Northwest Arabian Arabic

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Northwest Arabian Arabic
Bedawi of the Kishon.jpg
A Bedawi-speaking Bedouin person, 1913
Native to Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia & Syria
Native speakers
2.24 million (2015-2016)[1]
Arabic alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3 avl
Glottolog east2690[2]

Bedawi Arabic (Arabic: لهجة بدوية‎, also known as Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic [ISO 639-3], Bedawi, Levantine Bedawi Arabic) is a variety of Arabic spoken by Bedouins mostly in eastern Egypt, and also in Jordan, Israel, the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, Saudi Arabia and Syria. Dialects include Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic, South Levantine Bedawi Arabic, and North Levantine Bedawi Arabic.[3]

Levantine Bedawi[edit]

Levantine Bedawi is spoken in the eastern area of Jordan,[4] in the southwestern corner of Syria and in the Bedouin regions of Egypt (on the northern and southern coast of the Sinai).[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Arabic, Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Spoken". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2018-08-08. 
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Gordon 2005
  4. ^ "Arabic, Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Spoken". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2018-07-16. 
  5. ^ "Egypt and Libya". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2018-07-16. 


  • Gordon, Raymond G.. Jr., ed. (2005), "Bedawi Arabic", Ethnologue: Languages of the World (15th ed.), Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics 
  • Haim Blanc. 1970. "The Arabic Dialect of the Negev Bedouins," Proceedings of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities 4/7:112-150.
  • Rudolf E. de Jong. 2000. A Grammar of the Bedouin Dialects of the Northern Sinai Littoral: Bridging the Linguistic Gap between the Eastern and Western Arab World. Leiden: Brill.
  • Judith Rosenhouse. 1984. The Bedouin Arabic Dialects: General Problems and Close Analysis of North Israel Bedouin Dialects. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.