Northwest Sumatran languages

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Northwest Sumatran
North Sumatran
Northwest Sumatran – Barrier Islands
Linguistic classification Austronesian
Glottolog nort2829[1]

The Northwest Sumatran languages are a group of languages spoken by the Batak and related peoples in the interior of North Sumatra and by the Nias, Mentawai people, and others on the barrier islands (Simeulue, Nias, and Mentawai Islands Regency) off the western coast of Sumatra.


The languages normally included in North Sumatran are:

The Nasal language was discovered in 2008 in Kaur Regency, Bengkulu, Sumatra. The Enggano language is highly divergent. Their classification is uncertain.


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Northwest Sumatra – Barrier Islands". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.