Norwegian Sky in Cozumel, Mexico
|Name:||Norwegian Sky (1999–2004)
Pride of Aloha (2004–2008)
Norwegian Sky (2008–present)
|Owner:||Norwegian Cruise Line (1999–2008)
Genting Hong Kong (2008–2012)
Norwegian Cruise Line (2012–present)
|Operator:||Norwegian Cruise Line (1999–2004)
NCL America (2004–2008)
Norwegian Cruise Line (2008–present)
|Port of registry:|| Bahamas (1999–2004)
United States (2004–2008)
|Builder:||Bremer Vulkan, Bremen, Germany (hull)
Lloyd Werft, Bremerhaven, Germany
|Launched:||October 6, 1996|
|Acquired:||July 29, 1999|
|Maiden voyage:||August 9, 1999|
|In service:||August 1999|
|Identification:||Call sign: C6PZ8
IMO number: 9128532
MMSI number: 308865000
|General characteristics [note 1]|
|Length:||828 ft (252.4 m)|
|Beam:||105.5 ft (32.2 m)|
|Speed:||23 knots (43 km/h; 26 mph)|
|General characteristics [note 2]|
|Class and type:||Sky-class cruise ship|
|Length:||853 ft (260.0 m)|
|Beam:||108 ft (32.9 m)|
|Draught:||26 ft (7.9 m)|
|Capacity:||2,002 passengers (2,450 max) in 1002 cabins|
Norwegian Sky is a Sky-class cruise ship owned and operated by Norwegian Cruise Line. She was originally ordered by Costa Cruises as Costa Olympia from the Bremer Vulkan shipyard in Germany, but she was completed in 1999 by the Lloyd Werft shipyard in Bremerhaven, Germany for the Norwegian Cruise Line under the name Norwegian Sky. Between 2004 and 2008 she sailed as Pride of Aloha for NCL America.
Concept and construction
The ship that eventually became known as Norwegian Sky was originally ordered in December 1993 by Costa Cruises from the Bremer Vulkan shipyard in Bremen, Germany as the second in a pair of sister ships. The first sister, Costa Victoria, was delivered in July 1996. Construction of the second sister, Costa Olympia, had started several months before, but by July 1996 Bremer Vulkan was experiencing severe financial difficulties, and work on Costa Olympia was suspended when only 35% of the ship was completed. On 1996-10-06 the incomplete hull was floated out of drydock and subsequently laid up.
Costa Cruises decided not to purchase the unfinished ship, and Costa Olympia remained laid up at Bremer Vulkan until December 1997, when Norwegian Cruise Line (NCL) purchased her. Costa Olympia was redesigned as Norwegian Sky by Tillberg Design (who had also been responsible for her original planned design as Costa Olympia). On 1998-03-08 the ship was towed to Lloyd Werft in Bremerhaven, Germany where her construction was completed. In 1998 NCL ordered two additional ships of Norwegian Sky design. The first of these was delivered in 2001 as Norwegian Sun while the order for the second one was cancelled. Norwegian Sky underwent her sea trials on 1999-06-17, and was delivered to NCL on 1999-06-28.
Norwegian Sky entered service for Norwegian Cruise Line on August 9, 1999, with a cruise from Dover, United Kingdom to Norway. The ship's crew acted as her godparents at her christening. After a period of financial difficulties, she was the first new ship to enter service with NCL in six years.
After four years of service NCL announced she would be moved to its new NCL America division as Pride of Aloha in October 2004. Originally she was planned to be preceded by the purpose-built Pride of America in NCL America service, but a rogue storm damaged Pride of America during construction at Lloyd Werft and Pride of Aloha had to be rushed into service instead. In May 2004, Norwegian Sky entered drydock in San Francisco, re-emerging as Pride of Aloha on July 4, 2004. Pride of Aloha was re-christened by Mrs. Margaret Awamura Inouye, the wife of Hawaiian senator Daniel K. Inouye.
Being a U.S.-flagged vessel, Pride of Aloha required a crew of U.S. citizens. This made for a difficult launch as there was no established labor market to tap into. The first few months of sailings were plagued by poor service, crewmembers quitting and walking off the ship while in port, and an enormous number of customer complaints. NCL initiated a new and aggressive training program to better prepare newly hired employees for life aboard a cruise vessel. Subsequently the training for all employees took place at the Paul Hall Center for Maritime Training and Education, a Maritime School in Piney Point, Maryland. Passenger satisfaction improved substantially since the introduction of the new training program.
On February 11, 2008, NCL announced that Pride of Aloha would be withdrawn from the Hawaiian market as of May 5, 2008. Initially it was reported that she would be transferred to the fleet of Star Cruises. During April 2008 Lloyd's List reported that NCL was looking to sell her to the Spain-based Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. subsidiary Pullmantur Cruises instead, but Pullmantur Cruises later withdrew their offer. In May 2008 NCL reported that instead of transferring to Star Cruises, the ship would return to Norwegian Cruise Line and be re-flagged to the Bahamas while reverting to her original name Norwegian Sky with the first sailing July 14, 2008.
In January 2009, Norwegian Sky was sold to Ample Avenue, a subsidiary of Genting Hong Kong, and chartered back to NCL on a bareboat charter. In July 2010, the charter agreement was extended. The new agreement included options for NCL to extend the charter period further and an option for NCL to purchase the ship during the charter period. On June 1, 2012, NCL announced the signing of a memorandum of agreement to exercise its option to purchase Norwegian Sky. The purchase price was approximately $260 million, with financing being provided by the seller.
