Aerial view of Norwalk Harbor and vicinity
|Etymology: Point of Land|
|Nickname(s): Oyster Town|
|Motto: Latin: E Pluribus Unum|
Location in Fairfield County, Connecticut and the state of Connecticut
|Region||South Western (CT) Region|
|Purchased||February 26, 1640|
|Incorporated||September 11, 1651|
|Consolidated||June 6, 1913|
|Founded by||Roger Ludlow and Daniel Patrick|
|• Type||Weak-mayor-City Council|
|• Mayor||Harry Rilling (D)|
|• Total||36.3 sq mi (94 km2)|
|• Land||22.8 sq mi (59 km2)|
|• Water||13.5 sq mi (35 km2)|
|Elevation||36 ft (11 m)|
|• Density||3,846.53/sq mi (1,485.15/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern Time Zone (UTC-5)|
|Zip Codes||06850 through 06860|
|Area codes||475, 203|
|GNIS feature ID||0209405|
Norwalk (pronounced nôr′wôk′), is a city in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States, located in the New York metropolitan area. The estimated population of the city was 88,485 in 2015. Norwalk is the sixth most populous municipality in Connecticut.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government
- 5 Districts
- 6 Culture and religion
- 7 Attractions
- 8 Infrastructure
- 9 Education
- 10 Media
- 11 Notable people
- 12 In popular culture
- 13 References
- 14 External links
The city boundaries originally included parts of the current municipalities of New Canaan, Wilton, and Westport. Ancient records describe the boundaries as "from Norwalk river to Sauhatuck river, from sea, Indian one day walk into the country". Thus a disputing source, and common tradition, describes Norwalk's name deriving from the northern boundary extending from the sea covering one day's "north walk" into the countryside. An additional source found this analysis to be improbable, given that the name "Norwalk" was used by natives, who were called the "Norwake Indians". Additionally a nearby river was known as the Norwake River when the area was first colonized. Roger Ludlow's 1640 land purchase was from "the Indians of Norwalke" and the land is described as lying between "the twoe rivers, the one called the Norwalke, the other Soakatuck." The earliest town records list the city name as Norwalke (the "w" likely silent, as in Warwick). Bradley's [Connecticut] Register describes that the early Colony Records call it "Norrwake". Around 1847 the elderly used the ancient pronunciation "Norruck".
Norwalk has a nickname, "Oyster Town", due to its prominent oyster fisheries providing a large source of income to the city since the early 19th century. Norwalk Harbor's islands and proximity to New York City make it profitable for oyster harvesting. Discarded oyster shells along the Connecticut coast help prove the importance oysters had to pre-Columbian inhabitants of the area as well.
In 2002 Norwalk was the location of the nationally-covered murder trial of Michael Skakel. After a four-week trial, Skakel was convicted on June 7 for the 1975 murder of Martha Moxley.
On Sunday May 25, 2008 the last service at the First United Methodist Church of Norwalk was held prior to a deconsecration ceremony that marked the end of the church use of the distinctive yellow brick building at 39 West Avenue. The Methodist congregation had been formed in 1789 during the visit by Jesse Lee, but is survived by three other Methodist churches in the city.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 36.3 square miles (94 km2), of which, 22.8 square miles (59 km2) of it is land and 13.5 square miles (35 km2) of it (37.24%) is water.
"Norwalk, Connecticut, gets 45 inches of rain per year. The US average is 37. Snowfall is 24 inches. The average US city gets 25 inches of snow per year. The number of days with any measurable precipitation is 100. On average, there are 179 sunny days per year in Norwalk, Connecticut. The July high is around 83 degrees. The January low is 18."
Norwalk's topography is dominated by its coastline along Long Island Sound, the Norwalk River and its eastern and western banks, and the Norwalk Islands. The highest elevation is 282 feet above sea level, at the summit of Middle Clapboard Hill in West Norwalk; and the low elevation is sea level on Long Island Sound.
