Northumbrian (locomotive)

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1894 lithograph illustration depicting Northumbrian
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
BuilderRobert Stephenson and Company
Build date1830
 • Whyte0-2-2
Gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Driver dia.52 inches (1.32 m)[1]
Axle load6,500 lb (2.9 t)[1]
Total weight25,500 lb (11.6 t)[1]
Fuel typecoke[1]
OperatorsLiverpool and Manchester Railway

Northumbrian was an early steam locomotive built by Robert Stephenson in 1830 and used at the opening of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway. It was the last of Stephenson's 0-2-2 locomotives in the style of Rocket, but it introduced several innovations. It was the first locomotive to have the Stephenson type firebox incorporated in the boiler, and having a smokebox the full diameter of the boiler, it therefore had the first true 'locomotive' boiler. It also had plate frames, a proper tender, and the cylinders set at a relatively low angle to the horizontal, giving smoother running. The pace of development of locomotive design at the time can be seen by comparing this engine with Stephenson's Planet, produced later the same year.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e Brian Hollingsworth (1 June 2000). The Illustrated Directory of Trains of the World. MBI Publishing Company. pp. 8–11. ISBN 978-0-7603-0891-2. Retrieved 9 March 2013.