|General law city|
|City of Norwalk|
Norwalk Square sign
Location of Norwalk in Los Angeles County, California
|Incorporated||August 26, 1957|
|• City council||Mike Mendez (mayor)
Cheri Kelley (vice mayor)
|• City manager||Michael J. Egan|
|• Finance Director/ Treasurer||
|• City Clerk||Theresa Devoy|
|• Total||9.746 sq mi (25.243 km2)|
|• Land||9.707 sq mi (25.141 km2)|
|• Water||0.039 sq mi (0.102 km2) 0.40%|
|Elevation||92 ft (28 m)|
|Population (April 1, 2010)|
|• Estimate (2014)||107,096|
|• Rank||14th in Los Angeles County
64th in California
|• Density||11,000/sq mi (4,200/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|ZIP codes||90650–90652, 90659|
|GNIS feature IDs||1661123, 2411281|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government and infrastructure
- 5 Transportation
- 6 Economy
- 7 Education
- 8 Media
- 9 Notable people
- 10 Movies and TV shows filmed in Norwalk
- 11 Neighborhoods
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 External links
The area known as "Norwalk" was first home to the Shoshonean Native American tribe. They survived primarily on honey, an array of berries, acorns, sage, squirrels, rabbits and birds. Their huts were part of the Sejat Indian village.
In the late 1760s, settlers and missions flourished under Spanish rule with the famous El Camino Real trail traversing the area. Manuel Nieto, a Spanish soldier, received a Spanish land grant (Rancho Los Nietos) in 1784 that included Norwalk.
After the Mexican-American War in 1848, the Rancho and mining days ended. Portions of the land were subdivided and made available for sale when California was admitted into the union of the United States. Word of this land development reached the Sproul Brothers in Oregon. They recalled the fertile land and huge sycamore trees they saw during an earlier visit to the Southern California area. In 1869, Atwood Sproul, on behalf of his brother, Gilbert, purchased 463 acres (1.87 km2) of land at $11 an acre ($2700/km²) in an area known as Corazon de los Valles, or "Heart of the Valleys".
By 1873, railroads were being built in the area and the Sprouls deeded 23 acres (93,000 m²) stipulating a "passenger stop" clause in the deed. Three days after the Anaheim Branch Railroad crossed the "North-walk" for the first time, Gilbert Sproul surveyed a town site. In 1874, the name was recorded officially as Norwalk. While a majority of the Norwalk countryside remained undeveloped during the 1880s, the Norwalk Station allowed potential residents the opportunity to visit the "country" from across the nation.
What are known as the "first families" to Norwalk (including the Sprouls, the Dewitts, the Settles, and the Orrs) settled in the area in the years before 1900. D.D. Johnston pioneered the first school system in Norwalk in 1880. Johnston was also responsible for the first real industry in town, a cheese factory, by furnishing Tom Lumbard with the money in 1882. Norwalk's prosperity was evident in the 1890s with the construction of a number of fine homes that were located in the middle of orchards, farms and dairies. Headstones for these families can be found at Little Lake Cemetery, which was founded in 1843 on the border between Norwalk and Santa Fe Springs at Lakeland Road.
At the turn of the 19th century, Norwalk had become established as a dairy center. Of the 50 local families reported in the 1900 census, most were associated with farming or with the dairy industry. Norwalk was also the home of some of the largest sugar beet farms in all of Southern California during this era. Many of the dairy farmers who settled in Norwalk during the early part of the 20th century were Dutch.
After the 1950s, the Hispanic population in Norwalk grew significantly as the area became increasingly residential.
In February 1958, two military aircraft, a Douglas C-118 A military transport and a U.S. Navy P2V-5F Neptune patrol bomber, collided over Norwalk at night. 47 servicemen were killed as well as a civilian 23-year-old woman on the ground who was hit by falling debris. A plaque commemorating the disaster erected by American Legion in 1961 marks the spot of the accident, today a mini-mall at the corner of Firestone Boulevard and Pioneer Boulevard.
The Hargitt House
Built in 1891 by the D.D. Johnston family, the Hargitt House was built in the architectural style of Victorian Eastlake. The Hargitt House Museum, located at 12426 Mapledale, was donated to the people of Norwalk by Charles ("Chun") and Ida Hargitt. The museum is open on the first and third Saturday of the month from 1:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m.
