Norwalk, Connecticut

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Norwalk, Connecticut
City
Norwalk Harbor and vicinity
Aerial view of Norwalk Harbor and vicinity
Official Seal
Seal
Etymology: Mohegan-Pequot language
Nickname(s): Oyster Town
Motto(s): Latin: E Pluribus Unum
Location in Fairfield County and Connecticut
Location in Fairfield County and Connecticut
Norwalk is located in the US
Norwalk
Norwalk
Location in the United States and Connecticut
Norwalk is located in Connecticut
Norwalk
Norwalk
Norwalk (Connecticut)
Coordinates: 41°05′38″N 73°25′11″W / 41.09389°N 73.41972°W / 41.09389; -73.41972Coordinates: 41°05′38″N 73°25′11″W / 41.09389°N 73.41972°W / 41.09389; -73.41972
Country  United States
U.S. state  Connecticut
County Fairfield
NECTA Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk
Region Western CT
Settled February 26, 1640
Incorporated September 11, 1651
Consolidated June 6, 1913
Founded by Roger Ludlow and Daniel Patrick[1]
Government
 • Type Weak-mayor-City Council
 • Mayor Harry Rilling (D)
Area
 • Total 36.3 sq mi (94 km2)
 • Land 22.8 sq mi (59 km2)
 • Water 13.5 sq mi (35 km2)
Elevation 43 ft (13 m)
Population (2010)[2][3]
 • Total 85,603
 • Estimate (2016)[4] 88,438
 • Density 2,400/sq mi (910/km2)
 • Est. (2016) 88,438
 • Est. (2016) density 3,879/sq mi (1,498/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern Standard Time (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (Eastern Daylight Time (EDT))
Zip codes 06850—06860
Area codes 203/475
FIPS code 09-55990
GNIS feature ID 0209405
Website Official website

Norwalk is a U.S. city located in southwestern Connecticut, in southern Fairfield County, on the northern shore of Long Island Sound. Norwalk is included statistically within both the New York metropolitan area as well as the Bridgeport metropolitan area.[5]

Norwalk was settled in 1649, and is now the sixth most populous city in Connecticut. According to the 2010 United States Census the city had a population of 85,603; with an estimated population of 88,438 in 2016.[6][7]

History[edit]

Norwalk was settled in 1649, incorporated September 1651, and named after the Algonquin word noyank, meaning "point of land", or more probably from the native American name "Naramauke."[8]

The Battle of Norwalk took place during the Revolutionary War.[9] This battle resulted in the burning of most of the town.[10] In 1836, the borough of Norwalk was created, covering the central area of the town.[11] In 1853, the first ever train disaster in the United States happened over the Norwalk River.[12] During the 19th and early 20th century, Norwalk was a major railroad stop for the New York, New Haven, and Hartford Railroad.[13] The city of South Norwalk and the remaining parts of the town of Norwalk were both combined in 1910 to form the current city.[14]

The Ku Klux Klan had a brief presence in Norwalk during the 1920s, but quickly fell apart due to internal issues.[15] In 1955, multiple hurricanes hit Norwalk, causing flooding in Norwalk Harbor.[16] During the 1970s, efforts were taken to historically preserve South Norwalk, resulting in the creation of the Washington Street Historic District.[17]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 36.3 square miles (94 km2), of which, 22.8 square miles (59 km2) of it is land and 13.5 square miles (35 km2) of it (37.24%) is water.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Norwalk, Connecticut
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 68
(20)
71
(22)
79
(26)
95
(35)
97
(36)
97
(36)
103
(39)
97
(36)
99
(37)
89
(32)
77
(25)
66
(19)
103
(39)
Average high °F (°C) 37
(3)
39
(4)
48
(9)
60
(16)
70
(21)
79
(26)
84
(29)
82
(28)
75
(24)
64
(18)
52
(11)
42
(6)
61
(16)
Daily mean °F (°C) 28
(−2)
31
(−1)
40
(4)
50
(10)
60
(16)
69
(21)
74
(23)
72
(22)
64
(18)
53
(12)
43
(6)
34
(1)
52
(11)
Average low °F (°C) 19
(−7)
21
(−6)
29
(−2)
38
(3)
44
(7)
57
(14)
62
(17)
61
(16)
53
(12)
40
(4)
33
(1)
24
(−4)
40
(5)
Record low °F (°C) −15
(−26)
−7
(−22)
−2
(−19)
17
(−8)
30
(−1)
34
(1)
45
(7)
41
(5)
31
(−1)
17
(−8)
14
(−10)
−9
(−23)
−15
(−26)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.2
(107)
3.15
(80)
4.33
(110)
4.37
(111)
4.36
(110.7)
3.94
(100.1)
3.83
(97.3)
3.89
(98.8)
4.54
(115.3)
3.89
(98.8)
4.04
(102.6)
3.96
(100.6)
48.5
(1,232.2)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 9.3
(23.6)
8.3
(21.1)
4.9
(12.4)
.8
(2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
.7
(1.8)
4.6
(11.7)
28.6
(72.6)
Average precipitation days 10.5 9.7 10.9 12.5 12.5 11.7 10.2 9.7 9.8 9.2 10.6 11.3 128.6
Average snowy days 4.8 4.3 2.5 .4 0 0 0 0 0 0 .4 2.7 15.1
Source #1: NCDC[18]
Source #2: The Weather Channel[19]

