Norwood Park, Chicago

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Norwood Park
Community area
Community Area 10 - Norwood Park
The Noble–Seymour–Crippen House,a Chicago Landmark, at 5624 N Newark Ave.
Location within the city of Chicago
Location within the city of Chicago
Coordinates: 41°58.8′N 87°48.0′W / 41.9800°N 87.8000°W / 41.9800; -87.8000Coordinates: 41°58.8′N 87°48.0′W / 41.9800°N 87.8000°W / 41.9800; -87.8000
Country United States
State Illinois
County Cook
City Chicago
Neighborhoods
Area
 • Total 4.29 sq mi (11.11 km2)
Population (2015[1])
 • Total 36,651
 • Density 8,500/sq mi (3,300/km2)
Demographics 2015[1]
 • White 80.83%
 • Black 0.92%
 • Hispanic 11.85%
 • Asian 4.19%
 • Other 2.21%
Educational Attainment 2015[1]
 • High School Diploma or Higher 92.2%
 • Bachelor's Degree or Higher 35.2%
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Codes parts of 60631, 60646, 60656
Median household income $71,282[1]
Source: U.S. Census, Record Information Services

Norwood Park is one of the 77 Chicago community areas. It encompasses the smaller neighborhoods of Big Oaks, Norwood Park East, Norwood Park West, Old Norwood Park, Oriole Park, and Union Ridge.

The community area contains the oldest extant building in Chicago, the Noble-Seymour-Crippen House, built in 1833 and greatly expanded in 1868.[2] Organized in 1873 as a township from the adjacent townships of Jefferson, Leyden, Niles, and Maine,[3] and named after Henry Ward Beecher's 1868 novel Norwood, or Village Life in New England (With the "Park" added to account for another post office in Illinois with the Norwood name), Norwood Park was incorporated as a village in 1874[4] and annexed to Chicago on November 7, 1893.[5]

Every Memorial Day since 1922 there has been a parade that runs through Norwood Park.[6] William Howard Taft High School, best known as the inspiration for the musical Grease, was completed in 1939 with major additions made in 1959 and 1974.

History[edit]

The first inhabitant of the area of European descent was Mark Noble, who arrived in 1833 and constructed a house that is still standing as of 2018, the oldest in the Chicago city limits.[3][4] English farmers were the main group in the 1830s, although they would later be supplanted by Germans and to a lesser extent Poles and Scandinavians.[4] In 1853 the Illinois and Wisconsin Railroad, which would eventually become the Chicago and North Western Railway and is currently Metra's Union Pacific / Northwest Line, laid tracks in the area, and in 1868 the Norwood Land and Building Association was formed and purchased the land.[3][4] A hotel was constructed shortly thereafter in an attempt to lure tourists from Chicago, although it was ultimately unsuccessful.[4] The first Post Office and store were built respectively in 1870 and 1871.[3]

Wingert House, part of the Norwood Park Historical District and a Chicago Landmark, constructed in 1854 and expanded between 1868 and 1875.[7]

Upon its incorporation the Village of Norwood Park prohibited the sale of alcohol.[4] As of April 2014 there were still eight dry precincts in the community area.[8] The first liquor store in the area in 50 years opened in 2016, without controversy about its existence but with such restrictions on its operation as early closing hours and a price minimum of $5.99.[9][10]

During the 1920s such roads as Foster Avenue, Milwaukee Avenue, Devon Avenue, Northwest Highway, and Harlem Avenue were improved, further facilitating transportation between Norwood Park and its surroundings.[4] The fieldhouse of the eponymous Norwood Park was built in 1928.[11] Between 1930 and 1940 the area added approximately 2,000 residents despite the Great Depression.[4][12] The Kennedy Expressway was constructed nearby in the 1950s although the historic buildings of Old Norwood were unaffected.[4] The Norwood Park Chamber of Commerce was incorporated on May 20, 1977.[11] The City of Chicago recognized the Norwood Park Historical District in 1986 and declared the Noble-Seymour-Crippen House a Chicago Landmark on May 11, 1988. The Noble-Seymour-Crippen House was placed on the National Register of Historic Places on August 11, 2000.[3]

Neighborhoods[edit]

Norwood Park Historical District (Old Norwood)[edit]

The Norwood Park Historical District, also known as Old Norwood, was recognized by the City of Chicago in 1986. It contains the Noble-Seymour-Crippen House, Wingert House, Taft High School, and the Norwood Park Public School.