Norwalk is located at (33.906914, -118.083398).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 25.243 km2 (10 sq mi). 9.707 square miles (25.14 km2) of it is land and 0.039 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (0.40%) is water.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Norwalk had a population of 105,549. The population density was 10,829.6 people per square mile (4,181.3/km²). The racial makeup of Norwalk was 52,089 (49.4%) White (12.3% Non-Hispanic White), 4,593 (4.4%) African American, 1,213 (1.1%) Native American, 12,700 (12.0%) Asian (5.3% Filipino, 2.5% Korean, 0.9% Chinese, 0.8% Indian, 0.8% Vietnamese, 0.6% Cambodian, 0.3% Thai, 0.3% Japanese), 431 (0.4%) Pacific Islander, 29,954 (28.4%) from other races, and 4,569 (4.3%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 74,041 persons (70.1%); 60.0% of Norwalk is Mexican, 2.7% Salvadoran, 1.3% Guatemalan, 0.6% Nicaraguan, 0.5% Puerto Rican, 0.4% Cuban, 0.4% Peruvian, 0.3% Honduran, 0.3% Ecuadorian, and 0.3% Colombian.
The Census reported that 103,934 people (98.5% of the population) lived in households, 315 (0.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 1,300 (1.2%) were institutionalized.
There were 27,130 households, out of which 13,678 (50.4%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 15,190 (56.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 5,045 (18.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 2,348 (8.7%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,712 (6.3%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 178 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 3,417 households (12.6%) were made up of individuals and 1,631 (6.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.83. There were 22,583 families (83.2% of all households); the average family size was 4.10.
The population was spread out with 29,164 people (27.6%) under the age of 18, 12,026 people (11.4%) aged 18 to 24, 30,138 people (28.6%) aged 25 to 44, 23,790 people (22.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 10,431 people (9.9%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.5 years. For every 100 females there were 98.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.3 males.
There were 28,083 housing units at an average density of 2,881.4 per square mile (1,112.5/km²), of which 17,671 (65.1%) were owner-occupied, and 9,459 (34.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.4%; the rental vacancy rate was 3.8%. 70,180 people (66.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 33,754 people (32.0%) lived in rental housing units.
During 2009–2013, Norwalk had a median household income of $60,770, with 12.9% of the population living below the federal poverty line.
As of the census of 2000, there were 103,298 people, 26,887 households, and 22,531 families residing in the city. The population density was 10,667.6 inhabitants per square mile (4,120.2/km²). There were 27,554 housing units at an average density of 2,845.5 per square mile (1,099.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 44.82% White, 4.62% African American, 1.16% Native American, 11.54% Asian, 0.39% Pacific Islander, 32.75% from other races, and 4.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 62.89% of the population.
There were 26,887 households out of which 46.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.1% were married couples living together, 16.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.2% were non-families. 12.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.79 and the average family size was 4.08.
In the city, the population was spread out with 32.1% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 17.6% from 45 to 64, and 9.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $46,047, and the median income for a family was $47,524. Males had a median income of $31,579 versus $26,047 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,022. About 9.5% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.8% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
Norwalk operates under a Council/Manager form of government, established by the Charter of the City of Norwalk which was drafted in 1957. The five-member City Council acts as the city's chief policy-making body. Every two years, Council members are elected by the citizens of Norwalk to serve four-year, overlapping terms. Council members are not limited to the number of terms they may serve. The Mayor is selected by the Council and serves a one-year term.
According to the city's most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city's various funds had $78.2 million in Revenues, $79.1 million in Expenditures, $107.2 million in Total Assets, $48.7 million in Total Liabilities, and $54.8 million in Cash and Investments.
The structure of the management and coordination of city services is:
|City Manager||Michael J. Egan|
|Director of Finance/City Treasurer||Jana Stuard|
|Director of Transportation||James C. Parker|
|Director of Community Development||Kurt Anderson|
|Director of Personnel/Risk Manager||Ernie Hernandez|
|Director of Public Services||Gary DiCorpo|
|Director of Recreation and Park Services||Bill Kearns|
|Director of Public Safety||Carlos Ramos|
|Director of Social Services||Veronica Garcia|
|City Clerk||Theresa Devoy|
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Norwalk is a contract city, in which the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department provides police services. It maintains its own station, which also provides police services to La Mirada and unincorporated South Whittier. At one time the station also provided contracted police services to Santa Fe Springs, but those services ended when the city entered into a contract with the Whittier Police Department. The station is staffed with 206 sworn personnel.
Norwalk is the home of the Los Angeles County Registrar/Recorder. The Los Angeles County Registrar's Office is responsible for the registration of voters, maintenance of voter files, conduct of federal, state, local and special elections and the verification of initiative, referendum and recall petitions. There are approximately 4.1 million registered voters, and 5 thousand voting precincts established for countywide elections. The office also has jurisdiction over marriage license issuance, the performance of civil marriage ceremonies, fictitious business name filings and indexing, qualification and registration of notaries and miscellaneous statutory issuance of oaths and filings. The office issues approximately 75,000 marriage licenses and processes 125,000 fictitious business name filings annually. The Recorder's Office is responsible for recording legal documents which determine ownership of real property and maintains files of birth, death and marriage records for Los Angeles County. It serves the public and other County departments such as the Assessor, Health Services, Public Social Services and Regional Planning. The office processes 2 million real and personal property documents and 750,000 birth, death and marriage records annually and services approximately 2,000 customers daily.
