Norwegian Sami parliamentary election, 2005

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The 2005 Sami parliamentary election was held in Norway on September 12, 2005.[1] Voters elected 43 members for the Sami Parliament of Norway.

Constituencies[edit]

Norway was divided into 13 constituencies for the 2005 Sami parliamentary election. For each, 3 representatives were elected. In addition an additional representative was elected from the four constituencies with the most votes. For the 2005 election the constituencies were:

In the county of Finnmark:

  • Várjjat (the municipalities of: Sør-Varanger, Unjárga (Nesseby), Vadsø, Vardø and Båtsfjord).
    • Representatives (2005-2009): Magnhild Mathisen, Gunn-Britt Retter, and Knut Store
    • The highest electoral turnout in 2005 (79.1%).
  • Deatnu (the municipalities of: Deatnu (Tana), Berlevåg and Gamvik).
    • Representatives (2005-2009): Marianne Balto Henriksen, Jánoš Trosten, and Per Ivar Henriksen.
  • Kárášjohka (Karasjok) municipality.
    • Representatives (2005-2009): Egil Olli, Terje H. Tretnes, Synnøve Solbakken-Härkönen, and Marie Therese Nordsletta Gaup.
  • Guovdageaidnu (Kautokeino) municipality.
    • Representatives (2005-2009): Aili Keskitalo, Per Andersen Bæhr, Isak Mathis O. Hætta, and Klemet Erland Hætta.
    • The largest constituency in 2005 (1 313 eligible voters).
    • Most votes per members in 2005 election (277).
  • Porsáŋgu (the municipalities of: Porsáŋgu (Porsanger), Lebesby, Nordkapp and Måsøy).
    • Representatives (2005-2009): Josef Ingmar Vedhugnes, Olaf Eliassen, and Wiebke Synnøve Slåtsveen.
  • Áltá/Fálesnuorri (the municipalities of: Kvalsund, Hammerfest, Alta, Hasvik and Loppa).
    • Representatives (2005-2009): Per Edvind Varsi, John Harald Skum, Toril Bakken, and Inger Jørstad.

In the county of Troms:

In the county of Nordland:

For the remaining counties of southern Norway:

Outcome[edit]

The results of the vote where that:[2]

  • Norwegian Sami Association got 18 representatives (and for the first time did not have the majority in the parliament).
  • Labour Party also got 18 representatives.
  • Johttisápmelaččaid Listu, Åarjel læstoe, Sami People's Party, Finnmark list, Dáloniid Listu, Centre Party, and Sami resident in Southern-Norway each got 1 representative.

Since no party had a majority of the mandates a coalition was formed for the executive council consisting of: Norwegian Sami Association, Sami resident in Southern-Norway, Johttisápmelaččaid Listu, Centre Party, and Sami People's Party.[3] Aili Keskitalo from the Norwegian Sami Association was elected as the president. Johan Mikkel Sara from Sami resident in Southern-Norway got the vice president position, while Per A. Bær got a seat in the board of the Finnmark Estate. The six members in the executive council consisted in addition to the president and vice-president of: Terje Tretnes (Sami People's Party), Randi A. Skum, and Jarle Jonassen (the later both from Norwegian Sami Association).

Later Jánoš Trosten left Norwegian Sami Association and formed his own party: Čielga Sámi Jietna, while Anders Urheim left the Labour party and formed the Sosialdemokraten group. Thus leaving, the two largest parties with 17 mandates each.

After the election in 2005 Aili Keskitalo became president. She represents the Norwegian Sámi Association. On September 25 she resigned after the coalition forming the executive council was split up due to problems cooperating with vice president Johan Mikkel Sara.[4]

On September 26 Labour Party formed an executive council consisting of: the new president Egil Olli, new vice-president Marianne Balto, Jørn Are Gaski, Hilde Nyvoll, and Vibeke Larsen. The Labour Party does not have the majority in the parliament.

Gender[edit]

One particularly remarkable facet of the Sami parliamentary elections of 2005 was the outcome of 50% women being elected into parliamentary seats, as compared to the 37% of seats occupied by women in the non-Sami Norwegian parliament. Through an active effort to foster women's participation in Sami politics, no less than 22 women were elected to the 43 seats in the Sami parliament, up from 7 in 2001. Also in 2005, Aili Keskitalo, a woman, was elected as Parliamentary President, a position similar to Speaker of the House in the USA. She was the third Parliamentary President of the Sami Parliament of Norway and the first female President of any Sami parliament, though she resigned in 2007 (see above). Taking her place was a man, Egil Olli, whereas the vice-president of parliament was a woman, Marianne Balto.[5]

Election results[edit]

Election results for the 2005 Sami parliamentary election.[6][7] Voter turnout was 71.2%.[6]

e • d  Summary of the 12 September 2005 Norwegian Sami parliamentary election results
Parties Votes % +/− Seats +/−
  Norwegian Labour Party (Norgga
Bargiidbellodat, Det norske Arbeiderparti
)
2,843 31.9 +5.6 18 +5
  Norwegian Sami Association (Norgga Sámiid
Riikkasearvi, Norske Samers Riksforbund
, NSR)
2,351 26.3 +1.3 16 +5
  Centre Party (Guovddásbellodat, Senterpartiet) 602 6.7 −1.3 1 -2
  Sami League of Nation
(Sámiid Álbmotlihttu, Samenes Folkeforbund)
442 5.0 −0.9 0 -2
  Sami People's Party (Sámeálbmot
bellodat, Samefolkets parti
)
345 3.9 +0.1 1 0
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistalas
Gurutbellodat, Sosialistisk Venstreparti
)
306 3.4 0 -
  Sami People's Party and Norwegian Sami
Association joint list (NSR ja SáB oktasašlistu)
265 3.0 - 1 -
  Kautokeino reindeer herders list
(Johttisápmelaccaid listu, Kautokeino flyttsameliste)
254 2.8 −1.7 1 0
  Sami People's Assosiation
(Várjjat Sámealbmot Lihttu)
240 2.7 1 -
  Conservative Party (Olgesbellodat, Høyre) 219 2.5 +0.4 0 -1
  Progress Party (Ovddádusbellodat, Fremskrittspartiet) 201 2.3 - 0 -
  Finnmark list
(Finnmárkkulistu, Finnmarkslista)
164 1.8 - 1 -
  Sami residents in Southern Norway
(Sámit Mátta/Lulli-Norggas, Samer bosatt i Sør-Norge)
163 1.8 -0.2 1 0
  Non-reindeer herders list
(Dáloniid Listu, Fastboendes Liste)
158 1.8 −1.0 1 0
  Southern list (Åarjel læstoe) 139 1.6 1 -
  Badjeolbmuid Listu 106 1.2 +0.3 0 0
  Liberal Party (Gurutbellodat, Venstre) 62 0.7 −0.9 0 0
  Middle Nordland Non-Partisan list
(Midtre Nordland Tverrpolitiske Liste)
38 0.4 0 -
  Sami Red Electoral Alliance (Sámi
Rukses Válgalihttu, Samisk Rød Valgallianse
)
28 0.3 - 0 -
8,926 100% (71.2%) 43 +4


See also[edit]

References[edit]