Norwich Northern Distributor Road

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Norwich Northern Distributor Road
Norwich northern distributor.png
Proposed route of the NDR, showing location of new town and railway station
Location Norwich
Proposer Norfolk County Council
Cost estimate £178.5M (July 2017)
Start date December 2015
Completion date March 2018
Stakeholders Campaign for Better Transport, No to N25, Norfolk County Council

The Norwich Northern Distributor Road (also known as the Norwich Northern bypass, the Norwich Northern Distributor Route and the NDR) is a confirmed 8.7 mi (14.0 km) dual-carriageway linking the A47 to the south east of the city to the proposed Rackheath Eco-town and to Norwich International Airport to the north of Norwich. It was given 'Programme Entry' status by the Department for Transport in December 2009 with estimated completion in 2015 at a cost of £90.7m. The business case for the project was reviewed due to the government drive to save money[1], and the scheme was placed in the Development Pool. The schemes in this pool must submit new business cases to compete for Department for Transport funding in late 2011. On 2nd June 2015 the scheme was given the go ahead, the road is scheduled to be completed by March 2018.

The project was initially for a road from the A47 to the west of Norwich passing to the north of the city and linking to the A47 to the east near Postwick. The project was later scaled back to start at the A1067 road and avoid an important Site of Special Scientific Interest and then approval in December 2009 was only given for the section of the A140 road close to the Airport to the A47 in the east. The County Council is committed to providing this last section known as the Norwich Western Link and has made its delivery one of its three main Highways Objectives (2017) committing £400,000 for further investigation of a potential route.


Postwick Hub[edit]

The £21 million Postwick Hub scheme at the start of the NDR road is in the district of Broadland to the east of Norwich and includes development of the A47/A1042 road junction and also a further 500 parking places at the Postwick Park and ride (one of six Norwich park and ride sites).[2]

A47 (Postwick) to the A140[edit]

The NDR would be predominantly a dual carriageway road approximately 8.7 miles long. At its western end it would start at the A140 Cromer Road[3] at a new grade separated junction, close to Norwich Airport. The route would head eastwards to pass to the south of communities of Horsham St Faith, Spixworth and Rackheath before joining the A47 Trunk Road at the existing Postwick Interchange.[3] New at-grade roundabouts would be constructed where the NDR crosses the main radial roads linking the north and north east of Norfolk to Norwich city centre.[4]

A140 to A1067 section[edit]

When the Department for Transport (DfT) decision on the shorter NDR was announced in December 2009, Adrian Gunson, cabinet member for planning and transportation, said that the council would seek planning permission for its preferred route from the A140 to the A1067 in the hope that funding could be secured at a later date.[5] The County Council later elected to fund this section of the road itself from its own funds.

Norwich Western Link[edit]

When the DfT decision on the shorter NDR was announced in December 2009 there were calls from councillors for the section between the A1067 at Attlebridge and the A47 at Easton to also be built, known as the Norwich Western Link.[5]

This project remained in the public eye because its delivery would be necessary to complete the Norwich Northern Bypass and give the industrial areas North of the City and Norwich Airport access to the A47 travelling west towards the west of the county and the midlands.

In early 2017 Norfolk County Council voted to make this project one of its three top highway priorities and £400,000 was made available to explore how the NDR could join the A47 to the west of Norwich. Consultants Mouchel have been brought in to progress the scheme and discussions have taken place with Natural England and the Environment Agency. [6][page needed]


In 2005 Norfolk County Council persuaded the East of England regional assembly to add the road to the Regional Spatial Strategy as a late inclusion describing it as 'Norwich Northern Distributor road to improve access to the airport and development to the north of the city'. They also indicated that they would need to perform an environmental impact assessment, the realism of the cost estimates but had not decided on a route.[7]

In March 2006 Norfolk CC then deferred the decision to consult on the route due to environmental concerns by English Nature and the Environment Agency regarding the western end of the route where it would pass through the Wensum Valley.[7]

In August 2005 the council published their preferred route for the section from the A1067 to the A47 road in the east, but left open the possibility that the section from the A1067 to the A47 to the west of Norwich would not be included due to the objections relating to the Wensum Valley.[7]

In September 2005 the council dropped the section to the west of the A1067 from the proposal.[7]

In November 2005 the application by Norfolk County Council for funding from the Transport Innovation Fund was turned down.[7]

In December 2005 the road the East of England plan was examined in public with representations against the NDR from the Norwich & Norfolk Transport Action Group, Friends of the Earth and the Campaign to Protect Rural England.[7]