Norwood Park East[edit]

Norwood Park East is bounded by Niles, the north branch of the Chicago River, Devon Avenue, Indian Road, Austin Avenue, Bryn Mawr Avenue, Avondale Avenue and Harlem Avenue. The Roden branch of the Chicago Public Library system is located in the neighborhood. The public school that is located in the central part of the area and that the area is mostly zoned to is William J. Onahan Public School, located on West Raven Street. Rufus M. Hitch Public School, located on North McVicker Avenue, is in the area and zoned to as well. The neighborhood is also home to St. Thecla Catholic School and Parish.[11]

Norwood Park West[edit]

Norwood Park West is bounded by Devon Avenue, Harlem Avenue, the Kennedy Expressway and Canfield Road. It is home to Edison Park Elementary School, despite the name implying a location in Edison Park. It is also home to Immaculate Conception Catholic School, Resurrection Medical Center and Resurrection High School.[11]

Big Oaks[edit]

Big Oaks is bounded by Foster Avenue to the north, Nagle Avenue to the east, Gunnison Street to the south, and Harlem Avenue to the west. Opposite of the neighborhood's southern border at Gunnison Street is the suburb of Harwood Heights and an unincorporated area housing Ridgemoor Country Club. Many of the city's police officers live in Big Oaks, and in recent years the area has seen an increase in the number of Polish immigrants.

At one time, the area was dominated by a large golf course called Big Oaks Golf Course. In the early 1950s, the golf course was demolished and hundreds of homes replaced it.

The neighborhood contains two schools: Daniel Carter Beard Magnet School, located on West Strong Avenue, and St. Monica Catholic School, located on North Mont Clare Avenue.[11][13]

Oriole Park[edit]

Oriole Park is bordered by the Kennedy Expressway to the north, Foster Ave to the south, Harlem Avenue to the east, and Cumberland Avenue to the west.

The area is home to Oriole Park, which is located in the center of the neighborhood south of Bryn Mawr Avenue. The park covers over 18 acres (7.3 ha) of land. The park is a Chicago Park District facility.

The Oriole Park Library is located on Balmoral Avenue next to Oriole Park Elementary School. It operates under the Chicago Public Library.

The neighborhood contains two schools: Oriole Park Elementary School, located on Oketo and Balmoral Avenues, and St. Eugene Catholic School, located on Foster and Canfield Avenues.

Union Ridge[edit]

Union Ridge, one of the highest points of Cook County,[3] is bounded by Bryn Mawr, Foster, Nagle, and Harlem Avenues. Union Ridge contains one school, John W. Garry School.[11] Union Ridge Cemetery is located on Higgins and Talcott Avenues.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2015, the median household income of the community area was $71,282 and the median age was 44.3. 80.1% of the population was White, 0.9% was Black, 4.2% was Asian, and 2.2% was Other. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 11.8% of the population.[1] This is a marked change from 2000, when Whites were 92.7% of the population and Hispanics or Latinos were 6.4%.[4]

The Norwood Park neighborhood has a substantial Serbian-American community, centered on Serbian Road and the Serbian Orthodox Cathedral. There is a K-8 Serbian-American School, Saint Sava Academy, and an annual Serbian festival "Serb Fest" which takes place on Serbian Road. During 1990-1999 more than 500 Serbian families from Croatia and another 700 from Bosnia became settled refugees in Norwood Park. Although many have since moved into Edison Park, Park Ridge, Harwood Heights, and Schiller Park, Norwood Park remains the hub of Serbian migrants in Chicago.[14]

Historical population
Census Pop.
193014,408
194016,46614.3%
195026,79862.7%
196040,95352.8%
197041,9952.5%
198040,586−3.4%
199037,697−7.1%
200037,619−0.2%
201037,023−1.6%
Est. 201536,247−2.1%
[1][12]

Politics[edit]

Local[edit]

The community area is split between the 39th, 41st, and 45th wards of the Chicago City Council, where it is represented by Democrat Margaret Laurino, Republican Anthony Napolitano, and Democrat John Arena respectively.[15] As of 2018 Napolitano is the only Republican alderman in the entire city.