As originally planned, Costa Olympia would have had an exterior and interior design identical to Costa Victoria. Following the acquisition by Norwegian Cruise Line she was radically redesigned. Design changes included two decks of balcony cabins (opposed to no balcony cabins in the original plans), three additional restaurants, entirely altered decor and moving the bridge down by one deck to accommodate an observation lounge/spa complex on the topmost deck. Both the original and revised plans were the work of Tillberg Design.
Initially Norwegian Sky utilized a standard dining program with set meal seating times for passengers. One year after she entered service, NCL introduced their "Freestyle Cruising" (a 'dine where you want, when you want') program. As a result, the ship had to be retrofitted with additional restaurants.
When the ship was refitted for service as Pride of Aloha, a Hawaiian theme was adapted for the decorations of all public areas and cabins. At the same time she received hull art consisting of colorful Hawaiian leis.
Prior to being rechristened, the Pride of Aloha was not allowed to have a casino given the fact that it was mainly in US waters. Instead of a casino, the ship had the Kumu Cultural Center. This focused on three main themes - Everyday life in Ancient Hawai`i, the Hawaiian Kingdom and Contemporary Hawai'i.
Ports of call
Accidents and incidents
While doing her inaugural cruise along the Eastern coast of USA and Canada up to Québec City, Norwegian Sky temporarily ran aground in the Saguenay River on September 24, 1999. On its return to the mouth of the Saguenay, at about 11:30 local time, whales were observed in the St. Lawrence River. To prolong the whale-watching activity, the vessel was turned around but ran aground on the Bancs de l'île Rouge (Rouge Island Banks) before completing its maneuver. The vessel's stern made bottom contact with the shoal. The vessel slowed and the stern came to rest on the Bancs de l'île Rouge. At 12:06, the vessel was aground, listing 5.2º to port. As the vessel was unstable on the reef, the master requested assistance from the Canadian Coast Guard for a preventive evacuation of all passengers plus some crew members. The Marine Rescue Centre of Québec tasked different resources including whale-watching tour boats and the two provincial ferries normally crossing the Saguenay River. But at the very last moment, with the assistance of a small Search and Rescue cutter and the high tide, Norwegian Sky was able to free herself from the reef and proceeded to deeper waters. The vessel sustained substantial damage, but pollution was deemed minor. No injuries resulted from this occurrence. The vessel returned to Québec City for major repairs in a local dry-dock taking over a month. As a result three cruises had to be cancelled.
In May 2001 the autopilot on Norwegian Sky failed and caused it to make a jarring turn and then list, sending plates and glasses crashing and injuring more than 78 people. The malfunction, near the mouth of the Strait of Juan de Fuca, appeared to be the result of a computer error. Two serious injuries were the result of a video game machine falling on one passenger and another passenger suffering a broken pelvis when he was washed out of a pool due to the severe list.
On Saturday, April 18, 2009 at 3:30 AM, a 39-year-old man went overboard in the Bahamas. A search party consisting of three cruise ships and two U.S. Coast Guard helicopters searched for the man for twelve hours before calling off the search. It is unclear whether the man committed suicide.
- Originally as Costa Olympia, partially constructed at the Bremer Vulkan shipyard. The construction was halted after Bremer Vulkan went bankrupt.
- As Norwegian Sky, completed at Lloyd Werft
- "Norwegian Sky deck plans". Cruisedeckplans. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
- Newman, Doug (2008-05-07). "From Norwegian Sky to Pride of Aloha and Back Again". At Sea with Doug Newman. Retrieved 2008-05-08.
- Asklander, Micke. "M/S Norwegian Sky (1999)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Retrieved 2008-05-08.
- Robert N. Jenkins (15 June 2005). "Call it Norwegian boot camp". The St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 6 August 2013.
- "NCL Corporation Announces Adjustments to Hawai'i Fleet". NCL press release. Norwegian Cruise Line. 2008-02-11. Retrieved 2008-02-11.
- Joshi, Rajesh; Lowry, Nigel (2008-04-14). "NCL close to offloading cruiseship trio". Lloyd's List. Archived from the original on 2008-04-26. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
- Newman, Doug (2008-04-18). "Seatrade: Pride of America Not Sold". At Sea with Doug Newman. Retrieved 2008-04-19.
- "It's official: Pride of Aloha re-joins NCL international fleet as Norwegian Sky". Cruise Business Review. Cruise Media Oy Ltd. 2008-05-06. Retrieved 2008-05-06.[dead link]
- "M/S Norwegian Sky (1999)". Fakta om fartyg. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
- Staff writers (1 June 2012). "Norwegian Signs Memorandum of Agreement for Purchase of Norwegian Sky". Cruise News. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
- "Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings Ltd. (Form: 424B4)". NASDAQ. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
- "Pride of Aloha's Kumu Cultural Center Celebrates Hawaiian Artists, Artisans". Cruise Lines.us. 30 July 2007. Retrieved 6 August 2013.
- Canadian Transportation Safety Board investigation report ML99L0098
- Ba Tran, Andrew (April 18, 2009). "Coast Guard searching for overboard cruise passenger". Sun Sentinel. Archived from the original on April 21, 2009. Retrieved May 10, 2015.
- Saunders, Aaron (2013). Giants of the Seas: The Ships that Transformed Modern Cruising. Barnsley, South Yorkshire, UK: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 9781848321724.
- Smith, Peter C. (2010). Cruise Ships: The World's Most Luxurious Vessels. Barnsley, South Yorkshire, UK: Pen & Sword Maritime. ISBN 9781848842182.