1790 population includes
Stamford and Greenwich
According to the office of Connecticut's Secretary of the State 85,603 people resided in Norwalk in 2010. A population estimation indicates 88,485 people resided in Norwalk as of 2015, an approximate population growth of one percent. The estimate indicates a racially diverse population of 42,768 males (49%) and 44,446 females (51%).
The racial makeup of Norwalk was[when?] 55.7% White, 13.4% Black, 0.1% Native American, 4.7% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.3 from some other race and 1.4% from two or more races. 24.3% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
The city of Norwalk, for administrative and representative purposes, is comprised of different special districts with different geographical boundaries for each. The establishment of these districts is authorized by Connecticut statute or by Norwalk's city charter. There are presently five councilmanic or voting districts with topographic boundaries designated by the letters A-E of which each is further divided by number varying from two to four. These boundaries are represented by the respective city councilmen elected by voters in each district. These districts are designated coincidentally by their polling locations.[non-primary source needed] At the time of the consolidation of the former City of Norwalk, City of South Norwalk and the East Norwalk Fire District in 1913, the city was comprised of 5 wards Subsequently, these wards were used to define what are now Norwalk's, six taxing districts which provides various services to each district such as electricity, sewer and recreational facilities.
|1||Tracy Elementary School||Columbus Elementary School||Marvin Elementary School||Ponus Ridge Middle School||Brookside Elementary School|
|2||St. Mary's Community Hall||Nathaniel Ely School (a.k.a Head Start program)||Nathan Hale Middle School||West Rocks Middle School||Rowayton Elementary School|
|3||Kendall Elementary School||Fox Run School|
|4||Nathan Hale Middle School|
The city of Norwalk exists by authority of a municipal charter, granted by the Connecticut General Assembly, which is the legal document that defines the organization, powers, functions, and essential procedures of the city government. Norwalk's municipal government is a Weak-mayor form of a Mayor-Council government with the mayor of Norwalk elected by its voters. The city's charter gives certain administrative powers exclusively to the Council and others jointly to the Council and Mayor. The Common Council is the law-writing body of the City of Norwalk. Norwalk's common council consists of fifteen council members, five elected at-large and ten elected by district, two from each district. Administration offices are located at 125 East Avenue in Norwalk City Hall.
Norwalk is represented in the Connecticut General Assembly by five House Representatives corresponding to five Connecticut legislative districts and one senator from one Connecticut Senate district.
Norwalk, which lies within Connecticut's 4th congressional district is represented in the United States Congress by one congressional representative in the United States House of Representatives and, along with the rest of Connecticut, by two Senators in the United States Senate.
See also External links below—↓
Culture and religion
- St. George Greek Orthodox Festival, held in late August, the festival features Greek delicacies, Pontic Greek dance exhibitions and a large carnival.
- Round Hill Highland Games, a festival of Scottish culture and athletic events, was started in 1923 in Greenwich, CT but interrupted during World War II, then restarted in 1952, and has been held in Norwalk's Cranbury Park on or around July 4 for a number of years. In 2006, the 83rd annual event attracted 4,000 people to hear bagpipes and watch the caber toss, the hammer throw, and other events; with athletes often wearing wool kilts. Games for children are also offered. Food and Scottish items are offered for sale. Organizers say the event is the third-oldest Scottish games festival in the United States.