County, state, and federal representation
In the California State Senate, Norwalk is in the 32nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Tony Mendoza. In the California State Assembly, it is split between the 57th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Ian Calderon, and the 58th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Cristina Garcia.
The Southeast District of the Los Angeles County Superior Court is located in Norwalk.
Metropolitan State Hospital
The 162-acre (0.66 km2) Metropolitan State Hospital, a psychiatric and mental health facility operated by the California Department of Mental Health, is located in Norwalk. It has four different types of categories for patient intake. The four categories being; incompetent to stand trial (PC 1370), mentally disordered offenders (PCS 2962/2972), not guilty by reason of insanity (PC 1026), and conservatorship lanterman-petris-short (LPS) Act.
Norwalk has no fewer than three freeways that cross into city boundaries. The Santa Ana Freeway (I-5) and San Gabriel River Freeway (I-605) pass through and intersect just above its northern edge, while the Century Freeway ends in Norwalk at Studebaker Road.
Long Beach Transit
Long Beach Transit provides service to the Metro Green Line Station via Studebaker Road from Long Beach.
Los Angeles Metro
The Los Angeles MTA ("Metro") provides both bus and rail service from Norwalk. The Metro Green Line light rail line provides service from the Norwalk Green Line station to LAX (via shuttle from Aviation Station) and Redondo Beach. Metro bus routes provide service to the west on Florence Avenue, Firestone Boulevard, Imperial Highway, and Rosecrans Avenue from the Norwalk Green Line Station. Express routes also connect to Disneyland, El Monte Bus Station, Long Beach and downtown Los Angeles.
The Metrolink Orange County Line and 91 Line (which operate on the same track in this area) trains connect Norwalk (the Norwalk/Santa Fe Springs station) with Orange County, Riverside County, and Downtown Los Angeles.
According to the City's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Norwalk-La Mirada Unified School District||2,057|
|3||Los Angeles County Registrar/Recorder||1,564|
|4||Metropolitan State Hospital||1,466|
|6||City of Norwalk||409|
|8||Doty Brother's Construction||300|
|9||Coast Plaza Hospital||295|
|10||Los Angeles Community Hospital||250|
|11||Little Lake School District||242|
|12||Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department||240|
|14||Kerber Brothers Inc||200|
|15||Southland Care Center||180|
|16||Double Tree Hotel||169|
|18||Keystone Collision Center||150|
|19||Prudential California Realty||150|
|20||US Post Office||130|
Norwalk is home to Cerritos College. Founded in 1955, Cerritos College is a public community college serving an area of 52 square miles (130 km2) of southeastern Los Angeles county. The college offers degrees and certificates in 87 areas of study in nine divisions. Over 1,200 students complete their course of studies each year.
Norwalk is served by the Norwalk-La Mirada Unified School District, headquartered at 12820 Pioneer Blvd., Norwalk, CA 90650 as well as the Little Lake City School District, headquartered in Santa Fe Springs. Certain areas of Norwalk are served by the ABC Unified School District, based in Cerritos and others by the Whittier Union High School District. Among the several parochial schools in Norwalk are Saint John of God School (Roman Catholic), Pioneer Baptist School (Baptist Christian), and Saint Linus School (Roman Catholic). It also contains The California distinguished school J.B. Morrison Elementary Magnet School.
KCAL-TV channel 9, a CBS owned and operated television station, is originally licensed to Norwalk (formerly KHJ-TV not to be confused with subsidiary KHJ-AM radio station), but it represents Los Angeles and the entire Southern California region.