Topography[edit]

Norwalk's topography is dominated by its coastline along Long Island Sound, the Norwalk River and its eastern and western banks, and the Norwalk Islands.[20] The highest elevation is 282 feet above sea level, at the summit of Middle Clapboard Hill in West Norwalk;[21] and the low elevation is sea level on Long Island Sound.

Neighborhoods[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
179011,942
18005,146−56.9%
18102,983−42.0%
18203,0040.7%
18303,97232.2%
18403,863−2.7%
18504,65120.4%
18607,85268.8%
187012,11954.3%
188013,95615.2%
189017,74727.2%
190019,93212.3%
191024,21121.5%
192027,74314.6%
193036,01929.8%
194039,84910.6%
195049,46024.1%
196067,77537.0%
197079,28817.0%
198077,767−1.9%
199078,3310.7%
200082,9515.9%
201085,6033.2%
Est. 201688,438[4]3.3%
1790 population included
Stamford and Greenwich.
[22]

As of the census of 2010, there were 85,603 people,[23] 35,415 households,[24] and 21,630 families residing in the city.[25] The population density was 2,358.2 inhabitants per square mile (910.7/km²). There were 35,415 housing units at an average density of 975.6 per square mile (376.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 68.7% White, 14.2% African American, 0.4% Native American, 4.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 9.0% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 24.3% of the population.[26]

There were 35,415 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.1% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.4% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size in the city was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.16.[27]

In the city, the population was spread out with 22% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 31.2% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.2 males.[26]

The median income for a household in the city was $76,161, and the median income for a family was $103,032. The per capita income for the city was $43,303.[28] About 5.7% of families and 8.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.2% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.[29][30]

Economy[edit]

Pepperidge Farm, Xerox, Frontier Communications, and Booking Holdings have headquarters in Norwalk.[31][32]

Arts and culture[edit]

Events[edit]

  • St. George Greek Orthodox Festival, held in late August, the festival features Greek delicacies, Pontic Greek dance exhibitions and a large carnival.
  • Round Hill Highland Games: a festival of Scottish culture and athletic events, was started in 1923 in Greenwich, CT but interrupted during World War II, then restarted in 1952, and has been held in Norwalk's Cranbury Park on or around July 4 for a number of years. In 2006, the 83rd annual event attracted 4,000 people to hear bagpipes and watch the caber toss, the hammer throw, and other events; with athletes often wearing wool kilts. Games for children are also offered. Food and Scottish items are offered for sale. Organizers say the event is the third-oldest Scottish games festival in the United States.,[33]
  • SoNo Arts Celebration, held in mid-summer.[34]

Places of worship[edit]

Temple Shalom (Reform Jewish congregation) Temple Beth- El ( Conservative Jewish Congregation)

Attractions[edit]

Notable places on the National Register of Historic Places[edit]

Government[edit]

Voters[edit]

Party Active Inactive Total %
Republican 9,626 511 10,137 19
Democratic 18,754 1,269 20,023 38
Minor parties 986 76 1,062 2
Unaffiliated 20,488 1,408 21,896 41
Totals 49,854 3,264 53,118 100
Sources:[41]

Districts[edit]

The City of Norwalk currently has six taxing districts.[42] The First, Second, Third and Sixth taxing districts are political entities with their respective voters electing officers, holding annual business meetings, approving budgets and to consider other matters, as specified in each of their charters.[43][44] Election of Taxing District Commissioners and Treasurers by voters from the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 6th districts take place in odd numbered years.

