritten bound manuscript dated 1977, Seattle Room, Seattle Public Library.