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- Shirley Babashoff, Norwalk High School graduate, 1973, and Olympic swimmer, 1972 and 1976
- Dick Bass, born Richard Lee Bass, played professional football as running back for Los Angeles Rams from 1960 through 1969
- William Conrad, graduate of Excelsior High School; actor, director and producer in film and television (b. 1920, d. 1994)
- Tiffany Darwish, 1980s teen idol
- James Gattuso, analyst and pundit now in Washington, D.C., who often appears on television and radio to give opinions on domestic policy; Excelsior High School Class of 1975
- Keith Ginter, MLB player for the Houston Astros, Milwaukee Brewers, and Oakland Athletics
- Bob Kevoian, radio host, The Bob & Tom Show, Norwalk High Class of 1969
- Joseph Marquez, professional Super Smash Bros. Melee player known as "Mango"
- Lindsay Mendez, Broadway actress
- Alexandra Nechita, artist, considered the youngest cubist ever discovered (at the age of 8) and nicknamed "petite Picasso"; attended Moffit Elementary School prior to her fame when she relocated outside of Norwalk
- Pat Nixon, wife of President Richard Nixon; graduate of Excelsior High School Class of 1929 (family bought a truck farm in Dairy Valley, formerly in Artesia, but now part of Cerritos)
- Poncho Sanchez, Latin jazz artist
- Cindy Sheehan, anti-Iraq War activist
- Gene Taylor, blues-rock and Boogie Woogie pianist. Norwalk High Class of 1970
- Nikki Schieler Ziering, Playboy Playmate, actress and Ian Ziering's ex-wife
- Ron Rinehart, lead singer, Dark Angel
Movies and TV shows filmed in Norwalk
- The Postman Always Rings Twice (1946): Includes scene filmed on location at the Norwalk train depot near Front Street and Funston Avenue
- Corvette Summer (1978): Scene filmed outside of what was then the Golden West Ballroom on Studebaker between Imperial Highway and Firestone Boulevard
- Square Pegs (1982): Filmed at Excelsior High School
- Grease 2 (1982): Mostly filmed at Excelsior High School
- High School U.S.A. (1983): Filmed at Excelsior High School
- CHiPs (1983): Episode filmed in various parts of Norwalk
- Suburbia (1984): Streetscape in the Interstate 105/605 area
- The Karate Kid (1984): Golf 'N' Stuff
- Reform School Girls (1986): Filmed at Excelsior High School
- Another Day in Paradise (1989): Locations include both Front Street and Firestone Boulevard
- Cutting Class (1989 Horror Film): Filmed in Norwalk, the movie was Brad Pitt's first major role in a movie. The John Glenn High School band is heard playing their school fight song during the game scene
- Speed (1994): Shots filmed at the construction site of the 105 Freeway at Studebaker Rd and Imperial Hwy
- Things to Do in Denver When You're Dead (1995): Outside scenes filmed at Keystone Lanes, a bowling alley on Imperial Highway
- Korn (1995): "Shoots N' Ladders" music video was shot at Golf N' Stuff
- Best Men (1997): Mostly filmed on Front Street
- Life (1999): Scene filmed at Greyhound bus station on Front Street
- Frailty (2001): Shots filmed at Greyhound bus station on Front Street at San Antonio Boulevard
- Monk (2004): The scenes in the Mega-Mart storage area were recorded in the Big Lots at Norwalk Town Square.
- Avril Lavigne (2006): "Girlfriend" music video was shot at Golf N' Stuff
- Heroes (TV series, 2007): Scene filmed at Greyhound bus station on Front Street at San Antonio Boulevard
- Brüno (2009): Civil Marriage Scene filmed at the LA County Registrar-Recorder/County Clerk Building.
- Rebecca Black (2011): "Person of Interest" music video was shot at Golf N' Stuff
- The Master (2012): Scene filmed at Greyhound bus station on Front Street at San Antonio Boulevard
- Carmenita (South Norwalk)
- Civic Center (Central Norwalk)
- Norwalk Hills (North Norwalk)
- South Norwalk
- Studebaker (North Norwalk)
- "Mayor and City Council Information". City of Norwalk, CA. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
- "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- "City Administration". City of Norwalk, CA. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
- "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California". United States Census Bureau.
- "Norwalk". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved December 19, 2014.
- "Norwalk (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
- "American FactFinder - Results". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 24, 2015.
- "Norwalk (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". quickfacts.census.gov. Retrieved 2016-02-08.
- "Top 100 Cities in California by Population". www.seecalifornia.com. Retrieved 2016-02-08.
- "California School Directory, Cora Hargitt Middle School Academy". California Department of Education. Retrieved 2016-01-03.
- "Parks & Recreation: Historic Norwalk". City of Norwalk. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Norwalk city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- City of Norwalk 2007-08 CAFR Retrieved 2009-06-07
- City of Norwalk Website retrieved 2014-17-12
- "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
- "Communities of Interest — City". California Citizens Redistricting Commission. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
- "California's 38th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
- "Whittier Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
- "Post Office Location - NORWALK." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "Post Office Location - PADDISON SQUARE." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "Department of State Hospitals (DSH)". California Department of State Hospitals. State of California Department of State Hospitals. 2012. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
- "City of Norwalk, Transit Department". Retrieved 2014-12-17.
- City of Norwalk CAFR
- "Keith Ginter Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 3, 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Norwalk, California.|
- Official website
- Norwalk Chamber of Commerce
- LA County Disaster Communications Service ( DCS ) Norwalk Station
- Norwalk Municipal Code
- Norwalk QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau
||Downey||Santa Fe Springs||Santa Fe Springs|
|Bellflower||Santa Fe Springs|