Northwick Park, Gloucestershire

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Northwick Park is a residential estate and business centre near Blockley in Gloucestershire, England.

History[edit]

The estate is built in the grounds of the former family seat of the Rushout family, the Barons Northwick. The Northwick Park mansion, now divided into residential accommodation, is a Grade 1 listed building. It passed out of the Rushout family in 1912, when it was inherited by the then Lady Northwick's grandson, George Spencer-Churchill.[1]

Because the area was under the authority of the Bishops of Worcester, it was actually a small enclave of the county of Worcestershire surrounded by Gloucestershire - and is shown that way on all maps prior to 1931, when such enclaves were rationalised.

The estate includes the site of the former hamlet of Northwick.[1] During the Second World War, Northwick Park was an American field hospital.[2] It became a camp for Polish displaced persons until the 1960s.[3]

Northwick Park collection[edit]

The second Baron was an avid collector of works of art, antiques and coins.[4] Much of his collection was housed at Thirlestaine House in Cheltenham and in 1848 he published a catalogue of his holdings there.[5] Although he died intestate and therefore his collection was sold after his death,[6] many items were repurchased by the 3rd Baron. This collection passed to the Spencer-Churchill family. After the death of Captain EG Spencer-Churchill, the collection was sold by Christie's in 1965. Items from this collection can be found in the National Gallery, London[7] and the Metropolitan Museum of Art.[8] The provenance of items from the collection can be investigated using published catalogues of the 1859 sale,[9] the 1864 sale and the 1965 sale.[10] There is also an inventory of the collection produced in 1921[11] by Tancred Borenius. [12]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°1′41″N 1°45′20″W / 52.02806°N 1.75556°W / 52.02806; -1.75556