The Fourth and Fifth districts are not counted as separate governments as they constitute the city proper.[45] Each taxing district has its own property tax rate reflecting the mix of services each receives from the city. Secondly, municipal elections of Mayor, Common Council, Board of Education and other positions are also held in odd numbered years at thirteen polling places within five voting districts around the city. Voting districts are not the same for state and federal elections which are held on even numbered years at twelve polling locations[46]

Municipal[edit]

Norwalk City Hall and Concert Hall

Norwalk's municipal government is a Weak-mayor form of a Mayor-Council government with the mayor of Norwalk elected by its voters.[47] The city's charter gives certain administrative powers exclusively to the Council and others jointly to the Council and Mayor. The Common Council is the law-writing body of the City of Norwalk. Norwalk's common council consists of fifteen council members, five elected at-large and ten elected by district, two from each district.[48]

Representatives[edit]

Norwalk is represented in the Connecticut General Assembly by five House Representatives corresponding to five Connecticut legislative districts and one senator from one Connecticut Senate district.[49][50]

Norwalk, which lies within Connecticut's 4th congressional district is represented in the United States Congress by one congressional representative in the United States House of Representatives and, along with the rest of Connecticut, by two Senators in the United States Senate.

Education[edit]

Norwalk was granted a town charter by the Connecticut General Court in 1651. On May 29, 1678, town records mention the establishment of community-supported teaching activities with a passage that reads: "'At a town meeting... voted and agreed to hier a scole master to teach all the children in ye town to lerne to Rede and write; and that Mr. Cornish shall be hierd for that service and the townsmen are to hier him upon as reasonable terms as they can."

The school that was established in the 1670s was located near the Ludlow Square area of East Norwalk (near the former Roger Ludlow Junior High School).[51]

Sports[edit]

Baseball and softball are popular amateur sports with active leagues across many age groups in Norwalk. There are 4 baseball fields and 16 Little League fields in the city. Several of the fields, including Calf Pasture Beach are illuminated for nighttime play. The fields at The Norwalk Little League team won the Little League World Series in 1952.[52][53] The 14-year-old Babe Ruth League team won the championship in 2008.[54] In 2010, the 12-year-old Norwalk all star team made it to the Cal Ripken league World Series and placed 3rd in the country. In 2011, the Norwalk American Senior Legion baseball team won the Connecticut State Championship. This had not been accomplished by any other Norwalk Legion team in the storied 83-year history. The team defeated Branford, CT in the championship game. The girls Norwalk Pride fast pitch softball team won the Connecticut State Championship in 2005, 2006, and 2007.

The Norwalk Biddy Basketball All Star team Won the State and Regional titles and then went on to the World Championships in New Orleans, LA in 1986 and placed 7th in the world.

Being a coastal city Norwalk is home to a great many water sports including competitive swimming, recreational boating and fishing, sailing, windsurfing, and kayaking. The Norwalk River and inner Norwalk Harbor host rowing events and organizations.[55] Norwalk resident Daniel Walsh won a bronze medal in Beijing with the U.S. Olympic rowing team in the 2008 Summer Olympics.[56]

There are three golf courses in the city of Norwalk: The Shorehaven Golf Club[57] is a private club in East Norwalk, the Silvermine Golf Club[58] is a private club in Silvermine (part of the course lies in the town of Wilton), and the Oak Hills Park golf course[59] is a public course in West Norwalk.

The cross town rivalry between the city's two largest high schools', Norwalk High School (Connecticut) and Brien McMahon High School, sports teams can be rather fierce, particularly for the football, soccer and field hockey teams in the fall; as well as lacrosse, baseball, and softball teams in the spring.Brien McMahon High School's football team won the FCIAC (Fairfield County InterAthletic Conference) and Class M State Football championship in 1994. McMahon high school's boys lacrosse team went on to win the state division 2 lacrosse championship in 2000.

In professional team sports, Norwalk is represented by the Connecticut Wildcats in the American National Rugby League.

