Norwegian Institute of International Affairs
The Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (Norwegian: Norsk utenrikspolitisk institutt; NUPI) is a Norwegian research institution based in Oslo. It was established by the Norwegian Parliament in 1959.
The Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI) was established by the Norwegian Parliament in 1959 in order to promote a better understanding of international issues in Norway. NUPI has sought to achieve this by undertaking a wide range of research activities and by disseminating information on international issues. Among the several Norwegian institutes doing research in the area of international affairs, NUPI has a leading position in studying matters of relevance to Norwegian foreign policy and economic relations.
Though for many years completely funded over the state budget (later supplemented by a sizable share of outside project funding), NUPI's formal independence from Norwegian foreign policy is evident in its long-standing organizational link to the Ministry of Education rather than the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (distinguishing it from its counterparts in Sweden and many other countries). The institute as such has never taken a policy stance on current issues, but has left this to the professional judgment of its individual researchers. Nevertheless, in the Norwegian political debate and in the wider Norwegian research community of international affairs, NUPI has tended to be perceived as close to the government's views, whether the government has been Labour or Conservative, center-left or center-right. Several of its directors have been prominent Labour politicians, notably John Sanness, Johan Jørgen Holst and Jan Egeland. Three of its other researchers, Anders C. Sjaastad, John Kristen Skogan and Janne Haaland Matlary, have been members of Conservative / center-right or centrist governments.
Ulf Sverdrup has served as director since 2012. The institute employs research professors (corresponding to full professors), senior researchers (corresponding to associate professors), researchers (corresponding to assistant professors), and non-academic staff.
The institute is organised into four research groups:
- Research group for Security and defence (Head: Karsten Friis, PhD)
- Research group for Russia, Asia and International Trade (Head: Helge Blakkisrud, PhD)
- Research group for Peace, Conflict and Development (Head: Kari Osland, PhD)
- Research group for Global Order and Diplomacy (Head: Kristin M. Haugevik, PhD)
The position was originally a permanent appointment. In 1996 it was changed to a once-renewable 6-year appointment.
- John Sanness 1959-83
- Johan Jørgen Holst 1983–1986 and 1989–1990
- Kjell Skjelsbæk 1986–1989
- Olav Fagelund Knudsen 1990–1995
- Olav Stokke 1996
- Sverre Lodgaard 1997–2007
- Jan Egeland 2007–2011
- Ulf Sverdrup 2012–
- See website www.nupi.no for updated information
- According to former director Olav Fagelund Knudsen
- Daniel Heradstveit served as Acting Director during part of this period
- On leave March 1986 to November 1989 (as Minister of Defence) and from November 1990 to January 1994 (as Minister of Defence and Minister of Foreign Affairs)