- SoNo Arts Celebration, held in mid-summer
Places of worship
- Al Madany Islamic Center Of Norwalk
- Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church
- Bridge Church
- Calvary Baptist Church
- Calvin Reformed Church
- Canaan Institutional Baptist
- Christ Episcopal Church
- Christ Temple Pentecostal Church
- Christian Fellowship
- Church Of God
- Church Without Walls Ministries
- Cornerstone Community Church
- Community Advent Christian Church
- Congregational Church United Church Of Christ
- Deliverance Pentecostal Church
- Faith Lighthouse Church/Conservative Baptist
- First Congregational Church
- Gethsemane Outreach Ministries
- Harvest Time
- Holy Temple Church Of God In Christ
- House Of Prophecy & Prayer Inc
- Iglesia Betania Church
- Kingdom Restoration Ministries
- Little Zion Church of God In Christ
- Macedonia Church
- Methodist Church East Av
- Mt Nebo Baptist Church
- New Jerusalem Baptist Church
- New Light Missionary Baptist Church
- Norwalk Seventh Day Adventist Church
- Parkway Assembly of God
- Pentecostal Christian Church
- Pentecostal Church John 3:16
- Salvation Army
- Shiloh Baptist Church
- Saint George Greek Orthodox Church
- Saint Jerome Church
- Saint Joseph Church
- Saint Ladislaus Church
- Saint Mary Church
- Saint Matthew Church
- St Paul's Church Of God
- St. Philip Church
- Saint Thomas the Apostle Church
- Word Alive Bible Church
- Norwalk Oyster Festival
- Norwalk Boat Show
- Lockwood-Mathews Mansion Museum
- Maritime Aquarium at Norwalk.
- The Mill Hill Historic Park and Museum
- Norwalk Historical Society Museum
- Norwalk Islands
- Norwalk Symphony Orchestra
- Norwalk Youth Symphony
- Sheffield Island Light (house)
- SoNo Switchtower Museum
- Silvermine Tavern
- Stepping Stones Museum for Children
Notable places on the National Register of Historic Places
Baseball and softball are popular amateur sports with active leagues across many age groups in Norwalk. There are 4 baseball fields and 16 Little League fields in the city. Several of the fields are illuminated for nighttime play. The Norwalk Little League team won the Little League World Series in 1952. The 14-year-old Babe Ruth League team won the championship in 2008. In 2010, the cal Ripken 12-year-old Norwalk all star team made to the Cal Ripken league World Series and placed 3rd in the country. In 2011, the Norwalk American Senior Legion baseball team won the Connecticut State Championship. This had not been accomplished by any other Norwalk Legion team in the storied 83-year history. The team defeated Branford, CT in the championship game. The girls Norwalk Pride fast pitch softball team won the Connecticut State Championship in 2005, 2006, and 2007.
The Norwalk Biddy Basketball All Star team Won the State and Regional titles and then went on to the World Championships in New Orleans, LA in 1986 and placed 7th in the world.
Being a coastal city Norwalk is home to a great many water sports including competitive swimming, recreational boating and fishing, sailing, windsurfing, and kayaking. The Norwalk River and inner Norwalk Harbor host rowing events and organizations. Norwalk resident Daniel Walsh won a bronze medal in Beijing with the U.S. Olympic rowing team in the 2008 Summer Olympics.
There are three golf courses in the city of Norwalk.
The cross town rivalry between the city's two largest high schools' sports teams can be rather fierce, particularly for the football, soccer and field hockey teams in the fall; as well as lacrosse, baseball, and softball teams in the spring. Brien McMahon high school's football team won the FCIAC (Fairfield County InterAthletic Conference) and Class M State Football championship in 1994. McMahon high school's boys lacrosse team went on to win the state division 2 lacrosse championship in 2000.
Public transport bus service within Norwalk is provided by Norwalk Transit District, also known as "Wheels". Norwalk Transit District operates fixed route public bus service in Norwalk and Westport with Evening and Sunday shuttles (serving South Norwalk, Main Avenue and Connecticut Avenue), Services for the Elderly & People with Disabilities and Commuter Shuttles. Access to regional bus services include Coastal Link (Norwalk-Milford), 7 Link (Norwalk-Danbury) and Rt 41 (Norwalk-Stamford). All fixed route buses meet at the Wheels Hub located on Burnell Boulevard, between Main St and Belden Ave.
Metro-North's New Haven Line runs through and stops in Norwalk. The Danbury Branch runs from South Norwalk to Danbury, CT. There are four stations in Norwalk, three of them on the main line which is: Rowayton, South Norwalk and East Norwalk. The fourth station, Merritt 7, is on the Danbury Branch. Metro-North provides commuter service for all four stations. A fare to any station on the New Haven line from South Norwalk cost less than $15 USD per adult.
