List of people in Montana history

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State of Montana

This is a list of notable figures in the history of pre-territorial Montana, Montana Territory and the state of Montana. Individuals listed played significant roles in the exploration and settlement of the region as well as the cultural, economic, military, political, and social development of Montana.

Montana is a state located in the Western United States. Added to the U.S. in 1803 and shortly thereafter explored by Lewis and Clark, the territory was home to numerous Native American peoples for millennia. In the mid-19th century the discovery of gold and other valuable minerals led to successive mining booms. Settlement by farmers and ranchers expanded as railroads raced to build networks of tracks linking Montana to Utah to the south, Minneapolis to the east, and Seattle to the west. Montana produced numerous important politicians from both political parties, as well as entrepreneurs who founded cities and built large mining, timber, cattle and other related industries. Individuals have been placed in the period in which they most contributed to Montana history.

Pre-territorial period[edit]

Pierre-Jean De Smet

Montana Territory (1864–1889)[edit]

Portrait of John Bozeman[1]

The Territory of Montana was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from May 28, 1864, until November 8, 1889, when it was admitted to the Union as the State of Montana. This era was characterized by fighting between the Plains Indians and the U.S. Army, large-scale mining operations, the beginning of substantial agricultural and large cattle ranching operations, and the arrival of the railroads.

William H. Clagett

Montana statehood to World War II (1889–1945)[edit]

Jeanette Rankin, February 1917, just before becoming the first woman in Congress

Modern Montana (1945–2000)[edit]

Montana (21st century)[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hebard, Grace Raymond; Brininstool, E.A. (1922). The Bozeman Trail-Historical Accounts of the Blazing of the Overland Routes into the Northwest, and the Fights with Red Cloud's Warriors – Volume II. Cleveland: Arthur H. Clark Company. frontispiece. 
  2. ^ Thane, James L., Jr. (October 1976). "An Ohio Abolitionist in the Far West: Sidney Edgerton and the Opening of Montana, 1863-1866". The Pacific Northwest Quarterly. 67 (4): 151–162. JSTOR 40489499. 
  3. ^ Ferdinand Vandeveer Hayden and the Founding of the Yellowstone National Park. Washington, D.C: United States Department of the Interior Geological Survey, U.S. Government Printing Office. 1973. 
  4. ^ a b Bonney, Orrin H.; Bonney, Lorraine (1970). Battle Drums and Geysers-The Life And Journals Of Lt. Gustavus Cheyney Doane, Soldier And Explorer Of The Yellowstone And Snake River Regions. Chicago: Swallow Press. pp. 3–158. 
  5. ^ Milner, Clyde A.; O'Conner, Carol A. (2009). As Big As The West-The Pioneer Life of Granville Stuart. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-512709-6. 
  6. ^ Lucey, Donna M. (2001). Photographing Montana 1894-1928: The Life and Work of Evelyn Cameron. Missoula, Montana: Mountain Press Publishing. ISBN 0-87842-425-3. 
  7. ^ Retrieved 22-07-2009
  8. ^ "Women in Congress-Jeannette Rankin". Archived from the original on 2010-11-03. Retrieved 2010-09-08. 
  9. ^ Hanna, Warren L. (1988). "James Willard Schultz-The Pikuni Storyteller". Stars over Montana-Men Who Made Glacier National Park History. West Glacier, MT: Glacier Natural History Association. pp. 95–111. OCLC 19568576. 
  10. ^ "George Francis Grant (1906–2008): fly tyer, environmentalist, founder". Retrieved 2010-03-30.