In June 2006 the report from the examination of the East of England Spatial Strategy recommended that the road should be dropped, citing the lack of consultation as the main reason and in March 2007 the Secretary of State accepted the decision and published her intended changes to the East of England Plan without the NDR.[7]

During 2007, The Department of Communities and Local Government (CLG) announced a competition to build up to 10 eco-towns.[8]

September 2007: The government intervenes to block Norfolk Council's proposal to award any contract to build the road without going through a competitive tendering process.[7]

In August 2008 Norfolk county council propose Rackheath Eco-town as the site for one of the new 'eco-towns'.[9]

During the autumn of 2008 the council suggested that there would be a public inquiry in September 2009 with construction starting early in 2011 and completion by the end of 2012.[10]

While the East of England allocated RFA revenue to the road in February 2009, the Department for Transport warned in July 2009 that "given the fiscal uncertainty, increasing carbon constraints and DaSTS work in hand, a 10-year programme [of funding] must necessarily remain provisional at this stage."[11]

Local Transport Today reported in April 2009 that the Department for Transport had "voiced concerns" about the scheme and suggested that the council might like to submit an alternative layout for an associated project, the Postwick Hub, which did not include the NDR. £21 million had been allocated to the Postwick Hub through the Community Infrastructure Fund, conditional on the distributor road also receiving funding. John Dowie, director of regional and local transport delivery for the DfT, said that "It would be open to Norfolk to review the Postwick Junction design and prepare an alternative option that is less dependent on the NNDR".[12]

In June 2009, the site was given the go-ahead from the Government, after receiving an A-grade listing, meaning the location would be generally suitable for an eco-town[13] Local campaigners said that relying on the NDR would make it unsustainable.[14]

In August 2009 the longer scheme to the A1067 was expected to cost £117m.[15] £69m (60% of the estimated cost) was expected to come from the Regional Funding Allocation (RFA) and the remaining £47.5m to be sought from Norwich Growth Point infrastructure funding, the Community Infrastructure Fund and developer contributions.[16]

In December 2009 the Department for Transport approved the project giving it 'Program Entry' status, but only for the section of road from the A140 by Norwich Airport and the A47 to the east of Norwich and suggested dates of early 2013 for a start to construction with completion in 2015. They also approved the Postwick Hub development.[3]

In May 2010 Local Transport Today revealed that, as part of the Government's drive to cut spending, all major transport schemes are being reviewed with an eye to reduce spending. This includes the Norwich Northern Distributor Road.[1]

In October 2010 Philip Hammond revealed that the scheme would be one of those competing for funding at the end of 2011 to be part of the second wave of transport projects given the go ahead by the coalition government.[17]

In late October 2010 Graham Plant, cabinet member for transport and travel at Norfolk County Council, told the Eastern Daily Press that the NDR was being reviewed because of budget cuts. He also explained that it was likely to lead to cuts to the core bus network and park and ride. "What we need to know is what are residents’ priorities," he said. "We have looked at all the arguments for and against the NDR and the Postwick Hub. But I am well aware there are people who that doesn’t affect at all living in the rural hinterland, who need a bus service."[18]

On 2nd June 2015 the Norwich Northern Distributor Road was given the go ahead with work started in December 2015.

On 20th July 2017 the Holt Road/Reepham Road link road near the A140 was opened, allowing the Holly Lane road to be closed and major work carried out on the junction between the Cromer Road and the NDR.

The NDR is expected to be completed by March 2018. The project was to be completed by the end of 2017, however problems around the Rackheath section - mainly to do with a bridge of a railway line - have delayed work.

Scheme objectives[edit]

The scheme objectives, as laid out in the Major Scheme Business Case, are to:

  • Reduce congestion on strategic routes to the north of the city
  • Reduce noise, air pollution and accidents for communities in the northern suburbs of Norwich and outlying villages
  • Enable the removal of through traffic from the city centre, and implementation of widespread pedestrianisation/bus priority measures
  • Provide direct access to growth locations, helping to deliver significant housing and employment growth as set out in the EEP RSS/RTS
  • Support the continued success of the Norwich economy as the driver to growth across the north of the region
  • Provide improved access to north and north east Norfolk[19]

The Greater Norwich Development Partnership, a non-departmental public body which includes Norfolk County Council and Norwich City Council, has described the dual carriageway as "an integral part of our plans to improve the local public transport network and reduce reliance on the private car."[20]

The road is rated priority 'A1' by the East of England Regional Assembly[21] and strongly supported by Norfolk County Council.[22]