Roads and highways
Interstate 95 in Connecticut and Merritt Parkway lead through Norwalk, and there are several exits within the Norwalk city limits. Both of these roads are designated to be north/south routes, although both lead east/west in Connecticut. The major north-south corridor in Norwalk is U.S. Route 7 in Connecticut which can be accessed via Interstate 95 in Connecticut, both northbound and southbound, via Exit 15. Traveling north on the U.S. Route 7 expressway, exit 3 leads to Merritt Parkway southbound only and access to northbound Merritt Parkway can be made via Route 123 and Norwalk's Main Ave/Street from exit 2. Traveling south, the half-built exit 3 also leads to the Merritt Parkway southbound only. There is no direct northbound access to the Merritt Parkway, traveling south, from this expressway. Northbound the expressway section ends at Grist Mill Road in Norwalk from where Route 7 resumes northbound along Norwalk's Main Avenue. Traveling south, access to Interstate 95, both north and south, can be accomplished via their respective exits. Other state highways in Norwalk are Route 53, Route 123, and Route 136.
Electric power and natural gas in most of Norwalk is provided by Eversource Energy. The First Taxing District provides water to the Third, Fourth and Fifth Taxing Districts. The Second Taxing District serves sections of South Norwalk, East Norwalk, West Norwalk, Rowayton and Silvermine. and also owns and operates South Norwalk Electric and Water. The Third Taxing District provides electric power for East Norwalk. The districts purchase wholesale power and arrange for its delivery to, and distribution within, their respective districts. Power lines and meters in East Norwalk, South Norwalk, and parts of Rowayton are maintained by the districts. Both the second (SNEW) and third (TTD) district electric departments belong to the six member Connecticut Municipal Electric Energy Cooperative which pools their wholesale power purchasing to obtain lower rates for their customers.
Connecticut Light and Power [now: Eversource Energy] operated a power plant, Norwalk Harbor Station on Manresa Island, from 1960 to 1999 when it was acquired by NRG Energy, which then began its deactivation in 2013.
In 2004 the third taxing district installed 3 diesel powered generators at the Norden complex on Norden Place that were initially licensed only for emergency power supply. By summer 2008 the generators, with a combined capacity of 6 Megawatts, had been upgraded to allow licensed operation as regular power providers for the grid (not just emergency power).
In 2007 and 2008 the construction of the Middletown-Norwalk transmission line disrupted traffic along the Boston Post Road, but the completion of the line is hoped to help provide additional power to lower Fairfield County. In addition a high-voltage undersea line runs from Manressa Island to Long Island to help provide electric power to Long Island Power Authority customers. In 2008 the city government of Norwalk started initial investigations of whether the city might resume generating power for sale to electricity customers in the city.
Norwalk Police Department serves as the city's police department, and Norwalk Fire Department serves Norwalk's fire protection district. Norwalk is served 24/7 by Norwalk Hospital and Norwalk Hospital EMS, a 911 paramedic service. The service consists of hospital-based paramedics and EMT-Is who serve Norwalk as well as New Canaan, Wilton, Weston, and Westport.
Norwalk was granted a town charter by the Connecticut General Court in 1651. On May 29, 1678, town records mention the establishment of community-supported teaching activities with a passage that reads: "'At a town meeting... voted and agreed to hier a scole master to teach all the children in ye town to lerne to Rede and write; and that Mr. Cornish shall be hierd for that service and the townsmen are to hier him upon as reasonable terms as they can."
News sources in Norwalk include News 12 Connecticut, a regional news channel for southwestern Connecticut and based in Norwalk. The Hour was an independent daily newspaper based in Norwalk and founded in 1871, which was purchased by Hearst Communications on April 12, 2016.
Notable people from Norwalk include:
- A. Scott Berg, an biographer of celebrities was born in Norwalk
- Johnny Gruelle, artist and author, creator of Raggedy Ann, before moving to Wilton
- Big Band composer Artie Shaw lived in Norwalk in the 1950s.
- Jazz-piano great Horace Silver was also born in Norwalk.