Aldermen who have represented Norwood Park since 1893[16][17][18][19][20]
Years 27th Warda 41st Ward 45th Ward 39th Ward
1893 – 1894 Mathew J. Conway, Republican Frederick F. Haussen, Republican No such ward No such ward No such ward
1894 – 1895 Hubert W. Butler, Republican
1895 – 1897 George S. Foster, Democratic
1897 – 1899 Spencer S. Kimbell, Republican
1899 – 1900 Arthur F. Keeney, Republican
1900 – 1902 Henry Wulff, Independent
1902 – 1903 Hubert W. Butler, Republican
1903 – 1905 Silas F. Leachman, Democratic
1905 – 1906 Henry J. Siewert, Republican
1906 – 1908 Hans Blase, Democratic
1908 – 1909 James F. Clancy, Republican
1909 – 1910 Joseph F. Capp, Republican
1910 – 1911 Frank J. Wilson, Democratic
1911 – 1913 Jens N. Hyldahl, Democratic
1913 – 1914 George E. Trebing, Democratic
1914 – 1915 Oliver L. Watson, Independent
1915 – 1919 John C. Kennedy, Socialist
1919 – 1920 Edward R. Armitage, Republican
1920 – 1923 Christ A. Jensen, Democratic
1923 – 1930 Not in ward Thomas J. Bowler, Democratic Not in ward Not in ward
1930 – 1931 Vacant
1931 – 1935 James C. Moreland, Republican
1935 – 1947 William J. Cowhey, Democratic
1947 – 1958 Joseph P. Immel, Jr., Republican
1958 – 1959 Vacant
1959 – 1963 Harry Bell, Democratic
1963 – 1972 Edward T. Scholl, Republican
1972 – 1973 Vacant
1973 – 1983 Roman Pucinski, Democratic
1983 – 1987 Gerald McLaughlin, Democratic
1987 – 1991 Patrick Levar, Democratic
1991 – 2011 Brian Doherty, Republican
2011 – 2015 Mary O'Connor, Democratic John Arena, Democratic
2015 – present Anthony Napolitano, Republican Margaret Laurino, Democratic
^a Prior to 1923 Chicago comprised 35 wards, each electing two aldermen in staggered two-year terms.[16]

In the Cook County Board of Commissioners the large majority of the area is in the 9th district, represented by Republican Peter N. Silvestri, while the eastern parts of Norwood Park East, Union Ridge, and Big Oaks are in the 10th district, represented by Democrat Bridget Gainer.[21] As of 2018 Silvestri is the only Republican County Commissioner represented a part of the City of Chicago.

State[edit]

In the Illinois House of Representatives the majority of the community area is located within District 20, represented by Republican Michael P. McAuliffe, while most of Union Ridge and Big Oaks is in District 19, represented by Democrat Robert Martwick, and a tiny fraction in the northeast is part of District 15, represented by Democrat John D'Amico.[22]

In the Illinois Senate the vast majority of the community area is located within District 10, represented by Democrat John G. Mulroe, while a tiny part in the northeast is part of District 8, represented by Democrat Ira I. Silverstein.[23]

Federal[edit]

In the United States House of Representatives it is split between Illinois's 5th and Illinois's 9th congressional districts, where it is respectively represented by Democrats Mike Quigley and Jan Schakowsky.

