Northwestern United States

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The dark red states are almost always included, while the striped states are usually considered part of the Northwestern United States as well.
Seattle, the largest metropolitan area in the Northwest
Portland, the second largest metropolitan area in the Northwest
Boise, the third largest metropolitan area in the Northwest

The Northwestern United States is an informal geographic region of the United States. The region consistently includes the states of Oregon, Washington, and Idaho—and usually Montana and Wyoming. Some sources include southeast Alaska in the Northwest. The related but distinct term "Pacific Northwest" generally excludes areas from the Rockies eastward.

The Northwestern United States is a subportion of the Western United States (which is, itself, even more ambiguous). In contrast, states included in the neighboring regions (Southwestern United States and Great Plains) and Utah are not simultaneously considered part of both regions.

Like the southwestern United States, the Northwest definition has moved westward over time. The current area includes the old Oregon Territory (created in 1848–Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and areas in Montana west of the Continental Divide).[1] The region is similar to Federal Region X, which comprises Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and Alaska.

It is home to over 14.2 million citizens.[dubious ] Some of the fastest growing cities in this region and in the nation include Seattle, Spokane, Bellevue, Tacoma, Vancouver, Kennewick, Pasco, Yakima, Portland, Eugene, Salem, Boise, Missoula, and Billings.

History of the term[edit]

As the US' westward expansion, the country's western border also shifted westward, and consequently, so did the location of the Northwestern and Southwestern United States. In the early years of the United States, newly colonized lands lying immediately west of the Allegheny Mountains were detached from Virginia and given the name Northwest Territory. During the decades that followed, the Northwest Territory covered much of the Great Lakes region east of the Mississippi River.

Climate[edit]

Köppen climate types in the Northwestern United States

Population[edit]

Together, these states have a combined population of 14,273,965. The largest cities and metropolitan areas in the Northwest are:

Rank City State Population Metro Population
1 Seattle Washington 608,660 3,439,809
2 Portland Oregon 583,776 2,226,009
3 Spokane Washington 208,916 547,924
4 Boise Idaho 205,671 616,561
5 Tacoma Washington 198,397 3,439,809
6 Vancouver Washington 161,791 2,226,009
7 Eugene Oregon 156,185 351,715
8 Salem Oregon 154,637 390,738
9 Bellevue Washington 122,363 3,439,809
10 Gresham Oregon 105,594 2,226,009

The Northwestern states in presidential elections[edit]

Presidential electoral votes in the Northwestern States since 1952
Year Idaho Montana Oregon Washington Wyoming
1952 Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower
1956 Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower Eisenhower
1960 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon
1964 Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson Johnson
1968 Nixon Nixon Nixon Humphrey Nixon
1972 Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon Nixon
1976 Ford Ford Ford Ford Ford
1980 Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan
1984 Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan Reagan
1988 Bush Bush Dukakis Dukakis Bush
1992 Bush Clinton Clinton Clinton Bush
1996 Dole Dole Clinton Clinton Dole
2000 Bush Bush Gore Gore Bush
2004 Bush Bush Kerry Kerry Bush
2008 McCain McCain Obama Obama McCain
2012 Romney Romney Obama Obama Romney
2016 Trump Trump Clinton Clinton Trump

References[edit]

  1. ^ Merriam-Webster (1997). Merriam-Webster's geographical dictionary. Merriam-Webster. p. 876. ISBN 978-0-87779-546-9. Retrieved 30 November 2010. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Lavender, David. Land of Giants: The Drive to the Pacific Northwest, 1750- 1950 (1958) online
  • Schwantes, Carlos. The Pacific Northwest: An Interpretive History (1996) online
  • Warren, Sidney. Farthest Frontier: The Pacific Northwest (1949) online
  • Winther, Oscar Osburn. The great northwest: a history (Greenwood Press, 1981)

Coordinates: 46°N 117°W / 46°N 117°W / 46; -117