- Cartoonist B. Kliban was born and raised in Norwalk.
- Rapper Chris Webby, born in Norwalk
- Grammy award winner Vince Mendoza, born and raised in Norwalk
- NBA Hall of Famer Calvin Murphy
- Former Major League Baseball player and 1995 American League MVP Mo Vaughn
- NFL player Bob Miller
- Medal of Honor recipients John D. Magrath and Daniel J. Shea
- D.J. Caruso, director of 2017 movie xXx: Return of Xander Cage
In popular culture
||This section contains a list of miscellaneous information. (February 2017)|
- In J. D. Salinger's novel, The Catcher in the Rye, Holden's parents are attending a party in Norwalk the night he sneaks into his apartment to visit his sister, Phoebe.
- In Jonathan Franzen's novel, The Corrections, Chip Lambert holds a "twelve-hour vigil" at a Dunkin' Donuts in Norwalk (stalking Melissa Paquette in neighboring Westport).
- In the 20th-Century-Fox film noir classic Laura, Gene Tierney as Laura Hunt says: "Then I got off the train at Norwalk"
- Full-length features and documentary movies, partially filmed or completely taking place in Norwalk, listed in reverse chronological order:
- Hope Springs (2012).
- Confessions of a Shopaholic (2009). — filmed along Washington Street in SoNo.
- Old Dogs (2009)
- Birds of America (film) (2008).
- College Road Trip (2008). — scenes filmed in town in mid-July 2007; shooting locations were the former Norwalk police headquarters building in Matthews Park, on the Merritt Parkway and along the Route 7 connector.
- Revolutionary Road (2008).
- Righteous Kill (2008)
- The Six Wives of Henry LeFay (2008). - Filmed in 2007 on Wall Street in Norwalk Center.
- The Life Before Her Eyes (2007). Uma Thurman filmed a scene at Norwalk Community College in August, 2006.
- Satan's Little Helper (2004)
- The Stepford Wives (2004).
- The Object of My Affection (1998)
- The Stepford Wives (1975).
- Partially or entirely recorded in Norwalk
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- "Population estimates, July 1, 2015, (V2015)". www.census.gov. 2016. Retrieved 2017-02-11.
- "Norwalk". The Free Dictionary by Farlex. 2016. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
- "Connecticut State Register and Manual". Connecticut Census Information. State of Connecticut. September 17, 2015. Retrieved 9 May 2016.
- "CONNECTICUT TOWNS IN THE ORDER OF THEIR ESTABLISHMENT; WITH THE ORIGIN OF THEIR NAMES". State of Connecticut. Connecticut Secretary of the State. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
- Barber, John Warner (1837). "Connecticut historical collections, containing a general collection of interesting facts...etc.". Durrie & Peck and J.W. Barber. p. 389. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- "Pronunciation of Warwick". PronounceNames.com. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- "The Ancient Historical Records of Norwalk, Conn,; With a plan of the Ancient Settlement, and of The Town in 1847 p14-15". Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- "The Connecticut Register Being An Official State Calendar of Public Officers and Institutions...1847 p.125". Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- Pearce, Chris. "How did Norwalk, CT get the nickname "Oyster Town"?". wordpress.org. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
- "The Hour: Not Bread Alone". Retrieved October 15, 2015.
- May 4, 2002: trial held in Connecticut State Superior Court in Norwalk, CT which took four weeks with Judge John Kavanewsky presiding."Martha Moxley - The Recently Solved Murder". Retrieved 2008-06-01.
- Jared Newman (2008-05-26). "Oldest Methodist church closes after 188 years". The Hour. 137 (147): A5.
- James Lomuscio (2008-05-26). "Emotional farewell for a city church". The Advocate (Norwalk). 179 (40): A1.
- "Norwalk, Connecticut". Sperling's BestPlaces©. 2016. Retrieved 19 March 2016.
- "Norwalk South Quadrangle 1984". University of Connecticut. Retrieved January 20, 2017.