Media[edit]

News sources in Norwalk include News 12 Connecticut, a regional news channel for southwestern Connecticut and based in Norwalk.[60] The Hour was an independent daily newspaper based in Norwalk and founded in 1871, which was purchased by Hearst Communications on April 12, 2016.[61]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

A Wheels bus at Wheels hub

Public transport bus service within Norwalk is provided by Norwalk Transit District.[62] Norwalk Transit District operates fixed route public bus service in Norwalk and Westport with evening and Sunday shuttles (serving South Norwalk, Main Avenue and Connecticut Avenue) and commuter shuttles. Access to other cities through bus services Milford, Danbury, and Stamford. All fixed route buses meet at the Transportation Hub.[63]

West entrance of the South Norwalk train station

The Metro-North Railroad's New Haven Line runs through and stops in Norwalk. The train goes West and East with Grand Central Terminal and New Haven Union Station being the final stops. The Danbury Branch runs from South Norwalk to Danbury, CT. There are four stations in Norwalk, three of them on the main line which is: Rowayton, South Norwalk and East Norwalk. The fourth station, Merritt 7, is on the Danbury Branch. Metro-North provides commuter service for all four stations.[64]

Interstate 95 and the Merritt Parkway lead through Norwalk, and there are several exits within the Norwalk city limits, and are the major thoroughfare through the city. U.S. Route 1 goes through the center of the city, mostly following local streets. The major north-south corridor in Norwalk is U.S. Route 7, which is a expressway throughout most of the route in the city. The expressway section ends at Grist Mill Road in Norwalk from where Route 7 resumes northbound along Main Ave. Other state routes include Route 53, Route 123, and Route 136.

Utilities[edit]

Electric power and natural gas in most of Norwalk is provided by Eversource Energy.

  • The First Taxing District[65] provides water to the Third, Fourth and Fifth Taxing Districts.[66]
  • The Second Taxing District[67] serves sections of South Norwalk, East Norwalk, West Norwalk, Rowayton and Silvermine.[67] and also owns and operates South Norwalk Electric and Water.[68]
  • The Third Taxing District[69] provides electric power for East Norwalk.

The districts purchase wholesale power and arrange for its delivery to, and distribution within, their respective districts. Power lines and meters in East Norwalk, South Norwalk, and parts of Rowayton are maintained by the districts. Both the second (SNEW) and third (TTD) district electric departments belong to the six member Connecticut Municipal Electric Energy Cooperative which pools their wholesale power purchasing to obtain lower rates for their customers.[70]

Connecticut Light and Power (now Eversource Energy) operated a power plant, Norwalk Harbor Station on Manresa Island, from 1960 to 1999 when it was acquired by NRG Energy, which then began its deactivation in 2013.[71]

In 2004 the third taxing district installed 3 diesel powered generators at the Norden complex on Norden Place that were initially licensed only for emergency power supply. By summer 2008 the generators, with a combined capacity of 6 Megawatts, had been upgraded to allow licensed operation as regular power providers for the grid (not just emergency power).[72]
In 2007 and 2008 the construction of the Middletown-Norwalk transmission line disrupted traffic along the Boston Post Road, but the completion of the line is hoped to help provide additional power to lower Fairfield County. In addition a high-voltage undersea line runs from Manressa Island to Long Island to help provide electric power to Long Island Power Authority customers. In 2008 the city government of Norwalk started initial investigations of whether the city might resume generating power for sale to electricity customers in the city.[73]

Emergency services[edit]

Norwalk Police Department serves as the city's police department,[74] and Norwalk Fire Department serves Norwalk's fire protection district.[75] Norwalk is served 24/7 by Norwalk Hospital and Norwalk Hospital EMS, a 911 paramedic service. The service consists of hospital-based paramedics and EMT-Is who serve Norwalk as well as New Canaan, Wilton, Weston, and Westport.

Notable people[edit]

Notable people from Norwalk include:

In popular culture[edit]

Films[edit]

Full-length features and documentary films, filmed or set in Norwalk:

Television[edit]

Partially or entirely recorded in Norwalk:

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ McCurdy, Kathy and Larry. "Captain Daniel Patrick". John Cardinal's Second Site v5.3.5. Retrieved January 7, 2016. 
  2. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search". United States Census 2010. U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 2, 2017. 
  3. ^ "QuickFacts Norwalk city, Connecticut". United States Census Bureau. U.S. Department of Commerce. Retrieved June 2, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ "Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT Metropolitan NECTA". Census Reporter. Knight News. Retrieved May 10, 2017. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search". US Census 2010. US Census Bureau. Retrieved April 2, 2017. .
  7. ^ "Norwalk city, Connecticut". QuickFacts United States Census Bureau. U.S. Department of Commerce. Retrieved May 10, 2017. 
  8. ^ "CONNECTICUT TOWNS IN THE ORDER OF THEIR ESTABLISHMENT; WITH THE ORIGIN OF THEIR NAMES". State of Connecticut. Connecticut Secretary of the State. Retrieved February 1, 2017. 
  9. ^ "Norwalk was scene of 'largest battle' fought in Conn". The Hour. Retrieved 2018-06-25. 
  10. ^ "The Hour - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved 2018-06-25. 
  11. ^ "Norwalk (Connecticut)", 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 19, retrieved 2018-06-25 
  12. ^ Reed, Robert C. (1967). Train Wrecks: A Pictorial History of Accidents on the Main Line. New York: Bonanza Books. 
  13. ^ "A brief history of the train station that once served Wall Street". The Hour. Retrieved 2018-06-25. 
  14. ^ Deborah Wing Ray, Gloria P. Stewart (1979) pp. 170-173.
  15. ^ DiGiovanni, the Rev. (now Monsignor) Stephen M., The Catholic Church in Fairfield County: 1666-1961, 1987, William Mulvey Inc., New Canaan, Chapter II: The New Catholic Immigrants, 1880-1930; subchapter: "The True American: White, Protestant, Non-Alcoholic," p. 82; DiGiovanni, in turn, cites (Footnote 210, page 258) Chalmers, David A., Hooded Americanism, The History of the Ku Klux Klan (New York, 1981), p. 268
  16. ^ There were three major storms in that affected Norwalk in 1955: Hurricane Connie, Hurricane Diane, and an unnamed storm in October. See "The Connecticut Floods of 1955". Archived from the original on 2014-07-12. Retrieved 2008-04-01. 
  17. ^ Bruce Clouette (March 28, 1977). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: South Main & Washington Street". National Park Service.  and Accompanying 13 photos, from 1977
  18. ^ "Climatography of the United States No. 20: STAMFORD 5 N, CT 1971–2000" (PDF). National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 13, 2014. Retrieved 2011-12-07. 
  19. ^ "Norwalk, CT Monthly Weather". The Weather Channel. Retrieved May 2, 2017. 
  20. ^ "Norwalk South Quadrangle 1984". University of Connecticut. Retrieved January 20, 2017. 
  21. ^ "Middle Clapboard Hill, Fairfield County CT". Mountainzone.com. Retrieved January 20, 2017. 
  22. ^ "Population of Connecticut Towns 1970-2010". Connecticut Secretary of the State. State of Connecticut. Retrieved March 20, 2017. 
  23. ^ "Has the Population in Norwalk Increased?". Norwalk, CT Patch. 22 May 2015. Retrieved 3 August 2018. 
  24. ^ "Household Number". Retrieved 3 August 2018. 
  25. ^ "Norwalk city, Connecticut, 2010". www.census.gov. Retrieved March 30, 2017. [dead link]
  26. ^ a b Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved March 31, 2017. 
  27. ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved March 31, 2017. 
  28. ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved March 31, 2017. 
  29. ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved March 31, 2017. 
  30. ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved March 31, 2017. 
  31. ^ "Contact Us - Pepperidge Farm". Pepperidge Farm. Retrieved June 7, 2017. 
  32. ^ SINGER, STEPHEN. "Xerox To Keep Connecticut Headquarters, State Offers $4.4 Million Loan". courant.com. Retrieved June 7, 2017. 
  33. ^ "roundhill.org". roundhill.org. Retrieved May 1, 2012. 
