Northumberland County, Ontario

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Northumberland County
County (upper-tier)
County of Northumberland
Motto(s): "Strength Honour And Beauty"
Location of Northumberland County within Ontario
Location of Northumberland County within Ontario
Coordinates: 44°07′N 78°02′W / 44.117°N 78.033°W / 44.117; -78.033Coordinates: 44°07′N 78°02′W / 44.117°N 78.033°W / 44.117; -78.033
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
County seat Cobourg
Population (2016)[1]
 • Total 85,598
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Map of Northumberland County, showing townships and main settlements.[2]

Northumberland County is situated on the north shore of Lake Ontario, in central Ontario, Canada. It is located east of the Regional Municipality of Durham (formerly Durham County), west of Hastings County, southeast of Kawartha Lakes and south of Peterborough County. The county seat is Cobourg. Together with Durham County, it formed the Newcastle District from 1802 to 1849 and the United Counties of Northumberland and Durham from 1850 to 1973. Effective January 1, 1974, part of Durham County was merged with Ontario County to create the Regional Municipality of Durham. At that time, Northumberland reverted to a standalone county.

It was first aggressively settled by United Empire Loyalists fleeing the former 13 British American Colonies in the late 18th century. The Crown provided plots to the settlers for nominal sums (with the stipulation of making the land productive in a set number of years) or free to those who had served against the American Colonial Army. Following the War of 1812, many port towns, Port Hope and Cobourg in particular, became important centres for commercial activity and a landing point for European immigrants arriving on steamers.


Northumberland County consists of seven municipalities (in population order):

The Alderville First Nation is within the Northumberland census division but is independent of county administration.


The numbers below are for the Northumberland census division and combine Northumberland County and the Alderville First Nation reserve.

Canada census – Northumberland County, Ontario community profile
2016 2011 2006
Population: 85,598 (4.2% from 2011) 82,126 (1.4% from 2006) 80,963 (4.5% from 2001)
Land area: 1,905.34 km2 (735.66 sq mi) 1,902.97 km2 (734.74 sq mi)
Population density: 43.1/km2 (112/sq mi) 42.5/km2 (110/sq mi)
Median age: 44.8 (M: 44.0, F: 45.6)
Total private dwellings: 39,032 37,226 35,069
Median household income:
References: 2016[3] 2011[4] 2006[5] earlier[6]

Historic populations:[6]

  • Population in 2001: 77,497
  • Population in 1996: 74,437 (adjusted to 2001 boundaries)

Major places[edit]


The County also includes seven smaller communities which serve as postal addresses: Campbellcroft, Gore’s Landing, Harwood, Roseneath, Castleton, Codrington, and Trent River. There are a number of smaller settlements, including Spicer and Taits Beach.


There are two provincial parks in Northumberland County: Presqu'ile Provincial Park near Brighton, and Ferris Provincial Park near Campellford.[7] There are also several other protected natural areas and protected forests, including Ganaraska Forest,[8] Northumberland Forest, Goodrich-Loomis Conservation Area, and Peter’s Woods. There are also campsites and cottages on Lake Ontario and Rice Lake. The Waterfront Trail along Lake Ontario passes through Northumberland County,[9] as does the Trans-Canada Trail.[10] The Northumberland portion of the trail spans from Hastings to Hoard’s Station of Campbellford, following an abandoned rail line. Halfway through Campbellford, the trail joins the 6 km long Rotary Trail situated alongside the Trent River. The Ganaraska Hiking Trail starts in Port Hope and goes north towards the Bruce Trail.[11] There are five signed bike routes: Glorious Ganaraska, Rice Lake Ramble, Shelter Valley, Presqu’ile Promise and Trent River Truckin'.[12]

There are three theaters in Northumberland County: the Westben in Campbellford, the Capitol Theatre in Port Hope, and the Park Theatre & Performing Arts Centre in Cobourg.[13] Festivals in Northumberland include the Warkworth Maple Syrup and Float Your Fanny Down the Ganny festivals in early spring, the Cobourg Sandcastle Festival and Incredible Edibles Festival in the summer, and the Cultivate Food and Vintage Film Festivals in the fall.[14]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Northumberland County census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-03-22. 
  2. ^ Restructured municipalities - Ontario map #5 (Map). Restructuring Maps of Ontario. Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. 2006. Retrieved March 21, 2018. 
  3. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". Canada 2016 Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. 
  4. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-03-22. 
  5. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-22. 
  6. ^ a b "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Provincial Park Locator". Ontario Parks. Retrieved 22 November 2017. 
  8. ^ "Ganaraska Forest". Ganaraska Conservation. Ganaraska Region Conservation Authority. Retrieved 22 November 2017. 
  9. ^ "Interactive Map". Waterfront Trail. Retrieved 22 November 2017. 
  10. ^ "Explore The Map". The Great Trail. Retrieved 22 November 2017. 
  11. ^ "Trail Sections". Ganaraska Hiking Trail. Retrieved 22 November 2017. 
  12. ^ "Cycling Routes and Trails". Northumberland Tourism. 2018-05-03. Retrieved 2018-07-11. 
  13. ^ "Arts and Culture". Northumberland Arts and Culture. Retrieved 2018-07-11. 
  14. ^ "Northumberland Festivals |". Retrieved 2018-07-11. 

External links[edit]