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- http://www.sots.ct.gov/sots/lib/sots/electionservices/registration_and_enrollment_stats/nov15re.pdf Connecticut Secretary of State
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- "SPECIAL TAXING DISTRICTS". Connecticut General Assembly. Connecticut General Assembly. Retrieved 23 March 2017.
- "City of Norwalk CT GIS Map Gallery". City of Norwalk. Government Websites by CivicPlus. Retrieved 20 February 2017.
- "Division of city into wards". City of Norwalk. eCode360. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
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- "Article II Taxing Districts". City of Norwalk, CT City Code, Charter and Ordinances. eCode360. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
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- "Forms of Municipal Government". National League of Cities. 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
- "Common Council". Norwalk, the Sound of Connecticut. City of Norwalk. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
- "State/Federal Voting Districts". Where Do I Vote?. City of Norwalk, Connecticut. November 30, 2011. Retrieved 24 March 2016.
- "FIND YOUR CONNECTICUT STATE SENATOR". Connecticut Senate Democrats. 2016. Retrieved 24 March 2016.
- "About Us". Norwalk/Nagarote Sister City Project. Retrieved November 26, 2014.
- "roundhill.org". roundhill.org. Retrieved 2012-05-01.
- "Great Scots: Kilts and cabers fly at the 83rd annual Highland Games", no byline, article in The Advocate of Stamford, July 2, 2006, pages A3, A4
- South Norwalk Arts Celebration. "sonoarts.org". sonoarts.org. Retrieved 2012-05-01.
- "Norwalk Boat Show". NMMA. Retrieved 10 February 2017.
- "Lockwood-Mathews Mansion Museum". Lockwood-Mathews Mansion Museum. Retrieved 10 February 2017.
- "Norwalk Historical Society Museum". Norwalk Historical Society. Retrieved 11 February 2017.
- "Norwalk Symphony Orchestra". Norwalk Symphony Orchestra Governing Board & Staff. Retrieved 5 February 2017.
- "Welcome to the SONO Switch Tower Museum!". Westctnrhs.org. Retrieved 2012-05-01.
- "Silvermine, Conn., an Enclave Attached to Its Past". The New York Times Company. Retrieved 5 February 2017.
- "Norwalk Park Facilities" (PDF). Retrieved September 6, 2008.
- The fields at Calf Pasture Beach are illuminated.
- "Little League Baseball". Retrieved September 6, 2008.
- "Babe Ruth World Series". Archived from the original on September 19, 2008. Retrieved September 6, 2008.
- "The Norwalk River Rowing Association". Retrieved September 6, 2008. and the "New Canaan Crew". Retrieved September 6, 2008. are two such rowing organizations.
- Hine, Tommy (August 22, 2008). "Summer Bronze: Norwalk's Walsh Garners Olympic Medal". Norwalk Citizen~News. 12 (34): A1,A15. Archived from the original on September 15, 2008. Retrieved August 27, 2008.
- The Shorehaven club is a private club in East Norwalk, the Silvermine club is a private club in Silvermine (part of the course lies in the town of Wilton), and the Oak Hills Park golf course is a public course in West Norwalk.
- "MNR Map". MTA. Retrieved 26 March 2016.
- "MTA Metro-North TripPlanner". MTA NYCT. Retrieved 30 March 2016.
- "First District Water Department". 2010. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
- "Norwalk Tax District Map". Retrieved 10 March 2016.
- "Second Taxing District of the City of Norwalk, Connecticut". Retrieved 10 March 2016.
- "South Norwalk Electric and Water". Retrieved 10 March 2016.
- "Third Taxing District". JumarMarketing, LLC. 2016. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
- "CMEEC". Retrieved September 29, 2008.
- Rivard, Nicole (May 24, 2013). "NRG to deactivate Norwalk power plant". Hearst Media Services Connecticut, LLC. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
- "TTD Commission Invests in Norden Generators to Help to Control Electricity Prices". Inside Your Third; The Newsletter for Norwalk's Third Taxing District. 7 (8): pg. 1. August 2008.
- Koch, Robert (July 28, 2008). "Power panel looking to fulfill a unique request". The Hour. p. A1.