  34. ^ South Norwalk Arts Celebration. "sonoarts.org". sonoarts.org. Retrieved May 1, 2012. 
  35. ^ "Saint Philip Church". Saint Philip Church. Our Sunday Visitor. Retrieved May 31, 2017. 
  36. ^ "Norwalk Boat Show". NMMA. Retrieved February 10, 2017. 
  37. ^ "Lockwood-Mathews Mansion Museum". Lockwood-Mathews Mansion Museum. Retrieved February 10, 2017. 
  38. ^ "Norwalk Historical Society Museum". Norwalk Historical Society. Retrieved February 11, 2017. 
  39. ^ "Norwalk Symphony Orchestra". Norwalk Symphony Orchestra Governing Board & Staff. Retrieved February 5, 2017. 
  40. ^ "Welcome to the SONO Switch Tower Museum!". Westctnrhs.org. Retrieved May 1, 2012. 
  41. ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics" (PDF). ct.gov. Connecticut Secretary of the State. November 1, 2016. Retrieved March 30, 2017. 
  42. ^ "Norwalk Tax District Map". City of Norwalk. Government Websites by CivicPlus. Retrieved March 27, 2017. 
  43. ^ "SPECIAL DISTRICT GOVERNMENTS" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. U.S. Department of Commerce. Retrieved March 24, 2017. 
  44. ^ "SPECIAL TAXING DISTRICTS". Connecticut General Assembly. Connecticut General Assembly. Retrieved March 23, 2017. 
  45. ^ "proper: see def #5". The Free Dictionary. Farlex. Retrieved March 28, 2017. 
  46. ^ "Where Do I Vote?". City of Norwalk. Government Websites by CivicPlus. Retrieved March 27, 2017. 
  47. ^ "Forms of Municipal Government". National League of Cities. 2013. Retrieved March 23, 2016. 
  48. ^ "Common Council". Norwalk, the Sound of Connecticut. City of Norwalk. Retrieved March 21, 2017. 
  49. ^ "State/Federal Voting Districts". Where Do I Vote?. City of Norwalk, Connecticut. November 30, 2011. Retrieved March 24, 2016. 
  50. ^ "FIND YOUR CONNECTICUT STATE SENATOR". Connecticut Senate Democrats. 2016. Archived from the original on March 21, 2016. Retrieved March 24, 2016. 
  51. ^ Beard, Patten (September 1954). "Norwalk's Old Schoolhouse". Connecticut Circle Magazine. 
  52. ^ "Little League Baseball". Archived from the original on October 17, 2007. Retrieved September 6, 2008. 
  53. ^ "Norwalk Park Facilities" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 29, 2008. Retrieved September 6, 2008. 
  54. ^ "Babe Ruth World Series". Archived from the original on September 19, 2008. Retrieved September 6, 2008. 
  55. ^ "The Norwalk River Rowing Association". Retrieved September 6, 2008.  and the "New Canaan Crew". Retrieved September 6, 2008.  are two such rowing organizations.
  56. ^ Hine, Tommy (August 22, 2008). "Summer Bronze: Norwalk's Walsh Garners Olympic Medal". Norwalk Citizen~News. 12 (34): A1, A15. Archived from the original on September 15, 2008. Retrieved August 27, 2008. 
  57. ^ "Shorehaven Golf Club". Shorehaven Golf Club. Jonas Club Software. Retrieved May 31, 2017. 
  58. ^ "Silvermine Golf Club". Silvermine Golf Club. Silvermine Golf Club. Retrieved May 31, 2017. 
  59. ^ "Oak Hills Park Golf Course". Oak Hills Park Golf Course. 1-2-1 Marketing. Retrieved May 31, 2017. 
  60. ^ "Contact Us". News 12 Connecticut. Archived from the original on February 24, 2017. Retrieved February 24, 2017. 
  61. ^ "About The evening hour. (Norwalk, CT) 1895-190? « Chronicling America « Library of Congress". Chroniclingamerica.loc.gov. Retrieved February 24, 2017. 
  62. ^ "Home". Norwalk Transit District. Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  63. ^ "Services". Norwalk Transit District. Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  64. ^ "MNR Map". MTA. Retrieved March 26, 2016. 
  65. ^ "First District Water Department". 2010. Retrieved March 10, 2016. 
  66. ^ "Norwalk Tax District Map". Retrieved March 10, 2016. 
  67. ^ a b "Second Taxing District of the City of Norwalk, Connecticut". Archived from the original on March 6, 2016. Retrieved March 10, 2016. 
  68. ^ "South Norwalk Electric and Water". Retrieved March 10, 2016. 
  69. ^ "Third Taxing District". JumarMarketing, LLC. 2016. Retrieved March 10, 2016. 
  70. ^ "CMEEC". Retrieved September 29, 2008. 
