Norwegian Red

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Norwegian Red
a red and white Norwegian Red cow on a pasture in front of a lake
A Norwegian Red cow, daughter of NRF-sire 10579 Eggtroen
Conservation statusFAO (2007): not at risk[1]: 144 
Other names
  • Norsk Rødtfe
  • Norwegian Dairy Cattle
  • Norwegian Red Cattle
Country of originNorway
DistributionArgentina, Netherlands[2]
  • Male:
    1000 kg[3]
  • Female:
    575 kg[3]
  • Male:
    142 cm[3]
  • Female:
    137 cm[3]
Coatred-and-white, black-and-white
Horn statuspolled or horned
Horned cow
The coat may be black-and-white
A polled bull

The Norwegian Red or Norsk Rødtfe is a Norwegian breed of dairy cattle. It was formed in 1961 through successive mergers of various traditional and regional breeds. In 2016 it accounted for approximately 85% of the cattle in the country, and about 99% of the national dairy herd.[4]: 263 

The cattle may be either horned or naturally polled; despite the breed name, the coat may be either red-and-white or black-and-white.[5]


Norwegian Red used for dairy crossbreeding in Ireland

The Norwegian Red has been used to improve some characteristics of other dairy breeds such as the Friesian.[6][7][8]


  1. ^ Barbara Rischkowsky, Dafydd Pilling (editors) (2007). List of breeds documented in the Global Databank for Animal Genetic Resources, annex to The State of the World's Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Rome: Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. ISBN 9789251057629. Archived 23 June 2020.
  2. ^ Transboundary breed: Norwegian Red. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed April 2024.
  3. ^ a b c d Breed data sheet: Norsk roedt fe / Norway (Cattle). Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed April 2024.
  4. ^ Valerie Porter, Lawrence Alderson, Stephen J.G. Hall, D. Phillip Sponenberg (2016). Mason's World Encyclopedia of Livestock Breeds and Breeding (sixth edition). Wallingford: CABI. ISBN 9781780647944.
  5. ^ Ekarius, Carol (2008). Storey's Illustrated Breed Guide to Sheep, Goats, Cattle and Pigs. Storey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-60342-036-5.
  6. ^ Heins, B. J. (21 October 2011). "Short communication: Fertility, somatic cell score, and production of Normande × Holstein, Montbéliarde × Holstein, and Scandinavian Red × Holstein crossbreds versus pure Holsteins during their first 5 lactations". Journal of Dairy Science. 95 (2): 918–924. doi:10.3168/jds.2011-4523. PMID 22281356. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
  7. ^ Buckley, F. (15 September 2008). "Differences in udder health and immune response traits of Holstein-Friesians, Norwegian Reds, and their crosses in second lactation". Journal of Dairy Science. 92 (2): 749–757. doi:10.3168/jds.2008-1356. PMID 19164687.
  8. ^ Ferris, C. P. (10 April 2014). "Calving traits, milk production, body condition, fertility, and survival of Holstein-Friesian and Norwegian Red dairy cattle on commercial dairy farms over 5 lactations". Journal of Dairy Science. 97 (8): 5206–5218. doi:10.3168/jds.2013-7457. PMID 24952782.