Although the distributor road is not mentioned on the transport page of the official Eco-town website, it is included on the 'masterplan' map as a white line without meaningful[citation needed] labels and is regarded as an integral part of the proposal by the Greater Norwich Development Partnership.[20]

Environmental impact[edit]

The local Green Party candidate highlighted that the road would generate an addition 25,000 tonnes of CO2 emissions in the first year.[23]

Norfolk County Council have described the scheme as having 'large adverse' impacts on several protected species, including barn owls and bats and a 'moderate adverse' impact on landscape.[24]

The Department of Communities and Local Government's 'location decision statement' explained that the local authority believed that "road access should be part of the proposed NDR" but that "alternative means of improving road access to Rackheath are also achievable". The eco-town would be split in two by the NDR, which DCLG felt was a "key weakness" of that particular location.[25]


The road is the focus of a long running UK road protest from a local campaign group[26] and is also opposed by the Campaign for Better Transport, a public transport advocacy group.[27]

Campaign for Better Transport executive director Stephen Joseph criticised the scheme as poor use of funding when the DfT revealed the Norwich Northern Distributor Road was going ahead, while the Sustainable Travel Cities and Kickstart Bus programs were suspended.[28]

Opponents argue that although the route had been changed so that it no longer crosses the River Wensum a Site of Special Scientific Interest that there would create pressure to extend the road across the valley at a later date.[29]

Political Party UKIP also opposed the scheme, however the party was divided on the issue and now many support it in getting the road completed.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "DfT reviews business cases of all major road schemes in funding pipeline". Local Transport Today. Retrieved 2010-06-08. 
  2. ^ "NATS/Northern Distributor Road - Progress Report" (PDF). Norfolk County Council. 2008-01-28. Retrieved 2010-01-06. 
  3. ^ a b c "First step for £90.7 million road scheme in Norfolk". NDS Enquiries. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  4. ^ "Scheme description" (pdf). Norfolk County Council. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  5. ^ a b "How NDR will help transport in Norwich". Evening News 24. Retrieved 2010-01-06. 
  6. ^ Eastern Daily Press 25 September 2017
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h "Archive Actions, articles, news". No N25. Retrieved 2010-01-06. 
  8. ^ BBC article on Gordon Brown's eco-towns announcement
  9. ^ "Norfolk councils propose "more sustainable alternative" to Coltishall eco-town". Business Weekly. 2008-08-01. Retrieved 2010-01-06. [dead link]
  10. ^ "Cabinet Report 15th September 2008 Norwich Northern Distributor Road". Norfolk County Council. Retrieved 2009-02-27. 
  11. ^ "Letter to the East of England Regional Assembly and Development Agency" (PDF). Department for Transport. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-02-03. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  12. ^ "DfT voices doubt about Norfolk’s road building ambitions for Norwich". Local Transport Today. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  13. ^
  14. ^ "Opinions divided over Rackheath eco-town". EDP24. Retrieved 2009-07-19. 
  15. ^ "Objectives of the scheme". Norfolk County Council. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  16. ^ "A compelling case for Norwich Northern Distributor Road". Norfolk County Council. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  17. ^ Local Transport Today, Issue 557, Page 7
  18. ^ Lowthorpe, Shaun (30 October 2010). "Norwich bypass plans could be shelved". Eastern Daily Press. Retrieved 2010-11-08. 
  19. ^ "Strategic case" (PDF). Norfolk County Council. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  20. ^ a b "GNDP calls for infrastructure funding to support eco town". Greater Norwich Development Partnership. Retrieved 2009-08-09. [dead link]
  22. ^ "Northern Distributor Road". Norfolk County Council. Retrieved 2008-11-09. [dead link]
  23. ^ "Roadbuilding could undo eco-towns' carbon savings, Green candidate tells Observer". green Party. Archived from the original on 5 September 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  24. ^ "Appraisal Summary Table" (pdf). Norfolk County Council. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  25. ^ "Location decision statement" (PDF). Department for Communities and Local Government. Retrieved 2009-09-03. 
  26. ^ "Norwich No N25 website". Norwich No N25 Campaign. Retrieved 2008-11-09. 
  27. ^ "Norwich No N25 Campaign". Campaign for Better Transport. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  28. ^ "Reaction to DfT support for Norwich Northern Distributor Road". 2009-12-16. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  29. ^ "Norwich No N25 Website". Norwich No N25. Retrieved 2009-09-03. 

Coordinates: 52°40′30″N 1°21′38″E / 52.67513°N 1.36042°E / 52.67513; 1.36042