Education[edit]

Chicago Public Schools serves Norwood Park, as the aforementioned schools are located in and serve the area. Taft High School is in Norwood Park, serving the entire community area for public education, while for secondary education Luther North and Resurrection High Schools are also in the area.[11]

Relation to Grease Musical[edit]

A 2011 reproduction of the original Grease musical by American Theater Company in Chicago revisited Norwood Park's influence on the production. Creator Jim Jacobs attended Taft High School, which was used as the backdrop to Grease. Much of what is in the play is based on his experience growing up in Norwood Park during the 1950s and 1960s. He has stated that the characters of Grease were based on actual people he attended school with. During the reproduction, many Chicago references were put in, including references to the characters living on "Chicago's Northwest side" as middle class first-generation Americans with parents who worked in local factories. Also mentioned were local favorites, including the hot dog restaurant Superdawg.[24]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Community Data Snapshot - Norwood Park" (PDF). MetroPulse. Retrieved April 13, 2017.
  2. ^ "History of the Noble-Seymour-Crippen house". Norwood Park Historical Society. Norwood Park Historical Society. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "About the neighborhood of Norwood Park". Norwood Park Historical Society. Norwood Park Historical Society. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Norwood Park". www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  5. ^ https://chicagology.com/wp-content/themes/revolution-20/chicagoimages/annexation1930.jpg
  6. ^ "Memorial Day Parade". Norwood Park Chamber of Commerce & Industry. Norwood Park Chamber of Commerce & Industry. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  7. ^ "Wingert House". City of Chicago Department of Planning and Development, Landmarks Division. Archived from the original on 26 August 2006. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
  8. ^ Reiter, Kenny. "Assaults in April 2014 Compared to Liquor Moratorium Districts in Chicago". Red Line Project. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
  9. ^ Cherone, Heather. "Norwood Park Liquor Store Plan OK'd By Alderman Again - Norwood Park - Chicago". dnaInfo. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  10. ^ Cherone, Heather. "Proposed Norwood Park Liquor Store Would Have To Close Early, Alderman Says". dnaInfo. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g "2010 Community Guide" (PDF). Norwood Park Chamber of Commerce & Industry. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 Mar 2012. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
  12. ^ a b "Chicago Community Areas Historical Data". Chicago Community Areas Historical Data. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
  13. ^ https://www.beard.cps.edu/. Retrieved 22 August 2018. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  14. ^ "Index of /". www.serbfestchicago.com. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  15. ^ "Aldermanic Wards for the City of Chicago" (PDF). City of Chicago. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
  16. ^ a b "Centennial List of Mayors, City Clerks, City Attorneys, City Treasurers, and Aldermen, elected by the people of the city of Chicago, from the incorporation of the city on March 4, 1837 to March 4, 1937, arranged in alphabetical order, showing the years during which each official held office". Chicago Historical Society. Retrieved 25 July 2018.
  17. ^ "A LOOK AT COOK". A Look at Cook. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  18. ^ "Some Chicago GIS Data". University of Chicago Library. University of Chicago. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  19. ^ Germuska, Joe; Boyer, Brian. "The old and new ward maps, side-by-side -- Chicago Tribune". Chicago Tribune. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  20. ^ Dawson, Michael. "Chicago Democracy Project - Welcome!". Chicago Democracy Project. University of Chicago. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  21. ^ "Cook County Commissioner District Map". Cook County Government Open Data. Cook County. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  22. ^ "Illinois House". Illinois Policy. Illinois Policy. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
  23. ^ "Illinois Senate". Illinois Policy. Illinois Policy. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
  24. ^ Jones, Chris. "'Grease' gets its grit back". Chicago Tribune. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
  25. ^ [1] Archived January 26, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  26. ^ Havill, Adrian. "The Spawning of A Spy." Robert Philip Hanssen: The Spy who Stayed out in the Cold. Crime Library. Retrieved on April 11, 2012.
  27. ^ "Daughter's Film Tells Story of the 'Chicago' Guitarist You Don't Remember". DNAinfo Chicago. Archived from the original on 2015-12-08. Retrieved 2016-01-20.

External links[edit]