Northwestern Motorway

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State Highway 16 NZ.svg

Northwestern Motorway
State Highway 16
The motorway west of Waterview
Route information
Maintained by NZ Transport Agency
Length: 21 km (13 mi)
Existed: 1952 – present
Major junctions
East end: State Highway 16 NZ.svg SH 16 Stanley Street at Auckland City Centre
  State Highway 1 NZ.svg SH 1 Northern Motorway/Southern Motorway at Auckland City Centre
West end: Brigham Creek Road, Whenuapai
Location
Primary
destinations:
Central Auckland, West Auckland
Highway system
Looking west along the Northwestern Motorway between Newton Road and Bond Street.
Looking east towards the Central Motorway Junction.

The Northwestern Motorway (also known historically as the Auckland–Kumeu Motorway), part of State Highway 16 (SH16), is the major western route and secondary northern route out of Auckland in New Zealand. Twenty-one kilometres in length, the motorway runs from Stanley St in Parnell through the Central Motorway Junction, and west through urban Auckland and Waitakere before continuing northwest and terminating outside of Kumeu. Its western terminus is at Brigham Creek Road in Whenuapai. A large part of it forms the middle section of the Western Ring Route.

History[edit]

The first section of the Northwestern Motorway, to Te Atatu, was finished in 1952.[1] The next section opened for traffic in 1955, then offering a two-laned 7.8 km section from Great North Road (current Exit 8) to Lincoln Road (current Exit 16). The section involved bridges over inlets of the Waitemata Harbour, which cut the journey between central Auckland and its airport at Whenuapai by 8 km. This section was later upgraded to four lanes.

In 1957, the motorway was extended westwards by one km to Lincoln Park Avenue, between the current Lincoln Road and Royal Road interchanges. In 1961, it was extended again by 2.7 km to its current terminus on Hobsonville Road at Westgate. Traffic could now travel 11.5 km on the Northwestern Motorway, and the journey between Auckland and Whenuapai was cut by a total of 9 km compared with local roads.

In 1966, the current Auckland International Airport opened at Mangere, and Whenuapai reverted to a military airport. This affected the use of the motorway, delaying further extensions.

Motorway construction recommenced in the late 1970s, to connect the Northwestern Motorway at Waterview to the Auckland city centre, bypassing Great North Road. The first section to open was in 1979, stretching 2.4 km from Newton Road (Exit 5) to Western Springs, at the current site of the eastbound on/off-ramps for St Lukes Road (Exit 6). At the same time, ramps opened as part of the Central Motorway Junction from Newton Road to Nelson Street and Hobson Street (now Exit 4B), connecting the Northwestern Motorway to the city centre. Traffic could access the Southern and Northern Motorways indirectly from the Nelson Street and Hobson Street intersections.

In 1981, the 2.4 km section between Great North Road at Waterview and Motions Road near Western Springs opened, leaving a small 1 km gap where traffic had to use Great North Road. This gap was filled in 1983 when the St Lukes Road interchange was completed.

In 1988, ramps were installed at the Central Motorway Junction to allow direct access between the Southern Motorway and the Northwestern Motorway. The following year, ramps opened between Grafton Gully and the Northwestern Motorway, allowing motorway traffic direct access to the eastern city centre and the port.

In 2006, two new ramps were installed to directly connect the Northwestern Motorway and the Northern Motorway.[2]

On 7 August 2011 a 3 kilometre, 4-lane extension of the Northwestern Motorway opened from Hobsonville Road to Brigham Creek Road in Whenuapai, along with a 6 kilometre, 4-lane extension of State Highway 18 motorway from the end of the Northwestern Motorway at Hobsonville Road to the western end of Upper Harbour Bridge in Hobsonville.

In 2012 work began on the preliminary stages of widening the motorway by adding extra lanes between St Lukes and Westgate and also upgrading the Waterview Connection.

Interchanges[edit]

Territorial authority Location km # Destinations Notes
Auckland Council Parnell 1.2 State Highway 16 NZ.svg SH 16 Stanley Street – Port Northwestern Motorway begins
Grafton 1.7 2 State Highway 1 NZ.svg SH 1 Southern MotorwayManukau, Hamilton Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
1.8 2A Wellesley Street Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
Auckland CBD 2.8 3 State Highway 1 NZ.svg SH 1 Northern MotorwayNorth Shore, Whangarei Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
3.2 4C State Highway 1 NZ.svg SH 1 Southern MotorwayManukau, Hamilton Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
3.3 4B Nelson Street – City Centre, Sky City Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
4A SH 1 Northern MotorwayNorth Shore, Whangarei Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
Newton 3.5 5 Newton Road Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
Western Springs 6.3 6 Route 9 St Lukes Road – Mt Albert, Western Springs, Pt Chevalier
Zoo, MOTAT
Point Chevalier 8.1 8A Route 11 Great North Road – Avondale, New Lynn
8B State Highway 20 NZ.svg SH 20 Southwestern Motorway Waterview Connection. Expected to be open April 2017.
Avondale North 10.8 11 Rosebank Road Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
12.3 12 Patiki Road – Avondale, New Lynn Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
Te Atatu South 13.5 14 Route 13 Te Atatu Road – Henderson
Lincoln North 15.6 16 Route 19 Lincoln Road – Henderson
Massey East 17.8 18 Royal Road Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
Westgate 19.4 19A Route 32 Hobsonville Road Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
19B State Highway 18 NZ.svg SH 18 Upper Harbour MotorwayNorth Shore Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
Whenuapai State Highway 16 NZ.svg SH 16 – Kumeu, Helensville Northwestern Motorway ends

See also[edit]

References[edit]