Northwest China

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Northwest China
Location of {{{official_name}}}
 • Total3,107,900 km2 (1,200,000 sq mi)
96.6 million

Northwest China (Chinese: 西北; pinyin: Xīběi; lit. 'West-north') is a statistical region of China which includes the autonomous regions of Xinjiang and Ningxia and the provinces of Shaanxi, Gansu and Qinghai. It has an area of 3,107,900 km2.

The region is characterized by a (semi-)arid continental climate. It has a diverse population including significant minorities such as Hui, Uyghurs and Tibetans.[1][2] Culturally, the region has historically been influenced by the Silk Road.[3]

In the map presented in the infobox, the regions are not labelled. Xinjiang is the big one in the far Northwest.

Administrative divisions[edit]

GB[4] ISO No.[5] Province Chinese Name Capital Population Density Area Abbreviation/Symbol
Shǎn (Qín) 61 Shaanxi Province 陕西省
Shǎnxī Shěng
Xi'an 37,327,378 181.55 205,600 SN 陕(秦)
Gān (Lǒng) 62 Gansu Province 甘肃省
Gānsù Shěng
Lanzhou 25,575,254 56.29 454,300 GS 甘(陇)
Qīng 63 Qinghai Province 青海省
Qīnghǎi Shěng
Xining 5,626,722 7.80 721,200 QH
Níng 64 Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region 宁夏回族自治区
Níngxià Huízú Zìzhìqū
Yinchuan 6,301,350 94.89 66,400 NX
Xīn 65 Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region 新疆维吾尔自治区
Xīnjiāng Wéiwú'ěr Zìzhìqū
Ürümqi 21,813,334 13.13 1,660,400 XJ

Cities with urban area over one million in population[edit]

# City Urban area[6] District area[6] City proper[6] Prov. Census date
1 Xi'an 5,206,253 6,501,190 8,467,838 SN 2010-11-01
2 Ürümqi 2,853,398 3,029,372 3,112,559 XJ 2010-11-01
3 Lanzhou 2,438,595 2,628,426 3,616,163 GS 2010-11-01
4 Yinchuan 1,159,457 1,290,170 1,993,088 NX 2010-11-01
5 Xining 1,153,417 1,198,304 2,208,708 QH 2010-11-01

Outer Northwest China[edit]

Outer Northwest China (Chinese: 外西北; pinyin: Wài Xīběi) refers to the portions of territories of the Qing dynasty that were later annexed by the Russian Empire through the Convention of Peking, Treaty of Tarbagatai, Treaty of Saint Petersburg (1881) and other unequal treaties referred by Chinese interpretation. During Qing rule, the territories formed parts of far-Western Xinjiang, Northwestern Outer Mongolia and the entirety of Tannu Uriankhai. Prior to Qing rule, Outer Northwest China was part of the Dzungar Khanate but the region was annexed into the Qing Empire in the aftermath of the Dzungar–Qing Wars.

Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the region is now divided among four successor states of the Soviet Union: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Russia.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Chen, Yaning (2014-03-23). Water Resources Research in Northwest China. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 978-94-017-8017-9.
  2. ^ Dillon, Michael (2013-12-16). China's Muslim Hui Community: Migration, Settlement and Sects. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-136-80940-8.
  3. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Chinese Section of the Silk Road: Land routes in Henan Province, Shaanxi Province, Gansu Province, Qinghai Province, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region; Sea Routes in Ningbo City, Zhejiang Province and Quanzhou City, Fujian Province - from Western-Han Dynasty to Qing Dynasty". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2021-08-23.
  4. ^ CHGIS. "Database Design". Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  5. ^ ISO 3166-2:CN (ISO 3166-2 codes for the provinces of China)
  6. ^ a b c 国务院人口普查办公室、国家统计局人口和社会科技统计司编 (2012). 中国2010年人口普查分县资料. Beijing: 中国统计出版社 [China Statistics Press]. ISBN 978-7-5037-6659-6.

Coordinates: 36°48′00″N 95°48′00″E / 36.8000°N 95.8000°E / 36.8000; 95.8000