- "Norwalk Police Department". CivicPlus. 2016. Retrieved 18 May 2016.
- "Norwalk Fire Department". Civic Plus. 2016. Retrieved 18 May 2016.
- Beard, Patten (September 1954). "Norwalk's Old Schoolhouse". Connecticut Circle Magazine.
- "Contact Us". News 12 Connecticut. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
- "About The evening hour. (Norwalk, CT) 1895-190? « Chronicling America « Library of Congress". Chroniclingamerica.loc.gov. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
- "Happy Birthday to Norwalk's A. Scott Berg". Norwalk Daily Voice. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
- Lake, Leslie. "A Norwalk creation, Raggedy Ann & Andy celebrated at Library". The Hour. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
-  Grudens, Richard, Jukebox Saturday Night: More Memories of the Big Band Era and Beyond, (1999) Pine Hill Press, Freeman, S.D., ISBN 1-57579-142-0, page 29, accessed through Google Books (free registration required) on August 4, 2006
- Atkins, Ronald (November 23, 1968). "The Horace Silver Quintet". The Guardian. p. 6.
- Peter B.Flint (August 14, 1990). "B. Kliban, 55, a Cartoonist Who Drew Zany Cats". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
- "Norwalk's Chris Webby coy on being Halle Berry's beau". The Hour. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
- "Happy Birthday to Norwalk's Vince Mendoza". The Daily Voice. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
- "NBA Biography". Retrieved 24 February 2017.
- Cavanaugh, Jack (4 August 1991). "The Hottest Prospects in Boston Are a Couple of Guys from Norwalk". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
- "Yesterday's stars: Norwak's Miller was an NFL champ". The Hour. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
- "World War II, Medal of Honor, Recipients M-S". history.army.mil. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
- "The Virtual Wall - Daniel Shea, PFC, Army, East Norwalk CT, 14May69 24W012". Archived from the original on 2016-04-14. Retrieved 2008-08-30.
- "Happy Birthday to Norwalk's D.J. Caruso". Norwalk Daily Voice. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
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- "Laura Script - Dialogue Transcript". script-o-rama.com. 2005. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- "Internet Movie DataBase, Norwalk". Retrieved June 1, 2008.
- "Hope Springs (2012) – Filming locations". Retrieved August 2, 2012.
- "Confessions of a Shopaholic (2009) – Filming locations". Retrieved June 1, 2008.
- "Wonderful world of Norwalk Disney shooting scenes in SoNo Tuesday for upcoming comedy film about a 'shopaholic'". The Hour. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
- "Bird of America (2008) – Filmin locations". Retrieved July 28, 2008.
- Road Trip' hits the highway", photographs and long caption in The Advocate of Stamford, Connecticut, Norwalk and Stamford editions, July 17, 2007, page 1
- Gizmo Graphics Web Design - Bruce C. brown. "Current Events". Silverminetavern.com. Retrieved 2012-02-14.
- "Righteous Kill Productions, Inc.". Hartford Courant. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
- "The Six Wives of Henry Lefay (2008) – Filming locations". Retrieved July 28, 2008.
- "Star-Struck over Uma," article by Alexandra Fenwick in The Advocate of Stamford, August 16, 2006
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- "THE OBJECT OF MY AFFECTION (1998)". NewEnglanFilm.com. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
- "The Stepford Wives (1975) – Filming locations". Retrieved June 1, 2008.
- Nickerson, John, "Chase Scene / Police: Man speeds through Oprah movie set", news article in The Advocate of Stamford, Connecticut, Norwalk edition, pp A9-A10
- "To All My Friends on Shore (TV Movie 1972)". IMDb. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
- "House of Dark Shadows (1970)". IMDb. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Norwalk, Connecticut.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Norwalk, Connecticut.|
- Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, Bureau of Labor Statistics CT Economy at a Glance
- City of Norwalk official website
- Connecticut Economic Resource Center, Town Profile 2014
- Civil War Monument
- Norwalk Public Schools website
- Norwalk Public Library system website
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