  71. ^ Rivard, Nicole. "NRG to deactivate Norwalk power plant". ctpost. Hearst Media Services Connecticut, LLC. Retrieved May 31, 2017. 
  72. ^ "TTD Commission Invests in Norden Generators to Help to Control Electricity Prices". Inside Your Third; the Newsletter for Norwalk's Third Taxing District. 7 (8): pg. 1. August 2008. 
  73. ^ Koch, Robert (July 26, 2008). "Power panel looking to fulfill a unique request". The Hour. Hearst Media Services Connecticut, LLC. Retrieved May 31, 2017. 
  74. ^ "Norwalk Police Department". CivicPlus. 2016. Retrieved May 18, 2016. 
  75. ^ "Norwalk Fire Department". Civic Plus. 2016. Retrieved May 18, 2016. 
  76. ^ "Happy Birthday to Norwalk's A. Scott Berg". Norwalk Daily Voice. Retrieved February 24, 2017. 
  77. ^ Lake, Leslie. "A Norwalk creation, Raggedy Ann & Andy celebrated at Library". The Hour. Retrieved February 24, 2017. 
  78. ^ Grudens, Richard (1999). Jukebox Saturday Night: More Memories of the Big Band Era and Beyond. celebrity profiles publishing. p. 29. ISBN 9781575791425. Retrieved May 31, 2017. 
  79. ^ Atkins, Ronald (June 19, 2014). "Horace Silver obituary". thegurdian. Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. Retrieved May 31, 2017. 
  80. ^ Flint, Peter B. (August 14, 1990). "B. Kliban, 55, a Cartoonist Who Drew Zany Cats". The New York Times. Retrieved February 24, 2017. 
  81. ^ "Norwalk's Chris Webby coy on being Halle Berry's beau". The Hour. Retrieved February 24, 2017. 
  82. ^ "Happy Birthday to Norwalk's Vince Mendoza". The Daily Voice. Retrieved February 24, 2017. 
  83. ^ "NBA Biography". Retrieved February 24, 2017. 
  84. ^ Cavanaugh, Jack (August 4, 1991). "The Hottest Prospects in Boston Are a Couple of Guys from Norwalk". The New York Times. Retrieved February 24, 2017. 
  85. ^ "Yesterday's stars: Norwak's Miller was an NFL champ". The Hour. Retrieved February 24, 2017. 
  86. ^ "World War II, Medal of Honor, Recipients M-S". history.army.mil. Retrieved February 24, 2017. 
  87. ^ "The Virtual Wall - Daniel Shea, PFC, Army, East Norwalk CT, 14May69 24W012". Archived from the original on April 14, 2016. Retrieved August 30, 2008. 
  88. ^ "Happy Birthday to Norwalk's D.J. Caruso". Norwalk Daily Voice. Retrieved February 24, 2017. 
  89. ^ Glionna, Hohn M.; Pearce, Matt (November 5, 2014). "GOP hopes Mia Love's win a watershed moment for the party". LA Times. Archived from the original on November 15, 2014. 
  90. ^ MJC. "The Catcher in the Rye: Free Study Guide". Cummingsstudyguides.net. Retrieved February 14, 2012. 
  91. ^ "Hope Springs (2012) – Filming locations". Retrieved August 2, 2012. 
  92. ^ "Confessions of a Shopaholic (2009) – Filming locations". Retrieved June 1, 2008. 
  93. ^ "Bird of America (2008) – Filmin locations". Retrieved July 28, 2008. 
  94. ^ "College Road Trip". Disney. Disney Lifestyle. Retrieved May 31, 2017. 
  95. ^ Gizmo Graphics Web Design - Bruce C. brown. "Current Events". Silverminetavern.com. Archived from the original on February 8, 2012. Retrieved February 14, 2012. 
  96. ^ "The Six Wives of Henry Lefay (2008) – Filming locations". Retrieved July 28, 2008. 
  97. ^ "The Life Before Her Eyes". Magnolia Pictures. 2929 Entertainment. Archived from the original on December 31, 2016. Retrieved May 31, 2017. 
  98. ^ "Filming Locations". Internet Movie Data base. 1990-2017 IMDb.com, Inc. Retrieved May 31, 2017. 
  99. ^ "Norwalk". LookCT. Archived from the original on February 25, 2017. Retrieved February 24, 2017. 
  100. ^ "The Stepford Wives (2004) – Filming locations". Retrieved June 1, 2008. 
  101. ^ "THE OBJECT OF MY AFFECTION (1998)". NewEnglanFilm.com. Retrieved February 24, 2017. 
  102. ^ "The Stepford Wives (1975) – Filming locations". Retrieved June 1, 2008. 
  103. ^ "Filming Locations". Internet Movie Data base. IMDb.com, Inc. Retrieved May 31, 2017. 
  104. ^ "House of Dark Shadows (1970)". IMDb. Retrieved August 3, 2015. 
  105. ^ "About Us". Norwalk/Nagarote Sister City Project. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014. Retrieved November 26, 2014. 

External links[edit]