Norwich Electric Tramways
|Norwich Electric Tramways|
Sheep along the Earlham Road, Norwich, about 1900, showing a No 10 tram outside the Black Horse pub. ca 1900.
|Open||30 July 1900|
|Close||10 December 1935|
|Track gauge||3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm)|
|Route length||15.16 miles (24.40 km)|
The Norwich Electric Tramways company was a subsidiary of the New General Traction Company. Construction work started in June 1898 and first routes opened in July 1900. An electricity generating station was built on Duke Street to supply power for the scheme. The tram depot was on Silver Road. The network was essentially complete and fully operational by the end of 1901, but there were minor additions and changes in 1918 and 1919.
The network was radial, with routes based around the hub in Orford Place. From Orford Place the lines ran along:
- Haymarket, Gentleman's Walk, Market Place, St Giles Street, Earlham Road to a terminus at the entrance to Norwich cemetery
- Castle Meadow, Bank Plain, Redwell Street, St Andrews Street, Charing Cross, St Benedicts Street, Dereham Road to a terminus at the junction with Merton Road
- Castle Meadow, Bank Plain, Redwell Street, St Andrews Street, Charing Cross, St Benedicts Street, Barn Road, Norwich City railway station, Station Road, Oak Street, Sussex Street, St Augustine Street, Aylsham Road to a terminus at the junction with Berners Street
- Castle Meadow, Upper King Street, Tombland, Wensum Street, Fyebridge Street, Magdalen Street, Magdalen Road, Denmark Road to the depot in Silver Road at .
- Castle Meadow, Prince of Wales Road, Norwich Thorpe railway station, Riverside Road, Bishopbridge Road, Gurney Road (past Britannia Barracks) to a terminus on Mousehold Heath at . A later extension across Mousehold Heath to a munitions factory enabled a goods service between the factory and the exchange sidings at Norwich Thorpe station.
- Castle Meadow, Prince of Wales Road, Norwich railway station, Thorpe Road to a terminus at
- Red Lion Street, St Stephens Street, Norwich Victoria railway station, Queens Road, Bracondale to a terminus for Trowse railway station at
- Red Lion Street, St Stephens Street, Norwich Victoria railway station, Queens Road, City Road, Long John Hill to a terminus at
- Red Lion Street, St Stephens Street, Norwich Victoria railway station, St Stephens Road, Newmarket Road to a terminus at its junction with Unthank Road at
- Haymarket, Gentleman's Walk, Market Place, St Giles Street, Unthank Road to a terminus at its junction with Mile End Road at
There were also some lines that were abandoned prior to 1924:
- Chapel Field Road
- King Street
- Heigham Road
There were some lines used for access only:
- Chapel Field North, Theatre Street, Rampant Horse Street
- Magpie Road
The fleet, in a livery of maroon and ivory, initially consisted of:
In 1933 the Eastern Counties Omnibus Company bought the tramway system and began the process of shutting it down and replacing it with motor buses. The last tram route to close, in 1935, was Newmarket Road to Cavalry Barracks.
- A Norwich Electric Tramways cap badge.
- A Norwich Electric Tramways button.
- Norwich Electric Tramways uniformed conductor and motorman, and cap badge.
- Norwich Electric Tramways on the George Plunkett website.
- Norwich Electric Tramways on the Norwich HEART website.